11-Jan-2017 Sketching out magnetism with electricity
In a proof-of-concept study published in Nature Physics, researchers drew magnetic squares in a nonmagnetic material with an electrified pen and then 'read' this magnetic doodle with X-rays.
11-Jan-2017 Brookhaven National Laboratory's top-10 science successes of 2016
From advances in accelerators and experiments exploring the building blocks of matter and making medical isotopes to new revelations about superconductors, nanomaterials, and biofuels, 2016 was a year of accomplishment at the US Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory. Here are our Top-10 highlights.
9-Jan-2017 Anything to declare?
Scientists at Fermilab and CERN considered several options to transport fragile components of the CMS detector to Geneva. Their answer? Buy seats for the components on commercial airline flights.
9-Jan-2017 CERN ramps up neutrino program
CERN is accelerating its neutrino program by participating for the first time in an experiment (the Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment, hosted by Fermilab) not based at CERN itself.
6-Jan-2017 New director named to lead US Department of Energy's Jefferson Lab
Jefferson Science Associates, LLC today announced that Stuart Henderson will become the new Director of the US Department of Energy's Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility in Newport News, Virginia. Currently serving as the Director of the Advanced Photon Source Upgrade Project at DOE's Argonne National Laboratory, Henderson will assume his responsibilities at Jefferson Lab on April 3.
4-Jan-2017 SLAC study: Light can switch on topological materials
Theoretical physicists at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory used computer simulations to show how special light pulses could create robust channels where electricity flows without resistance in an atomically thin semiconductor.
3-Jan-2017 Ceramic matrix composites take flight in LEAP jet engine
Ceramic matrix composite (CMC) materials are tough, lightweight and capable of withstanding temperatures 300-400 degrees F hotter than metal alloys can endure. A quarter-century ago, the US Department of Energy began a program, led by DOE's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, to support US development of CMC materials. This year, LEAP, a new aircraft engine, became the first widely deployed CMC-containing product. CFM International, a 50/50 joint venture of Safran and GE, manufactures LEAP.
22-Dec-2016 For critical marine low clouds, a research and observation plan
Marine low clouds hover in the lowest couple of kilometers above the world's oceans. They produce little but drizzle, and could never match their deeper mid-continent cousin clouds for dramatic weather and severe storms. But marine low clouds are vastly important to the world's climate and energy balance.
21-Dec-2016 Filling in the nuclear data gaps
Berkeley Lab's Nuclear Data Group is conducting new experiments to address common data needs in nuclear medicine, nuclear energy and fusion R&D, security, and counterproliferation work.
21-Dec-2016 Honey, I shrunk the circuit
Sandia National Laboratories researchers have shown it's possible to make transistors and diodes from advanced semiconductor materials that could perform much better than silicon, the workhorse of the modern electronics world.
Scientists have witnessed the birth of atmospheric ice clouds, creating ice cloud crystals in the laboratory and then taking images of the process through a microscope, essentially documenting the very first steps of cloud formation. The team took time-lapse movies of the first few seconds when a particle attracts water vapor, forming ice crystals that become the core of icy cirrus clouds - the high, wispy clouds that act much like a blanket for our planet.
15-Dec-2016 American Vacuum Society honors Sandia technologist
The American Vacuum Society has recognized Sandia National Laboratories technologist Michael F. Lopez with its Thin Film Division Distinguished Technologist Award for his exceptional technical support of thin film research and development.
15-Dec-2016 Data storage upgrades future-proof ARM field sites -- for now
Throughout 2016, Cory Stuart, ARM's Site Data System (SDS) and Cyber Security Manager, and his team at Argonne National Laboratory have been methodically visiting all ARM sites to upgrade the data systems, especially storage capacity.
30-Nov-2016 Q&A: Simon Bare catalyzes new chemistry effort at SLAC
Simon Bare, who joined the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory in April, spent 30 years as an industrial chemist investigating how catalysts work. Now, as co-director of the Chemistry and Catalysis Division at the lab's Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource (SSRL), his goal is to build on research strengths at SLAC and Stanford University to create a West Coast center for catalyst research and define new research directions.
28-Nov-2016 'Brighter than a billion suns': SLAC studies featured in TEDx Talk
Phil Manning and his colleagues have used synchrotron light for nearly a decade to help interpret the chemical signatures locked within fossilized life. Bright X-rays have allowed them to study fossilized worm burrows, recreate pigment patterns in ancient bird feathers, see how Jurassic dinosaur bones heal and image the living chemistry of 50-million year old plant fossils.
15-Nov-2016 After the Nobel Prize, what do you do for an encore?
Brownian motion makes it difficult for scientists to examine single protein molecules. W.E. Moerner, who had previously won the Nobel prize in chemistry, started tackling this issue in 2004. He and his team developed the ABEL Trap, which allows researchers to corral single molecules for study. Since then, scientists have used the trap to study proteins involved in photosynthesis and other major biological systems.
14-Nov-2016 The search for dark matter
Researchers have been attempting to measure dark matter for more than three decades, but have yet to detect a dark matter particle. Through experiments both deep underground like LUX and LUX-ZEPLIN and in space like the AMS, researchers are narrowing the field of search.
The Department of Energy's Office of Science is the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States and is working to address some of the most pressing challenges of our time.