A new book by Sandia National Laboratories researchers describes shock physics research at Sandia from its early history to today. Speeding bullets practically stand still compared to impact velocities achieved in shock physics studies.
Argonne researchers have found a new way to produce solar fuels by developing 'synthetic purple membranes.' These membranes involve an assembly of lipid nanodiscs, man-made proteins, and semiconducting nanoparticles that, when taken together, can transform sunlight into hydrogen fuel.
Nuclear physicists at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory and their partners are using America's most powerful supercomputers to characterize the behavior of objects, from subatomic neutrons to neutron stars, that differ dramatically in size yet are closely connected by physics. Through the DOE Office of Science's Scientific Discovery through Advanced Computing program, which concurrently advances science and supercomputing to accelerate discovery, ORNL is participating in two five-year computational nuclear physics projects.
A staff member at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Acceleratory Laboratory, Matthew Latimer is in charge of seven spectroscopy beamlines at SSRL. He was recently selected for the 2017 Farrel W. Lytle Award, established by the SSRL Users' Organization Executive Committee. The award promotes accomplishments in synchrotron science and supports collaboration among visiting scientists and staff who conduct research at SSRL.
Scientists from the Stanford PULSE Institute at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory have found a potential new way to make attosecond laser pulses using ordinary glass - in this case, the cover slip from a microscope slide.
Kasper Kjaer is the winner of the inaugural LCLS Young Investigator Award given by the Users Executive Committee of the Linac Coherent Light Source (LCLS). The prize recognizes scientists in the early stages of their career for exceptional research performed with the LCLS X-ray free-electron laser at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory.
Using X-ray techniques, scientists are developing an analysis tool that can more accurately predict how sulfur compounds in a batch of crude oil might corrode equipment- an important safety issue for the oil industry.
19-Sep-2017 A TOAST for next generation CMB experiments
Computational cosmologists at Berkeley Lab they recently achieved a critical milestone in preparation for upcoming CMB experiments: scaling their data simulation and reduction framework TOAST to run on all 658,784 Intel Knights Landing Xeon Phi processor cores on the NERSC's Cori. The team also implemented a new module to simulate the noise introduced when ground-based telescopes look at the CMB through the atmosphere.
11-Sep-2017 Hewlett Packard's Suhas Kumar wins 2017 Klein Award
Suhas Kumar, a postdoctoral researcher at Hewlett Packard Enterprise (HPE), wants to develop next-generation information storage devices and better computers. His particular interest is a new type of electronic device, called a memristor, that could make future computer memories faster, more durable and more energy efficient than today's flash memory. Now, his work has been recognized with the 2017 Melvin P. Klein Scientific Development Award of the Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource (SSRL) at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory.
7-Sep-2017 Students Discuss 'Cosmic Opportunities' at 45th Annual SLAC Summer Institute
When the moon threw its shadow on the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory during the Aug. 21 partial solar eclipse, it created the perfect backdrop for the 45th annual SLAC Summer Institute (SSI). This year, the program was all about the fascinating universe. The two-week summer institute attracted an international crowd of 123 participants, mostly graduate students and postdoctoral researchers, who discussed 'cosmic opportunities' in particle physics and astrophysics research with world-renowned experts in the field.
Graphene's remarkable electronic properties have surprised scientists for years. But electrons move through it too easily to use it in everyday electronics. Scientists are researching a variety of ways to direct its electron traffic: creating nanoribbons of it, stretching it, using it with boron nitride, and even making 'artificial atoms' in it.
Berkeley Lab researchers have developed a new method of analyzing the molecular-scale structure of organo-lead halide perovskites, a promising class of materials that could energize the solar cell industry. They combined advanced X-ray spectroscopy measurements with calculations based on fundamental, 'first principles' theory to obtain an atomic-scale view of the material.
The American Physical Society has recognized Blair Ratcliff, an emeritus physicist at SLAC and Stanford University, with the 2017 Division of Particles and Fields Instrumentation Award 'for the development of novel detectors exploiting Cherenkov radiation' -- an advance that greatly enhanced BABAR's capabilities and influenced the design of other experiments.
An experiment called ALICE at the Large Hadron Collider is dedicated to the study of heavy-ion collisions. ALICE stands for 'A Large Ion Collider Experiment.' Its aim is spotting the high-energy, elementary particles, like electrons and gamma rays, streaming from the quark-gluon plasma, to explore the physics of the early universe. Oak Ridge National Laboratory physicist Thomas M. Cormier provides an update on the experiment.
An advanced particle accelerator designed at the US Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory could reduce the cost and increase the versatility of facilities for physics research and cancer treatment.
Scientists at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory recently upgraded a powerful optical laser system used to create shockwaves that generate high-pressure conditions like those found within planetary interiors. The laser system now delivers three times more energy for experiments with SLAC's ultrabright X-ray laser, providing a more powerful tool for probing extreme states of matter in our universe.
Three scientists at the US Department of Energy's (DOE) Brookhaven National Laboratory have been selected by DOE's Office of Science to receive significant research funding through its Early Career Research Program.
Three scientists at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory will receive DOE Early Career Research Program grants for research to find evidence of cosmic inflation, understand how plasmas excite particles to high energies and develop a way to accelerate particles in much shorter distances with terahertz radiation.
The Department of Energy's Office of Science is the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States and is working to address some of the most pressing challenges of our time.