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Disease in the Developing World

News Releases

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 901-925 out of 1420.

<< < 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 36 | 37 | 38 | 39 | 40 | 41 > >>

Public Release: 14-Oct-2016
Healthy knees
Every year, about 250,000 people in the US -- primarily young adults participating in sports -- sustain injuries to the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), and about half of these individuals end up having reconstructive surgery. But even more disturbing is that some 30 to 60 percent of those who undergo surgery develop osteoarthritis (OA) within five years. New research at the University of Delaware will examine the biochemistry and biomechanics of the development of OA after ACL surgery.
NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Contact: Peter Bothum
University of Delaware

Public Release: 13-Oct-2016
Journal of Virology
Going viral: Insights on Zika
Understanding the full history the Zika virus along with new developments is key to getting a vaccine and medicine to prevent and relieve Zika infections. This includes knowing all the transmission methods -- it's more than a mosquito bite.
Michigan Tech Research Seed Grant

Contact: Allison Mills
Michigan Technological University

Public Release: 13-Oct-2016
International 15-year study shows most dominant HIV subtype is also 'wimpiest'
An international study 15 years in the making has shown that it's 'survival of the wimpiest' among subtypes and strains when it comes to understanding the spread of HIV/AIDS around the world, a virus that has killed an estimated 35 million people since the 1970s.

Contact: Jeff Renaud
University of Western Ontario

Public Release: 13-Oct-2016
Nature Medicine
Zika virus infection may prevent reinfection, collaborative study finds
A collaborative study involving Kansas State University's Biosecurity Research Institute found that people infected with Zika virus may not be susceptible to it again.

Contact: Stephen Higgs
Kansas State University

Public Release: 13-Oct-2016
The Lancet
Role of pathogens vastly underestimated in deadly childhood diarrhea, study finds
New research offers unprecedented insights into the causes of childhood diarrhea, the second-leading cause of death of children worldwide, and suggests that the role of pathogens such as bacteria, viruses and parasites has been vastly underestimated.
Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation

Contact: Josh Barney
University of Virginia Health System

Public Release: 13-Oct-2016
Argentine Congress of Cardiology
Review Argentina Cardiology
Smoking rises in Argentina heart attack patients as cigarettes 'among cheapest in world'
Levels of smoking are rising in heart attack patients in Argentina, according to a study presented today at the Argentine Congress of Cardiology (SAC 2016). The findings coincide with a 100 percent increase in affordability in the last decade, which have made cigarettes among the cheapest in the world. Researchers also report improved treatment for heart attacks but no decrease in mortality.

Contact: ESC Press Office
European Society of Cardiology

Public Release: 13-Oct-2016
NPJ Vaccines
UTMB researchers develop new candidate vaccines against the plague
Researchers from The University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston have developed new potential vaccines that protect animals against the bacteria that causes the deadly plague. These findings are detailed in NPJ Vaccines.

Contact: Donna Ramirez
University of Texas Medical Branch at Galveston

Public Release: 12-Oct-2016
American Journal of Human Biology
Indigenous group add to evidence tying cesarean birth to obesity
A Purdue University study of an indigenous group of Maya people reinforces the link between Cesarean births and obesity.
National Science Foundation, Dartmouth College/Claire Garber Goodman Fund for the Anthropological Study of Human Culture

Contact: Amy Patterson Neubert
Purdue University

Public Release: 11-Oct-2016
BMC, BU Schools of Medicine and Public Health awarded $12.3 million from NIAAA
Researchers from Boston Medical Center, Boston University Schools of Medicine and Public Health, the University of California at San Francisco and the Vanderbilt University Medical Center have received $12.3 million in grant funding from the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism.
NIH/National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism

Contact: Elissa Snook
Boston University School of Medicine

Public Release: 11-Oct-2016
CNIC researchers identify a mechanism through which the Leishmania parasite sabotages the immune response
A molecule produced and secreted by the parasite interacts with a receptor called Mincle (Clec4e).

Contact: Fatima Lois
Centro Nacional de Investigaciones Cardiovasculares

Public Release: 11-Oct-2016
PLOS Medicine
Measles prevention -- how to pull the trigger for vaccination campaigns?
Routine vaccination has greatly reduced measles deaths in recent years, but very high vaccination coverage is needed to prevent disease outbreaks. In a Research Article in PLOS Medicine, Justin Lessler of the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, Maryland, USA and colleagues describe a modeling study assessing the potential benefits of using supplementary vaccination campaigns triggered by measles outbreaks or by serological surveys of population immunity as part of a measles control strategy.

Contact: Justin Lessler

Public Release: 10-Oct-2016
Big data for little creatures
A multi-disciplinary team of researchers at UC Riverside has received $3 million from the National Science Foundation Research Traineeship program to prepare the next generation of scientists and engineers who will learn how to exploit the power of big data to understand insects. The program, the first of its kind worldwide, will serve as a replicable education and training model for other institutions with an interest in developing computational entomology programs.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Sarah Nightingale
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 10-Oct-2016
Neuromolecular Medicine
Anti-tuberculosis drug disrupted by botanical supplement, can lead to disease
A new study from the University of Missouri in partnership with scientists in Africa has uncovered evidence that the botanical supplement Sutherlandia may reduce the effectiveness of anti-tuberculosis prescription medications.
National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health, University of Missouri

Contact: Nathan Hurst
University of Missouri-Columbia

Public Release: 10-Oct-2016
Nature Communications
Altering the 'flavor' of humans could help fight malaria
A new study by Johns Hopkins researchers suggests that a specialized area of the mosquito brain mixes tastes with smells to create unique and preferred flavors. The findings advance the possibility, they say, of identifying a substance that makes 'human flavor' repulsive to the malaria-bearing species of the mosquitoes, so instead of feasting on us, they keep the disease to themselves, potentially saving an estimated 450,000 lives a year worldwide.
Johns Hopkins Medicine Discovery Fund, Johns Hopkins Malaria Research Institute, NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Shawna Williams
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 6-Oct-2016
Scientific Reports
Using satellite images to better target vaccination
Vaccination campaigns can improve prevention and control of disease of outbreaks in the developing world by using satellite images to capture short-term changes in population size.
Branco Weiss - the Society in Science, Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, Penn State Huck Institutes of the Life Sciences, DHS/Research and Policy for Infectious Disease Dynamics, Fogarty International Center, National Institutes of Health, Wellcome Trust

Contact: Barbara K. Kennedy
Penn State

Public Release: 6-Oct-2016
Journal of Immunology
Vaccinating babies without vaccinating babies
Scientists have long understood that mother's milk provides immune protection against some infectious agents through the transfer of antibodies, a process referred to as 'passive immunity.' A research team at the University of California, Riverside now shows that mother's milk also contributes to the development of the baby's own immune system by a process the team calls 'maternal educational immunity.'
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Iqbal Pittalwala
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 6-Oct-2016
NCI-grant explores potential of likely tumor-suppressor gene in kidney cancer
A poorly understood gene that appears super-suppressed in African-Americans with kidney cancer may be a biomarker of a patient's prognosis and a new target for improving it, researchers say.
National Cancer Institute

Contact: Toni Baker
Medical College of Georgia at Augusta University

Public Release: 6-Oct-2016
Holographic imaging and deep learning diagnose malaria
Researchers have devised a method for computers to autonomously and quickly diagnose malaria with clinically relevant accuracy. The method uses deep learning and light-based, holographic scans for computers to spot malaria-infected cells from a simple, untouched blood sample without any help from a human. The innovation could form the basis of a fast, reliable test that could be given by most anyone, anywhere in the field.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, World Anti-Doping Agency, Burroughs Welcome Fund

Contact: Ken Kingery
Duke University

Public Release: 6-Oct-2016
Warwick to conduct breakthrough research on oral cancers in Pakistan
One of the deadliest and most prevalent cancers in the Indo-Pakistan region could be treated more effectively, thanks to a new research project being undertaken at the University of Warwick.
Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council

Contact: Luke Walton
University of Warwick

Public Release: 6-Oct-2016
Nature Medicine
New insight into course and transmission of Zika infection
In one of the first and largest studies of its kind, a research team lead by virologists at Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center has characterized the progression of two strains of the viral infection. The study, published online this week in Nature Medicine, revealed Zika's rapid infection of the brain and nervous tissues, and provided evidence of risk for person-to-person transmission.

Contact: Jacqueline Mitchell
Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center

Public Release: 6-Oct-2016
Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Simple blood test could vastly improve detection rates of severe liver disease
A new non-invasive method of predicting the risk of developing a severe form of liver disease could ensure patients receive early and potentially life-saving medical intervention before irreversible damage is done.

Contact: Julia Short
Cardiff University

Public Release: 6-Oct-2016
Current Protein & Peptide Science
The role of natural killer T cells in acute kidney injury: Angel or evil?
The mechanism of natural killer T (NKT) cells in acute kidney injury (AKI) has been reported frequently in recent studies. This review highlights the recent insight gained into the role and mechanisms of NKT cells in AKI in light of new researches on NKT cells subsets, membrane receptors, and clinical immunosuppressive agents.

Contact: Faizan ul Haq
Bentham Science Publishers

Public Release: 6-Oct-2016
IDRI receives NIH grant to develop RNA-based Zika virus vaccine
As Zika cases continue to rise with associated increases in Guillain-Barre syndrome and congenital birth defects, the need for a safe and effective vaccine to protect against Zika virus is greater than ever. IDRI (Infectious Disease Research Institute) has been awarded a $491,000, two-year grant from the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, part of the National Institutes of Health, to rapidly develop a novel, safe and effective Zika vaccine by designing and formulating new RNA-based vaccine candidates.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Lee Schoentrup
Infectious Disease Research Institute

Public Release: 6-Oct-2016
The Lancet
Increase in global life expectancy offset by war, obesity, and substance abuse
Improvements in sanitation, immunizations, indoor air quality, and nutrition have enabled children in poor countries to live longer over the past 25 years, according to a new scientific analysis of more than 300 diseases and injuries in 195 countries and territories.
Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation

Contact: Kayla Albrecht
Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation

Public Release: 6-Oct-2016
Modest training may improve unlicensed health care, globally
In the developing world, a large portion of health care providers have no formal medical training. Now a new study of rural India, co-authored by an MIT professor, shows that modest levels of medical training can improve the quality of health care furnished by those informal providers.
West Bengal National Rural Health Mission, World Bank's Knowledge for Change, Bristol Myers Squibb

Contact: Abby Abazorius
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Showing releases 901-925 out of 1420.

<< < 32 | 33 | 34 | 35 | 36 | 37 | 38 | 39 | 40 | 41 > >>