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NEWS FROM UNIVERSITIES AND OTHER DOE RESEARCH PARTNERS

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 1-25 out of 232.

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Public Release: 27-Jul-2017
Science
New method promises easier nanoscale manufacturing
Scientists at the University of Chicago and Argonne National Laboratory have discovered a new way to precisely pattern nanomaterials that could open a new path to the next generation of everyday electronic devices.
US Department of Defense, National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy, II-VI Foundation

Contact: Louise Lerner
louise@uchicago.edu
7-737-034-8366
University of Chicago

Public Release: 25-Jul-2017
Kansas State University contributes to DUNE, the world's biggest neutrino experiment
Several Kansas State University scientists are involved in the Deep Underground Neutrino Experiment, or DUNE, a large international collaboration that is detecting and studying neutrinos to understand dark matter, black holes and the origins of the universe.
DOE/Office of Science, European Organization for Nuclear Research

Contact: Tim Bolton
tbolton@k-state.edu
785-532-1664
Kansas State University

Public Release: 25-Jul-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
We have a quorum
Researchers at the University of Pittsburgh's Swanson School of Engineering have utilized computational modeling to mimic such quorum sensing behavior in synthetic materials, which could lead to devices with the ability for self-recognition and self-regulation.
DOE/Office of Science, Basic Energy Sciences

Contact: Paul Kovach, Director of Marketing and Communications
pkovach@pitt.edu
412-624-0265
University of Pittsburgh

Public Release: 24-Jul-2017
Nature Materials
Multitasking monolayers
Two-dimensional materials that can multitask. That is the result of a new process that naturally produces patterned monolayers that can act as a base for creating a wide variety of novel materials with dual optical, magnetic, catalytic or sensing capabilities.
US Department of Energy, National Key Research and Development Projects of China, National Basic Research Program of China, National Natural Science Foundation of China, Chinese Academy of Sciences

Contact: David F Salisbury
david.salisbury@vanderbilt.edu
615-343-6803
Vanderbilt University

Public Release: 24-Jul-2017
Nature Communications
UMD engineers invent the first bio-compatible, ion current battery
Engineers at the University of Maryland have invented a new kind of battery; one that is bio-compatible because it produces the same kind of ion-based electrical energy used by humans and other living things.
US Department of Energy Frontier Research Center, NIH/National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases

Contact: Martha Heil
mjheil@umd.edu
626-354-5613
University of Maryland

Public Release: 24-Jul-2017
Biotechnology for Biofuels
Fungi that evolved to eat wood offer new biomass conversion tool
Twenty years ago, microbiologist Barry Goodell, now a professor at UMass Amherst, and colleagues discovered a unique system that some microorganisms use to digest and recycle wood. Three orders of 'brown rot fungi' have now been identified that can break down biomass, but details of the mechanism were not known. Now, using several complementary research tools, Goodell and colleagues report new details of an unexpected mechanism at work, one that surprisingly does not involve enzymes, the usual accelerators of chemical reactions.
US Department of Energy, US Department of Agriculture, NIH/National Institute of Food and Agriculture

Contact: Janet Lathrop
jlathrop@umass.edu
413-545-0444
University of Massachusetts at Amherst

Public Release: 20-Jul-2017
Science
An experiment proposed by Stanford theorists finds evidence for the Majorana fermion, a particle that's its own antiparticle
In a discovery that concludes an 80-year quest, Stanford and University of California researchers found evidence of particles that are their own antiparticles. These 'Majorana fermions' could one day help make quantum computers more robust.
SHINES Center, DOE/Office of Science

Contact: Amy Adams
amyadams@stanford.edu
650-796-3695
Stanford University

Public Release: 20-Jul-2017
Nature Communications
First direct observation and measurement of ultra-fast moving vortices in superconductors
Researchers have made the first direct visual observation and measurement of ultra-fast vortex dynamics in superconductors. Their technique, detailed in the journal Nature Communications, could contribute to the development of novel practical applications by optimizing superconductor properties for use in electronics. In photos and videos shown for the first time, the vortices are moving at velocities much faster than previously thought possible -- up to about 72,000 km/hr (45,000 mph).
US-Israel Binational Science Foundation, Israel Science Foundation, US Department of Energy, Research Foundation-Flanders, Mandat d'Impulsion Scientifique

Contact: Dov Smith
dovs@savion.huji.ac.il
972-258-82844
The Hebrew University of Jerusalem

Public Release: 19-Jul-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Cornell researchers uncover fresh role for nitric oxide
Cornell University chemists have uncovered a fresh role for nitric oxide that could send biochemical textbooks back for revision.
DOE/Office of Science

Contact: Lindsey Hadlock
lmh267@cornell.edu
607-255-6121
Cornell University

Public Release: 18-Jul-2017
PNAS Plus
Sequencing reveals how Porphyra thrives in a tough environment
In the intertidal zone, one of the most physically stressful habitats on Earth, Porphyra umbilicalis -- laver or Atlantic nori -- and its ancestors have survived and thrived. Now the sequencing of the P. umbilicalis genome has revealed the unexpected reasons for its ability to successfully compete.
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, National Science Foundation, DOE/Joint Genome Institute

Contact: Margaret Nagle
nagle@maine.edu
207-581-3745
University of Maine

Public Release: 17-Jul-2017
Nano Letters
Rice U professor developing plasmon-powered devices for medicine, security, solar cells
A new method that takes advantage of plasmonic metals' production of 'hot' electrons and holes to boost light to a higher frequency could be suitable for medical, energy and security applications.
US Department of Energy, US Department of Defense

Contact: David Ruth
david@rice.edu
713-348-6327
Rice University

Public Release: 17-Jul-2017
Journal of Alloys and Compounds
Reduced oxygen nanocrystalline materials show improved performance
Researchers at the University of Connecticut have found that reducing oxygen in some nanocrystalline materials may improve their strength and durability at elevated temperatures, a promising enhancement that could lead to better biosensors, faster jet engines, and greater capacity semiconductors.
US Department of Energy

Contact: Colin Poitras
colin.poitras@uconn.edu
860-486-4656
University of Connecticut

Public Release: 17-Jul-2017
Nature Chemistry
Harnessing the right amount of sunshine
Researchers from MIT and the University of Verona have discovered how a key photoprotection protein allows moss and green algae to protect themselves from too much sun by dissipating the extra energy as heat. Learning more about how this protein works could allow scientists to alter it in a way that would promote more photosynthesis, potentially increasing the biomass yield of both crops and algae grown for biofuels.
Center for Excitonics, US Department of Energy, CIFAR Azrieli Global Scholar Award, European Economic Community

Contact: Karl-Lydie Jean-Baptiste
kjeanbap@mit.edu
617-253-1682
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 13-Jul-2017
Portland State to test new revolutionary geothermal technology for heating during winter
Portland State University has received a grant from the US Department of Energy (DOE) to study the feasibility of bringing new methods of harnessing the power of geothermal energy to previously untapped regions of the United States such as Portland.
US Department of Energy

Contact: John Kirkland
kirklandjohnr@msn.com
503-725-2319
Portland State University

Public Release: 13-Jul-2017
Nature Communications
Researchers develop dynamic templates critical to printable electronics technology
When it comes to efficiency, sometimes it helps to look to Mother Nature for advice -- even in technology as advanced as printable, flexible electronics. Researchers at the University of Illinois have developed bio-inspired dynamic templates used to manufacture organic semiconductor materials that produce printable electronics. It uses a process similar to biomineralization -- the way that bones and teeth form. This technique is eco-friendly, which gives the researchers the chance to return the favor to nature.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy, Office of Naval Research Young Investigator Program

Contact: Lois E Yoksoulian
leyok@illinois.edu
217-244-2788
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 12-Jul-2017
International Conference on Mercury as a Global Pollutant
Nature
Study finds toxic mercury is accumulating in the Arctic tundra
Vast amounts of toxic mercury are accumulating in the Arctic tundra, threatening the health and well-being of people, wildlife and waterways, according to a UMass Lowell scientist investigating the source of the pollution.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy, Marie Sklodowska-Curie Actions, European Research Council, French National Centre for Scientific Research

Contact: Nancy Cicco
Nancy_Cicco@uml.edu
978-934-4944
University of Massachusetts Lowell

Public Release: 12-Jul-2017
Earth's Future
Climate change to deplete some US water basins used for irrigation
A new study by MIT climate scientists, economists, and agriculture experts finds that certain hotspots in the country will experience severe reductions in crop yields by 2050, due to climate change's impact on irrigation.
US Environmental Protection Agency, US Department of Energy

Contact: Abby Abazorius
abbya@mit.edu
617-253-2709
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 10-Jul-2017
The Astrophysical Journal
UA astronomers track the birth of a 'super-earth'
'Synthetic observations' simulating nascent planetary systems could help explain a puzzle -- how planets form -- that has vexed astronomers for a long time.
National Science Foundation, NASA, DOE/Los Alamos National Lab

Contact: Daniel Stolte
stolte@email.arizona.edu
520-954-1964
University of Arizona

Public Release: 10-Jul-2017
Nature Communications
New technology to manipulate cells could help treat Parkinson's, arthritis, other diseases
A groundbreaking advancement in materials from Northwestern University could potentially help patients requiring stem cell therapies for spinal cord injuries, stroke, Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's disease, arthritic joints or any other condition requiring tissue regeneration, according to a new study.
NIH/National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research, DOE/Office of Science, Basic Energy Sciences

Contact: Kristin Samuelson
kristin.samuelson@northwestern.edu
847-491-4888
Northwestern University

Public Release: 10-Jul-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Spontaneous system follows rules of equilibrium
Discovery could be the beginning of a general framework of rules for seemingly unpredictable non-equilibrium systems.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation

Contact: Emily Ayshford
e-ayshford@northwestern.edu
847-467-1194
Northwestern University

Public Release: 10-Jul-2017
The Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Scientists make 'squarest' ice crystals ever
An international team of scientists has set a new record for creating ice crystals that have a near-perfect cubic arrangement of water molecules -- a form of ice that may exist in the coldest high-altitude clouds but is extremely hard to make on Earth.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy, SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, DOE/Office of Science

Contact: Pam Frost Gorder
Gorder.1@osu.edu
614-292-9475
Ohio State University

Public Release: 10-Jul-2017
Researchers revolutionize brain-computer interfaces using silicon electronics
Columbia Engineering Professor Ken Shepard, a pioneer in the development of electronics that interface with biological systems, is leading a team to invent an implanted brain-interface device that could transform the lives of people with neurodegenerative diseases or people who are hearing and visually impaired.
DOE/Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency

Contact: Holly Evarts
holly.evarts@columbia.edu
347-453-7408
Columbia University School of Engineering and Applied Science

Public Release: 7-Jul-2017
Science
New class of insulating crystals hosts quantized electric multipole moments
Researchers at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign and Princeton University have theoretically predicted a new class of insulating phases of matter in crystalline materials, pinpointed where they might be found in nature, and in the process generalized the fundamental quantum theory of Berry phases in solid state systems.
US Department of Energy, The Sloan Foundation, The Simons Foundation, The Packard Foundation, The Schmidt Fund for Innovative Research

Contact: Siv Schwink
sschwink@illinois.edu
217-300-2201
University of Illinois College of Engineering

Public Release: 7-Jul-2017
Science Advances
Powerful new photodetector can enable optoelectronics advances
In a nanoscale photodetector that combines a unique fabrication method and light-trapping structures, a team of engineers from the University of Wisconsin-Madison and the University at Buffalo has overcome obstacles to increasing performance in optoelectronic devices -- like camera sensors or solar cells -- without adding bulk.
National Science Foundation, Air Force Office of Scientific Research, US Department of Energy

Contact: Zhenqiang (Jack) Ma
mazq@engr.wisc.edu
608-261-1095
University of Wisconsin-Madison

Public Release: 5-Jul-2017
The Cryosphere
Figuring out how fast Greenland is melting
A new analysis of Greenland's past temperatures will help determine how fast the island's vast ice sheet is melting. Other research shows the accelerated melting of Greenland's ice sheet is contributing to sea level rise. The new study provides the most accurate estimates of Greenland's 20th century temperatures by combining the best two of previous analyses. The finding will help improve climate models so they more accurately project future global climate change and its effects.
NASA, US Department of Energy, University of Arizona Agnese Nelms Haury Program in Environment and Social Justice

Contact: Doug Carroll
dougcarroll@email.arizona.edu
520-621-1877
University of Arizona

Showing releases 1-25 out of 232.

1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 > >>

 

 

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