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Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 176-200 out of 2009.

<< < 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 > >>

Public Release: 28-Aug-2017
Advanced Materials
A low-cost method for solar-thermal conversion that's simpler and greener
Researchers at Columbia Engineering have developed a simple, low-cost, and environmentally sound method for fabricating a highly-efficient selective solar absorber (SSA) to convert sunlight into heat for energy-related applications. The team used a 'dip and dry' approach whereby strips coated with a reactive metal are dipped into a solution containing ions of a less reactive metal to create plasmonic-nanoparticle-coated foils that perform as well or better than existing SSAs, regardless of the sun's angle.
Columbia University, NSF IGERT program, AFORSR MURI (Multidisciplinary University Research Initiative) program, and AFOSR DURIP (Defense University Research Instrumentation Program) program

Contact: Holly Evarts
Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science

Public Release: 28-Aug-2017
Advanced Energy Materials
Solar hydrogen production by artificial leafs: Scientists analysed how a special treatment improves cheap metal oxide photoelectrodes
Metal oxides are promising candidates for cheap and stable photoelectrodes for solar water splitting, producing hydrogen with sunlight. Unfortunately, metal oxides are not highly efficient in this job. A known remedy is a treatment with heat and hydrogen. An international collaboration has now discovered why this treatment works so well, paving the way to more efficient and cheap devices for solar hydrogen production.
German Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung, PECDEMO

Contact: Fatwa Firdaus Abdi
Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin für Materialien und Energie

Public Release: 28-Aug-2017
Scientific Reports
Nagoya-led team flips the switch on ferroelectrics
Nagoya University-led team controls the configuration of domains in nanorod- and thin-film ferroelectric systems.
Japan Science and Technology Agency, Japan Society for the Promotion of Science

Contact: Koomi Sung
Nagoya University

Public Release: 25-Aug-2017
CWRU awarded funding to understand how plant particle stimulates anti-tumor response
Nicole Steinmetz, PhD, has received a major grant from the National Institutes of Health to help understand how a virus-like particle from plants stimulates potent anti-tumor responses. "This research is aimed at giving the body's own cancer-fighting capacity a major 'lift and push,'" said Steinmetz. "It also offers potential to fight cancer in dogs, who are of course members of our families as well. We are very grateful to the National Institutes of Health for supporting this potentially transformative work."
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Ansley Gogol
Case Western Reserve University

Public Release: 25-Aug-2017
Physical Review Letters
New results reveal high tunability of 2-D material
A science team at Berkeley Lab has precisely measured some previously obscured properties of a 2-D semiconducting material known as moly sulfide, which opens up a new avenue to applications.

Contact: Glenn Roberts Jr.
DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Public Release: 25-Aug-2017
Advanced Materials
New wrapping material enables high quality bioimaging
A nanosheet made of organic polymers has been developed to prevent the drying and deforming of biological samples, thus enabling high-quality imaging under microscopes.
Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science, and Technology of Japan, Japan Science and Technology Agency, The Japan Society for the Promotion of Science

Contact: Naoki Namba
Hokkaido University

Public Release: 25-Aug-2017
Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
Delivers medicine to cancer cells while protecting healthy cells
A new treatment method for cancer combines ultrasound, bubbles and nanoparticles with chemotherapy. In experiments, the treatment has cured cancer in mice.

Contact: Sofie Snipstad
Norwegian University of Science and Technology

Public Release: 25-Aug-2017
Nature Communications
Recipe for safer batteries -- Just add diamonds
While lithium-ion batteries, widely used in mobile devices from cell phones to laptops, have one of the longest lifespans of commercial batteries today, they also have been behind a number of recent meltdowns and fires due to short-circuiting in mobile devices. In hopes of preventing more of these hazardous malfunctions researchers at Drexel University have developed a recipe that can turn electrolyte solution -- a key component of most batteries -- into a safeguard against the chemical process that leads to battery-related disasters.

Contact: Britt Faulstick
Drexel University

Public Release: 25-Aug-2017
RSC Advances
Next-generation drug testing on chips
Researchers at Kyoto University's Institute for Integrated Cell-Material Sciences (iCeMS) in Japan have designed a small 'body-on-a-chip' device that can test the side effects of drugs s on human cells.

Contact: Izumi Mindy Takamiya
Kyoto University

Public Release: 24-Aug-2017
Carbon nanotubes worth their salt
Lawrence Livermore scientists, in collaboration with researchers at Northeastern University, have developed carbon nanotube pores that can exclude salt from seawater. The team also found that water permeability in carbon nanotubes (CNTs) with diameters smaller than a nanometer (0.8 nm) exceeds that of wider carbon nanotubes by an order of magnitude.

Contact: Anne Stark
DOE/Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

Public Release: 24-Aug-2017
Nature Communications
Researchers report breakthrough in magnesium batteries
Magnesium batteries are safe -- unlike traditional lithium ion batteries, they are not flammable or subject to exploding -- but until now their ability to store energy has been limited. Researchers from the University of Houston reported a new design for the battery cathode, drastically increasing the storage capacity and upending conventional wisdom that the magnesium-chloride bond must be broken before inserting magnesium into the host.

Contact: Jeannie Kever
University of Houston

Public Release: 24-Aug-2017
Physicists find strange state of matter in superconducting crystal
New research published this week shows a rare state of matter in which electrons in a superconducting crystal organize collectively. The findings lay the groundwork for answering one of the most compelling questions in physics: How do correlated electron systems work, and are they related to one another?

Contact: Ingrid Rothe
Max Planck Institute for Chemical Physics of Solids

Public Release: 24-Aug-2017
Nature Communications
Scientists develop novel 'dot' system to improve cancer detection
SBP researchers advance tumor-imaging nanosystem for enhanced diagnostic imaging.
National Institutes of Health, American Association of Cancer Research/Pancreatic Cancer Action Network

Contact: Susan Gammon
Sanford-Burnham Prebys Medical Discovery Institute

Public Release: 24-Aug-2017
No batteries required: Energy-harvesting yarns generate electricity
An international research team led by scientists at The University of Texas at Dallas and Hanyang University in South Korea has developed high-tech yarns that generate electricity when they are stretched or twisted. In a study published in the Aug. 25 issue of the journal Science, researchers describe 'twistron' yarns and their possible applications, such as harvesting energy from the motion of ocean waves or from temperature fluctuations.
Air Force, Air Force Office of Scientific Research, NASA, Office of Naval Research, Robert A. Welch Foundation

Contact: Amanda Siegfried
University of Texas at Dallas

Public Release: 23-Aug-2017
Analytical Methods
Putting it to the test
University of Utah researchers led by chemical engineering and chemistry professor Marc Porter and U surgeon and professor Courtney Scaife have developed a rapid portable screening test for liver cancer that doesn't involve sending a specimen to a blood lab and cuts the wait time for results from two weeks to two minutes. This inexpensive test can be administered wherever the patient is, which will be valuable for developing nations with little access to hospitals.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Cancer Institute, Huntsman Cancer Institute, USANA

Contact: Vincent Horiuchi
University of Utah

Public Release: 23-Aug-2017
Lego proteins revealed
According to Dr. Emmanuel Levy and his group in the Weizmann Institute of Science's Structural Biology Department, Lego-like assemblies should have formed relatively frequently during evolution. Could this assembly method be common, or even easy to reproduce? Their answer, which was recently published in Nature, may have implications for both biological research and nanoscience.

Contact: Gizel Maimon
Weizmann Institute of Science

Public Release: 23-Aug-2017
Nature Communications
'Shapeshifter' that regulates blood clotting is visually captured for the first time
It has not been possible to witness exactly how von Willebrand factor senses and harnesses mechanical forces in our blood vessels -- until now. A team in the Boston Children's Program in Cellular and Molecular Medicine and the HMS Department of Biological Chemistry and Molecular Pharmacology has revealed exactly how VWF stops bleeding from cuts and bruises. Cutting-edge fluorescence imaging and microfluidic tools allowed them to capture images of individual VWF molecules elongating and relaxing in response to blood flow.

Contact: Kristen Dattoli
Boston Children's Hospital

Public Release: 23-Aug-2017
Science Advances
A more complete picture of the nano world
Aerosol particles, says Xiaoji Xu, assistant professor of chemistry at Lehigh University, are among the many materials whose chemical and mechanical properties cannot be fully measured until scientists develop a better method of studying materials at the microscale as well as the much smaller nanoscale (1 nm is one-billionth of a meter). Xu has developed such a method and utilized it to perform noninvasive chemical imaging of a variety of materials, as well as mechanical mapping with a spatial resolution of 10 nanometers.

Contact: Lori Friedman
Lehigh University

Public Release: 23-Aug-2017
Major leap towards data storage at the molecular level
Now scientists at the University of Manchester have proved that storing data with a class of molecules known as single-molecule magnets is more feasible than previously thought.

Contact: Jordan Kenny
University of Manchester

Public Release: 23-Aug-2017
American Chemical Society 254th National Meeting & Exposition
What the world's tiniest 'monster truck' reveals
The world's shortest race by distance -- a fraction of the width of a human hair -- was a huge success for scientists working at the nanoscale. It spurred interest in molecular machines and led to a surprising new discovery, reports the team that entered a nano-sized 'monster truck.' The researchers present their nanocar at the 254th National Meeting & Exposition of the American Chemical Society.

Contact: Katie Cottingham
American Chemical Society

Public Release: 22-Aug-2017
Nanoparticle ink produces glowing holograms with simple inkjet printer
Researchers at ITMO University unveiled a new approach for printing luminescent structures based on nanoparticle ink. The unique optical properties of the ink were achieved by means of europium-doped zirconia. Particles of this material were proven to be useful for manufacturing glowing holographic coatings with a high degree of protection. Importantly, the developed approach enables the fabrication of custom holograms by means of a simple inkjet printer.
Russian Science Foundation

Contact: Dmitry Malkov
ITMO University

Public Release: 22-Aug-2017
Journal of High Energy Physics
Can 'large stars' anti-aging research' help future memory devices?
Nothing is forever, but is it possible to slow down inescapable decay? An inquiry into the delay of deterioration of quantum memory devices and formation of black holes explained with intuitive analogies from everyday life

Contact: Jung Gyu Kim
Institute for Basic Science

Public Release: 22-Aug-2017
Energy & Environmental Science
Stretchable biofuel cells extract energy from sweat to power wearable devices
A team of engineers has developed stretchable fuel cells that extract energy from sweat and are capable of powering electronics, such as LEDs and Bluetooth radios. The biofuel cells generate 10 times more power per surface area than any existing wearable biofuel cells. The devices could be used to power a range of wearable devices.

Contact: Liezel Labios
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 21-Aug-2017
Nature Communications
Spaser can detect, kill circulating tumor cells to prevent cancer metastases, study finds
A nanolaser known as the spaser can serve as a super-bright, water-soluble, biocompatible probe capable of finding metastasized cancer cells in the blood stream and then killing these cells, according to a new research study.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, US Office of Naval Research

Contact: LaTina Emerson
Georgia State University

Public Release: 21-Aug-2017
Physical Review Letters
Nagoya physicists resolve long-standing mystery of structure-less transition
Nagoya University researchers probe a mysterious phase transition in an organic molecular conductor using synchrotron X-ray radiation.
Japan Society for the Promotion of Science

Contact: Koomi Sung
Nagoya University

Showing releases 176-200 out of 2009.

<< < 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 > >>