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Disease in the Developing World

News Releases

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 501-525 out of 1341.

<< < 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 > >>

Public Release: 22-Nov-2016
PLOS Medicine
Minimally invasive autopsies in lower-income countries: Reliability, acceptability
High concordance rates were observed between diagnoses obtained using a simplified minimally invasive autopsy method and those determined from complete autopsies in a series of deceased adult patients in Mozambique, according to research published in PLOS Medicine by Jaume Ordi and colleagues. In a linked research article, Khátia Munguambe and colleagues observed that the hypothetical acceptability of the minimally invasive autopsy and willingness to know the cause of death were high across five settings in Gabon, Kenya, Mali, Mozambique, and Pakistan.

Contact: Jaume Ordi

Public Release: 21-Nov-2016
Nature Microbiology
NIAID-supported scientists sequence, explore the genome of the river blindness parasite
Scientists have sequenced the genome of the parasitic worm responsible for causing onchocerciasis -- an eye and skin infection more commonly known as river blindness. Through their work, researchers have gained insight into the workings of the parasite and identified proteins that potentially could be targeted with existing drugs or provide areas for developing new treatments and a preventive vaccine. The NIAID-supported research is described in a pair of papers published this week in Nature Microbiology.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Elizabeth Deatrick
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Public Release: 21-Nov-2016
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
El Niño conditions in the Pacific precedes dengue fever epidemics in South Asia
Researchers have found a strong association between El Niño-Southern Oscillation conditions in the Pacific to observed weather and dengue epidemics in Sri Lanka. According to a study published in the International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, el Niño activity -- measured in sea surface temperature in the pacific -- impacts rainfall and temperatures in Sri Lanka and thus contributes to exacerbated dengue epidemics six months later.
DengueTools FP7, Umeå University, Ministry of Health in Sri Lanka

Contact: Daniel Harju
Umea University

Public Release: 21-Nov-2016
Annals of Internal Medicine
Effect of collaborative care with occupational therapy indeterminate for slowing functional decline from dementia
Two years of in-home occupational therapy combined with collaborative care did not slow the rate of functional decline among persons with Alzheimer disease. Given that family members often shoulder the burden of caring for patients with dementia, the authors suggest that research is needed to identify strategies to support caregivers in the home. The findings are published in Annals of Internal Medicine.

Contact: Angela Collom
American College of Physicians

Public Release: 18-Nov-2016
Journal of the American Society of Nephrology
APOL1 linked to reduced nephrocyte function, increased cell size, accelerated cell death
A Children's National Health System research team has uncovered a novel process by which the gene APOL1 contributes to renal disease, according to a paper published Nov. 18 in the Journal of the American Society of Nephrology.

Contact: Dee Henderson
Children's National Health System

Public Release: 18-Nov-2016
UTMB researchers create powerful new tools to combat Zika
New research from the University of Texas Medical Branch in Galveston, in collaboration with Southwest University in Chongqing, China and the University of Leuven in Belgium, have developed a way to replicate the basic structure of the Zika virus, stripping it of the genes that make the virus infectious. The replicon system research was spearheaded by Dr. Xuping Xie and recently published in EBioMedicine.

Contact: Donna Ramirez
University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston

Public Release: 17-Nov-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Solving the riddle of putrid camel pee could aid millions affected by sleeping sickness
Trypanosome parasites that cause sleeping sickness break down amino acids to produce a metabolic by-product that suppresses the immune response. This by-product, which makes the urine of infected camels smell terrible, is a good candidate for anti-trypanosome drugs and therapies.

Contact: Thomas Deane
Trinity College Dublin

Public Release: 17-Nov-2016
PLOS Pathogens
Scientists develop new mouse model to aid Zika virus research
Researchers have developed a new mouse model that could be used in Zika research to better understand the virus and find new treatments, according to a study published in PLOS Pathogens.

Contact: PLOS Pathogens

Public Release: 17-Nov-2016
PLOS Computational Biology
Dengue strains differ in rates of viral replication
Researchers test mechanisms explaining differences in dengue serotype and disease severity by statistically fitting mathematical models to viral load data from dengue-infected individuals. They find a role for viral replication in explaining serotype-specific differences in viral load -- according to a new study published in PLOS Computational Biology.

Contact: Rotem Ben-Shachar

Public Release: 17-Nov-2016
PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Cameroon's cholera outbreaks vary by climate region
For more than four decades, cholera has recurred in Cameroon, affecting tens of thousands of people a year. Now, researchers have discovered one reason Cameroon has struggled to control the disease. Cholera follows different, distinct outbreak patterns in different climate subzones of the large country, the researchers reported in PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases.

Contact: PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases

Public Release: 16-Nov-2016
Researchers receive Patent for Humanity award
Researchers at Case Western Reserve University have developed a portable device that can quickly and accurately detect malaria.
Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine Clinical and Translational Science Collaborative, Hemex Health

Contact: Marc Kaplan
Case Western Reserve University

Public Release: 16-Nov-2016
Journal of Experimental Medicine
Women at greater risk for Zika infection due to suppressed vaginal immune response
Scientists at the Gladstone Institutes discovered that the vaginal immune system is suppressed in response to RNA viruses, such as Zika. The delayed antiviral immune response allows the virus to remain undetected in the vagina, which can increase the risk of fetal infection during pregnancy. The new finding suggests that, when transmitted sexually, women are both more susceptible to contracting RNA viruses and have a harder time clearing the infection from their systems.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, Hellmans Fellow Fund, UCSF-Gladstone Center for AIDS Research, Creative and Novel Ideas in HIV Research, California Institute for Regenerative Medicine/Gladstone Institutes Fellowship

Contact: Dana Smith
Gladstone Institutes

Public Release: 16-Nov-2016
2016 Annual Meeting of the American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
5-year WHO investigation: Treated bed nets still fending off malaria in Africa and India
Bed nets treated with a safe chemical killer still provide significant protection from malaria-carrying mosquitoes, despite the rise in insecticide resistance, according to a major study released today at the annual meeting of the American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene.

Contact: Preeti Singh

Public Release: 16-Nov-2016
Science Translational Medicine
Ultra-long acting pill offers new hope in eliminating malaria
BWH investigators and collaborators have created a swallowable capsule that can stay in the stomach and deliver medicine for up to two weeks or more.

Contact: Johanna Younghans
Brigham and Women's Hospital

Public Release: 16-Nov-2016
Science Translational Medicine
Lyndra scientists develop ultra long-acting oral drug delivery platform
Novel technology can be applied in fight against malaria and other diseases requiring oral sustained release, long-term drug dosage
The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Max Planck Research Award

Contact: Ellie McGuire
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 16-Nov-2016
Science Translational Medicine
New capsule achieves long-term drug delivery
Researchers at MIT and Brigham and Women's Hospital have developed a drug capsule that remains in the stomach for up to two weeks after being swallowed, gradually releasing its drug payload over time. This type of drug delivery could eliminate lengthy drug regimens that require repeated doses, which would help to overcome one of the major obstacles to treating diseases such as malaria.
Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Max Planck Research Award

Contact: Sarah McDonnell
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 15-Nov-2016
Malaria research at CU Anschutz receives Gates Foundation support
Kathryn Colborn, Ph.D., assistant research professor at the CU School of Medicine and senior investigator with the Center for Global Health at the Colorado School of Public Health, will pursue an innovative global health and development research project titled 'Development of an automated early warning system for malaria transmission using machine learning.'
Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation

Contact: Nathan Gill
University of Colorado Anschutz Medical Campus

Public Release: 15-Nov-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
AgriLife Research team makes strides in fight against Zika
There's a war raging on a tiny battlefield and the outcome could well touch millions of people worldwide threatened by Zika and related viruses. The key ally unlocking the mystery surrounding this conflict is the long-dreaded yellow fever virus.

Contact: Dr. Kevin Myles
Texas A&M AgriLife Communications

Public Release: 15-Nov-2016
2016 AAPS Annual Meeting and Exposition
Research finds Zika virus can live for hours on hard, non-porous surfaces
The Zika virus is most commonly transmitted in humans as the result of a bite from an infected mosquito or from an infected human to another human. What is not well known is that the virus also can be transmitted via the environment if an individual is pricked with an infected needle or has an open cut and comes in contact with the live virus.

Contact: Katie Baumer
American Association of Pharmaceutical Scientists

Public Release: 15-Nov-2016
2016 Annual Meeting of the American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Stanford-led study finds people with Ebola may not always show symptoms
A research team determined that 25 percent of individuals in a Sierra Leone village were infected with the Ebola virus but had no symptoms, suggesting broader transmission of the virus than originally thought.

Contact: Ruthann Richter
Stanford University Medical Center

Public Release: 14-Nov-2016
Environmental Science Water Research & Technology
York U researchers find 'sweet' solution to kill E. coli in drinking water
While using porous paper strips to trap the bacterial cells, for killing, the researchers used an antimicrobial agent extracted from the seeds of moringa -- commonly known as drumstick or horseradish tree. As a result, the DipTreat solution for water treatment uses only naturally available antimicrobial substances and sugar, with minimal environmental and health impact.

Contact: Gloria Suhasini
416-736-2100 x22094
York University

Public Release: 14-Nov-2016
Companies pushing 'toddler milk' need oversight, experts warn
Liquid-based nutritional supplements, originally formulated for malnourished or undernourished children, need more regulatory oversight as they are increasingly marketed to promote growth in children generally, warn researchers at Emory University.

Contact: Carol Clark
Emory University

Public Release: 14-Nov-2016
American Journal of Ophthalmology
Researchers find a better way to save eyesight in third-world countries
A new study in the American Journal of Ophthalmology reports that low-cost widely available eye drops are just as effective as antibiotics in treating bacterial keratitis, a leading cause of blindness.

Contact: Laura Mecoy
LA BioMed

Public Release: 14-Nov-2016
2016 Annual Meeting of the American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
New evidence finds mosquitoes could infect humans with Zika and chikungunya viruses at the same time
Mosquitoes are capable of carrying Zika and chikungunya viruses simultaneously and can secrete enough in their saliva to potentially infect humans with both viruses in a single bite, according to new research presented today at the 2016 Annual Meeting of the American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene.

Contact: Preeti Singh

Public Release: 14-Nov-2016
2016 Annual Meeting of the American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
New study ties West Nile virus to risk of shorter life span
West Nile virus may be much more deadly than previously believed, with deaths attributable to the mosquito-borne disease occurring not just in the immediate aftermath of the infection but also years later, long after patients seem to have recovered from the initial illness, according to a new study presented today at the 2016 Meeting of the American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene (ASTMH).

Contact: Preeti Singh

Showing releases 501-525 out of 1341.

<< < 16 | 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 > >>