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Disease in the Developing World

News Releases

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 951-975 out of 1411.

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Public Release: 6-Jul-2016
Obese preschoolers have 60 percent higher healthcare costs than healthy weight children
Obese children aged 2-5 years old are two to three times more likely to be admitted to hospital and have 60 percent higher healthcare costs than healthy weight children, a study by the University of Sydney's School of Public Health has found. Published today in Obesity journal, this is the first study to reveal the higher direct health care costs of obesity in preschool aged children compared with those of normal weight.

Contact: Kobi Print
University of Sydney

Public Release: 5-Jul-2016
CONRAD launches Quatro in South Africa and Zimbabwe
As the HIV infection rate in young African women continues to rise despite ongoing educational efforts, the prevention field is working to better understand the lifestyles and user preferences of this high risk group. Following on the launch of a human centered design study in South Africa called Project EMOTION, CONRAD today announced enrollment of the first participant in The Quatro Study.
President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) through the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) and the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.

Contact: Annette Larkin

Public Release: 5-Jul-2016
Protein target may block deadly arterial remodeling in pulmonary hypertension
Pulmonary hypertension is a highly lethal disease that transforms the thin, flexible vasculature of the lungs into thick, dysfunctional blood vessels that can kill.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Toni Baker
Medical College of Georgia at Augusta University

Public Release: 5-Jul-2016
Ecology Letters
Malaria study shows how multiple infections make disease worse
Scientists have discovered why infections with the two most common types of malaria parasite combined lead to greater health risks -- because one species helps the other to thrive.
Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council, Natural Environment Research Council, Wellcome Trust, Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnologia, Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, The Human Frontiers

Contact: Catriona Kelly
University of Edinburgh

Public Release: 5-Jul-2016
PREVAIL treatment trial for men with persistent Ebola viral RNA in semen opens in Liberia
The Partnership for Research on Ebola Virus in Liberia (PREVAIL), a US-Liberia joint Clinical Research Partnership, today announced the opening of PREVAIL IV, a treatment trial for men who have survived Ebola virus disease but continue to have evidence of Ebola virus genetic material, RNA, in their semen. The trial is sponsored by the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases in partnership with the Ministry of Health of Liberia and Gilead Sciences.
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Contact: Anne A. Oplinger
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases

Public Release: 1-Jul-2016
Journal of Medical Entomology
Zika virus research at Biosecurity Research Institute aims to control, fight mosquitoes
Kansas State University is helping the fight against Zika virus through mosquito research at the Biosecurity Research Institute.

Contact: Stephen Higgs
Kansas State University

Public Release: 1-Jul-2016
Scientific Reports
Benign bacteria block mosquitoes from transmitting Zika, chikungunya viruses
Researchers at the University of Wisconsin-Madison have confirmed that a benign bacterium called Wolbachia pipientis can completely block transmission of Zika virus in Aedes aegypti. Matthew Aliota, a scientist at the UW-Madison School of Veterinary Medicine and first author of the paper, says the bacteria could present a 'novel biological control mechanism,' aiding efforts to stop the spread of Zika virus.

Contact: Matthew Aliota
University of Wisconsin-Madison

Public Release: 1-Jul-2016
Science Advances
E. coli: The ideal transport for next-gen vaccines?
Researchers have developed an E. coli-based transport capsule to help next-generation vaccines do a more efficient and effective job than today's immunizations. The research, described in a study published July 1 in the journal Science Advances, highlights the capsule's success fighting pneumococcal disease, an infection that can result in pneumonia, sepsis, ear infections and meningitis.
National Institutes of Health, University at Buffalo/Arthur A. Schomburg Fellowship Program

Contact: Cory Nealon
University at Buffalo

Public Release: 30-Jun-2016
US needs greater preparation for next severe public health threats, panel finds
An Independent Panel formed to review the US Department of Health and Human Service's response to Ebola calls for increased coordination both within HHS and across all involved federal agencies and strengthened coordination and collaboration with state and local governments and their private-sector partners.

Contact: Carla Denly
University of California - Los Angeles Health Sciences

Public Release: 30-Jun-2016
Researchers to use innovative alternative to autopsy to better understand child mortality
The Center for Vaccine Development has been awarded a grant for research to help determine why so many children under five are dying in the world's poorest countries. The grant will fund use of an innovative alternative to traditional autopsy known as minimally invasive tissue sampling.
Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation

Contact: David Kohn
University of Maryland School of Medicine

Public Release: 30-Jun-2016
Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes
NIH-led effort uses implementation science to reduce mother-to-child HIV transmission
An emerging field, known as implementation science, may help reduce the nearly 150,000 instances of mother-to-child HIV transmissions that occur annually around the world, mostly in developing countries. A team of scientists and program managers, led by the National Institutes of Health, has been studying a variety of implementation science approaches to prevent mother-to-child transmission and has published the results in a 16-article open-access supplement to the Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes.

Contact: Ann Puderbaugh
NIH/Fogarty International Center

Public Release: 30-Jun-2016
PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases
A quick and easy new method to detect Wolbachia bacteria in intact Aedes mosquitoes
Aedes aegypti mosquitoes transmit dengue, chikungunya, and Zika viruses. A study published in PLOS NTDs reports a new technique that could make one approach to mosquito control -- using Wolbachia bacteria that reduce the mosquitos' ability to transmit viral pathogens -- a whole lot easier and cheaper to implement and evaluate.

Contact: PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases

Public Release: 30-Jun-2016
Scientists discover maleness gene in malaria mosquitoes
Scientists, led by Dr. Jaroslaw Krzywinski, Head of the Vector Molecular Biology group at The Pirbright Institute have isolated a gene, which determines maleness in the species of mosquito that is responsible for transmitting malaria. The research, published in the journal Science, describes identification and characterization of a gene, named Yob by the authors, which is the master regulator of the sex determination process in the African malaria mosquito, Anopheles gambiae, and determines the male sex.
Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Wellcome Trust, The Pirbright Institute, Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council

Contact: Teresa Maughan
The Pirbright Institute

Public Release: 29-Jun-2016
New England Journal of Medicine
To improve global health, experts call for a standard list of essential diagnostic tests
A team of experts has put together a list of the key diagnostic tests that every country should have available, with high quality standards, in order to make the best use of the World Health Organization's list of essential medicines. Many developing countries will need help with establishing high-quality labs to use them, but in the end it may be cost effective.

Contact: Kara Gavin
Michigan Medicine - University of Michigan

Public Release: 29-Jun-2016
The International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease
Saved by the sun
A new twist on the use of renewable energy is saving children's lives in Africa. The innovation -- a solar-powered oxygen delivery system -- is providing concentrated oxygen in hospital for children suffering from severe pneumonia.
Grand Challenges Canada

Contact: Ross Neitz
University of Alberta Faculty of Medicine & Dentistry

Public Release: 29-Jun-2016
Journal of Infectious Diseases
Analysis of 1976 Ebola outbreak holds lessons relevant today
With the recent Ebola epidemic in West Africa reviving interest in the first outbreak of the deadly hemorrhagic fever 40 years ago, scientists led by Dr. Joel Breman of the Fogarty International Center at the National Institutes of Health have published a report in The Journal of Infectious Diseases that highlights lessons learned from the smaller, more quickly contained 1976 outbreak.

Contact: Ann Puderbaugh
NIH/Fogarty International Center

Public Release: 29-Jun-2016
Gene Drive Technology: Where is the future?
For this episode of BioScience Talks, we're joined by Gene Drive Committee co-chair James P. Collins of Arizona State University and committee member Joseph Travis of Florida State University. They fill us in on the specifics of the new committee report and on the future of gene drives.

Contact: James M Verdier
American Institute of Biological Sciences

Public Release: 28-Jun-2016
Journal of Medical Entomology
Free articles on Aedes albopictus, mosquitoes that may transmit Zika
Oxford University Press and the Entomological Society of America have released a special collection of free articles on the Asian tiger mosquito (Aedes albopictus).

Contact: Richard Levine
Entomological Society of America

Public Release: 28-Jun-2016
Scientific Reports
Doing the math on Zika and sex
A University of Miami math professor has developed a scientific model to address the various ways the Zika virus proliferates. The study, published June 17 in Scientific Reports, reveals that mosquito control should remain the most important mitigation method to control the virus. However, the study reveals that Zika is a complicated virus and sexual transmission increases the risk of infection and prolongs the outbreak.

Contact: Alexandra Bassil
University of Miami

Public Release: 28-Jun-2016
CIP sweetpotato scientists awarded World Food Prize for combatting vitamin A deficiency
The World Food Prize, announced that the 2016 World Food Prize will be awarded to three International Potato Center (CIP) Scientists, Drs. Jan Low, Maria Andrade, and Robert Mwanga and HarvestPlus' Dr. Howarth Bouis in recognition of their combined success in improving nutrition and health through biofortified crops.

Contact: Joel Ranck
International Potato Center / Centro Internacional de la Papa

Public Release: 28-Jun-2016
New preclinical study indicates vaccine to prevent Zika infection in humans is feasible
The Walter Reed Army Institute of Research (WRAIR) and collaborators at the Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center and Harvard Medical School have completed a promising preclinical study of two Zika vaccine candidates that suggests that an effective human vaccine will be achievable. Findings from the study were published today in the journal Nature.
National Institutes of Health, Ragon Institute of MGH, MIT and Harvard, Sao Paulo Research Foundation

Contact: Debra Yourick
The U.S. Military HIV Research Program (MHRP)

Public Release: 28-Jun-2016
Nature Communications
Monkey study shows Zika infection prolonged in pregnancy
University of Wisconsin-Madison researchers studying monkeys have shown that one infection with Zika virus protects against future infection, though pregnancy may drastically prolong the time the virus stays in the body.

Contact: David O'Connor
University of Wisconsin-Madison

Public Release: 28-Jun-2016
Researcher receives grant to understand why some HIV+ individuals avoid 'duet of death'
Case Western Reserve University School of Medicine experts and colleagues in the United States and Africa have received an $11 million, five-year NIH grant to understand why some people living with HIV in Africa avoid becoming infected with the bacterium that causes tuberculosis (TB) despite exposure to high-TB-risk circumstances.
National Institutes of Health, Fogarty International Center

Contact: Marc Kaplan
Case Western Reserve University

Public Release: 27-Jun-2016
PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Mobile, phone-based microscopes work well in the field with minimal training
Handheld, mobile phone-based microscopes can be used in developing countries after minimal training of community laboratory technicians to diagnose intestinal parasites quickly and accurately.
Grand Challenges Canada

Contact: Alexandra Radkewycz
University Health Network

Public Release: 27-Jun-2016
Nature Genetics
Monitoring malaria parasite reveals evolving drug resistance and infection history
Scientists have discovered that the malaria parasite Plasmodium vivax is evolving rapidly to adapt to conditions in different geographical locations, in particular to defend itself against widely-used antimalarial drugs. The study, published in Nature Genetics today, provides a foundation for using genomic surveillance to guide effective strategies for malaria control and elimination.
The Wellcome Trust, Medical Research Council, UK Department for International Development, Victorian State Government Operational Infrastructure Support and Australian Government NHMRC IRIISS, others

Contact: Samantha Wynne
Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute

Showing releases 951-975 out of 1411.

<< < 34 | 35 | 36 | 37 | 38 | 39 | 40 | 41 | 42 | 43 > >>