26-Jan-2011 Neutrons 'go viral' at ORNL
A research team from ORNL and North Carolina State University is using small angle neutron scattering to study how viruses change their structure when they move between different host species. Understanding how a virus reorganizes itself when it goes from a mosquito to a human is critical for the development of medicines that can block the spread of viruses.
10-Dec-2010 Berkeley Lab scientist walks the walk -- produces more electricity than he consumes
Energy management engineer Steve Greenberg bikes three miles uphill to work every day, rain or shine. He refuses to use a desktop computer, insisting on a less energy-intensive laptop. And to avoid using paper towels each time he visits the bathroom, he keeps a hand towel in his office. Those are only a few of the things he does to reduce his carbon footprint—and that's just at work.
6-Dec-2010 Argonne to hold annual Introduce a Girl to Engineering Day
Girls in sixth through eighth grades are invited to learn all about science and engineering during the annual Introduce a Girl to Engineering Day on Thursday, Feb. 24, 2011, at the US Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory.
29-Nov-2010 Jaguar pounces on child predators
To accelerate the acquisition of information needed to arrest child predators, law enforcement officers have teamed with data analytics experts at Oak Ridge National Laboratory for a project that will use Jaguar, one of the world's fastest supercomputers, to speedily analyze the activities on file-sharing networks that pinpoint porn producers.
19-Nov-2010 Supercomputers assist cleanup of decades-old nuclear waste
A research team led by Peter C. Lichtner of Los Alamos National Laboratory is using the Oak Ridge Leadership Computing Facility's Jaguar supercomputer, located at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, to build a 3-D model of an underground uranium waste plume at the Hanford Site's 300 Area. A better understanding of the underground migration properties of uranium, which has infiltrated the Columbia River, may aid stakeholders in weighing options for contaminant remediation.
13-Oct-2010 Creating order from chaos at the LCLS
In the world of physics, where everything tends toward disorder, researchers working on the Linac Coherent Light Source are seeking perfect order. Many experiments at the pioneering machine will require each molecule in a puff of gas to align with all of the others, creating a uniform field of molecules on which tests can be conducted.
21-Sep-2010 As Auto X reaches the finish line, a new race begins
After two years of intense competition, the winners of the Automotive X Prize were announced during a ceremony at the Historical Society of Washington, D.C. on Sept. 16, 2010. Deputy Secretary Daniel Poneman spoke at the ceremony, praising the competition as an example of "the power of innovation and ingenuity to achieve transformative breakthroughs."
1-Sep-2010 Supercomputing brings the climate picture into focus
Recent advances in supercomputing have brightened the future of climate modeling, but they also bring to light complicated questions about the fundamental workings of our planet and our atmosphere.
5-Aug-2010 Magic secrets
Each year hundreds of visiting scientists conduct research at ORNL's Holifield Radioactive Ion Beam Facility to create and analyze isotopes. These studies give researchers a unique glimpse into the inner workings of atomic nuclei.
13-Jul-2010 Ethanol-fueled racecar engines outpower lead-fueled engines
A group of automotive researchers from the US Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory and industry have shown that a fuel-injected racing car engine fueled by E-85, an ethanol-based fuel, outperforms the same engine with a carburetor and leaded racing fuel.
17-May-2010 NETL's green projects promise energy efficiency all year round
Forty years after the first Earth Day, it is almost second nature to toss a can or plastic bottle into the recycling bin, but being green is about much more than reusing materials. Just as individuals make a personal decision to "reduce, reuse, and recycle," businesses, industry, and other organizations are making the same commitment to being green.
6-May-2010 A robot called WANDA
Berkeley Lab scientists have established a revolutionary nanocrystal-making robot, capable of producing nanocrystals with staggering precision. This one-of-a-kind robot, named WANDA, provides colloidal nanocrystals with custom-made properties for electronics, biological labeling and luminescent devices. Since this robot is controlled by software protocols, novice users can direct WANDA to perform complex workflows that traditionally require extensive chemistry experience.
22-Apr-2010 NREL finds a way to give LEDs the green light
Light bulbs that last 100 years and fill rooms with brilliant ambiance may become a reality sooner rather than later, thanks to a National Renewable Energy Laboratory discovery.
31-Mar-2010 Time's rising tide may swamp Delta marshes
While marshes in the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta area are currently keeping pace with rising sea levels, they may not be sustainable under future sea-level increases.
6-Jan-2010 Argonne advanced battery research driving to displace gasoline
In excess of seven million barrels of gasoline are consumed by vehicles in the United States every day. As scientists race to find environmentally sound solutions to fuel the world's ever-growing transportation needs, battery researchers are exploring the promise of lithium-air battery technology.
10-Dec-2009 Probing life's extremes in Yellowstone
Frank Roberto trawls Yellowstone's thermal pools for viruses and microbes. On a recent trip to the park, he hunted for bacteria that could aid in the production of biofuels and bioplastics.
10-Nov-2009 An electron zap turns flimsy plastic into sturdy shrink wrap
If you buy a Butterball turkey this Thanksgiving, you have particle accelerators to thank for its freshness. For decades now the food industry has used particle accelerators to produce the sturdy, heat-shrinkable film that Butterballs come wrapped in.
6-Oct-2009 Conference tackles interstate transmission
The US electricity grid is strained to its limit, and the nation's windiest and sunniest places are rarely near cities that generate high demand. Finding ways to string new power lines across several states is a challenge for even the most creative regulators and energy analysts determined to increase America's use of renewable energy.
The Department of Energy's Office of Science is the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States and is working to address some of the most pressing challenges of our time.