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Disease in the Developing World

News Releases

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 276-300 out of 1354.

<< < 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 > >>

Public Release: 10-Oct-2016
Nature Communications
Altering the 'flavor' of humans could help fight malaria
A new study by Johns Hopkins researchers suggests that a specialized area of the mosquito brain mixes tastes with smells to create unique and preferred flavors. The findings advance the possibility, they say, of identifying a substance that makes 'human flavor' repulsive to the malaria-bearing species of the mosquitoes, so instead of feasting on us, they keep the disease to themselves, potentially saving an estimated 450,000 lives a year worldwide.
Johns Hopkins Medicine Discovery Fund, Johns Hopkins Malaria Research Institute, NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Shawna Williams
shawna@jhmi.edu
410-955-8236
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 6-Oct-2016
Scientific Reports
Using satellite images to better target vaccination
Vaccination campaigns can improve prevention and control of disease of outbreaks in the developing world by using satellite images to capture short-term changes in population size.
Branco Weiss - the Society in Science, Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, Penn State Huck Institutes of the Life Sciences, DHS/Research and Policy for Infectious Disease Dynamics, Fogarty International Center, National Institutes of Health, Wellcome Trust

Contact: Barbara K. Kennedy
BarbaraKennedy@psu.edu
814-863-4682
Penn State

Public Release: 6-Oct-2016
Journal of Immunology
Vaccinating babies without vaccinating babies
Scientists have long understood that mother's milk provides immune protection against some infectious agents through the transfer of antibodies, a process referred to as 'passive immunity.' A research team at the University of California, Riverside now shows that mother's milk also contributes to the development of the baby's own immune system by a process the team calls 'maternal educational immunity.'
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Iqbal Pittalwala
iqbal@ucr.edu
951-827-6050
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 6-Oct-2016
NCI-grant explores potential of likely tumor-suppressor gene in kidney cancer
A poorly understood gene that appears super-suppressed in African-Americans with kidney cancer may be a biomarker of a patient's prognosis and a new target for improving it, researchers say.
National Cancer Institute

Contact: Toni Baker
tbaker@augusta.edu
706-721-4421
Medical College of Georgia at Augusta University

Public Release: 6-Oct-2016
PLOS ONE
Holographic imaging and deep learning diagnose malaria
Researchers have devised a method for computers to autonomously and quickly diagnose malaria with clinically relevant accuracy. The method uses deep learning and light-based, holographic scans for computers to spot malaria-infected cells from a simple, untouched blood sample without any help from a human. The innovation could form the basis of a fast, reliable test that could be given by most anyone, anywhere in the field.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, World Anti-Doping Agency, Burroughs Welcome Fund

Contact: Ken Kingery
ken.kingery@duke.edu
919-660-8414
Duke University

Public Release: 6-Oct-2016
Warwick to conduct breakthrough research on oral cancers in Pakistan
One of the deadliest and most prevalent cancers in the Indo-Pakistan region could be treated more effectively, thanks to a new research project being undertaken at the University of Warwick.
Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council

Contact: Luke Walton
L.Walton.1@warwick.ac.uk
07-824-540-863
University of Warwick

Public Release: 6-Oct-2016
Nature Medicine
New insight into course and transmission of Zika infection
In one of the first and largest studies of its kind, a research team lead by virologists at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center has characterized the progression of two strains of the viral infection. The study, published online this week in Nature Medicine, revealed Zika's rapid infection of the brain and nervous tissues, and provided evidence of risk for person-to-person transmission.

Contact: Jacqueline Mitchell
jsmitche@bidmc.harvard.edu
617-667-7306
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center

Public Release: 6-Oct-2016
Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Simple blood test could vastly improve detection rates of severe liver disease
A new non-invasive method of predicting the risk of developing a severe form of liver disease could ensure patients receive early and potentially life-saving medical intervention before irreversible damage is done.

Contact: Julia Short
ShortJ4@cardiff.ac.uk
44-029-208-75596
Cardiff University

Public Release: 6-Oct-2016
Current Protein & Peptide Science
The role of natural killer T cells in acute kidney injury: Angel or evil?
The mechanism of natural killer T (NKT) cells in acute kidney injury (AKI) has been reported frequently in recent studies. This review highlights the recent insight gained into the role and mechanisms of NKT cells in AKI in light of new researches on NKT cells subsets, membrane receptors, and clinical immunosuppressive agents.

Contact: Faizan ul Haq
faizan@benthamscience.org
Bentham Science Publishers

Public Release: 6-Oct-2016
IDRI receives NIH grant to develop RNA-based Zika virus vaccine
As Zika cases continue to rise with associated increases in Guillain-Barre syndrome and congenital birth defects, the need for a safe and effective vaccine to protect against Zika virus is greater than ever. IDRI (Infectious Disease Research Institute) has been awarded a $491,000, two-year grant from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, part of the National Institutes of Health, to rapidly develop a novel, safe and effective Zika vaccine by designing and formulating new RNA-based vaccine candidates.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Lee Schoentrup
lee.schoentrup@idri.org
206-858-6064
Infectious Disease Research Institute

Public Release: 6-Oct-2016
The Lancet
Increase in global life expectancy offset by war, obesity, and substance abuse
Improvements in sanitation, immunizations, indoor air quality, and nutrition have enabled children in poor countries to live longer over the past 25 years, according to a new scientific analysis of more than 300 diseases and injuries in 195 countries and territories.
Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation

Contact: Kayla Albrecht
albrek7@uw.edu
503-897-3792
Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation

Public Release: 6-Oct-2016
Science
Modest training may improve unlicensed health care, globally
In the developing world, a large portion of health care providers have no formal medical training. Now a new study of rural India, co-authored by an MIT professor, shows that modest levels of medical training can improve the quality of health care furnished by those informal providers.
West Bengal National Rural Health Mission, World Bank's Knowledge for Change, Bristol Myers Squibb

Contact: Abby Abazorius
abbya@mit.edu
617-253-2709
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 5-Oct-2016
Lancet
Investing in early childhood development essential to helping more children thrive
An estimated 43 percent -- 249 million -- of children under five in low-and middle-income countries are at an elevated risk of poor development due to extreme poverty and stunting, according to findings from The Lancet's new Series, Advancing Early Childhood Development: from Science to Scale.
World Health Organization, World Bank, UNICEF

Contact: Guillermo Meneses
guillermo.meneses@gmmb.com
202-445-1570
The Lancet

Public Release: 4-Oct-2016
Nature Communications
Invasive insects cost the world billions per year
Ecologists have estimated that invasive (non-native) insects cost humanity tens of billions of dollars a year -- and are likely to increase under climate change and growing international trade.

Contact: Corey Bradshaw
corey.bradshaw@adelaide.edu.au
61-040-069-7665
University of Adelaide

Public Release: 4-Oct-2016
Health Affairs
Acclaimed health program fails to help children in India
An acclaimed initiative to use franchising business models combined with telemedicine to deliver better quality health care in rural India failed to improve care for childhood diarrhea and pneumonia, according to a large-scale study by researchers at Duke, Stanford, and University College London.
Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation

Contact: Karen Kemp
kkemp@duke.edu
919-613-7394
Duke University

Public Release: 3-Oct-2016
Cell
Antibody function may help keep tuberculosis infection under control
A study led by investigators from the Ragon Institute of MGH, MIT and Harvard finds evidence that antibody protection may help control infection with the bacteria that causes tuberculosis. The findings may lead to better ways of distinguishing between active and latent disease and to a more effective vaccine against a disease that kills more than 1.5 million people each year.
National Institutes of Health, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, Harvard Center for AIDS research, Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, National Health and Medical Research Council (Australia), Pozen Family Foundation, Doris Duke Medical Research

Contact: Sarah Dionne Sullivan
ssullivan38@partners.org
617-726-6126
Massachusetts General Hospital

Public Release: 3-Oct-2016
ACS Central Science
'Open science' paves new pathway to develop malaria drugs
Malaria remains one of the world's leading causes of mortality in developing countries. Last year alone, it killed more than 400,000 people, mostly young children. This week in ACS Central Science, an international consortium of researchers unveils the mechanics and findings of a unique 'open science' project for malaria drug discovery that has been five years in the making.

Contact: Michael Bernstein
202-872-6042
American Chemical Society

Public Release: 3-Oct-2016
Scientific Reports
Antibiotics developed in 1960s show promise for TB therapy
First generation cephalosporins -- antibiotics introduced as a treatment against bacterial infections in 1963 -- now show promise for tuberculosis therapy, according to new research published in Scientific Reports.
Grand Challenges Canada, Canadian Institute of Health Research, British Columbia Lung Association

Contact: Chris Balma
balma@science.ubc.ca
604-822-5082
University of British Columbia

Public Release: 3-Oct-2016
American Journal of Psychiatry
Prescription sleep aids carry a rare suicide risk, review finds
Prescription sleep aids appear to carry a rare risk of suicide, most typically when they cause the unexpected response of stimulating rather than quietening patients, researchers say.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, American Foundation for Suicide Prevention

Contact: Toni Baker
tbaker@augusta.edu
706-721-4421
Medical College of Georgia at Augusta University

Public Release: 3-Oct-2016
The Lancet Global Health
Umbilical cord antiseptic not effective in reducing infant deaths in Africa
Despite significant reductions in neonatal mortality previously reported in south Asia, applying a chlorhexidine wash to newborns' umbilical cords in sub-Saharan Africa did not reduce deaths, a study led by researchers from the Boston University School of Public Health shows.

Contact: Lisa Chedekel
chedekel@bu.edu
617-571-6370
Boston University Medical Center

Public Release: 3-Oct-2016
Scientists take aging cardiac stem cells out of semiretirement to improve stem cell therapy
With age, the chromosomes of our cardiac stem cells compress as they move into a state of safe, semiretirement.
NIH/National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute

Contact: Toni Baker
tbaker@augusta.edu
706-721-4421
Medical College of Georgia at Augusta University

Public Release: 3-Oct-2016
New England Journal of Medicine
Multi-drug-resistant TB cure rates higher than expected
Cure rates for multi-drug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) in Europe have been estimated to be twice as high as previously thought, according to a research team at Queen Mary University of London.

Contact: Joel Winston
j.winston@qmul.ac.uk
Queen Mary University of London

Public Release: 15-Sep-2016
PLOS Genetics
Mosquito preference for human versus animal biting has genetic basis
Mosquitoes are more likely to feed on cattle than on humans if they carry a specific chromosomal rearrangement in their genome. This reduces their odds of transmitting the malaria parasite, according to a University of California, Davis, study published Sept. 15 in the journal PLOS Genetics.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Bradley Main
bmain@ucdavis.edu
530-752-7333
University of California - Davis

Public Release: 12-Sep-2016
BMJ Global Health
Time to outsource key tasks of WHO to better-placed and capable agencies, say experts
It's time to outsource key functions of The World Health Organization to bodies such as the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, The World Bank and The Global Fund for AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria that are better placed and qualified to execute the WHO's remit, experts argue in today's British Medical Journal - Global Health.

Contact: Dan Gaffney
daniel.gaffney@sydney.edu.au
61-481-004-782
University of Sydney

Public Release: 12-Sep-2016
Nature Medicine
Study details Zika virus disrupting fetal brain development during pregnancy
For the first time, abnormal brain development following a Zika infection during pregnancy has been documented experimentally in the offspring of a non-human primate. The researchers' observations of how Zika virus arrested fetal brain formation could provide a model for testing therapeutic interventions. The study also provided direct evidence that the Zika virus can cross the placenta in late pregnancy and affect the brain by shutting down certain aspects of brain development.
University of Washington Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Washington National Primate Research Center, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Leila Gray
206-685-0381
University of Washington Health Sciences/UW Medicine

Showing releases 276-300 out of 1354.

<< < 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 > >>