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Disease in the Developing World

News Releases

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 251-275 out of 1414.

<< < 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 > >>

Public Release: 8-Aug-2017
Journal of Biological Chemistry
Relieving antibiotic resistance: Researchers take steps toward new treatment for E. coli
By understanding the functional differences between proteins expressed by two E. coli strains, researchers at Kansas State University are exploring new opportunities to inhibit their impacts to human health.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Philip Hardwidge
Kansas State University

Public Release: 8-Aug-2017
NIH accelerates the use of genomics in clinical care
The National Institutes of Health is awarding $18.9 million towards research that aims to accelerates the use of genome sequencing in clinical care. The new awards will generate innovative approaches and best practices to ensure that the effectiveness of genomic medicine can be applied to all individuals and groups, including diverse and underserved populations, and in healthcare settings that extend beyond academic medical centers.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Sheena Faherty
NIH/National Human Genome Research Institute

Public Release: 8-Aug-2017
University spin out company addresses new vaccines
The University of Plymouth has launched a new spin out company which will address new vaccines for diseases which spread from animals to humans and for use in infection control.

Contact: Andrew Gould
University of Plymouth

Public Release: 7-Aug-2017
American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
Automated measure of nighttime oxygen levels could speed diagnosis of sleep apnea
Computer analysis of oxygen levels in the blood during sleep could -- by itself -- provide an easy, relatively inexpensive and sufficiently reliable way to determine which children who snore habitually could benefit from a diagnosis and treatment for obstructive sleep apnea. This approach was most accurate for children with severe apnea.
The Consejería de Educación de la Junta de Castilla y León, European Regional Development Fund, Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad, Sociedad Española de Neumología y Cirugía Torác

Contact: John Easton
University of Chicago Medical Center

Public Release: 7-Aug-2017
International Journal of Public Health
Mental illness, suicide and violence creating lost generation in the Middle East
There has been a sharp increase in non-communicable diseases and mental health conditions such as depression, anxiety, bipolar disorder, and schizophrenia in the Eastern Mediterranean region. Depression and anxiety disorders were the most common mental conditions, according to a study led by Ali Mokdad of the University of Washington in the US.

Contact: Elizabeth Hawkins

Public Release: 7-Aug-2017
Obesity Open Access
New study shows supplementation of capsicum extract helps increase metabolic rate
Newly published study shows supplementation of capsicum extract helps increase metabolic rate.

Contact: Cynthia Ghazali
OmniActive Health Technologies

Public Release: 7-Aug-2017
Current Diabetes Reviews
Lifestyle-modification programs for weight management in Arab states lack in effectiveness
The aim of this systematic review was to assess the effectiveness of the lifestyle-modification programs for weight management delivered in Arabic-speaking countries.

Contact: Faizan ul Haq
Bentham Science Publishers

Public Release: 7-Aug-2017
International Journal of Public Health
Mental illness, suicide, and 'intractable violence' creating 'lost generation' in Middle East
Suicide, homicide, and sexual assault are increasing much faster in the Eastern Mediterranean Region than any other region in the world, according to a new scientific study. These violent acts accounted for 1.4 million deaths in 2015 in the region, on top of the deaths from wars, which added another 144,000.
Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation

Contact: Dean R. Owen
Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation

Public Release: 7-Aug-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Printable tool enables sensitive diagnostic testing
Biomedical engineers at Duke University have created a portable diagnostic tool that can detect telltale markers of disease as accurately as the most sensitive tests on the market, while cutting the wait time for results from hours or even days to 15 minutes. By creating a sensitive, easy-to-use 'lab on a chip,' the researchers plan to bring rapid diagnostic testing to areas that lack access to standard lab-based diagnostic technologies.
NIH/National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, NIH/National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences

Contact: Michaela Kane
Duke University

Public Release: 7-Aug-2017
American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Study links malaria rapid diagnostic tests to more antibiotic use and finds ignored results
Rapid diagnostic tests (RDTs) for malaria are reducing overuse of malaria medications but may also produce a range of unintended results, according to a comprehensive new study published today in the American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene.

Contact: Preeti Singh

Public Release: 4-Aug-2017
PLOS Pathogens
Prior dengue or yellow fever exposure does not worsen zika infection in monkeys
Rhesus macaques previously infected with dengue or yellow fever viruses appear to be neither more nor less susceptible to severe infection with Zika virus, according to new research published in PLOS Pathogens.

Contact: Dr. Debra Yourick
Walter Reed Army Institute of Research

Public Release: 3-Aug-2017
Coming face-to-face with disability could end supernatural myth-making in Africa
Many in rural Africa believe disability is caused by supernatural forces, curses and as 'punishment'. The stigma leaves disabled people vulnerable to neglect and abuse - with sexual abuse reported by 90 percent those with learning difficulties. Disabled children are often kept 'locked up' at home. But the more that communities come into contact with disability, the more awareness grows. Medical explanations are beginning to emerge, with increasing numbers of families choosing medical advice over a witchdoctor.

Contact: Lisa Horton
University of East Anglia

Public Release: 3-Aug-2017
Clinical Infectious Diseases
Prediciting TB's behavior
Research led by scientists at Harvard Medical School reveals that when it comes to predicting response to treatment and risk of dying, molecular tests that detect resistance to a class of TB drugs known as fluoroquinolones may be as good and even superior to traditional drug-sensitivity tests conducted in lab cultures.
Harvard University Center for AIDS Research (CFAR), National Institutes of Health

Contact: Ekaterina Pesheva
Harvard Medical School

Public Release: 2-Aug-2017
European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
Pneumonia or sepsis in adults associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease
Pneumonia or sepsis in adults that results in hospital admission is associated with a six-fold increased risk of cardiovascular disease in the first year, according to research published today in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology. Cardiovascular risk was more than doubled in years two and three after the infection and persisted for at least five years.
UK Economic and Social Research Council

Contact: ESC Press Office
European Society of Cardiology

Public Release: 2-Aug-2017
Scientific Reports
Risk to Europe's most dangerous pathogens revealed
The impact of climate change on the emergence and spread of infectious diseases could be greater than previously thought, according to new research by the University of Liverpool.

Contact: Simon Wood
University of Liverpool

Public Release: 1-Aug-2017
UNM professor receives funding to fight pervasive African parasite
In parts of sub-Saharan Africa, as many as 90 percent of village children are infected with a debilitating and potentially fatal neglected tropical disease called schistosomiasis. Around the world, more than 220 million cases persist, mostly in Africa, despite considerable efforts over the years to control the effects. It's a disease researchers at The University of New Mexico are working hard to combat.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Aaron Hilf
University of New Mexico

Public Release: 28-Jul-2017
Understanding the impact of childhood cancer rates across sub-Saharan Africa
New open access monograph gives unique insight into extent of childhood cancer in Sub-Saharan Africa.
African Cancer Registry Network, Cancer Registry Programme, International Network for Cancer Treatment and Research

Contact: Karen Watts

Public Release: 27-Jul-2017
Journal of Clinical Virology
Should we be worried about hepatitis E?
Hepatitis E gets little press compared to its better-known cousins A, B and C, but Stellenbosch University virologists say we should wake up to how transmission of this virus is changing.

Contact: Wilma Stassen
Stellenbosch University

Public Release: 25-Jul-2017
9th International AIDS Society Conference on HIV Science
In adolescents, oral Truvada and vaginal ring for HIV prevention are safe, acceptable
A monthly vaginal ring and a daily oral tablet, both containing anti-HIV drugs, were safe and acceptable in studies of adolescents, investigators reported today at the 9th IAS Conference on HIV Science in Paris. The experimental ring is designed for HIV prevention and the oral tablet is already used for this purpose in adults. Adherence to the ring was high, while adherence to the tablet was moderate and diminished when study visits became less frequent.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Laura S. Leifman
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Public Release: 25-Jul-2017
Trends in Parasitology
Global health lessons from Thailand's successful liver fluke elimination campaign
Outreach and education efforts can play an outsize role in disease elimination programs, researchers suggest in a review publishing July 25 in Trends in Parasitology. As a case study, they consider recent public health efforts in Thailand, using everything from village-wide presentations to children's comics, to elaborate traditional song-and-dance routines to try to stamp out infections caused by the parasitic liver fluke.

Contact: Arjuna Subramanian
Cell Press

Public Release: 25-Jul-2017
PLOS Medicine
Despite testing program, children with HIV remain undiagnosed
A two-year clinic-based HIV testing program in Zimbabwe failed to diagnose many cases of HIV in children in the surrounding area, Dr. Victoria Simms from the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, UK, and colleagues, report in PLOS Medicine.

Contact: Victoria Simms

Public Release: 25-Jul-2017
PLOS Medicine
Improved retention and outcomes with same-day HIV testing and treatment
Initiating antiretroviral therapy (ART) on the same day as HIV testing is feasible and leads to improved retention and health outcomes, according to a trial published in PLOS Medicine.

Contact: Serena Koenig

Public Release: 24-Jul-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Target 'best connected neighbors' to stop spread of infection in developing countries
An innovative new study takes a network theory approach to targeted treatment in rural Africa, and finds that a simple algorithm may be more effective than current policies, as well as easier to deploy, when it comes to preventing disease spread -- by finding those with 'most connections to sick people.'

Contact: Fred Lewsey
University of Cambridge

Public Release: 24-Jul-2017
Frontiers in Public Health
Study finds 90 percent of American men overfat
Researchers reported earlier this year in the journal Frontiers of Public Health that up to 76 percent of the world's population may be overfat. Now these same researchers have focused their efforts on data from 30 of the top developed countries, with even more alarming findings that up to 90 percent of adult males and 50 percent of children may be overfat.

Contact: Melissa Cochrane

Public Release: 24-Jul-2017
American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Study links sudden deaths in Bangladeshi children to chemicals sprayed on fruit trees
Excessive and improper applications of insecticides and other agriculture chemicals in local fruit orchards may have triggered an outbreak of a deadly swelling of the brain known as acute encephalitis syndrome (AES) that killed 13 children in a rural Bangladesh community in 2012, according to a new study published online today in the American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene.
National Institutes of Health, US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Contact: Bridget DeSimone

Showing releases 251-275 out of 1414.

<< < 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 > >>