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Disease in the Developing World

News Releases

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 351-375 out of 1337.

<< < 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 > >>

Public Release: 21-Dec-2016
Challenges remain in HIV care in Africa
Barriers to diagnosis and lack of access to modern medications have combined to place caregivers and HIV-positive patients in sub-Saharan Africa between a rock and a hard place. A new study shows that physicians are often forced to choose between controlling seizures, which can occur if the disease goes undiagnosed for too long, or treating the underlying HIV infection.
Fogarty International Center and NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

Contact: Mark Michaud
University of Rochester Medical Center

Public Release: 20-Dec-2016
NIH launches first large trial of a long-acting injectable drug for HIV prevention
The first large-scale clinical trial of a long-acting injectable drug for HIV prevention began today. The study, sponsored by NIH, will examine whether a long-acting form of the investigational anti-HIV drug cabotegravir injected once every 8 weeks can safely protect men and transgender women from HIV infection at least as well as the anti-HIV medication Truvada taken daily as an oral tablet.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Laura S. Leifman
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Public Release: 19-Dec-2016
Applied and Environmental Microbiology
DNA markers distinguish between harmless, deadly bacteria
Through a new study of the coccobacillus Francisella, Los Alamos National Laboratory researchers are working to use DNA markers to discern related but relatively harmless species as they are identified and to provide a means to distinguish them from the harmful F. tularensis.
US Department of Homeland Security, Science and Technology Directorate

Contact: Nancy Ambrosiano
DOE/Los Alamos National Laboratory

Public Release: 19-Dec-2016
Nature Chemical Biology
Ancient Chinese malaria remedy fights TB
A centuries-old herbal medicine, discovered by Chinese scientists and used to effectively treat malaria, has been found to potentially aid in the treatment of tuberculosis and may slow the evolution of drug resistance. In a promising study led by Robert Abramovitch, a Michigan State University microbiologist and TB expert, the ancient remedy artemisinin stopped the ability of TB-causing bacteria, known as Mycobacterium tuberculosis, to become dormant. The study is published in the journal Nature Chemical Biology.
Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, National Institutes of Health, MSU AgBioResearch

Contact: Sarina Gleason
Michigan State University

Public Release: 16-Dec-2016
The Lancet
Children dying preventable deaths from congenital heart disease
Over one million children are born with congenital heart disease (CHD) each year, and 90 percent are born in poor regions with little or no access to care. CHD and other serious birth defects are among the top five causes of death of children worldwide. Increasing access to care will save children's lives.

Contact: Faith Adams
Children's HeartLink

Public Release: 15-Dec-2016
Scientific Reports
UCLA researchers combat antimicrobial resistance using smartphones
A team of UCLA researchers has developed an automated diagnostic test reader for antimicrobial resistance using a smartphone. The technology could lead to routine testing for antimicrobial susceptibility in areas with limited resources.

Contact: Matthew Chin
University of California - Los Angeles

Public Release: 15-Dec-2016
Funding for new treatments for malnourished children
A consortium of researchers including groups from Plymouth University, University College London and Queen Mary University of London have received funding from the Medical Research Council-led Foundation Award with support from the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council to assess new ways to help severely malnourished children in Zambia and Zimbabwe.
Global Challenges Research Fund

Contact: Andrew Gould
University of Plymouth

Public Release: 15-Dec-2016
Cancer Epidemiology
Cancer registries in resource-constrained countries can inform policy to reduce cancer burden
Data from population-based cancer registries are vital for informing health programs, policies and strategies for cancer screening and treatment. A special issue of Cancer Epidemiology, prepared under the auspices of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, offers lessons for planning and supporting cancer registration in resource-constrained settings to support data-driven policies on cancer prevention, early detection and appropriate treatment leading to significant cost savings for government and society as a whole.

Contact: Sarah Jenkins

Public Release: 15-Dec-2016
PLOS Pathogens
Hormone-disrupting compound could provide new approach to malaria control
A chemical that disrupts biological processes in female mosquitoes may be just as effective as insecticides in reducing the spread of malaria, according to a new study from Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health.
Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation

Contact: Todd Datz
Harvard T.H. Chan School of Public Health

Public Release: 14-Dec-2016
Science Advances
Vaccination increases family wealth, girls' education
A Washington State University-led research team found households in rural Africa that vaccinate their cattle for East Coast fever increased their income and spent the additional money on food and education. Researchers also found that when fewer cattle died from the fever, girls were more likely to attend secondary school.
Global Alliance for Livestock Veterinary Medicines, Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation

Contact: Tom Marsh, WSU Allen School
Washington State University

Public Release: 14-Dec-2016
Journal of Public Health
Celebrity chefs have poor food safety practices, a Kansas State University study finds
Kansas State University food safety experts viewed 100 cooking shows with 24 popular celebrity chefs and found several unclean food preparation behaviors. Kansas State University food safety experts Edgar Chambers IV and Curtis Maughan, along with Tennessee State University's Sandria Godwin, recently published 'Food safety behaviors observed in celebrity chefs across a variety of programs' in the Journal of Public Health.

Contact: Edgar Chambers IV
Kansas State University

Public Release: 14-Dec-2016
UC researchers examine potential drug pathway to combat pneumocystis
A study led by University of Cincinnati researchers is offering new insight in how the fungus Pneumocystis, thrives in the lungs of immune-compromised individuals, where it can cause a fatal pneumonia.
NIH/National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, US Department of Veterans Affairs

Contact: Cedric Ricks
University of Cincinnati Academic Health Center

Public Release: 14-Dec-2016
The Open Dentistry Journal
Promotion of nickel (Ni) allergy by anamnestic sensitization
This report provides evidence that the solitary pre-sensitization to LPS is essential for the onset of Ni allergy by shifting the Th1/Th2 immune balance toward a Th1 dominant.

Contact: Faizan ul Haq
Bentham Science Publishers

Public Release: 14-Dec-2016
International alliance receives grant to improve cassava harvest and nutrition for farmers in Africa
Scientists under VIRCA Plus are developing improved cassava varieties to enhance the livelihoods and health status of African farm families.
Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation

Contact: Melanie Bernds
Donald Danforth Plant Science Center

Public Release: 14-Dec-2016
Investment in medicine regulatory authorities key to fighting the 21st century 'Third Man'
From Vienna to the Democratic Republic of Congo, fake medicines have threatened citizens across the board -- and borders -- in wartime as well as peacetime. 'Fake Penicillin, The Third Man and Operation Claptrap,' an article published today in BMJ's online Christmas edition, visits the history of falsified drugs and highlights what needs to be done to avert a problem that threatens us all.

Contact: Anne Whitehouse
Infectious Diseases Data Observatory

Public Release: 13-Dec-2016
Could co-infection with other viruses affect the survival of those with Ebola virus?
Could co-infection with other viruses have a detrimental affect on Ebola survival, and why did some show Ebola symptoms without having the virus? A new study investigates.
Public Health England

Contact: Andrew Gould
University of Plymouth

Public Release: 13-Dec-2016
Mutations acquired trans-Pacific may be key to changes in Zika severity
Though Zika has been known for 70 years, in many ways the virus is still poorly understood. A new phylogenetic and geographic analysis of Zika's collected genetic sequences provides the most complete study of the virus's history to date. The analysis reveals indications of a surprisingly complex global background including an under-recorded ancestry in Asia. Further, the analysis identifies specific mutations in the Pacific transit that suggest possible explanations for Zika's recent virulence.
Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency

Contact: James Hathaway
University of North Carolina at Charlotte

Public Release: 12-Dec-2016
Journal of the American Chemical Society
Groundbreaking study sheds light on treating cancer
The work by Professor Tae-Hyuk Kwon (School of Natural Science) at Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology, South Korea, has presented a new cancer treatment that uses red lights to target and kill cancer cells alternatively without surgery.
UNIST Alzheimer's Disease Research Fund

Contact: JooHyeon Heo
Ulsan National Institute of Science and Technology(UNIST)

Public Release: 12-Dec-2016
Worm treatment strategy could benefit millions of kids
A landmark new study shows the benefits of an expanded treatment strategy for intestinal worms -- treating adults as well as children -- that could improve the health of millions of children in Southeast Asia, the Pacific and Africa.

Contact: Dr. Naomi Clarke
Australian National University

Public Release: 12-Dec-2016
Preventive Medicine
Availability of community-based fitness classes leads to increased activity levels
Physical inactivity is a global health problem that leads to approximately 3.2 million deaths each year, according to the World Health Organization. Researchers from the University of Missouri School of Medicine have found that a government-sponsored community activity program in Brazil is improving activity levels of women. The researchers believe the program could be scaled up and adapted to other communities around the world.

Contact: Derek Thompson
University of Missouri-Columbia

Public Release: 12-Dec-2016
American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Famine alters metabolism for successive generations
A famine that afflicted China between 1959 and 1961 is associated with an increased hyperglycemia risk not only among people who were born then, but also among the children they had a generation later.

Contact: David Orenstein
Brown University

Public Release: 12-Dec-2016
Cancer Cell
The antibody that normalizes tumor vessels
IBS scientists discover that their antisepsis antibody also reduces glioma, lung and breast cancer progression in mice.
Institute for Basic Science

Contact: Dahee Carol Kim
Institute for Basic Science

Public Release: 12-Dec-2016
European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
Frail patients should have tailored cardiac rehabilitation say European experts
European experts have called for frail patients to have tailored cardiac rehabilitation programs in a paper published today in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology.

Contact: ESC Press Office
European Society of Cardiology

Public Release: 12-Dec-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
White blood cell treatment could prevent leading cause of fetal death
Treating a type of white blood cell using hormones could improve the development of the placenta in women with pregnancy complications, according to early research led by Queen Mary University of London (QMUL) involving mice and human blood samples.
Wellcome Trust and British Heart Foundation

Contact: Joel Winston
Queen Mary University of London

Public Release: 10-Dec-2016
EuroEcho-Imaging 2016
Circulation favors placenta over brain in fetuses of diabetic mothers
Blood flows preferentially to the placenta instead of the brain in fetuses of mothers with diabetes, reveals research presented today at EuroEcho-Imaging 2016.

Contact: ESC Press Office
European Society of Cardiology

Showing releases 351-375 out of 1337.

<< < 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 > >>