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Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 526-550 out of 1930.

<< < 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 > >>

Public Release: 2-Feb-2017
Nature Communications
1,000 times more efficient nano-LED opens door to faster microchips
The electronic data connections within microchips are increasingly becoming a bottleneck in the exponential growth of data traffic. Optical connections are the obvious successors but optical data transmission requires an adequate nanoscale light source, and this has been lacking. Scientists at Eindhoven University of Technology have created a light source that has the right characteristics: a nano-LED that is 1,000 times more efficient than its predecessors, and is capable of handling gigabits per second.

Contact: Andrea Fiore
Eindhoven University of Technology

Public Release: 2-Feb-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Thin, flexible, light-absorbent material for energy and stealth applications
Transparent window coatings that keep buildings and cars cool on sunny days. Devices that could more than triple solar cell efficiencies. Thin, lightweight shields that block thermal detection. These are potential applications for a thin, flexible, light-absorbing material developed by engineers at the University of California San Diego.

Contact: Liezel Labios
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 2-Feb-2017
Physical Review X
Quantum phase transition observed for the first time
A group of scientists led by Johannes Fink from the Institute of Science and Technology Austria reported the first experimental observation of a first-order phase transition in a dissipative quantum system. Phase transitions are something we often encounter in everyday life, for example when watching the freezing of water. But they also occur at the quantum mechanical level, where they are -- in spite of their importance for various fields of physics -- relatively unexplored.
Hungarian Academy of Sciences, National Research, Development and Innovation Office, János Bolyai Research Scholarship of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences

Contact: Elisabeth Guggenberger
Institute of Science and Technology Austria

Public Release: 2-Feb-2017
ACS Nano
Artificially introduced atomic-level sensors enable measurements of the electric field within a working semiconductor device
Researchers develop a method for sensing the electric field generated in semiconductor devices during operation. The technique is demonstrated for a diamond device, with nitrogen-vacancy centers acting as local electric-field probes, subject to bias voltages up to 150 volt.
Core Research Evolutionary Science and Technology, Japan Science and Technology Agency

Contact: Emiko Kawaguchi
Tokyo Institute of Technology

Public Release: 1-Feb-2017
The shape of melting in two dimensions
As part of her team's research into matter's tendency to self-organize, Sharon Glotzer of the University of Michigan ran a series of hard particle simulations to study melting in two-dimensional (2-D) systems. Specifically, the team explored how particle shape affects the physics of a 2-D solid-to-fluid melting transition.

Contact: Jonathan Hines
DOE/Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Public Release: 1-Feb-2017
Nature Photonics
Background suppression for super-resolution light microscopy
Researchers of Karlsruhe Institute of Technology have developed a new fluorescence microscopy method: STEDD (Stimulation Emission Double Depletion) nanoscopy produces images of highest resolution with suppressed background. The new method yields an enhanced image quality, which is advantageous when analyzing three-dimensional, densely arranged subcellular structures. STEDD, a further development of the STED method, is now presented in Nature Photonics.

Contact: Monika Landgraf
Karlsruher Institut für Technologie (KIT)

Public Release: 1-Feb-2017
Elsevier announces the launch of a new journal: IFAC Journal of Systems and Control
Elsevier, a world-leading provider of scientific, technical and medical information products and solutions, and the International Federation of Automatic Control (IFAC) today announced the launch of a new joint publication, IFAC Journal of Systems and Control. The journal will publish research papers on generalizable, extensible and transferable innovations across all aspects of the field of control and automation.

Contact: Emma McEwan

Public Release: 1-Feb-2017
Applied Materials and Interfaces
Highly sensitive gas sensors for volatile organic compound detection
A collaboration of researchers in Japan has developed a sensor for volatile organic compound (VOC) detection. Their manufacturing method allows for fine-tuning of SnO2 nanocrystal and pore sizes. Experiments found that a dramatic increase in sensitivity was realized by Pd-loading the sensors. The highly sensitive devices may have a practical use detecting specific biomarkers for medical diagnostics.
Ministry of Education Culture Sports Science and Technology of Japan, New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization

Contact: J. Sanderson
Kumamoto University

Public Release: 1-Feb-2017
UCLA physicists map the atomic structure of an alloy
UCLA physicists and collaborators have mapped the coordinates of more than 23,000 individual atoms in a tiny iron-platinum nanoparticle to reveal the material's innate defects. These results demonstrate that the positions of tens of thousands of atoms can be precisely identified and then fed into quantum mechanics calculations to correlate imperfections and defects with material properties at the single-atom level.

Contact: Stuart Wolpert
University of California - Los Angeles

Public Release: 31-Jan-2017
Scientific Reports
Scientists take the first step toward creating efficient electrolyte-free batteries
Scientists of Peter the Great Saint-Petersburg Polytechnic University (SPbPU) in collaboration with the French, Swiss and Polish researchers have found unique atomic-scale processes in crystal lattice of antiferroelectric lead zirconate during synchrotron x-ray scattering experiment. The discovery is the first step toward creating efficient electrolyte-free accumulators of electric energy. The article 'Critical scattering and incommensurate phase transition in antiferroelectric PbZrO3 under pressure' was published in Scientific Reports of the Nature group.

Contact: Raisa Bestugina
Peter the Great Saint-Petersburg Polytechnic University

Public Release: 30-Jan-2017
Advanced Materials
NUS engineers develop low-cost, flexible terahertz radiation source for fast, non-invasive screening
A research team led by Associate Professor Yang Hyunsoo and Dr. Wu Yang from the NUS Faculty of Engineering and NUS Nanoscience and Nanotechnology Institute has successfully developed flexible, high performance and low-power driven terahertz (THz) emitters that could be mass-produced at low cost. This novel invention is a major technological breakthrough and addresses a critical challenge for industrial application of THz technology.

Contact: Goh Yu Chong
National University of Singapore

Public Release: 30-Jan-2017
ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Cell-tracking agents get a boost
An improved compound of bismuth and carbon nanotubes could enhance the ability to track stem cells as they move through the body and target diseases.
Welch Foundation

Contact: David Ruth
Rice University

Public Release: 30-Jan-2017
Physics of Fluids
Understanding breakups
As interest and demand for nanotechnology continues to rise, so will the need for nanoscale printing and spraying, which relies on depositing tiny drops of liquid onto a surface. Now researchers from Tsinghua University in Beijing have developed a new theory that describes how such a nanosized droplet deforms and breaks up when it strikes a surface.

Contact: AIP Media Line
American Institute of Physics

Public Release: 27-Jan-2017
Optics Express
New 'needle-pulse' beam pattern packs a punch
A new beam pattern devised by University of Rochester researchers could bring unprecedented sharpness to ultrasound and radar images, burn precise holes in manufactured materials at a nano scale -- even etch new properties onto their surfaces.

Contact: Bob Marcotte
University of Rochester

Public Release: 26-Jan-2017
Journal of the Americal Chemical Society
Boron atoms stretch out, gain new powers
Ribbons and single-atom chains of boron would have unique physical and electronic properties, according to theoretical physicists at Rice University.
Office of Naval Research, Robert Welch Foundation

Contact: David Ruth
Rice University

Public Release: 26-Jan-2017
ACS Nano
NIST updates 'sweet' 1950s separation method to clean nanoparticles from organisms
Giving a 65-year-old laboratory technique a new role, researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have performed the cleanest separation to date of synthetic nanoparticles from a living organism.

Contact: Michael E. Newman
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)

Public Release: 26-Jan-2017
Scientists collaborate to increase the accuracy of optical radar
Scientists of Institute of Physics, Nanotechnology and Telecommunications of Peter the Great St. Petersburg Polytechnic University (SPbPU) in collaboration with University of Oulu (Finland) and Leibniz University of Hanover (Germany) established an international consortium to implement new approach to increase the accuracy of optical radar's function.

Contact: Raisa Bestugina
Peter the Great Saint-Petersburg Polytechnic University

Public Release: 26-Jan-2017
First 3-D observation of nanomachines working inside cells
Today scientists at the Institute for Research in Biomedicine (IRB Barcelona) present a study in Cell where they have been able to observe protein nanomachines (also called protein complexes)--the structures responsible for performing cell functions--for the first time in living cells and in 3D. This work has been done in collaboration with researchers at the University of Geneva in Switzerland and the Centro Andaluz de Biología del Desarrollo in Seville.

Contact: Sonia Armengou
Institute for Research in Biomedicine (IRB Barcelona)

Public Release: 26-Jan-2017
ACS Nano
Antioxidants get small
New single-molecule compounds that are efficient antioxidants in their own right help scientists understand how larger nanoparticles quench damaging reactive oxygen species in the body.
National Institutes of Health, Dunn Foundation

Contact: David Ruth
Rice University

Public Release: 25-Jan-2017
Science Robotics
Researchers in Kiel can control adhesive material remotely with light
Adhesive mechanisms in the natural world have many advantages: they are always strongly adhesive -- and without any glues or residues. Scientists at Kiel University are researching how these mechanisms can be artificially created. An interdisciplinary research team has now succeeded in developing a bioinspired adhesive material that can be controlled remotely by using UV light. This way it is possible to precisely transport objects in a micro-range.

Contact: Stanislav N. Gorb
Kiel University

Public Release: 25-Jan-2017
First step towards photonic quantum network
Advanced photonic nanostructures are well on their way to revolutionizing quantum technology for quantum networks based on light. Researchers from the Niels Bohr Institute have now developed the first building blocks needed to construct complex quantum photonic circuits for quantum networks. This rapid development in quantum networks is highlighted in an article in the prestigious scientific journal, Nature.

Contact: Gertie Skaarup
University of Copenhagen - Niels Bohr Institute

Public Release: 24-Jan-2017
Physical Review B
Supercool electrons
Study of electron movement on helium may impact the future of quantum computing.

Contact: Kaoru Natori
Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology (OIST) Graduate University

Public Release: 24-Jan-2017
Nanoscience twist on centuries-old crop treatment is licensed
Copper compounds have been used to treat crop disease for centuries, but new copper nanoparticles are more effective, better for the environment and reduce the chances of bacteria developing resistance.

Contact: Mark Schlueb
University of Central Florida

Public Release: 24-Jan-2017
Nature Nanotechnology
New sensors can detect single protein molecules
For the first time, MIT engineers have designed sensors that can detect single protein molecules as they are secreted by cells. These sensors, which consist of modified carbon nanotubes, could help scientists with any application that requires detecting very small amounts of protein, such as tracking viral infection, monitoring cell manufacture of useful proteins, or revealing food contamination.

Contact: Sarah McDonnell
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 24-Jan-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
What holds the heart together
Our hearts beat a life long. With every beat our heart muscle contracts and expands. How this can work throughout an entire life remains largely a mystery. Researchers at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have now measured the forces acting between the building blocks titin and α-actinin which stabilize the muscle.
Marie Curie Initial Training Network, German Reseach Foundation, Clusters of Excellence Nanosystems Initiative Munich, NIM, Center for Integrated Protein Science Munich, Austrian Science Fund, Austrian Ministry of Science, Research and Economics

Contact: Dr. Andreas Battenberg
Technical University of Munich (TUM)

Showing releases 526-550 out of 1930.

<< < 17 | 18 | 19 | 20 | 21 | 22 | 23 | 24 | 25 | 26 > >>