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Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 1-25 out of 1907.

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Public Release: 23-Jun-2017
Science Advances
Research accelerates quest for quicker, longer-lasting electronics
In the world of electronics, where the quest is always for smaller and faster units with infinite battery life, topological insulators (TI) have tantalizing potential. In a paper published today in 'Science Advances,' Jing Shi, a professor of physics and astronomy at UC Riverside and colleagues MIT and Arizona State University report they have created a TI film just 25 atoms thick that adheres to an insulating magnetic film, creating a 'heterostructure.'
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation, Office of Naval Research

Contact: Sarah Nightingale
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 22-Jun-2017
Trends in Molecular Medicine
Tiny nanoparticles offer significant potential in detecting/treating disease new review of work on exosomes
Exosomes - tiny biological nanoparticles which transfer information between cells - offer significant potential in detecting and treating disease, the most comprehensive overview so far of research in the field has concluded. Areas which could benefit include cancer treatment and regenerative medicine.

Contact: Kevin Sullivan
Swansea University

Public Release: 22-Jun-2017
Nature Nanotechnology
Holey pattern boosts coherence of nanomechanical membrane vibrations
Researchers at the Niels Bohr Institute have introduced a new type of nanomechanical resonator, in which a pattern of holes localizes vibrations to a small region in a 30 nm thick membrane. The pattern dramatically suppresses coupling to random fluctuations in the environment, boosting the vibrations' coherence. The researchers' quantitative understanding and numerical models provide a versatile blueprint for ultracoherent nanomechanical devices. Among others, this enables a new generation of nanomechanical sensors to probe quantum limits of mechanical measurements, and more sensitive force microscopy.

Contact: Professor Albert Schliesser
Faculty of Science - University of Copenhagen

Public Release: 22-Jun-2017
Quantum thermometer or optical refrigerator?
In an arranged marriage of optics and mechanics, physicists have created microscopic structural beams that have a variety of powerful uses when light strikes them.

Contact: Ben Stein
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)

Public Release: 22-Jun-2017
Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics
Smooth propagation of spin waves using gold
Assistant Professor Taichi Goto at Toyohashi University of Technology elucidated the noise generation mechanism of the spin wave (SW), the wave of a magnetic moment transmitted through magnetic oxide, and established a way to suppress it. The large noise generated by SWs traveling through magnetic oxides has presented a significant obstacle to its applications. However, it became clear that noise can be suppressed by installing a thin gold film in the appropriate places.
Japan Science and Technology Agency, Japan Society for the Promotion of Science

Contact: Yuko Ito
Toyohashi University of Technology

Public Release: 22-Jun-2017
Switchable DNA mini-machines store information
Biomedical engineers have built simple machines out of DNA, consisting of arrays whose units switch reversibly between two different shapes. The arrays' inventors say they could be harnessed to make nanotech sensors or amplifiers. Potentially, they could be combined to form logic gates, the parts of a molecular computer.
National Science Foundation, Marcus Foundation, Office of Naval Research, National Natural Scientific Foundation of China

Contact: Quinn Eastman
Emory Health Sciences

Public Release: 21-Jun-2017
Nature Communications
Drip by drip
How do crystals grow? The answer given in current textbooks is: Layer by layer atoms or molecules settle on an existing crystal surface. The research team Physical Chemistry at the University of Konstanz has now observed a preliminary stage of this crystal growth in glutamic acid that contradicts this classical principal of growth. Not individual atoms settle on an existing crystal surface, but nano-drips that already contain building blocks for growth.

Contact: Julia Wandt
University of Konstanz

Public Release: 21-Jun-2017
Journal of Materials Chemistry A
New catalyst paves way for carbon neutral fuel
Australian scientists have paved the way for carbon neutral fuel with the development of a new efficient catalyst that converts carbon dioxide (CO2) from the air into synthetic natural gas in a 'clean' process using solar energy.

Contact: Christian Doonan
University of Adelaide

Public Release: 21-Jun-2017
Science Advances
Extremely colorful, incredibly bright and highly multiplexed
A team from Harvard's Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering, the LMU Munich, and the Max Planck Institute of Biochemistry in Germany, has engineered highly versatile metafluorophores by integrating commonly used small fluorescent probes into self-folding DNA structures where their colors and brightness can be digitally programmed. This nanotechnological approach offers a palette of 124 virtual colors for microscopic imaging.

Contact: Benjamin Boettner
Wyss Institute for Biologically Inspired Engineering at Harvard

Public Release: 20-Jun-2017
Researchers developed nanoparticle based contrast agent for dual modal imaging of cancer
Dual modal imaging which shares the advantages of two imaging modalities such as magnetic resonance imaging and optical imaging, has the ability to produce images with higher spatial resolution and higher sensitivity. Contrast agents having both magnetic and optical properties identifies the cancer cells efficiently. Europium doped gadolinium oxide nanorods were synthesized and subsequently coated with silica to improve the biocompatibility.
National Project Implementation Unit

Contact: Jason Lim
646-65775 x247
World Scientific

Public Release: 20-Jun-2017
Scientific Reports
Tiny bubbles provide tremendous propulsion in new microparticles research-Ben-Gurion U.
The new technique could have significant implications in the development of micromotors and optical devices for use in solar cell optics. 'What we ultimately hope to achieve is a highly accurate, passive technology for use in a concentrated solar device that would follow the sun without the need for a mechanical tracking mechanism,' says Dr. Avi Niv, study co-author.
I-Core Program/Planning and Budgeting Committee and Israel Science Foundation, The Ministry of Economy and Industry of Infrastructure Energy and Water, Adelis Foundation

Contact: Andrew Lavin
American Associates, Ben-Gurion University of the Negev

Public Release: 20-Jun-2017
Nature Neuroscience
A new adjustable optical microprobe for the analysis and control of deep brain regions
Researchers have developed a new optical microprobe able to control brain electrical activity by projecting light on wide volumes or selected portions of the central nervous system in an very controlled fashion. The study was published on Nature Neuroscience and it represents a first step toward low invasiveness devices for the diagnosis and treatment of neurological and psychiatric disorders and neurodegenerative diseases.
European Research Council, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Valeria delle Cave
Istituto Italiano di Tecnologia - IIT

Public Release: 19-Jun-2017
Possible enhanced pesticide absorption from fresh food via nanoemulsions
University of Massachusetts Amherst food scientist David Julian McClements will lead a team that has received a three-year, $444,550 grant from the US Department of Agriculture's National Institute of Food and Agriculture to study the possibility that eating food nanoemulsions found in dressings, dips or sauces might increase the amount of pesticides absorbed from co-ingested fruits and vegetables, thus increasing risk of adverse health effects.
USDA/National Institute of Food and Agriculture

Contact: Janet Lathrop
University of Massachusetts at Amherst

Public Release: 19-Jun-2017
Nature Nanotechnology
Sugar-coated nanomaterial excels at promoting bone growth
There hasn't been a gold standard for how orthopaedic spine surgeons promote new bone growth in patients, but now Northwestern University scientists have designed a bioactive nanomaterial that is so good at stimulating bone regeneration it could become the method surgeons prefer. The researchers studied in vivo the effect of the nanomaterial on the activity of the growth factor BMP-2. They found that 100 times less of the protein was needed for a successful spinal fusion in an animal model.
NIH/National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research, Louis A. Simpson and Kimberly K. Querrey Center for Regenerative Nanomedicine at Northwestern University

Contact: Megan Fellman
Northwestern University

Public Release: 19-Jun-2017
Science Advances
Alloying materials of different structures offers new tool for controlling properties
New research into the largely unstudied area of heterostructural alloys could lead to greater materials control and in turn better semiconductors, advances in nanotechnology for pharmaceuticals and improved metallic glasses for industrial applications.
US Department of Energy

Contact: Janet Tate
Oregon State University

Public Release: 19-Jun-2017
Nature Materials
To connect biology with electronics, be rigid, yet flexible
Scientists have measured a thin film made of a polymer as it interacted with ions and electrons. They show how there are rigid and non-rigid regions of the film, and that these regions could accommodate electrons or ions -- but not both equally.
National Science Foundation, University of Washington

Contact: James Urton
University of Washington

Public Release: 16-Jun-2017
ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
New prospects for universal memory -- high speed of RAM and the capacity of flash
One of many research teams and companies' major goals is to develop universal memory -- a storage medium that would combine the high speed of RAM with nonvolatility of a flash drive. MIPT's researches turned to atomic layer deposition which enables unprecedented control over film thickness and coating of 3-D structures, which is problematic for most of the currently used nanofilm deposition techniques. To do this, the team worked with a unique experimental cluster form MIPT's Center of Shared Research Fcailities.

Contact: Asya Shepunova
Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology

Public Release: 15-Jun-2017
Chemistry of Materials
Development of low-dimensional nanomaterials could revolutionize future technologies
Javier Vela, scientist at the US Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory, believes improvements in computer processors, TV displays and solar cells will come from scientific advancements in the synthesis of low-dimensional nanomaterials.
DOE/Office of Science

Contact: Steve Karsjen
DOE/Ames Laboratory

Public Release: 15-Jun-2017
Hi-res view of protein complex shows how it breaks up protein tangles
A new, high-resolution view of the structure of Hsp104 (heat shock protein 104), a natural yeast protein nanomachine with six subunits, may show news ways to dismantle harmful protein clumps in disease.
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, Muscular Dystrophy Association Research Award, Life Extension Foundation, Packard Center for ALS Research at Johns Hopkins University, Target ALS

Contact: Karen Kreeger
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 15-Jun-2017
Electrolytes made from liquefied gas enable batteries to run at ultra-low temperatures
Engineers at the University of California San Diego have developed new electrolytes that enable lithium batteries to run at temperatures as low as -60 degrees Celsius with excellent performance -- in comparison, today's lithium-ion batteries stop working at -20 degrees Celsius. The new electrolytes also enable electrochemical capacitors to run as cold as -80 degrees Celsius -- their current limit is -40 degrees Celsius.
DOE/Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy, National Science Foundation

Contact: Liezel Labios
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 14-Jun-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
New light shed on dynamics of type IV pili and twitching motility
New light shed on dynamics of asymmetric type IV pili distribution and twitching motility triggered by directional light in cyanobacteria.

Contact: Tomoyuki Matsui
Gakushuin University

Public Release: 14-Jun-2017
Nano Letters
Quantum dot transistor simulates functions of neurons
Researchers at the Federal University of São Carlos (UFSCar) in São Paulo State, Brazil, Würzburg University in Germany, and the University of South Carolina in the United States developed a transistor that can lead to the development of new kinds of device and computer circuit in which memory units are combined with logical processing units, economizing space, time, and power consumption.
São Paulo Research Foundation

Contact: Samuel Antenor
Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo

Public Release: 14-Jun-2017
Nano Letters
New chemical method could revolutionize graphene
University of Illinois at Chicago scientists have discovered a new chemical method that enables graphene to be incorporated into a wide range of applications while maintaining its ultra-fast electronics.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Sam Hostettler
University of Illinois at Chicago

Public Release: 14-Jun-2017
Nature Communications
Universal stabilization
ETH researchers led by Lucio Isa have developed microparticles with a rough, raspberry-like surface that stabilise emulsions following a new principle.

Contact: Prof. Dr. Lucio Isa
ETH Zurich

Public Release: 14-Jun-2017
ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Beetles spark development of color-changing nanoparticles for commercial use
Inspired by the varying colors that gleam off of beetle shells, scientists have developed color-shifting nanoparticles that can change hue even after being embedded into a material. A report on the new, inexpensive technique, which could lead to the production of easier-to-read sensors and anti-tampering tags, appears in ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces.

Contact: Katie Cottingham
American Chemical Society

Showing releases 1-25 out of 1907.

1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 > >>