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DOE research seeks to understand basic chemical, physical, and biological processes of the earth’s atmosphere, land, and oceans and how these processes may be affected by energy production and use, primarily the emission of carbon dioxide from fossil fuel combustion. Understanding global climate change and the ability to predict climate over decades or centuries will enable the development of science-based solutions to reduce and minimize the impacts of climate change and better plan for the nation’s future energy needs.
DOE also supports research to develop cleanup technologies to help remediate and restore the nation’s nuclear weapons production sites. The comprehensive program aims to integrate a full range of fundamental scientific disciplines to advance this emerging technology to sustained, cost-effective usefulness. The Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory, the only national collaborative user facility focused on DOE’s environmental missions, is a key part of this effort.