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Disease in the Developing World

News Releases

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 776-800 out of 1404.

<< < 27 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 36 > >>

Public Release: 6-Oct-2016
IDRI receives NIH grant to develop RNA-based Zika virus vaccine
As Zika cases continue to rise with associated increases in Guillain-Barre syndrome and congenital birth defects, the need for a safe and effective vaccine to protect against Zika virus is greater than ever. IDRI (Infectious Disease Research Institute) has been awarded a $491,000, two-year grant from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, part of the National Institutes of Health, to rapidly develop a novel, safe and effective Zika vaccine by designing and formulating new RNA-based vaccine candidates.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Lee Schoentrup
Infectious Disease Research Institute

Public Release: 6-Oct-2016
The Lancet
Increase in global life expectancy offset by war, obesity, and substance abuse
Improvements in sanitation, immunizations, indoor air quality, and nutrition have enabled children in poor countries to live longer over the past 25 years, according to a new scientific analysis of more than 300 diseases and injuries in 195 countries and territories.
Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation

Contact: Kayla Albrecht
Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation

Public Release: 6-Oct-2016
Modest training may improve unlicensed health care, globally
In the developing world, a large portion of health care providers have no formal medical training. Now a new study of rural India, co-authored by an MIT professor, shows that modest levels of medical training can improve the quality of health care furnished by those informal providers.
West Bengal National Rural Health Mission, World Bank's Knowledge for Change, Bristol Myers Squibb

Contact: Abby Abazorius
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 5-Oct-2016
Investing in early childhood development essential to helping more children thrive
An estimated 43 percent -- 249 million -- of children under five in low-and middle-income countries are at an elevated risk of poor development due to extreme poverty and stunting, according to findings from The Lancet's new Series, Advancing Early Childhood Development: from Science to Scale.
World Health Organization, World Bank, UNICEF

Contact: Guillermo Meneses
The Lancet

Public Release: 4-Oct-2016
Nature Communications
Invasive insects cost the world billions per year
Ecologists have estimated that invasive (non-native) insects cost humanity tens of billions of dollars a year -- and are likely to increase under climate change and growing international trade.

Contact: Corey Bradshaw
University of Adelaide

Public Release: 4-Oct-2016
Health Affairs
Acclaimed health program fails to help children in India
An acclaimed initiative to use franchising business models combined with telemedicine to deliver better quality health care in rural India failed to improve care for childhood diarrhea and pneumonia, according to a large-scale study by researchers at Duke, Stanford, and University College London.
Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation

Contact: Karen Kemp
Duke University

Public Release: 3-Oct-2016
Antibody function may help keep tuberculosis infection under control
A study led by investigators from the Ragon Institute of MGH, MIT and Harvard finds evidence that antibody protection may help control infection with the bacteria that causes tuberculosis. The findings may lead to better ways of distinguishing between active and latent disease and to a more effective vaccine against a disease that kills more than 1.5 million people each year.
National Institutes of Health, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, Harvard Center for AIDS research, Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, National Health and Medical Research Council (Australia), Pozen Family Foundation, Doris Duke Medical Research

Contact: Sarah Dionne Sullivan
Massachusetts General Hospital

Public Release: 3-Oct-2016
ACS Central Science
'Open science' paves new pathway to develop malaria drugs
Malaria remains one of the world's leading causes of mortality in developing countries. Last year alone, it killed more than 400,000 people, mostly young children. This week in ACS Central Science, an international consortium of researchers unveils the mechanics and findings of a unique 'open science' project for malaria drug discovery that has been five years in the making.

Contact: Michael Bernstein
American Chemical Society

Public Release: 3-Oct-2016
Scientific Reports
Antibiotics developed in 1960s show promise for TB therapy
First generation cephalosporins -- antibiotics introduced as a treatment against bacterial infections in 1963 -- now show promise for tuberculosis therapy, according to new research published in Scientific Reports.
Grand Challenges Canada, Canadian Institute of Health Research, British Columbia Lung Association

Contact: Chris Balma
University of British Columbia

Public Release: 3-Oct-2016
American Journal of Psychiatry
Prescription sleep aids carry a rare suicide risk, review finds
Prescription sleep aids appear to carry a rare risk of suicide, most typically when they cause the unexpected response of stimulating rather than quietening patients, researchers say.
NIH/National Institute of Mental Health, American Foundation for Suicide Prevention

Contact: Toni Baker
Medical College of Georgia at Augusta University

Public Release: 3-Oct-2016
The Lancet Global Health
Umbilical cord antiseptic not effective in reducing infant deaths in Africa
Despite significant reductions in neonatal mortality previously reported in south Asia, applying a chlorhexidine wash to newborns' umbilical cords in sub-Saharan Africa did not reduce deaths, a study led by researchers from the Boston University School of Public Health shows.

Contact: Lisa Chedekel
Boston University School of Medicine

Public Release: 3-Oct-2016
Scientists take aging cardiac stem cells out of semiretirement to improve stem cell therapy
With age, the chromosomes of our cardiac stem cells compress as they move into a state of safe, semiretirement.
NIH/National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute

Contact: Toni Baker
Medical College of Georgia at Augusta University

Public Release: 3-Oct-2016
New England Journal of Medicine
Multi-drug-resistant TB cure rates higher than expected
Cure rates for multi-drug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) in Europe have been estimated to be twice as high as previously thought, according to a research team at Queen Mary University of London.

Contact: Joel Winston
Queen Mary University of London

Public Release: 15-Sep-2016
PLOS Genetics
Mosquito preference for human versus animal biting has genetic basis
Mosquitoes are more likely to feed on cattle than on humans if they carry a specific chromosomal rearrangement in their genome. This reduces their odds of transmitting the malaria parasite, according to a University of California, Davis, study published Sept. 15 in the journal PLOS Genetics.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Bradley Main
University of California - Davis

Public Release: 12-Sep-2016
BMJ Global Health
Time to outsource key tasks of WHO to better-placed and capable agencies, say experts
It's time to outsource key functions of The World Health Organization to bodies such as the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, The World Bank and The Global Fund for AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria that are better placed and qualified to execute the WHO's remit, experts argue in today's British Medical Journal - Global Health.

Contact: Dan Gaffney
University of Sydney

Public Release: 12-Sep-2016
Nature Medicine
Study details Zika virus disrupting fetal brain development during pregnancy
For the first time, abnormal brain development following a Zika infection during pregnancy has been documented experimentally in the offspring of a non-human primate. The researchers' observations of how Zika virus arrested fetal brain formation could provide a model for testing therapeutic interventions. The study also provided direct evidence that the Zika virus can cross the placenta in late pregnancy and affect the brain by shutting down certain aspects of brain development.
University of Washington Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Washington National Primate Research Center, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Leila Gray
University of Washington Health Sciences/UW Medicine

Public Release: 12-Sep-2016
PLOS Genetics
A chromosome anomaly may cause malaria-transmitting mosquito to prefer feeding on cattle
Mosquitoes are more likely to feed on cattle than on humans if they carry a specific chromosomal rearrangement in their genome, reducing their odds of transmitting the malaria parasite, reports Bradley Main at the University of California, Davis in a study published Sept. 12, 2016, in PLOS Genetics.

Contact: Bradley Main

Public Release: 12-Sep-2016
PLOS Genetics
Genetic causes of small head size share common mechanism
Microcephaly is a rare disorder that stunts brain development in utero, resulting in babies with abnormally small heads. The Zika virus is one environmental cause of this devastating condition, but genetic defects can cause microcephaly, too. A new Duke University study examining three genetic causes of microcephaly in mice suggests one common mechanism through which the disorder could arise. The results could enhance understanding of microcephaly and other neurodevelopmental disorders, including autism.
National Institutes of Health, Ruth K. Broad Foundation, Duke Translational Research Institute

Contact: Robin Smith
Duke University

Public Release: 9-Sep-2016
SA Heart Congress 2016
Novel heart valve replacement offers hope for thousands with rheumatic heart disease
A novel heart valve replacement method is revealed today that offers hope for the thousands of patients with rheumatic heart disease who need the procedure each year. The research is being presented at the SA Heart Congress 2016.

Contact: ESC Press Office
European Society of Cardiology

Public Release: 8-Sep-2016
Experts urge a defensive stance in efforts against antimicrobial resistance
In a Comment in Nature, CDDEP Director Ramanan Laxminarayan and other experts in antimicrobial resistance suggest that the United Nations should reframe global efforts against antimicrobial resistance by adopting a defensive stance. The suggested focus should be in building the resilience of society and maintaining diversity in the 'global microbiome'-- only a fraction of which causes human or animal disease.

Contact: Ellyse Stauffer

Public Release: 7-Sep-2016
Clinical Microbiology Reviews
No consensus on how the microbiome affects tuberculosis, review finds
Inconsistencies across studies and sampling errors remain major barriers to understanding how the lung microbiome changes with tuberculosis, according to a review published today in Clinical Microbiology Reviews.

Contact: Sergio Ramirez
Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center El Paso

Public Release: 6-Sep-2016
Journal of Infectious Diseases
Early study shows RTS,S malaria vaccine efficacy may improve by changing dosing schedule
Researchers at the Walter Reed Army Institute of Research (WRAIR) and collaborators recently published results of a phase II study which demonstrated that by changing the dosing regimen, the efficacy of malaria vaccine candidate, RTS,S/AS01, was improved to approximately 87 percent, compared with 63 percent using the current standard regimen.
GSK, US Military Infectious Disease Research Program, PATH Malaria Vaccine Initiative

Contact: Dr. Debra Yourick
Walter Reed Army Institute of Research

Public Release: 6-Sep-2016
Journal of Cell Biology
SickKids-led project investigates malnutrition in children, liver impairments
In a new Journal of Cell Biology study, SickKids researchers identify a gene, PEX2, as an essential requirement for the loss of peroxisomes in cells cultured without enough nutrients. The study's findings contribute to a project on novel treatment strategies for severely malnourished children.
Canadian Institutes of Health Research, North American Society for Pediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition, SickKids Foundation

Contact: Hillete Warner
Rockefeller University Press

Public Release: 6-Sep-2016
Could a 'metabolic fingerprint' identify premature babies in developing countries?
Canadian researchers are hoping that metabolic markers found in blood spots routinely collected from infant heel pricks as part of newborn screening will help determine gestational age in newborns and lead to better care for infants in developing countries.
Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation

Contact: Adrienne Vienneau
613-737-7600 x4144
Children's Hospital of Eastern Ontario Research Institute

Public Release: 6-Sep-2016
Journal of Global Health
Healthcare corruption taken to task by technology, study shows
Mobile phone technology could help to beat bad practices in healthcare delivery, research led by the University of Edinburgh suggests.

Contact: Jen Middleton
University of Edinburgh

Showing releases 776-800 out of 1404.

<< < 27 | 28 | 29 | 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 36 > >>