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Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 1326-1350 out of 2061.

<< < 49 | 50 | 51 | 52 | 53 | 54 | 55 | 56 | 57 | 58 > >>

Public Release: 25-Oct-2016
Physical Review X
How often do quantum systems violate the second law of thermodynamics?
The likelihood of seeing quantum systems violating the second law of thermodynamics has been calculated by UCL scientists.
Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council

Contact: Rebecca Caygill
University College London

Public Release: 25-Oct-2016
Scientific Reports
Can the brain feel it? The world's smallest extracellular needle-electrodes
A research team from Toyohashi University of Technology developed the world's smallest 5-μm-diameter low-invasive needle electrodes, which are assembled on 1 x 1 mm2 blocks. Surprisingly, high quality neuronal signals from a mouse's cortex were stably recorded for a long period. Their new electrode device reduces the total invasiveness to brain tissue in vivo and realizes stable neural recordings, thus enhancing opportunities for needle-electrode device technology in neurophysiology.
Japan Science and Technology Agency, New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization, Asahi Glass Foundation, Takeda Science Foundation

Contact: Ryoji Inada
Toyohashi University of Technology

Public Release: 24-Oct-2016
Hybrid nanostructures hold hydrogen well
Three-dimensional structures that combine boron nitride nanotubes and graphene may be suitable for hydrogen storage for cars, according to calculations by Rice University scientists.
Rice University, Iran Science Elites Federation

Contact: David Ruth
Rice University

Public Release: 24-Oct-2016
ACS Photonics
The quantum sniffer dog
A new kind of sensor to identify gases has been developed at TU Wien (Vienna), based on quantum-cascade-technology. The sensor can emit laser light which is sent through the gas and reflected back into the sensor, where the same structure can act as a light detector.

Contact: Florian Aigner
Vienna University of Technology

Public Release: 24-Oct-2016
Scientific Reports
Flexible optical design method for superconducting nanowire single-photon detectors
The National Institute of Information and Communications Technology has succeeded in the development of flexible optical design method for superconducting nanowire single-photon detectors (SSPDs or SNSPDs). This technique enables SSPDs with a broadband high detection efficiency reject a specific wavelength, and is effective for multidisciplinary applications in fields such as the quantum cryptography, fluorescence spectroscopy, and remote sensing that require high efficiency over a precise spectral range and strong signal rejection at other wavelengths.
Japan Science and Technology Agency, Japan Agency for Medical Research and Development

Contact: Sachiko Hirota
National Institute of Information and Communications Technology (NICT)

Public Release: 24-Oct-2016
Nano Letters
New method increases energy density in lithium batteries
Columbia Engineering Professor Yuan Yang has developed a new method to increase the energy density of lithium batteries. He has built a trilayer structure that is stable even in ambient air, which makes the battery both longer lasting and cheaper to manufacture. The work, which may improve the energy density of lithium batteries by 10-30%, is published online today in Nano Letters.
Columbia Engineering, Lenfest Center for Sustainable Energy

Contact: Holly Evarts
Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science

Public Release: 24-Oct-2016
Nature Materials
3-D-printed organ-on-a-chip with integrated sensors
Researchers have made the first entirely 3-D-printed organ-on-a-chip with integrated sensing. Built by a fully automated, digital manufacturing process, the 3-D-printed heart-on-a-chip can be quickly fabricated and customized. This new approach to manufacturing may one day allow researchers to rapidly design organs-on-chips, also known as microphysiological systems, that match the properties of a specific disease or even an individual patient's cells.
National Science Foundation, NIH/National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences, US Army Research Laboratory, Harvard University Materials Research Science and Engineering

Contact: Leah Burrows
Harvard John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences

Public Release: 21-Oct-2016
Nanosciences: Genes on the rack
Physicists at Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet (LMU) in Munich have developed a novel nanotool that provides a facile means of characterizing the mechanical properties of biomolecules.

Contact: Luise Dirscherl
Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München

Public Release: 21-Oct-2016
Light: Science and Applications
Nanoantenna lighting-rod effect produces fast optical switches
A team of scientists, led by the University of Southampton, have produced a fast nanoscale optical transistor using gold nanoantenna assisted phase transition.

Contact: Glenn Harris
University of Southampton

Public Release: 21-Oct-2016
Nature Communications
New nanomedicine approach aims to improve HIV drug therapies
New research led by the University of Liverpool aims to improve the administration and availability of drug therapies to HIV patients through the use of nanotechnology.

Contact: Simon Wood
University of Liverpool

Public Release: 20-Oct-2016
Scientific Reports
A novel noninvasive imaging probe for fast and sensitive detection of cancer
The ultimate goal of cancer diagnostics is to develop sensitive imaging techniques for reliable detection of tumor malignancy in the body. Scientists at Tokyo Institute of Technology have come close to achieving this goal by developing an injectable imaging probe that can specifically detect solid tumors based on the activity of hypoxia-inducible factor regulated by the ubiquitin-proteasome system.
Japan Society for the promotion of Science

Contact: Emiko Kawaguchi
Tokyo Institute of Technology

Public Release: 20-Oct-2016
Scientific Reports
From ancient fossils to future cars
Researchers at the University of California, Riverside's Bourns College of Engineering have developed an inexpensive, energy-efficient way to create silicon-based anodes for lithium-ion batteries from the fossilized remains of single-celled algae called diatoms. The research could lead to the development of ultra-high capacity lithium-ion batteries for electric vehicles and portable electronics.

Contact: Sarah Nightingale
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 20-Oct-2016
Smashing metallic cubes toughens them up
Rice University scientists smash silver micro-cubes at near supersonic speeds to see how deforming their crystalline structures can make them both stronger and tougher. The research could lead to better materials for high-impact applications like bulletproof vests, vehicle collision protection and advanced material processing techniques.
Rice University

Contact: David Ruth
Rice University

Public Release: 20-Oct-2016
Nano Energy
Move over, solar: The next big renewable energy source could be at our feet
Flooring can be made from any number of sustainable materials, making it, generally, an eco-friendly feature in homes and businesses alike. Now, flooring could be even more 'green,' thanks to an inexpensive, simple method developed by University of Wisconsin-Madison materials engineers that allows them to convert footsteps into usable electricity.

Contact: Xudong Wang
University of Wisconsin-Madison

Public Release: 20-Oct-2016
Ultralow power transistors could function for years without a battery
A new design for transistors which operate on 'scavenged' energy from their environment could form the basis for devices which function for months or years without a battery, and could be used for wearable or implantable electronics.

Contact: Sarah Collins
University of Cambridge

Public Release: 20-Oct-2016
New perovskite solar cell design could outperform existing commercial technologies
Stanford and Oxford scientists have created new perovskite solar cells that that could rival and even outperform conventional cells made of silicon. The novel technology is made with tin and other inexpensive, abundant materials.
Graphene Flagship, Leverhulme Trust, Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council, European Union Seventh Framework Program, Horizon 2020, Office of Naval Research, Stanford Global Climate and Energy Project

Contact: Mark Shwartz
Stanford University

Public Release: 19-Oct-2016
ACS Catalysis
Development of highly active and stable ammonia synthesis catalyst under low temperatures
Profs. Hosono, Hara, Kitano, Abe and Dr. Inoue found that ruthenium nanoparticles immobilized on calcium amide (Ca(NH2)2) function as an efficient catalyst for ammonia synthesis at 300°C and the catalytic activity is more than 10 times higher than that of the highest performance Ru catalysts reported so far. In addition, 3% Ba-doped Ca(NH2)2 supported Ru catalyst exhibited excellent stability during reaction for 700 h (almost 1 month).
The Japan Science and Technology Agency, Japan Society for the Promotion of Science

Contact: Emiko Kawaguchi
Tokyo Institute of Technology

Public Release: 19-Oct-2016
ACS Nano
Tiny gold particles could be the key to developing a treatment for pancreatic cancer
A diagnosis of pancreatic cancer is often a death sentence because chemotherapy and radiation have little impact on the disease. In the US this year, some 53,000 new cases will be diagnosed, and 42,000 patients will die of the disease, according to the National Institutes of Health. But research now being reported in ACS Nano could eventually lead to a new type of treatment based on gold nanoparticles.

Contact: Michael Bernstein
American Chemical Society

Public Release: 19-Oct-2016
Scientific Reports
Scientists find technique to improve carbon superlattices for quantum electronic devices
Researchers at the Nanoscale Transport Physics Laboratory from the School of Physics at the University of the Witwatersrand have found a technique to improve carbon superlattices for quantum electronic device applications.

Contact: Schalk Mouton
University of the Witwatersrand

Public Release: 19-Oct-2016
Nature Materials
Exploring defects in nanoscale devices for possible quantum computing applications
Researchers at Tokyo Institute of Technology in collaboration with the University of Cambridge have studied the interaction between microwave fields and electronic defect states inside the oxide layer of field-effect transistors at cryogenic temperatures. It has been found that the physics of such defect states are consistent with driven two-level systems possessing long coherence times, and that their induced dynamics can be coherently and independently controlled.

Contact: Emiko Kawaguchi
Tokyo Institute of Technology

Public Release: 18-Oct-2016
Can we find more benign nanomaterials?
University of Iowa chemist Sara Mason has won a grant to access a supercomputer network funded by the US National Science Foundation. Mason's group will use its time to better define the atom-to-atom interactions of various nanoparticles, hoping to learn more about the particles' effects on energy, the environment, and human health.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Richard Lewis
University of Iowa

Public Release: 18-Oct-2016
AIP Advances
Working under pressure: Diamond micro-anvils with huge pressures will create new materials
University of Alabama at Birmingham researchers will use pressures greater than those found at the center of the Earth to potentially create as yet unknown new materials. In the natural world, such immense forces deep underground can turn carbon into diamonds, or volcanic ash into slate. The ability to produce these pressures depends on tiny nanocrystalline-diamond anvils built in a UAB clean room manufacturing facility.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy, Carnagie DOE Alliance Center

Contact: Jeff Hansen
University of Alabama at Birmingham

Public Release: 18-Oct-2016
ACS Nano
Graphene cracks the glass corrosion problem
Researchers at the Center for Multidimensional Carbon Materials (CMCM), within the Institute for Basic Science (IBS) have demonstrated graphene coating protects glass from corrosion.
Institute for Basic Science

Contact: Dahee Carol Kim
Institute for Basic Science

Public Release: 18-Oct-2016
Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Peptides vs. superbugs
Several peptides have an antibacterial effect -- but they are broken down in the human body too quickly to exert this effect. Empa researchers have now succeeded in encasing peptides in a protective coat, which could prolong their life in the human body. This is an important breakthrough because peptides are considered to be a possible solution in the fight against antibiotic-resistant bacteria.

Contact: Stefan Salentinig
Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology (EMPA)

Public Release: 17-Oct-2016
Scientific Reports
Scientists develop a semiconductor nanocomposite material that moves in response to light
A research team at Worcester Polytechnic Institute has developed a revolutionary, light-activated semiconductor nanocomposite material that can be used in a variety of applications, including microscopic actuators and grippers for surgical robots, light-powered micro-mirrors for optical telecommunications systems, and more efficient solar cells and photodetectors. The material is also distinguished by its high strength and its enhanced optical absorption when placed under mechanical stress, note the authors of a new paper in Scientific Reports.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Michael Dorsey
Worcester Polytechnic Institute

Showing releases 1326-1350 out of 2061.

<< < 49 | 50 | 51 | 52 | 53 | 54 | 55 | 56 | 57 | 58 > >>