Scientists have witnessed the birth of atmospheric ice clouds, creating ice cloud crystals in the laboratory and then taking images of the process through a microscope, essentially documenting the very first steps of cloud formation. The team took time-lapse movies of the first few seconds when a particle attracts water vapor, forming ice crystals that become the core of icy cirrus clouds - the high, wispy clouds that act much like a blanket for our planet.
15-Dec-2016 Data storage upgrades future-proof ARM field sites -- for now
Throughout 2016, Cory Stuart, ARM's Site Data System (SDS) and Cyber Security Manager, and his team at Argonne National Laboratory have been methodically visiting all ARM sites to upgrade the data systems, especially storage capacity.
11-Nov-2016 Nanotechnology manager elected president of Materials Research Society
Senior manager Sean Hearne, who leads the Center of Integrated Nanotechnology (CINT) for Sandia National Laboratories, has been elected president of the Materials Research Society. MRS is an international organization that promotes interdisciplinary materials research with 15,000 members from academia, industry and national labs.
3-Nov-2016 SLAC, Berkeley Lab researchers prepare for scientific computing on the exascale
Researchers at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory are playing key roles in two recently funded computing projects with the goal of developing cutting-edge scientific applications for future exascale supercomputers that can perform at least a billion billion computing operations per second -- 50 to 100 times more than the most powerful supercomputers in the world today.
3-Nov-2016 Peering into batteries: X-rays reveal lithium-ion's mysteries
Scientists are using x-rays from the national laboratories' advanced light sources to study the movement and structure of lithium-ion batteries in real time, as the batteries function. This technique led to the development of the cathode used in the Chevrolet Volt and is now being used to further improve our understanding of batteries.
28-Oct-2016 New technique reveals powerful, 'patchy' approach to nanoparticle synthesis
Patches of chain-like molecules placed across nanoscale particles can radically transform the optical, electronic, and magnetic properties of particle-based materials. Now, scientists have used cutting-edge electron tomography techniques -- a process of 3-D reconstructive imaging -- to pinpoint the structure and composition of the polymer nano-patches.
8-Sep-2016 PPPL intern creates software for snapshot of plasma in NSTX-U
Max Wallace, a an intern at the US Department of Energy's Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory this summer, is a former Silicon Valley programmer who spent his summer developing a computer program that can give scientists a quick snapshot of individual plasma experiments or 'shots' in PPPL's $94 million National Spherical Torus Experiment-Upgrade (NSTX-U).
1-Sep-2016 Blowing bubbles to catch carbon dioxide
Sandia and UNM researchers developed a bio-inspired bubble-like membrane to capture CO2 from coal-fired power plants efficiently. The CO2 Memzyme could capture CO2 equivalent to planting 63 million trees and letting them grow for 10 years from just one power plant.
30-Aug-2016 Sandia experts, students explore mechanical challenges at summer institute
Nearly 40 students ranging from local high school youths to international postdoctoral fellows gathered this summer at Sandia National Laboratories' Nonlinear Mechanics and Dynamics (NOMAD) Summer Research Institute to study two steel bars bolted together. This deceptively simple system behaves in odd -- nonlinear -- ways, which has important implications for bridges, cars, even airplanes.
29-Aug-2016 Poof! The weird case of the X-ray that came out blank
Imagine getting a medical X-ray that comes out blank -- as if your bones had vanished. That's what happened when scientists cranked up the intensity of the world's first X-ray laser, at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, to get a better look at a sample they were studying: The X-rays seemed to go right through it as if it were not there.
23-Aug-2016 Neutrino experiments utilize ORNL experts, equipment to explore the unknown
This year the field of neutrino physics is full of enthusiasm as three significant experiments with different goals gear up to advance our understanding of neutrino physics. All three experiments benefit from expertise and facilities at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory.
18-Aug-2016 Looking from space for nuclear detonations
Sandia National Laboratories, which has been in the business of nuclear detonation detection for more than 50 years, is working on the next generation system.
5-Aug-2016 Researchers combine simulation, experiment for nanoscale 3-D printing
A research team led by Oak Ridge National Laboratory has created a high-power simulation and design process to print free-standing 3-D structures on the nanoscale using focused electron beam induced deposition. The simulation-guided nanomanufacturing method allows researchers to design and construct complex high-fidelity nanostructures with less guesswork.
29-Jul-2016 Stanford, SLAC play key role in new DOE battery consortium
A newly formed Battery500 consortium, including researchers from Stanford University and the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, will receive up to $10 million each year for the next five years to develop a new battery technology that could make electric vehicles go two to three times farther and make them less expensive.
The Department of Energy's Office of Science is the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States and is working to address some of the most pressing challenges of our time.