7-May-2008 Dark Energy's 10th Anniversary, Part III
The third in a three-part history celebrating the 10th anniversary of the discovery of dark energy, recounting the Supernova Cosmology Project's pioneering efforts to overcome skepticism and prove that indeed it was possible to measure the expansion rate of the universe by using Type Ia supernovae as standard candles. The unexpected results stunned astronomers and physicists alike.
7-May-2008 Dark Energy's 10th Anniversary, Part II
The second in a three-part history celebrating the 10th anniversary of the discovery of dark energy, recounting the Supernova Cosmology Project's pioneering efforts to overcome skepticism and prove that indeed it was
7-May-2008 Dark Energy's 10th Anniversary, Part I
Celebrating the 10th anniversary of the discovery of dark energy, this three-part history recounts the Supernova Cosmology Project's pioneering efforts to overcome skepticism and prove that indeed it was possible to measure the expansion rate of the universe by using Type Ia supernovae as standard candles. The unexpected results stunned astronomers and physicists alike.
2-May-2008 'Skinny' pions sail through nucleus
A recent Jefferson Lab experiment may have demonstrated the onset of color transparency for pions, a necessary ingredient for interpreting related experimental results in nuclear and particle physics. The experiment was performed in Jefferson Lab's Experimental Hall C.
25-Apr-2008 DOE and DOD launch ENERGY STAR Operation Change Out
US Secretary of Energy Samuel W. Bodman on Earth Day launched a joint Department of Energy and Defense campaign to challenge military bases nationwide to change their incandescent light bulbs to energy efficient compact fluorescent light bulbs in on-base housing. The ENERGY STAR campaign, called Operation Change Out, will help bases across the country increase energy efficiency, save money and reduce carbon dioxide emissions.
3-Apr-2008 DOE technology monitors CO2 injection in Australian gas field
Australia has launched the first carbon sequestration project in the southern hemisphere with the help of technology developed by researchers at the US Department of Energy. The Otway Basin Pilot Project will inject and monitor carbon dioxide in a depleted gas field in southeastern Australia to demonstrate the feasibility of storing the greenhouse gas in the Waarre Formation of the Otway Basin, and similar formations worldwide, to fight global climate change.
28-Mar-2008 US Department of Energy to provide up to $2.4M to advance solar energy in 12 US cities
US Department of Energy Secretary Samuel W. Bodman today announced that DOE will make available up to $2.4 million to 12 cities across the country selected as Solar America Cities, chosen for their commitment and comprehensive approach to the deployment of solar technologies and the development of sustainable solar infrastructures. These projects further President Bush's Solar America Initiative, which aims to make electricity from solar photovoltaics cost-competitive with conventional electricity by 2015.
29-Feb-2008 US Department of Energy welcomes the UK as 21st member of the Global Nuclear Energy Partnership
The US Department of Energy today welcomed the United Kingdom as the Global Nuclear Energy Partnership's twenty-first partner. GNEP, a voluntary international partnership, aims to safely and securely expand nuclear power worldwide while responsibly managing nuclear waste and reducing proliferation risks. US Energy Secretary Samuel Bodman met with UK Secretary of State for Business, Enterprise and Regulatory Reform, Rt. Hon. John Hutton prior to the UK signing the GNEP Statement of Principles in Washington, DC.
31-Jan-2008 Spin in the neutron
Physicists were in a whirl after measurements in the '80s revealed that the spins of the individual building blocks of the proton don't add up to the proton's actual spin. The so-called "proton spin crisis" spurred efforts to pin down where protons -- and neutrons -- get their spin. Pioneering measurements in Jefferson Lab's Hall A have opened the door for measuring some suspected sources of the neutron's spin.
27-Dec-2007 How cagey electrons keep hydrated
Water, despite its essential role in nature, remains a deeply mysterious substance. A long list of water's unusual properties tantalizes researchers even today, and scientists at the Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Laboratory and around the world are using X-rays to help address these questions. Working with SSRL scientist Anders Nilsson, researcher Dennis Nordlund and colleagues are turning up new clues, and their latest results are published in a recent issue of Physical Review Letters.
27-Dec-2007 PNNL's Richard Smith named to prestigious Scientific American 50 list of outstanding leaders
Richard D. Smith, a Battelle Fellow at the Department of Energy's Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, has been named one of 50 outstanding leaders in the 2007 Scientific American 50 -- an annual list of 50 key contributors in science and technology. Smith shared the honor for creating a new approach to neurological diagnostics with Desmond Smith of UCLA's David Geffen School of Medicine.
27-Dec-2007 DOE to invest more than $5M for concentrating solar power
US Department of Energy Assistant Secretary for Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Alexander Karsner today announced DOE will invest $5.2 million in funding to support the development of low-cost Concentrating Solar Power.
16-Oct-2007 Energy savings deeply rooted at Jefferson Lab
When it comes to energy savings, Jefferson Lab has given a new meaning to dirt cheap. The lab uses a geothermal well system to control heating and cooling on two floors of one wing of its main administrative building. The wing, known as the F Wing, is a three-story, 61,000-square-foot addition that was constructed in 2005.
14-Aug-2007 Using generalized particle distributions: Research collaboration seeks 3-D image of the proton
A computed tomography -- CT -- scan can help physicians pinpoint minute cancer tumors, diagnose tiny broken bones and spot the early signs of osteoporosis. Now physicists are using the principles behind the procedure to peer at the inner workings of the proton. In a recent experiment, members of Jefferson Lab's Deeply Virtual Compton Scattering collaboration found that it will be possible to construct three-dimensional images of the building blocks of the proton.
14-Aug-2007 Studying the universe through pions
Pions are some of matter's simplest particles. They're built from the same building blocks as protons and neutrons -- quarks. The pion is the simplest particle built of quarks. The quarks are "glued" together by the strong force -- a fundamental force of nature that also binds quarks to form protons and neutrons. Studying the simple pion and its properties can reveal information about matter in the universe, where it came from and how it's held together.
31-Jul-2007 Reaching new heights in accelerator technology
The International Linear Collider is designed to collide high-energy electrons with high-energy positrons (electrons' antimatter counterparts). Once built, the ILC will serve as a powerful tool for scientists to address many of the most compelling questions of the 21st century -- regarding the fundamental nature of matter, energy, space and time, dark matter, dark energy and extra dimensions.
The Department of Energy's Office of Science is the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States and is working to address some of the most pressing challenges of our time.