Just one year after the Department of Energy's Exascale Computing Program began funding projects to prepare scientific applications for exascale supercomputers, the Pagoda Project -- led by Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory -- has successfully reached a major milestone: making its open source software libraries publicly available as of Sept. 30, 2017.
Scientific Diplomacy: Three Berkeley Lab scientists are collaborating with two Techwomen -- Patu Ndango from Cameroon and Rim Abid from Tunisia -- on quality control methods for constrained environments.
By the time Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) scientists Barry Freifeld and Curt Oldenburg visited the Aliso Canyon natural gas storage facility in December 2015, the SS-25 well blowout had been leaking natural gas into the air for more than six weeks. The notoriously strong winds at Aliso Canyon carried the natural gas and its added odorant to the nearby Porter Ranch neighborhood, leading to thousands of families evacuating their homes.
19-Sep-2017 A TOAST for next generation CMB experiments
Computational cosmologists at Berkeley Lab they recently achieved a critical milestone in preparation for upcoming CMB experiments: scaling their data simulation and reduction framework TOAST to run on all 658,784 Intel Knights Landing Xeon Phi processor cores on the NERSC's Cori. The team also implemented a new module to simulate the noise introduced when ground-based telescopes look at the CMB through the atmosphere.
Berkeley Lab researchers have developed a new method of analyzing the molecular-scale structure of organo-lead halide perovskites, a promising class of materials that could energize the solar cell industry. They combined advanced X-ray spectroscopy measurements with calculations based on fundamental, 'first principles' theory to obtain an atomic-scale view of the material.
18-Jul-2017 Report: Compact, precise beam could aid in nuclear security
A Berkeley Lab-led report highlights a new, compact technique for producing beams with precisely controlled energy and direction that could 'see' through thick steel and concrete to more easily detect and identify concealed or smuggled nuclear materials for national security and other applications.
5-Jul-2017 Will brain-inspired chips make a dent in science's big data problems?
Although neuromorphic computing is still in its infancy, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) researchers hope that these tiny, low-power, brain-inspired computing systems could one day help alleviate some of science's big data challenges. With funding from the Laboratory Directed Research and Development (LDRD) program, two groups of researchers are exploring how science might benefit from this new technology.
19-May-2017 A fresh math perspective opens new possibilities for computational chemistry
A new mathematical "shortcut" developed by Berkeley Lab researchers is speeding up molecular absorption calculations by a factor of five, so simulations that used to take 10 to 15 hours to compute can now be done in approximately 2.5 hours. These algorithms will be incorporated in an upcoming release of the widely used NWChem computational chemistry software suite later this year.
21-Mar-2017 Berkeley Lab researchers make NWChem's Planewave 'purr' on Intel's KNL architectures
Berkeley Lab researchers have successfully added thread-level parallelism on top of MPI-level parallelism in the planewave density functional theory method within the popular software suite NWChem. An important step to ensuring that computational chemists are prepared to compute efficiently on next-generation exascale machines.
28-Feb-2017 The heat is on
NASA is developing a new family of flexible heat-shield systems with a woven carbon-fiber base material, and is using X-rays at Berkeley Lab's Advanced Light Source to test the designs.
21-Feb-2017 When rocket science meets X-ray science
NASA and Berkeley Lab researchers have teamed up to explore next-generation spacecraft materials at the microscale using an X-ray technique that produces 3-D images. This work could help ensure future spacecraft survive the rigors of otherworldly atmospheres.
1-Feb-2017 Simulations reveal the invisible chaos of superluminous supernovae
To better understand the physical conditions that create superluminious supernova, astrophysicists are running 2-D simulations of these events using supercomputers at the Department of Energy's National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center and the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) developed CASTRO code.
27-Jan-2017 Art Rosenfeld, California's godfather of energy efficiency, dies at 90
Art Rosenfeld, a Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory Distinguished Scientist Emeritus who is also known as California's 'godfather' of energy efficiency and who has been credited with being personally responsible for billions of dollars in energy savings, died Friday at his home in Berkeley, California. He was 90.
21-Dec-2016 Filling in the nuclear data gaps
Berkeley Lab's Nuclear Data Group is conducting new experiments to address common data needs in nuclear medicine, nuclear energy and fusion R&D, security, and counterproliferation work.
19-Oct-2016 Underground science: Berkeley Lab digs deep for clean energy solutions
About a mile beneath the Earth's surface in an old gold mine, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) scientists have built an observatory to study how rocks fracture. The knowledge they gain could ultimately help reduce greenhouse gas emissions and accelerate deployment of clean energy technologies.
12-Oct-2016 Planetarium show brings 'phantom' matter to life
A new planetarium show is designed to immerse audiences in the search for dark matter, which we have so far detected only through its gravitational effects though it makes up most of the mass of the universe.
19-May-2016 Berkeley Lab's OpenMSI licensed to ImaBiotech
Two years ago, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) researchers developed OpenMSI--the most advanced computational tool for analyzing and visualizing mass spectrometry imaging (MSI) data. Last year, this web-available tool was selected as one of the 100 most technologically significant new products of the year by R&D Magazine. Now, OpenMSI has been licensed to support ImaBiotech's Multimaging™ technology in the field of pharmaceutical and cosmetic research and development.
2-May-2016 Could aluminum nitride be engineered to produce quantum bits?
The leading method for creating quantum bits, or qubits, currently involves exploiting the structural defects in diamonds. But using NERSC resources, University of Chicago researchers found that the same defect could be engineered in cheaper aluminum nitride. If confirmed by experiments, this could significantly reduce the cost of manufacturing quantum technologies.
22-Feb-2016 Updated workflows for new LHC era
After a massive upgrade, the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) is smashing particles at an unprecedented 13 teraelectronvolts (TeV) -- nearly double the energy of its previous run. In just one second, the LHC can now produce up to 1 billion collisions and generate up to 10 gigabytes of data.
To deal with the new data deluge, researchers working on the LHC's ATLAS experiment are relying on updated workflow management tools developed primarily by Berkeley Lab researchers.
The Department of Energy's Office of Science is the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States and is working to address some of the most pressing challenges of our time.