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Disease in the Developing World

News Releases

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 851-875 out of 1338.

<< < 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 36 | 37 | 38 | 39 > >>

Public Release: 26-May-2016
Trends in Immunology
Malnutrition results from more than just inadequate diet
Malnourished children are most likely to die from common infections, not starvation alone, and immune disorder may be part of the cause, according to a review led by Queen Mary University of London.
Wellcome Trust, UK Department for International Development, Medical Research Council, Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation

Contact: Joel Winston
Queen Mary University of London

Public Release: 26-May-2016
American Journal of Human Genetics
Genes that increase children's risk of blood infection identified
A team led by Oxford University has identified genes that make certain children more susceptible to invasive bacterial infections by performing a large genome-wide association study in African children.
Wellcome Trust, Kenya Medical Research Institute, European Research Council, Academy of Finland, National Institute for Health, Oxford Biomedical Research Centre, Guy's & St Thomas' Biomedical Research

Contact: University of Oxford news office
University of Oxford

Public Release: 26-May-2016
PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Potential impact of a dengue vaccine in the Yucatan
While no dengue vaccine has yet been approved for general use, several candidates are in clinical development. Data from the clinical trials can be used in mathematical models to estimate the benefits and risks and of different vaccination strategies. A study published in PLOS NTDs suggests that even a moderately efficient dengue vaccine -- if it induces long-lasting immunity -- can substantially reduce disease burden.
Dengue Vaccine Initiative, NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Thomas Hladish

Public Release: 26-May-2016
Trends in Immunology
Why malnutrition is an immune disorder
Malnourished children are most likely to die from common infections, not starvation. New experimental evidence, reviewed May 26 in Trends in Immunology, indicates that even with a healthy diet, defects in immune system function from birth could contribute to a malnourished state throughout life. Researchers speculate that targeting immune pathways could be a new approach to reduce the poor health and mortality caused by under- and overnutrition.

Contact: Joseph Caputo
Cell Press

Public Release: 26-May-2016
PLOS Pathogens
New malaria drugs kill by promoting premature parasite division
Several new malaria drugs under development share a common feature: they promote an influx of sodium ions into Plasmodium parasites that have invaded red blood cells and multiply there. A study published on May 26 in PLOS Pathogens suggests that this increase in sodium concentration kills the parasite by changing the composition of its outer membrane (the skin equivalent) and promoting division of the parasite before its genome has been replicated.

Contact: Akhil Vaidya

Public Release: 25-May-2016
DARPA $6.4 million contract supports research to enhance resilience after malaria infection
Researchers at Emory University, the University of Georgia, and Georgia Tech will study the mechanisms of resilience after malaria infection, via a $6.4 million contract from the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA) and the Army Research Laboratory. The team hopes to find better strategies to prevent and treat malaria. The project is part of DARPA's THoR (Technologies for Host Resilience) program.
Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, US Army Research Laboratory

Contact: Holly Korschun
Emory Health Sciences

Public Release: 25-May-2016
69th World Health Assembly
Canada announces major contribution for Stop TB Partnership's TB REACH initiative
The Government of Canada today announced a renewed investment of CA$ 85 million for the Stop TB Partnership's TB REACH initiative over the next five years.

Contact: Ravini Senanayake
Stop TB Partnership, UNOPS

Public Release: 24-May-2016
Low to moderate risk of locally transmitted cases of Zika in parts of Europe
ECDC has updated its rapid risk assessment on the Zika epidemic that continues to evolve in the Americas and the Caribbean.

Contact: Romit Jain
European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC)

Public Release: 24-May-2016
Zika conspiracy theories on social media putting vulnerable people at risk
Conspiracy theories and pseudoscientific claims refuting the facts around Zika virus vaccines could be putting vulnerable people at risk, according to a new study published in Vaccine. By analyzing social media in real time, researchers were able to identify conversations about Zika virus vaccines and pinpoint the conspiracy theories being discussed.

Contact: Matthanja Muller

Public Release: 24-May-2016
Study documents African monkeys eating bats
Primates and bats may interact directly, but their behavioral and predator-prey interactions are poorly documented, and detailed reports of their interactions have been rare, until now. Researchers at Florida Atlantic University are the first to document monkeys consuming bats with photos and video. Observations from this study suggest an alternative pathway for bat-to-monkey disease transmission that has implications for zoonotic disease transmission to humans.

Contact: Gisele Galoustian
Florida Atlantic University

Public Release: 24-May-2016
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Once-a-week text messages to Kenyan women greatly improved likelihood of getting HIV test: Study
Researchers sent once-a-week texts about HIV, contraceptives, sexually transmitted disease and pregnancy to 300 female college students in rural Kenya. Within six months of the last message, roughly two-thirds (201 women, or 67 percent) in the intervention group had been tested for HIV compared with roughly half (155, or 51 percent) of 300 women in a control group not sent text messages.

Contact: Terry Collins
Grand Challenges Canada

Public Release: 23-May-2016
GW receives $2 million for phase 1 clinical trial to test hookworm vaccines in endemic area
Researchers from the GW School of Medicine and Health Sciences received a $2.1 million U01 grant from the NIH to begin work on a phase 1 clinical trial to test a hookworm vaccine in an endemic area of Brazil.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Lisa Anderson
George Washington University

Public Release: 23-May-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Using cellphone data to study the spread of cholera
While cholera has hardly changed over the past centuries, the tools used to study it have not ceased to evolve. Using mobile phone records of 150,000 users, an EPFL-led study has shown to what extent human mobility patterns contributed to the spread of a cholera epidemic in Senegal in 2005.

Contact: Enrico Bertuzzo
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne

Public Release: 23-May-2016
International Journal of Infectious Diseases
Yellow fever epidemic threatens to spread from Angola to China
The spread of yellow fever is a global health threat. In response to current outbreaks in Angola, other African countries, and China, WHO convened an emergency committee on May 19, 2016 to underscore the severity of the outbreak. In the current issue of the International Journal of Infectious Diseases, noted infectious disease authorities from South Africa and Singapore explain the epidemiology and ecology of YF and discuss the factors that can increase and decrease the likelihood of progression from outbreak to epidemic.

Contact: Fiona Macnab
Elsevier Health Sciences

Public Release: 23-May-2016
Journal of Pediatrics
Low- and high-birthweight babies appear at increased risk for cardiovascular disease
Babies born at both low and high birthweights appear to be at increased risk for cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes by the time they become adolescents, researchers report.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Toni Baker
Medical College of Georgia at Augusta University

Public Release: 23-May-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Making virus sensors cheap and simple: New method detects single viruses in urine
Scientists have developed a new method to rapidly detect a single virus in urine. While the technique presently works on just one virus, scientists say it could be adapted to detect a range of viruses that plague humans, including Ebola, Zika and HIV.

Contact: Marc Airhart
University of Texas at Austin

Public Release: 20-May-2016
Protein & Cell
Researchers solve the structure of the Zika virus helicase
A team led by researchers from Tianjin University has solved the structure of the Zika virus helicase, which is a key target for antiviral development. The research is published in Springer's journal Protein & Cell.
National Basic Research Program, National Natural Science Foundation of China

Contact: Joan Robinson

Public Release: 20-May-2016
PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases
A tool to support public health decisions on Zika virus predicts most planned interventions to be cost-effective
A study published in PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases presents a cost-effectiveness tool that can help guide decisions regarding resource allocation to fund interventions targeted at curtailing the ongoing Zika virus outbreak. Analyses using the tool suggest that proposed funds to combat Zika in the US and other countries would be cost-effective, based on quantification of the serious health conditions associated with Zika infection.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Alison Galvani

Public Release: 19-May-2016
Research behind global switch to new polio vaccine strategy released in the Lancet
A groundbreaking study shows that a single injectable dose of inactivated polio vaccine (IPV) along with bivalent oral polio vaccine could protect up to 90 percent of children from polio and strengthen community protection against the disease.
Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation

Contact: Natalie Goldstein, Children's Hospital Colorado
Children's Hospital Colorado

Public Release: 19-May-2016
EMBO reports
A global early warning system for infectious diseases
In the recent issue of EMBO reports, Barbara Han of the Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies and John Drake of the University of Georgia Odum School of Ecology call for the creation of a global early warning system for infectious diseases. Such a system would use computer models to tap into environmental, epidemiological and molecular data, gathering the intelligence needed to forecast where disease risk is high and what actions could prevent outbreaks or contain epidemics.

Contact: Lori M. Quillen
845-677-7600 x121
Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies

Public Release: 19-May-2016
Zika hackathon fights disease with big data
On May 15, 2016, Austin, Texas, held a Zika Hackathon. More than 50 data scientists, engineers, and UT Austin students gathered to use big data to help fight the spread of the mosquito-borne disease Zika. The US Centers for Disease Control is now ramping up collection of data that tracks Zika spread. But big gaps exist in linking different kinds of data, which the Austin Zika Hackathon addressed.

Contact: Faith Singer-Villalobos
University of Texas at Austin, Texas Advanced Computing Center

Public Release: 19-May-2016
Cell Host & Microbe
Zika virus protein could be vaccine target
A viral protein known as NS5 is a promising target for vaccines against Zika and related viruses, according NIH scientists and colleagues. Their study, published in Cell Host & Microbe, suggests that altering or removing the NS5 protein from Zika virus would allow the human body's own immune defenses to attack the virus. The study found that NS5 prevents Zika virus-infected human cells from signaling immune system cells to make interferon, a powerful antiviral protein.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Ken Pekoc
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Public Release: 19-May-2016
UB partners with University of Zimbabwe to launch $1.3 million HIV research program
To train future HIV researchers, the University at Buffalo and University of Zimbabwe have partnered to form the HIV Research Training Program, supported by a $1.3 million grant from the National Institutes of Health John E. Fogarty International Center.
NIH/Fogarty International Center

Contact: Marcene Robinson
University at Buffalo

Public Release: 19-May-2016
Women Deliver 4th Global Conference
Nine innovations to improve early brain development in the developing world -- helping kids thrive
Grand Challenges Canada, funded by the Government of Canada, and partners announce investments in nine innovations to nurture the cognitive development of children in developing countries. The investments will go to projects projects in Africa, Central/South America and Asia. The largest investment -- $1 million to be matched by 'Saving Brains' partners -- will expand in West Africa the use of 'Kangaroo Mother Care' a proven technique to save and nurture low-weight, premature babies.
Grand Challenges Canada, Saving Brains

Contact: Liam Brown
Grand Challenges Canada

Public Release: 18-May-2016
Materials Horizons
Mille-feuille-filter removes viruses from water
A simple paper sheet made by scientists at Uppsala University can improve the quality of life for millions of people by removing resistant viruses from water. The sheet, made of cellulose nanofibers, is called the mille-feuille filter as it has a unique layered internal architecture resembling that of the French puff pastry mille-feuille.

Contact: Albert Mihranyan
Uppsala University

Showing releases 851-875 out of 1338.

<< < 30 | 31 | 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 36 | 37 | 38 | 39 > >>