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Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 1351-1375 out of 2064.

<< < 50 | 51 | 52 | 53 | 54 | 55 | 56 | 57 | 58 | 59 > >>

Public Release: 19-Oct-2016
Nature Materials
Exploring defects in nanoscale devices for possible quantum computing applications
Researchers at Tokyo Institute of Technology in collaboration with the University of Cambridge have studied the interaction between microwave fields and electronic defect states inside the oxide layer of field-effect transistors at cryogenic temperatures. It has been found that the physics of such defect states are consistent with driven two-level systems possessing long coherence times, and that their induced dynamics can be coherently and independently controlled.

Contact: Emiko Kawaguchi
Tokyo Institute of Technology

Public Release: 18-Oct-2016
Can we find more benign nanomaterials?
University of Iowa chemist Sara Mason has won a grant to access a supercomputer network funded by the US National Science Foundation. Mason's group will use its time to better define the atom-to-atom interactions of various nanoparticles, hoping to learn more about the particles' effects on energy, the environment, and human health.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Richard Lewis
University of Iowa

Public Release: 18-Oct-2016
AIP Advances
Working under pressure: Diamond micro-anvils with huge pressures will create new materials
University of Alabama at Birmingham researchers will use pressures greater than those found at the center of the Earth to potentially create as yet unknown new materials. In the natural world, such immense forces deep underground can turn carbon into diamonds, or volcanic ash into slate. The ability to produce these pressures depends on tiny nanocrystalline-diamond anvils built in a UAB clean room manufacturing facility.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy, Carnagie DOE Alliance Center

Contact: Jeff Hansen
University of Alabama at Birmingham

Public Release: 18-Oct-2016
ACS Nano
Graphene cracks the glass corrosion problem
Researchers at the Center for Multidimensional Carbon Materials (CMCM), within the Institute for Basic Science (IBS) have demonstrated graphene coating protects glass from corrosion.
Institute for Basic Science

Contact: Dahee Carol Kim
Institute for Basic Science

Public Release: 18-Oct-2016
Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Peptides vs. superbugs
Several peptides have an antibacterial effect -- but they are broken down in the human body too quickly to exert this effect. Empa researchers have now succeeded in encasing peptides in a protective coat, which could prolong their life in the human body. This is an important breakthrough because peptides are considered to be a possible solution in the fight against antibiotic-resistant bacteria.

Contact: Stefan Salentinig
Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology (EMPA)

Public Release: 17-Oct-2016
Scientific Reports
Scientists develop a semiconductor nanocomposite material that moves in response to light
A research team at Worcester Polytechnic Institute has developed a revolutionary, light-activated semiconductor nanocomposite material that can be used in a variety of applications, including microscopic actuators and grippers for surgical robots, light-powered micro-mirrors for optical telecommunications systems, and more efficient solar cells and photodetectors. The material is also distinguished by its high strength and its enhanced optical absorption when placed under mechanical stress, note the authors of a new paper in Scientific Reports.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Michael Dorsey
Worcester Polytechnic Institute

Public Release: 17-Oct-2016
Tiny crystals and nanowires could join forces to split water
Scientists are pursuing a tiny solution for harnessing one of the world's most abundant sources of clean energy: water. By marrying teeny crystals called quantum dots to miniature wires, the researchers are developing materials that show promise for splitting water into oxygen and hydrogen fuel, which could be used to power cars, buses, boats and other modes of transportation.
National Science Foundation

Contact: Charlotte Hsu
University at Buffalo

Public Release: 17-Oct-2016
Applied Physics Letters
UCF scientist creates most efficient quantum cascade laser ever
A new way of producing Quantum Cascade Lasers yields better efficiency and comparable performance, and makes it easier to manufacture QCLs for uses in spectroscopy and other commercial areas.

Contact: Mark Schlueb
University of Central Florida

Public Release: 17-Oct-2016
Science Advances
Finding ideal materials for carbon capture
Genetic algorithm can rapidly pinpoint top candidates for pre-combustion carbon capture, information that could lead to greener designs for newly commissioned power plants.
US Department of Energy

Contact: Megan Fellman
Northwestern University

Public Release: 17-Oct-2016
Nature Nanotechnology
Nanowires as sensors in new type of atomic force microscope
A new type of atomic force microscope (AFM) uses nanowires as tiny sensors. Unlike standard AFM, the device with a nanowire sensor enables measurements of both the size and direction of forces. Physicists at the University of Basel and at the EPF Lausanne have described these results in the recent issue of Nature Nanotechnology.

Contact: Olivia Poisson
University of Basel

Public Release: 17-Oct-2016
Scientific Reports
World first porous acupuncture needles enhance therapeutic properties
A DGIST research team led by Professor Su-Il In, who developed acupuncture needles combined with nanotechnology, was recognized as the world's first application of this technology. This development is expected to open new directions in the oriental medicine research field.

Contact: Dahye Kim
DGIST (Daegu Gyeongbuk Institute of Science and Technology)

Public Release: 17-Oct-2016
Nature Nanotechnology
Quantum computers: 10-fold boost in stability achieved
Australian engineers have created a new quantum bit which remains in a stable superposition for 10 times longer than previously achieved, dramatically expanding the time during which calculations could be performed in a future silicon quantum computer. The new quantum bit, made up of the spin of a single atom in silicon and merged with an electromagnetic field - known as 'dressed qubit' -- retains quantum information for much longer that an 'undressed' atom.
Australian Research Council, US Army Research Office, Commonwealth Bank of Australia, University of New South Wales

Contact: Wilson da Silva
University of New South Wales

Public Release: 15-Oct-2016
24th International Symposium
Physical Review B
Compact graphene-based plasmon generator developed by physicists from MIPT
Researchers from Russia and Japan have theoretically demonstrated the possibility of creating compact sources of coherent plasmons, which are the basic building blocks for future optoelectronic circuits. The way in which the device would operate is based on the unique properties of van der Waals heterostructures -- composites of graphene and related layered materials. The study was published in Physical Review B.

Contact: Asya
Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology

Public Release: 14-Oct-2016
Diamonds aren't forever: Sandia, Harvard team create first quantum computer bridge
Sandia researchers have demonstrated for the first time on a single chip all the components needed to create a quantum bridge to link quantum computers together.
Sandia National Laboratories

Contact: Neal Singer
DOE/Sandia National Laboratories

Public Release: 14-Oct-2016
Chemist receives prestigious Israel research award
Northwestern University's Mercouri Kanatzidis has received the 2016 Samson Prime Minister's Prize for Innovation in Alternative Fuels for Transportation. Totaling $1 million, the Samson Prize is the world's largest monetary prize awarded in the field of alternative fuels. Kanatzidis equally shares the prize with MIT's Gregory Stephanopoulos. The two researchers are being honored for their innovative scientific contributions to alternative fuel development. Kanatzidis' citation notes his 'seminal contributions in the design of nanostructured thermoelectric materials, which convert heat to electricity.'

Contact: Megan Fellman
Northwestern University

Public Release: 14-Oct-2016
Physical Review Fluids
Researchers use temperature to control droplet movement
An MIT team has found a way to make droplets move on a silicon surface just by adjusting the temperature, using a process called thermocapillary action and a lubricant-impregnated surface.
MIT France program, Swiss National Science Foundation

Contact: Ms. Karl-Lydie Jean-Baptiste
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 14-Oct-2016
Advanced Materials
Bendable electronic paper displays whole color range
Less than a micrometre thin, bendable and giving all the colours that a regular LED display does, it still needs ten times less energy than a Kindle tablet. Researchers at Chalmers University of Technology have developed the basis for a new electronic 'paper.' Their results were recently published in the high impact journal Advanced Materials.

Contact: Andreas Dahlin
Chalmers University of Technology

Public Release: 13-Oct-2016
NIH nearly doubles investment in BRAIN Initiative research
The National Institutes of Health announced its third round of grants to support the goals of the Brain Research through Advancing Innovative Neurotechnologies (BRAIN) Initiative, bringing NIH's total fiscal year 2016 investment to just over $150 million.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: NINDS Press Team
NIH/National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke

Public Release: 13-Oct-2016
Scientific Reports
Technology may aid at-home heart attack diagnosis, patient monitoring
Bioengineers at the University of Texas at Dallas have developed a flexible, mechanically stable, disposable sensor for monitoring proteins circulating in the blood that are released from damaged heart muscle cells at the onset of a heart attack.

Contact: Amanda Siegfried
University of Texas at Dallas

Public Release: 13-Oct-2016
Nano Letters
Researchers develop DNA-based single-electron electronic devices
Nature has inspired generations of people, offering a plethora of different materials for innovations. One such material is the molecule of the heritage, or DNA, thanks to its unique self-assembling properties.
Academy of Finland, DAAD

Contact: Jussi Toppari
Academy of Finland

Public Release: 13-Oct-2016
Xi Chen named 2016 Blavatnik Regional Award finalist
Xi Chen, Assistant Professor of Chemical Engineering with the City University of New York's Advanced Science Research Center has been named a 2016 Blavatnik Regional Award Finalist in Physical Sciences and Engineering

Contact: Paul McQuiston
Advanced Science Research Center, GC/CUNY

Public Release: 12-Oct-2016
Nano-spike catalysts convert carbon dioxide directly into ethanol
In a new twist to waste-to-fuel technology, scientists have developed an electrochemical process that uses tiny spikes of carbon and copper to turn carbon dioxide, a greenhouse gas, into ethanol.

Contact: Morgan McCorkle
DOE/Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Public Release: 12-Oct-2016
Australian engineer takes out inaugural global prize for quantum computing
Leading Australian engineer and physicist, Professor Andrea Morello, was today named inaugural recipient of the Rolf Landauer and Charles H. Bennett Award in Quantum Computing by the prestigious American Physical Society, the world's leading organisation of physicists.

Contact: Kristin O'Connell
University of New South Wales

Public Release: 11-Oct-2016
Journal of Biomedical Nanotechnology
Novel microwave-induced photodynamic therapy could target deeply situated tumors
Physicists at The University of Texas at Arlington have shown that using microwaves to activate photosensitive nanoparticles produces tissue-heating effects that ultimately lead to cell death within solid tumors. This new concept combining microwaves with photodynamic therapy opens up new avenues for targeting deeper tumors and has already proven effective in rapidly and safely reducing tumor size.
The US Army Medical Research Acquisition Activity, National Science Foundation and Department of Homeland Security's joint Academic Research Initiative program, National Basic Research Program of China

Contact: Louisa Kellie
University of Texas at Arlington

Public Release: 11-Oct-2016
NREL to lead new consortium to improve reliability and performance of solar modules
The Energy Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory, in partnership with Sandia National Laboratories, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, and SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, will form a new consortium intended to accelerate the development of module materials for photovoltaics and lower the cost of electricity generated by solar power.

Contact: David Glickson
DOE/National Renewable Energy Laboratory

Showing releases 1351-1375 out of 2064.

<< < 50 | 51 | 52 | 53 | 54 | 55 | 56 | 57 | 58 | 59 > >>