10-Nov-2015 Atoms to engines
The Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, FCA US LLC, and the foundry giant, Nemak of Mexico, are combining their strengths to create lightweight powertrain materials that will help the auto industry speed past the technological roadblocks to its target of 54.5 miles per gallon by 2025.
3-Nov-2015 A record-setting way to make transparent conductors: Spread them like butter on toast
Scientists from Stanford University and the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory have shown they can make flexible, transparent electrical conductors with record-high performance for use in solar cells, displays and other devices by spreading polymers on a clear surface with a tiny blade, like a knife spreading butter on toast.
2-Nov-2015 First neutrino sightings by MicroBooNE
The recently commissioned MicroBooNE experiment at Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory has reached a major milestone: It detected its first neutrinos on Oct. 15, marking the beginning of detailed studies of these fundamental particles whose properties could be linked to dark matter, matter's dominance over antimatter in the universe and the evolution of the entire cosmos since the Big Bang.
2-Nov-2015 Cold electronics help scientists spot elusive 'ghost' particles
Nestled inside the massive MicroBooNE detector, part of a new neutrino experiment just getting underway at the US Department of Energy's (DOE) Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory, lie 50 circuit boards packed with custom-built microelectronics. These circuits were designed by engineers at DOE's Brookhaven National Laboratory to operate while immersed in liquid argon, a cryogenic liquid that boils at a biting -186 degrees Celsius or -303 degrees Fahrenheit.
2-Nov-2015 A neutrino in a haystack
To uncover the secrets of neutrinos, scientists build massive detectors to help them spot these elusive particles. The latest, dubbed MicroBooNE, recently spotted its first accelerator-born neutrino event candidates at Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory. Scientists from nearly 30 institutions, including the US Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory, collaborate on this experiment.
29-Oct-2015 Scientists get first glimpse of conductivity that could break size barriers for memory
Scientists from Stanford University and the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory have made the first direct images showing that electrical currents can flow along the boundaries between tiny magnetic regions of a material that normally doesn't conduct electricity. The results could have major implications for magnetic memory storage.
26-Oct-2015 Nanoscale, multidimensional artificial magnet created
Scientists from Los Alamos National Laboratory, in collaboration with a group at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory's Advanced Light Source and with other researchers nationwide, have realized a nanoscale, artificial magnet by arranging an array of magnetic nano-islands along a geometry that is not found in natural magnets. Their paper 'Emergent reduced dimensionality by vertex frustration in artificial spin ice' appears on the journal Nature Physics' website today.
22-Oct-2015 Stanford and SLAC celebrate Arthur Bienenstock
Arthur 'Artie' Bienenstock, professor emeritus at Stanford University and the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, was honored with an all-day symposium in recognition of his outstanding contributions to science, academia, graduate student education and US science policy.
16-Oct-2015 Jonathan Dorfan and David Hitlin receive 2016 Panofsky Prize
The American Physical Society has honored two key figures of the BABAR particle physics experiment at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory with the 2016 W.K.H. Panofsky Prize in Experimental Particle Physics: SLAC Director Emeritus Jonathan Dorfan and California Institute of Technology Professor David Hitlin. They share the award with Stephen Olsen and Fumihiko Takasaki, two lead researchers of the Belle experiment in Japan.
13-Oct-2015 Ming Yi awarded L'Oréal USA For Women in Science Fellowship
Former Stanford University graduate student Ming Yi has been awarded the $60,000 L'Oréal USA For Women in Science Fellowship, which is given to five US-based women each year as part of an effort to raise awareness of women's contributions to science and identify exceptional female researchers to serve as role models.
8-Oct-2015 Los Alamos-led consortium works to enhance fuel cell technology
Los Alamos National Laboratory is leading a Department of Energy- Fuel Cells Technologies Office-funded project to enhance the performance and durability of polymer electrolyte membrane (PEM) fuel cells, while simultaneously reducing their cost.
7-Oct-2015 Laser spectroscopy of ultrathin semiconductor reveals rise of 'trion' quasiparticles
Scientists at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory used ultrafast laser spectroscopy at the Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences to demystify the dynamics of the negative trions. They explored the behavior of the charged quasiparticle in a two-dimensional semiconductor that is an excellent absorber of sunlight. Their insights, published in the journal Physical Review B, may prove important for advancing technologies for solar energy and quantum computing.
7-Oct-2015 Veljko Radeka shares inaugural APS Division of Particles and Fields Instrumentation Award
The inaugural American Physical Society (APS) Division of Particles and Fields Instrumentation Award has been presented jointly to David Nygren of the University of Texas at Arlington and Veljko Radeka of the US Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory. Nygren and Radeka received the award during the APS 'New Technologies for Discovery' Workshop on Oct. 5, 2015, at the University of Texas at Arlington.
7-Oct-2015 Brookhaven Lab's links to 2015 Nobel Prize in Physics
The US Department of Energy's (DOE) Brookhaven National Laboratory joins in the worldwide celebration of physicists Takaaki Kajita and Arthur B. McDonald, who were awarded the 2015 Nobel Prize in physics for their roles in demonstrating the 'flavor-changing' property of neutrinos. Brookhaven Lab scientists made important contributions to both of these neutrino experiments, fueled by the Lab's legacy in the study of these abundant yet elusive subatomic particles.
5-Oct-2015 DOE announces funding for new center for computational materials sciences at Brookhaven Lab
The US Department of Energy (DOE) has announced $12 million in funding over the next four years for a new Center for Computational Design of Functional Strongly Correlated Materials and Theoretical Spectroscopy at Brookhaven National Laboratory and Rutgers University. Center scientists will develop next-generation methods and software to accurately describe electronic properties in complex strongly correlated materials, as well as a companion database to predict targeted properties with energy-related application to thermoelectric materials.
29-Sep-2015 Titan helps unpuzzle decades-old plutonium perplexities
First produced in 1940, plutonium is one of the most electronically complicated elements on Earth -- and because of its complexities, scientists have been struggling to prove the existence of its magnetic properties ever since. Finally, that struggle is over, thanks to a timely combination of theory, algorithm and code developments, neutrons experiments, and Titan -- the second-most-powerful supercomputer in the world.
25-Sep-2015 Feng Lin wins Spicer Award for smart window, battery research
Feng Lin, a former postdoctoral researcher at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, has been selected to receive the annual William E. and Diane M. Spicer Young Investigator Award for X-ray experiments at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory that led to new approaches in the design of energy-efficient, color-changing 'smart' windows and high-capacity lithium-ion batteries.
24-Sep-2015 Los Alamos explores hybrid ultrasmall gold nanocluster for enzymatic fuel cells
With fossil-fuel sources dwindling, better biofuel cell design is a strong candidate in the energy field. In research published in the Journal of the American Chemical Society, Los Alamos researchers and external collaborators synthesized and characterized a new DNA-templated gold nanocluster (AuNC) that could resolve a critical methodological barrier for efficient biofuel cell design.
23-Sep-2015 Mysterious neutrinos take the stage at SLAC
To find out more about the elusive particles and their potential links to cosmic evolution, invisible dark matter and matter's dominance over antimatter in the universe, the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory is taking on key roles in four neutrino experiments: EXO, DUNE, MicroBooNE and ICARUS.
23-Sep-2015 Muon g-2 magnet successfully cooled down and powered up
Two years ago, scientists on the Muon g-2 experiment successfully brought a fragile, expensive and complex 17-ton electromagnet on a 3,200-mile land and sea trek from Brookhaven National Laboratory in New York to Fermilab in Illinois. This week, the ring -- now installed in a new, specially designed building at Fermilab -- was successfully cooled down to operating temperature (minus 450 degrees Fahrenheit) and powered up, proving that even after a decade of inactivity, it remains a vital and viable scientific instrument.
The Department of Energy's Office of Science is the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States and is working to address some of the most pressing challenges of our time.