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Disease in the Developing World

News Releases

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 951-975 out of 1342.

<< < 34 | 35 | 36 | 37 | 38 | 39 | 40 | 41 | 42 | 43 > >>

Public Release: 14-Dec-2015
Binghamton University professor launches web tool to track impact of drugs worldwide
Billions of dollars have been spent on developing drugs and supplying them around the world, but which companies' drugs are actually making an impact? The Global Health Impact Index, headed by Binghamton University Associate Professor Nicole Hassoun and highlighted in a new article published Friday in PLOS ONE, addresses this issue by ranking pharmaceutical companies based on their drugs' impact on global health.

Contact: Nicole Hassoun
Binghamton University

Public Release: 14-Dec-2015
Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
Cancer rates decline in many high-income countries, but rise in lower-income countries
Improved screening and detection efforts, combined with decreases in risk factors like smoking, have reduced the incidence and mortality rates from several common types of cancer in many high-income countries. However, many low- and middle-income countries have seen cancer rates rise, partially due to increases in risk factors that are typical of Western countries.
American Cancer Society

Contact: Lauren Riley
American Association for Cancer Research

Public Release: 11-Dec-2015
Researchers receive $10.2 million to study new malaria-prevention method
In collaboration with partners in Europe and Africa, researchers at Penn State have received a five-year, $10.2-million grant from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation to investigate a new method for preventing the transmission of malaria. The method involves limiting mosquito access to houses by blocking openings and installing 'eave tubes' that contain a unique type of insecticide-laced mosquito netting developed by Dutch partner In2Care that kills the insects as they attempt to enter.
Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation

Contact: Chuck Gill
Penn State

Public Release: 11-Dec-2015
Journal of Health Economics
AIDS treatment benefits health, economics of people without HIV, study shows
Hans-Peter Kohler of the University of Pennsylvania, along with Victoria Baranov from the University of Melbourne and Daniel Bennett from the University of Chicago, discovered that AIDS treatment can help HIV-negative people by quelling fear of the virus and boosting mental health and productivity.

Contact: Michele Berger
University of Pennsylvania

Public Release: 11-Dec-2015
Harvard, Wildlife Conservation Society launch new 'Planetary Health Alliance' with support from the Rockefeller Foundation
Today Harvard University, the Wildlife Conservation Society, and a range of other partner organizations are launching the Planetary Health Alliance, a new effort to dramatically improve our understanding of the linkages between environmental change and human health across the globe. The Planetary Health Alliance is supported by the Rockefeller Foundation, following on the recent release of the groundbreaking Rockefeller Foundation-Lancet Commission on Planetary Health, which outlines key opportunities to advance public health through more robust approaches to environmental stewardship.
Rockefeller Foundation

Contact: Samuel S. Meyers, M.D., M.P.H.
Harvard University

Public Release: 10-Dec-2015
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Scientists learn how poxviruses defeat the body's host defense
Research shows how smallpox, a feared bioterrorism agent, and other poxviruses overcome the defenses of their hosts. Implications extend to cancer therapy, said a senior author of the work, conducted at the University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio.

Contact: Will Sansom
University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio

Public Release: 10-Dec-2015
Journal of Neural Engineering
Neural stimulation offers treatment for 'dry eye'
Scientists have developed a device that electronically stimulates tear production, which will offer hope to sufferers of dry eye syndrome, one of the most common eye diseases in the world. The results are published today, Dec. 11, 2015, in the Journal of Neural Engineering.

Contact: Steve Pritchard
IOP Publishing

Public Release: 10-Dec-2015
Current Biology
Surprising diversity of TB strains found in Ethiopia
Ethiopia is a hotspot for tuberculosis (TB) infection, ranking third among African countries and eighth in the world for TB burden according to the World Health Organization. But, say researchers in Current Biology who have analyzed the genomes of 66 TB strains, that's most likely not because TB was absent in the country before Europeans made contact. Rather, Europeans may have introduced a new wave of disease spread by more virulent TB strains.

Contact: Joseph Caputo
Cell Press

Public Release: 9-Dec-2015
Mucosal Immunology
Have sex workers revealed a connection between semen exposure and HIV resistance?
In a new study, scientists at The Wistar Institute have found that continued semen exposure in these sex workers sustains changes in the cervical and vaginal microenvironment in a way that may actually increase HIV-1 resistance. This information may lead the way to better preventative strategies that block the transmission of the virus and improved designs for future HIV vaccine studies that can monitor the described changes when recruiting sex workers into vaccine trials.
National Institutes of Health, The Philadelphia Foundation, Henry S. Miller, Jr. and Kenneth Nimblett, AIDS/Commonwealth of Pennsylvania Universal Research Enhancement Program, Pennsylvania Department of Health

Contact: Ben Leach
The Wistar Institute

Public Release: 9-Dec-2015
Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology
US capability for treating ebola outbreak appears sufficient but limited
The United States has sufficient capacity for treating another outbreak of the Ebola virus, but financial, staffing and resource challenges remain a hurdle for many hospitals and health systems attempting to maintain dedicated treatment centers for highly infectious diseases, according to new study released today. The research was published online in Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology, the journal of the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America (SHEA).

Contact: Tamara Moore
Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America

Public Release: 9-Dec-2015
Cell Host & Microbe
Genomic analysis sheds light on Ebola virus disease outbreak in Liberia
Scientists have performed the first comprehensive genomic analysis of Ebola virus sequences from Liberia, one of three countries widely affected by the devastating outbreak that began in 2013 in Western Africa. Their work, published today in Cell Host & Microbe, traces the introduction and spread of the virus in Liberia and also sheds light on how the virus moved between the neighboring countries of Guinea and Sierra Leone.
Defense Threat Reduction Agency, Global Biosurveillance Technology Initiative, Global Emerging Infections System, US Agency for International Development, EU Seventh Framework Programme

Contact: Caree Vander Linden
US Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases

Public Release: 9-Dec-2015
Cell Host & Microbe
'Hijacking' and hibernating parasite could alter brain behavior
Melbourne researchers have discovered how a common parasite hijacks host cells and stockpiles food so it can lie dormant for decades, possibly changing its host's behavior or personality in the process. The findings could lead to a vaccine to protect pregnant women from Toxoplasma infection, which carries a serious risk of miscarriage or birth defects, as well as drugs to clear chronic infections in people with compromised immune systems, such as cancer patients.
National Health and Medical Research Council, Australian Research Council, veski, Human Frontiers Science Program, Victorian State Government Operational Infrastructure Support Program

Contact: Liz Williams
Walter and Eliza Hall Institute

Public Release: 9-Dec-2015
Cell Host & Microbe
How Ebola spread in Western Africa, 2014-2015
Late in 2013, a novel variant of the Ebola virus emerged in Western Africa to start what would become the largest human epidemic on record. In a study published Dec. 9th in Cell Host & Microbe, researchers used genome sequencing to find that the virus spread to Liberia multiple times from neighboring countries early during the outbreak, but the majority of Liberian cases are attributable to a single introduction of the virus.

Contact: Joseph Caputo
Cell Press

Public Release: 8-Dec-2015
PLOS Biology
Study suggests new way to help the immune system fight off sleeping sickness parasite
There are currently few treatments for African sleeping sickness, and those that exist have substantial side effects. A new study reveals a method, involving epigenetic mechanisms, that causes the African sleeping sickness parasite to change into a state that potentially makes it easier for the host immune system to eliminate.
Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation

Contact: Katherine Fenz
Rockefeller University

Public Release: 7-Dec-2015
Gates Foundation funds UMass Amherst research on deadly African cattle disease
The Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation recently announced a three-year, $478,000 grant to Samuel Black, professor of veterinary and animal sciences at the University of Massachusetts Amherst, to work with an international team developing a vaccine to control and cure trypanosomiasis, a fatal disease of cattle in sub-Saharan Africa and a major obstacle to raising livestock there.
Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation

Contact: Janet Lathrop
University of Massachusetts at Amherst

Public Release: 7-Dec-2015
UK and Chinese scientists join forces to combat city pollution
New research into toxic fumes polluting a Chinese megacity could help protect the health of millions in the coming decades.
Natural Environment Research Council

Contact: Mary Goodchild
Natural Environment Research Council

Public Release: 3-Dec-2015
New funding for Ebola hides an ongoing decline
A new report gives the first ever picture of global investment in Ebola R&D, reporting that this investment might have come at the expense of efforts to develop health technologies for other neglected diseases. The report found that $3.4 billion was invested in neglected disease R&D in 2014. New funding for Ebola R&D was entirely responsible for the $150 million increase in neglected disease R&D funding in 2014, with funding for all other neglected diseases down 0.4 percent.
Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation

Contact: Lisette Oversteegen
PATH - Global Health Technologies Coalition

Public Release: 2-Dec-2015
Little known about children living with HIV-infected adults in Africa
Despite the focus in recent decades on fighting the HIV/AIDS epidemic in Sub-Saharan Africa, a new study reveals that little is known about one of the area's most vulnerable populations: children living in households with HIV-infected adults.
NIH/Eunice Kennedy Shriver National Institute of Child Health and Human Development

Contact: Courtney Coelho
Brown University

Public Release: 2-Dec-2015
Concern over drug industry involvement at India's 'health camps'
Pharmaceutical sales representatives are screening people in India in return for prescriptions for their products, finds a special report published by The BMJ today.

Contact: Emma Dickinson

Public Release: 1-Dec-2015
World AIDS Day 2015: Study begins in Kenya for recently-approved pediatric HIV treatment
DNDi has begun an implementation study of a recently-approved pediatric antiretroviral (ARV) treatment in order to address the urgent need for better medicines for children living with HIV. This study, which has begun in Kenya, is an important step towards DNDi's ultimate goal of developing, together with the Indian generic pharmaceutical company Cipla Ltd and in partnership with UNITAID, improved and easy-to-take combinations of the key HIV medicines children need to survive into adulthood.

Contact: Ilan Moss
Drugs for Neglected Diseases Initiative

Public Release: 1-Dec-2015
Free new tool for health providers to manage symptoms of AIDS
Millions of people are now living with -- rather than dying from -- HIV in Sub-Saharan Africa due to combination drug therapies. But the vast majority struggle to manage the many disabilities caused by this disease and its treatment. Today, University of Toronto researchers and their partners in Zambia, Kenya, South Africa and Canada launched a free website to help health workers improve the quality of life of adults and children living with HIV throughout Africa.

Contact: Heidi Singer
University of Toronto

Public Release: 30-Nov-2015
Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases
Study: With climate change, malaria risk in Africa shifts, grows
A larger portion of Africa is currently at high risk for malaria transmission than previously predicted, according to a new University of Florida mapping study.

Contact: Sadie Ryan
University of Florida

Public Release: 26-Nov-2015
Recommended activity levels not achieved by obese children and those with liver disease
In a new study published today in the journal Nutrients, research from the University of Surrey and the Children's Liver Disease Foundation has found that both obese children and those with non-alcoholic fatty liver disease are not meeting the UK recommendations for a variety of vitamins and minerals.

Contact: Peter La
University of Surrey

Public Release: 26-Nov-2015
BMJ Open
More than 1 in 4 older Indians on low and middling incomes have midriff bulge
More than one in four middle-aged Indians on low and middling incomes now has an unhealthy midriff bulge, with women most likely to carry a spare tire, reveal the results of a nationally representative survey, published in the online journal BMJ Open.

Contact: Caroline White

Public Release: 26-Nov-2015
Researchers uncover essential interaction between malaria parasites and liver cells
Scientists at the Center for Infectious Disease Research recently uncovered a critical piece in the puzzle of how malaria parasites infect their host. The work, recently published in Science Magazine, reveals the details of how the malaria parasite invades its initial target organ, the liver. Without infection of the liver, the parasites cannot multiply or spread to the blood. Infection of the blood causes illness, spread of the disease, and, ultimately, death.

Contact: Morgan Clary
The Center for Infectious Disease Research

Showing releases 951-975 out of 1342.

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