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21-Feb-2017 Sandia using kinetics, not temperature, to make ceramic coatings
Sandia National Laboratories is working on a way to lay down ceramic coatings kinetically and at room temperatures. Coating at room temperature makes microelectronics design and fabrication more flexible and could someday lead to better, less expensive microelectronics components that underpin modern technology.
21-Feb-2017 When rocket science meets X-ray science
NASA and Berkeley Lab researchers have teamed up to explore next-generation spacecraft materials at the microscale using an X-ray technique that produces 3-D images. This work could help ensure future spacecraft survive the rigors of otherworldly atmospheres.
20-Feb-2017 Breakthrough wireless sensing system attracts industry and government agency interest
Top experts in environmental sensing explored existing and potential applications for Waggle and other sensing technologies during a two-day workshop held at Argonne last year. From researching deforestation in the Amazon to improving air quality for manned space missions, attendees revealed unique ways to apply sensing technology to improve our understanding of Earth and human health -- and a number of these applications employed Waggle.
16-Feb-2017 Protein structure solved from smallest crystals yet
An international team of scientists used an X-ray laser at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory to determine the structure of an insect virus's crystalline protein 'cocoon.'
10-Feb-2017 Exploring mysteries on the surface
Ames Laboratory scientists Pat Thiel and Michael Tringides are explorers, discovering the unique properties of two-dimensional (2-D) materials and metals grown on graphene, graphite, and other carbon coated surfaces.
6-Feb-2017 Fermilab achieves milestone beam power for neutrino experiments
The US Department of Energy's Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory has achieved a significant milestone for proton beam power. On Jan. 24, the laboratory's flagship particle accelerator delivered a 700-kilowatt proton beam over one hour at an energy of 120 billion electronvolts.
3-Feb-2017 Hour of Code sends 45 Argonne, Fermilab and UChicago computer scientists to schools
Argonne's Educational Programs Department coordinated an effort to send computer scientists from Argonne and Fermilab National Laboratory and computer science students from the University of Chicago into schools in the greater Chicago area last December for Hour of Code, a global movement that aims to get everyone, kids to adults, to try computer coding for an hour.
1-Feb-2017 Simulations reveal the invisible chaos of superluminous supernovae
To better understand the physical conditions that create superluminious supernova, astrophysicists are running 2-D simulations of these events using supercomputers at the Department of Energy's National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center and the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) developed CASTRO code.
31-Jan-2017 Taking down a giant: 699 tons of SLAC's accelerator removed for upgrade
For the first time in more than 50 years, a door that is opened at the western end of the historic linear accelerator at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory casts light on four empty walls stretching as far as the eye can see. This end of the linac -- a full kilometer of it -- has been stripped of all its equipment both above and below ground.
27-Jan-2017 Art Rosenfeld, California's godfather of energy efficiency, dies at 90
Art Rosenfeld, a Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Distinguished Scientist Emeritus who is also known as California's 'godfather' of energy efficiency and who has been credited with being personally responsible for billions of dollars in energy savings, died Friday at his home in Berkeley, California. He was 90.
24-Jan-2017 The contradictory catalyst
One reason we can't bottle summer sunshine and save the solar energy for rainy days is that we don't have an efficient way to store it. Nature stores energy in chemical bonds, like when plants photosynthesize our food. Researchers are trying to design catalysts based on inexpensive metals to store energy like nature does.
17-Jan-2017 Race for a better fuel begins with NREL researchers
Watching cars zoom around and around an oval track isn't Jesse Hensley's idea of a good time. Making them run on biofuel would be. On the Colorado campus of the Energy Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), where the posted speed limit is 20 mph, Hensley and his team have been racing toward a future where high-octane biofuel could push automobile performance further.
13-Jan-2017 Study of microbes reveals new insight about Earth's geology and carbon cycles
Tiny microbes play a big role in cycling carbon and other key elements through our air, water, soil and sediment. Researchers who study these processes at Argonne National Laboratory have discovered that these microbial communities are significantly affected by the types of carbon 'food' sources available. Their findings reveal that the type of carbon source affects not only the composition and activity of natural microbial communities, but also in turn the types of mineral products that form in their environment.
12-Jan-2017 Fast track control accelerates switching of quantum bits
An international collaboration among physicists at the University of Chicago, Argonne National Laboratory, McGill University and the University of Konstanz recently demonstrated a new framework for faster control of a quantum bit -- the basic unit of information in yet-to-be created quantum computers -- in findings published online Nov. 28 in Nature Physics. Their experiments on a single electron in a diamond chip could create quantum devices less prone to errors when operated at high speeds.
11-Jan-2017 Sketching out magnetism with electricity
In a proof-of-concept study published in Nature Physics, researchers drew magnetic squares in a nonmagnetic material with an electrified pen and then 'read' this magnetic doodle with X-rays.
The Department of Energy's Office of Science is the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States and is working to address some of the most pressing challenges of our time.