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Disease in the Developing World

News Releases

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 301-325 out of 1314.

<< < 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 > >>

Public Release: 11-Jul-2016
How do you turn a mosquito's genes on and off?
Scientists are using machine learning to identify important sequences of DNA within the mosquito genome that regulate how the insect's cells develop and behave. The research project, funded by the National Institutes of Health, could have implications for disease control, potentially facilitating efforts to use genetic engineering to control mosquito populations, or to create mosquitoes that have reduced ability to transmit maladies, such as malaria, to humans.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Charlotte Hsu
chsu22@buffalo.edu
716-645-4655
University at Buffalo

Public Release: 11-Jul-2016
Journal of Insect Science
New insect imaging technique may help victims of sleeping sickness
Researchers have employed near infrared still photographs and time-lapse video to observe the pupa of the living tsetse fly. The imaging technique may allow lab workers to identify male and female tsetse flies before they emerge as adults, which could make it easier to control them by using the Sterile Insect Technique.

Contact: Richard Levine
rlevine@entsoc.org
301-731-4535
Entomological Society of America

Public Release: 7-Jul-2016
American Journal of Primatology
Chewed plants help detect viruses in wild mountain gorillas and monkeys
Chewed bark, leaves and fruit discarded by mountain gorillas provide a simple way to test the endangered apes for viruses without disturbing them, according to scientists from UC Davis studying mountain gorillas and golden monkeys in East-Central Africa.
William J. Fulbright Fellowship, US Agency for International Development

Contact: Tierra Smiley Evans
tsmevans@ucdavis.edu
916-952-0275
University of California - Davis

Public Release: 7-Jul-2016
PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Rapid TB test accuracy in West Africa compromised by mycobacterium diversity
A study led by the Medical Research Council Unit The Gambia and the Antwerp Institute of Tropical Medicine, Belgium, published in PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases now suggests that in West Africa tests to identify Mtbc in culture miss a substantial fraction of cases, with dire consequences for the patients and for TB control efforts.
European Research Council

Contact: PLOS NTDs
plosntds@plos.org
PLOS

Public Release: 7-Jul-2016
PLOS Pathogens
How fungi stage a deadly under-water attack on Aedes mosquito larvae
Insect pathogenic fungi can grow in liquid suspensions and on solid substrates, and their spores can attack and kill mosquitoes in aquatic or terrestrial environments. A study published on July 7th in PLOS Pathogens demonstrates that the fungal attack of aquatic Aedes larvae is a particular rapid and effective way of mosquito control.

Contact: Tariq Butt
t.butt@swansea.ac.uk
PLOS

Public Release: 6-Jul-2016
Researchers begin promising malaria vaccine trial in Burkina Faso
Malaria is one of the world's deadliest diseases: it infects hundreds of millions of people every year, and kills about half a million, most of them under 5 years of age. There is no vaccine. Now, researchers at the University of Maryland School of Medicine are testing a malaria vaccine that has shown success in early tests.

Contact: David Kohn
dkohn@som.umaryland.edu
410-706-7590
University of Maryland School of Medicine

Public Release: 6-Jul-2016
Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine
Blurring of national security interests & global health agendas are an unavoidable reality
Society must align the overlapping priorities and often clashing interests of medical intelligence, national security agendas and the global health community, according to global health advocates writing in the Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine.

Contact: Rosalind Dewar
media@rsm.ac.uk
44-015-807-64713
SAGE

Public Release: 6-Jul-2016
Obesity
Obese preschoolers have 60 percent higher healthcare costs than healthy weight children
Obese children aged 2-5 years old are two to three times more likely to be admitted to hospital and have 60 percent higher healthcare costs than healthy weight children, a study by the University of Sydney's School of Public Health has found. Published today in Obesity journal, this is the first study to reveal the higher direct health care costs of obesity in preschool aged children compared with those of normal weight.

Contact: Kobi Print
kobi.print@sydney.edu.au
61-481-012-729
University of Sydney

Public Release: 5-Jul-2016
CONRAD launches Quatro in South Africa and Zimbabwe
As the HIV infection rate in young African women continues to rise despite ongoing educational efforts, the prevention field is working to better understand the lifestyles and user preferences of this high risk group. Following on the launch of a human centered design study in South Africa called Project EMOTION, CONRAD today announced enrollment of the first participant in The Quatro Study.
President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) through the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) and the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.

Contact: Annette Larkin
alarkin@conrad.org
703-772-6427
CONRAD

Public Release: 5-Jul-2016
Protein target may block deadly arterial remodeling in pulmonary hypertension
Pulmonary hypertension is a highly lethal disease that transforms the thin, flexible vasculature of the lungs into thick, dysfunctional blood vessels that can kill.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Toni Baker
tbaker@augusta.edu
706-721-4421
Medical College of Georgia at Augusta University

Public Release: 5-Jul-2016
Ecology Letters
Malaria study shows how multiple infections make disease worse
Scientists have discovered why infections with the two most common types of malaria parasite combined lead to greater health risks -- because one species helps the other to thrive.
Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council, Natural Environment Research Council, Wellcome Trust, Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia, Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, The Human Frontiers

Contact: Catriona Kelly
Catriona.Kelly@ed.ac.uk
44-131-651-4401
University of Edinburgh

Public Release: 5-Jul-2016
PREVAIL treatment trial for men with persistent Ebola viral RNA in semen opens in Liberia
The Partnership for Research on Ebola Virus in Liberia (PREVAIL), a US-Liberia joint Clinical Research Partnership, today announced the opening of PREVAIL IV, a treatment trial for men who have survived Ebola virus disease but continue to have evidence of Ebola virus genetic material, RNA, in their semen. The trial is sponsored by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases in partnership with the Ministry of Health of Liberia and Gilead Sciences.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Anne A. Oplinger
aoplinger@niaid.nih.gov
301-402-1663
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Public Release: 1-Jul-2016
Journal of Medical Entomology
Zika virus research at Biosecurity Research Institute aims to control, fight mosquitoes
Kansas State University is helping the fight against Zika virus through mosquito research at the Biosecurity Research Institute.

Contact: Stephen Higgs
shiggs@k-state.edu
785-532-1333
Kansas State University

Public Release: 1-Jul-2016
Scientific Reports
Benign bacteria block mosquitoes from transmitting Zika, chikungunya viruses
Researchers at the University of Wisconsin-Madison have confirmed that a benign bacterium called Wolbachia pipientis can completely block transmission of Zika virus in Aedes aegypti. Matthew Aliota, a scientist at the UW-Madison School of Veterinary Medicine and first author of the paper, says the bacteria could present a 'novel biological control mechanism,' aiding efforts to stop the spread of Zika virus.

Contact: Matthew Aliota
mtaliota@wisc.edu
608-262-7785
University of Wisconsin-Madison

Public Release: 1-Jul-2016
Science Advances
E. coli: The ideal transport for next-gen vaccines?
Researchers have developed an E. coli-based transport capsule to help next-generation vaccines do a more efficient and effective job than today's immunizations. The research, described in a study published July 1 in the journal Science Advances, highlights the capsule's success fighting pneumococcal disease, an infection that can result in pneumonia, sepsis, ear infections and meningitis.
National Institutes of Health, University at Buffalo/Arthur A. Schomburg Fellowship Program

Contact: Cory Nealon
cmnealon@buffalo.edu
716-645-4614
University at Buffalo

Public Release: 30-Jun-2016
US needs greater preparation for next severe public health threats, panel finds
An Independent Panel formed to review the US Department of Health and Human Service's response to Ebola calls for increased coordination both within HHS and across all involved federal agencies and strengthened coordination and collaboration with state and local governments and their private-sector partners.

Contact: Carla Denly
cdenly@support.ucla.edu
310-825-6738
University of California - Los Angeles Health Sciences

Public Release: 30-Jun-2016
Researchers to use innovative alternative to autopsy to better understand child mortality
The Center for Vaccine Development has been awarded a grant for research to help determine why so many children under five are dying in the world's poorest countries. The grant will fund use of an innovative alternative to traditional autopsy known as minimally invasive tissue sampling.
Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation

Contact: David Kohn
dkohn@som.umaryland.edu
410-706-7590
University of Maryland School of Medicine

Public Release: 30-Jun-2016
Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes
NIH-led effort uses implementation science to reduce mother-to-child HIV transmission
An emerging field, known as implementation science, may help reduce the nearly 150,000 instances of mother-to-child HIV transmissions that occur annually around the world, mostly in developing countries. A team of scientists and program managers, led by the National Institutes of Health, has been studying a variety of implementation science approaches to prevent mother-to-child transmission and has published the results in a 16-article open-access supplement to the Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes.

Contact: Ann Puderbaugh
ann.puderbaugh@nih.gov
301-496-2075
NIH/Fogarty International Center

Public Release: 30-Jun-2016
PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases
A quick and easy new method to detect Wolbachia bacteria in intact Aedes mosquitoes
Aedes aegypti mosquitoes transmit dengue, chikungunya, and Zika viruses. A study published in PLOS NTDs reports a new technique that could make one approach to mosquito control -- using Wolbachia bacteria that reduce the mosquitos' ability to transmit viral pathogens -- a whole lot easier and cheaper to implement and evaluate.

Contact: PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases
plosntds@plos.org
PLOS

Public Release: 30-Jun-2016
Science
Scientists discover maleness gene in malaria mosquitoes
Scientists, led by Dr. Jaroslaw Krzywinski, Head of the Vector Molecular Biology group at The Pirbright Institute have isolated a gene, which determines maleness in the species of mosquito that is responsible for transmitting malaria. The research, published in the journal Science, describes identification and characterization of a gene, named Yob by the authors, which is the master regulator of the sex determination process in the African malaria mosquito, Anopheles gambiae, and determines the male sex.
Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Wellcome Trust, The Pirbright Institute, Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council

Contact: Teresa Maughan
communications@pirbright.ac.uk
44-148-323-1120
The Pirbright Institute

Public Release: 29-Jun-2016
New England Journal of Medicine
To improve global health, experts call for a standard list of essential diagnostic tests
A team of experts has put together a list of the key diagnostic tests that every country should have available, with high quality standards, in order to make the best use of the World Health Organization's list of essential medicines. Many developing countries will need help with establishing high-quality labs to use them, but in the end it may be cost effective.

Contact: Kara Gavin
kegavin@umich.edu
734-764-2220
University of Michigan Health System

Public Release: 29-Jun-2016
The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
Saved by the sun
A new twist on the use of renewable energy is saving children's lives in Africa. The innovation -- a solar-powered oxygen delivery system -- is providing concentrated oxygen in hospital for children suffering from severe pneumonia.
Grand Challenges Canada

Contact: Ross Neitz
rneitz@ualberta.ca
780-492-5986
University of Alberta Faculty of Medicine & Dentistry

Public Release: 29-Jun-2016
Journal of Infectious Diseases
Analysis of 1976 Ebola outbreak holds lessons relevant today
With the recent Ebola epidemic in West Africa reviving interest in the first outbreak of the deadly hemorrhagic fever 40 years ago, scientists led by Dr. Joel Breman of the Fogarty International Center at the National Institutes of Health have published a report in The Journal of Infectious Diseases that highlights lessons learned from the smaller, more quickly contained 1976 outbreak.

Contact: Ann Puderbaugh
ann.puderbaugh@nih.gov
301-496-2075
NIH/Fogarty International Center

Public Release: 29-Jun-2016
Gene Drive Technology: Where is the future?
For this episode of BioScience Talks, we're joined by Gene Drive Committee co-chair James P. Collins of Arizona State University and committee member Joseph Travis of Florida State University. They fill us in on the specifics of the new committee report and on the future of gene drives.

Contact: James M Verdier
jverdier@aibs.org
205-286-8626
American Institute of Biological Sciences

Public Release: 28-Jun-2016
Journal of Medical Entomology
Free articles on Aedes albopictus, mosquitoes that may transmit Zika
Oxford University Press and the Entomological Society of America have released a special collection of free articles on the Asian tiger mosquito (Aedes albopictus).

Contact: Richard Levine
rlevine@entsoc.org
301-731-4535
Entomological Society of America

Showing releases 301-325 out of 1314.

<< < 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 > >>