After nearly five years of collaboration between researchers in academia, industry and national research laboratories -- including Berkeley Lab's Aydn BuluÁ--GraphBLAS, a collection of standardized building blocks for graph algorithms in the language of linear algebra, is publicly available.
Catastrophic fires in Northern California burned more than 110,000 acres in Sonoma and Napa counties last month -- including 8 percent of the Russian River watershed. Now with the rainy season underway Berkeley Lab's research -- which seeks to understand how the hydrology and microbiology of the surface and groundwater system respond to extreme events -- has become even more critical.
Studies at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory have made the first real-time observations of how silica -- an abundant material in the Earth's crust -- easily transforms into a dense glass when hit with a massive shock wave like one generated from a meteor impact.
Researchers from Washington University in St. Louis and ORNL are using neutrons to study what happens when cyanobacteria cell samples are starved for nitrogen. They are especially interested in how this process affects phycobilisomes, large antenna protein complexes in the cells that harvest light for photosynthesis.
Helen Quinn, a professor emerita at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory and Stanford University, will receive the 2018 Benjamin Franklin Medal in Physics - one of eight prestigious Franklin Institute Awards that will be handed out in Philadelphia next April.
When hit by a powerful shock wave, materials can change their shape -- a property known as plasticity - yet keep their lattice-like atomic structure. Now scientists have used the X-ray laser at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory to see, for the first time, how a material's atomic structure deforms when shocked by pressures nearly as extreme as the ones at the center of the Earth.
Former SLAC Director and Stanford University Professor Emeritus Jonathan Dorfan has been awarded Japan's Order of the Rising Sun, Gold and Silver Star for his contributions as founding president of the Okinawa Institute of Science and Technology Graduate University (OIST). It is the highest award Japan bestows on university presidents.
Researchers from ORNL's Neutron Sciences Directorate are conducting a series of experiments to better understand how resistant bacteria use enzymes called beta-lactamases to break down the beta-lactam class of antibiotics.
Argonne researchers are partnering with Idaho National Laboratory and National Renewable Energy Laboratory to identify and fill gaps hindering the commercialization of extreme fast charging -- for electric vehicles that can be charged in minutes instead of hours.
Having the right tool for the job enabled scientists at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory and their collaborators to discover that a workhorse catalyst of vehicle exhaust systems -- an 'oxygen sponge' that can soak up oxygen from air and store it for later use in oxidation reactions -- may also be a 'hydrogen sponge.' The finding may pave the way for the design of more effective catalysts for selective hydrogenation reactions.
Argonne researchers have simulated the growth of the 2-D material silicene. Their work, published in Nanoscale, delivers new and useful insights on the material's properties and behavior and offers a predictive model for other researchers studying 2-D materials.
Just one year after the Department of Energy's Exascale Computing Program began funding projects to prepare scientific applications for exascale supercomputers, the Pagoda Project -- led by Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory -- has successfully reached a major milestone: making its open source software libraries publicly available as of Sept. 30, 2017.
Massive offshore structures like oil rigs and wind turbines are designed to withstand the myriad punishments oceans tend to mete out. However, over time, just the saltwater itself can significantly decrease the durability of a structure's welds. That's why researchers are using neutron analysis at ORNL's HFIR to validate a more advanced method of welding involving high-power lasers.
With more than 200 instruments, the Southern Great Plains (SGP) atmospheric observatory is the world's largest and most extensive climate research facility. This year, the site celebrates 25 years of operations, helping scientists gain vital insights into the Earth's cloud, aerosol and atmospheric processes.
US Department of Energy (DOE) scientists have determined the molecular structures of a highly specialized set of proteins that are used by a strain of E. coli bacteria to communicate and defend their turf.
Alexander Chao, a professor emeritus of particle physics and astrophysics at Stanford University and the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, has been recognized with the 2018 Robert R. Wilson Prize for Achievement in the Physics of Particle Accelerators.
Paige Kelley, a postdoctoral researcher with a joint appointment at the University of Tennessee and the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, is using neutrons to study specific crystal properties that could lead to the realization of a quantum spin liquid, a novel state of matter that may form the basis of future quantum computing technologies.
Attempting to model and measure the distribution of 300 million galaxies is not a job for the faint of heart.
That's exactly the challenge that has been undertaken by Risa Wechsler, associate professor of physics and astrophysics at SLAC and Stanford, who was recently named fellow of the American Physical Society. Wechsler was elected for her pioneering work in understanding galaxy formation and for her leadership in large survey projects.
The Department of Energy's Office of Science is the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States and is working to address some of the most pressing challenges of our time.