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Disease in the Developing World

News Releases

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 476-500 out of 1340.

<< < 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 > >>

Public Release: 25-Aug-2016
Current Opinions in Virology
In sub-Saharan Africa, cancer can be an infectious disease
University of Colorado Cancer Center researcher shows that mothers who contract malaria during pregnancy may have children with increased risk of Burkitt's lymphoma.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Garth Sundem
University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus

Public Release: 25-Aug-2016
Solving a 48-year-old mystery: Scientists grow noroviruses in human intestinal cell cultures
For the first time, scientists have grown human noroviruses, the leading viral cause of acute diarrhea worldwide, in human intestinal cell cultures in the lab.

Contact: Graciela Gutierrez
Baylor College of Medicine

Public Release: 25-Aug-2016
Cell Host & Microbe
Newly discovered 'multicomponent' virus can infect animals
Scientists have identified a new 'multicomponent' virus --one containing different segments of genetic material in separate particles -- that can infect animals, according to research published today in the journal Cell Host & Microbe. This new pathogen, Guaico Culex virus, (GCXV), was isolated from several species of mosquitoes in Central and South America. GCXV does not appear to infect mammals; however, the team also isolated a related virus, Jingmen tick virus, from a nonhuman primate.
Defense Threat Reduction Agency, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Caree Vander Linden
US Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases

Public Release: 25-Aug-2016
Zika virus may persist in the vagina days after infection
The Zika virus reproduces in the vaginal tissue of pregnant mice several days after infection, according to a study by Yale researchers. From the genitals, the virus spreads and infects the fetal brain, impairing fetal development. The findings suggest that the Zika virus may replicate more robustly in the female reproductive tract than at other sites of infection, with potentially dire consequences for reproduction, said the researchers.
Howard Hughes Medical Institute, and National Institutes of Health

Contact: Ziba Kashef
Yale University

Public Release: 24-Aug-2016
Infection and Immunity
Key substance for treatment of visceral leishmaniasis identified
A Brazilian study conducted at the University of São Paulo's Ribeirão Preto Medical School (FMRP-USP) shows that stimulating the production of interleukin-17A (IL-17A), one of the cytokines released by cells of the immune system, can be an effective strategy for the treatment of visceral leishmaniasis, considered one of the six most important parasitic diseases affecting humans.
São Paulo Research Foundation

Contact: Samuel Antenor
Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo

Public Release: 24-Aug-2016
Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters
New small molecule compounds could treat Ebola virus infection
Scientists have found Ebola's Achilles' heel: a new kind of chemical compound can block the protein Ebola uses to break out of cells and infect new cells. The compounds, revealed in a new paper in Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry Letters, could potentially be used to treat the disease after infection.

Contact: Virus spread can be blocked by attacking Ebola's Achilles' h

Public Release: 24-Aug-2016
Lancet Global Health
Conflicts subverting improved health conditions in Eastern Mediterranean Region
Improved health conditions and life expectancy over the past 20 years in the Eastern Mediterranean Region are being subverted by wars and civil unrest, according to a new scientific study.
Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation

Contact: Kayla Albrecht
Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation

Public Release: 23-Aug-2016
Study suggests that brain damages caused by Zika virus congenital infection go beyond microcephaly
A recent study published by Brazilian researchers indicates brain malformations induced by Zika virus congenital infection. More than microcephaly, the research indicates other neurological changes such as reduction in brain volume, cortical development abnormalities and ventriculomegaly.

Contact: Stella Correa
D'Or Institute for Research and Education

Public Release: 23-Aug-2016
New blood spot test used internationally in fight against HIV
Researchers at the Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences at CU Anschutz have developed a technique that estimates an HIV-negative patient's adherence to drugs prescribed to prevent HIV transmission during sex.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Nathan Gill
University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus

Public Release: 23-Aug-2016
PLOS Medicine
Shortfalls in laboratory services may limit attainment of worldwide targets for HIV
Vincent Habiyambere of the World Health Organization and colleagues find that insufficient capacity to perform laboratory tests used in monitoring HIV infection, and underutilization of existing testing capacity, are limiting the ability to meet the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV and AIDS 90-90-90 targets, in a study appearing in PLOS Medicine.

Contact: PLOS Medicine

Public Release: 22-Aug-2016
Nature Microbiology
UTMB researchers protect against lethal Ebola Sudan infection four days after infection
Researchers at The University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston, in collaboration with Arbutus Biopharma Corporation, have protected nonhuman primates against Ebola Sudan four days following exposure to the virus.

Contact: Donna Ramirez
University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston

Public Release: 22-Aug-2016
Water Resources Research
Urban pumping raises arsenic risk in Southeast Asia
Large-scale groundwater pumping is opening doors for dangerously high levels of arsenic to enter some of Southeast Asia's aquifers, with water now seeping in through riverbeds with arsenic concentrations more than 100 times the limits of safety, according to a new study from scientists at Columbia University's Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, MIT, and Hanoi University of Science.

Contact: Kevin Krajick
The Earth Institute at Columbia University

Public Release: 22-Aug-2016
Nature Genetics
New types of African Salmonella associated with lethal infection
The first global-scale genetic study of Salmonella Enteritidis bacteria, which is a major cause of blood poisoning and death in Africa and food poisoning in the Western World, has discovered that there are in fact three separate types. Scientists at the Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine and University of Liverpool found two novel African types, which looked the same, but were genetically different from the Western type.
Wellcome Trust, Institut Pasteur, Institut de Veille Sanitaire, Investissement d'Avenir, Third Framework Agreement between the Belgian Directorate General of Development Cooperation and the Institute of Tropical Medicine, and others

Contact: Samantha Wynne
Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute

Public Release: 22-Aug-2016
The Lancet Global Health
Study validates new tool for diagnosing dehydration in children
A simple new method for assessing dehydration from diarrhea, which kills hundreds of thousands of children each year worldwide, has proven accurate and reliable.
NIH/Fogarty International Center

Contact: David Orenstein
Brown University

Public Release: 22-Aug-2016
American Chemical Society 252nd National Meeting & Exposition
Simple new test could improve diagnosis of tuberculosis in developing nations
The current test used in developing nations to diagnose tuberculosis is error-prone, complicated and slow. Furthermore, patients in these resource-limited areas can't easily travel back to a clinic at a later date to get their results. Chemists have now developed a simpler, faster and more accurate test. Trials of the new test began in Africa in June. The researchers will present their work at the 252nd National Meeting & Exposition of the American Chemical Society.

Contact: Michael Bernstein
American Chemical Society

Public Release: 21-Aug-2016
Tall Poppy winner 'weeds out' bacterial superbugs
QUT molecular microbiologist Makrina Totsika is at the forefront of research to develop new therapies to beat multi-drug resistant bacteria.
Australian Institute of Policy and Science

Contact: Debra Nowland
Queensland University of Technology

Public Release: 19-Aug-2016
Research-based online tool empowers Peace Corps work in Africa
Researchers with the University of Kansas will tailor resources from the Community Tool Box to fit the needs of volunteers working in Africa to combat HIV/AIDS and advance overall public health.
The Peace Corps

Contact: Brendan Lynch
University of Kansas

Public Release: 19-Aug-2016
Future Science Group shares top Zika-related articles
Future Science Group has today announced that they are making some top review and commentary articles freely available, to aid the Zika research effort.

Contact: Leela Ripton
Future Science Group

Public Release: 19-Aug-2016
Journal of Exposure Science & Environmental Epidemiology
Cloth masks offer poor protection against air pollution
Results of a new study by environmental health scientists at the University of Massachusetts Amherst suggest that inexpensive cloth masks worn by people who hope to reduce their exposure to air pollution vary widely in effectiveness and could be giving users a false sense of security, especially in highly polluted areas.

Contact: Janet Lathrop
University of Massachusetts at Amherst

Public Release: 18-Aug-2016
Scientific Reports
Scientists explain why Russian tuberculosis is the most infectious
Scientists conducted a large-scale analysis of the proteins and genomes of mycobacterium tuberculosis strains that are common in Russia and countries of the former Soviet Union and found features that provide a possible explanation for their epidemiological success.

Contact: Asya Shepunova
Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology

Public Release: 18-Aug-2016
JCI Insight
Yale study identifies how Zika virus infects the placenta
In a new study, Yale researchers demonstrate Zika virus infection of cells derived from human placentas. The research provides insight into how Zika virus may be transmitted from expectant mother to fetus, resulting in infection of the fetal brain.
National Institutes of Health, Howard Hughes Medical Institute

Contact: Ziba Kashef
Yale University

Public Release: 18-Aug-2016
PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Insecticide treatment of cattle to kill sand flies and combat leishmaniasis
With an estimated 500,000 human infections and 50,000 deaths annually, visceral leishmaniasis (VL) is the second most prevalent parasitic killer, behind malaria. Leishmania parasites are transmitted through the bite of phlebotomine sand flies. A study published in PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases makes the case that fighting the insects by treating cattle with the long-lasting insecticide, fipronil, could substantially reduce VL in areas where people and cattle live in close proximity.

Contact: David Poché

Public Release: 16-Aug-2016
Clinical Infectious Diseases
NIH explores connection between Ebola survival and co-infection with malaria parasites
People infected with Ebola virus were 20 percent more likely to survive if they were co-infected with malaria-causing Plasmodium parasites, according to data collected at an Ebola diagnostic laboratory in Liberia in 2014-15. Moreover, greater numbers of Plasmodium parasites correlated with increased rates of Ebola survival, according to the new study. Scientists from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, part the National Institutes of Health, led the project.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Ken Pekoc
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Public Release: 16-Aug-2016
Genome Biology
It's true: Latinos age slower than other ethnicities
A UCLA study is the first to show that Latinos age at a slower rate than other ethnic groups. The findings may one day help scientists understand how to slow the aging process for everyone.
NIH/National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute, NIH/National Institute on Aging

Contact: Elaine Schmidt
University of California - Los Angeles Health Sciences

Public Release: 15-Aug-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
New enzyme-mapping advance could help drug development
Scientists at MIT and the University of São Paulo in Brazil have identified the structure of an enzyme that could be a good target for drugs combatting three diseases common in the developing world.
São Paulo Research Foundation, National Institutes of Health, US Department of Energy

Contact: Abby Abazorius
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Showing releases 476-500 out of 1340.

<< < 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 > >>