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Showing releases 1-25 out of 261.

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Public Release: 21-Feb-2017
Nature Materials
Artificial synapse for neural networks
A new organic artificial synapse made by Stanford researchers could support computers that better recreate the way the human brain processes information. It could also lead to improvements in brain-machine technologies.
National Science Foundation, Keck Faculty Scholar Funds, Neurofab at Stanford, Stanford Graduate Fellowship, Sandia's Laboratory-Directed Research and Development Program, US Department of Energy, and others

Contact: Taylor Kubota
Stanford University

Public Release: 17-Feb-2017
Nature Communications
Designing new materials from 'small' data
A Northwestern and Los Alamos team developed a novel workflow combining machine learning and density functional theory calculations to create design guidelines for new materials that exhibit useful electronic properties, such as ferroelectricity and piezoelectricity.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy

Contact: Megan Fellman
Northwestern University

Public Release: 17-Feb-2017
Nature Communications
NIST quest for climate-friendly refrigerants finds complicated choices
Researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have just completed a multiyear study to identify the 'best' candidates for future use as air conditioning refrigerants that will have the lowest impact on the climate.
US Department of Energy

Contact: Laura Ost
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)

Public Release: 16-Feb-2017
Science Advances
Breakthrough in 'wonder' materials paves way for flexible tech
Gadgets are set to become flexible, highly efficient and much smaller, following a breakthrough in measuring two-dimensional 'wonder' materials by the University of Warwick.
The Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council, DOE/Basic Energy Sciences, Materials Science and Engineering Division

Contact: Luke Walton
University of Warwick

Public Release: 14-Feb-2017
New delta Scuti: Rare pulsating star 7,000 light years away is 1 of only 7 in Milky Way
The newest delta Scuti (SKOO-tee) star in our night sky is so rare it's only one of seven identified by astronomers in the Milky Way. Discovered at Southern Methodist University in Dallas, the star -- like our sun -- is in the throes of stellar evolution, to conclude as a dying ember in millions of years. Until then, the exceptional star pulsates brightly, expanding and contracting from heating and cooling of hydrogen burning at its core.
Texas Space Grant Consortium, NASA, SMU Dedman College, DOE/National Science Foundation QuarkNet

Contact: Margaret Allen
Southern Methodist University

Public Release: 12-Feb-2017
Nuclear Fusion
UMD physicist improves method for designing fusion experiments
University of Maryland physicist Matt Landreman has made an important revision to a software tool used to design fusion experiments known as stellarators. The new method results in designs that create a magnetic field suitable for confining blazing-hot plasma, while allowing better access for repairs and more places to install sensors. Landreman's new method is described in a paper published Feb. 13, 2017 in the journal Nuclear Fusion.
US Department of Energy

Contact: Matthew Wright
University of Maryland

Public Release: 9-Feb-2017
Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Rice takes deeper look at unconventional oil and gas
Rice chemical engineers build simulations based on samples from unconventional, organic shale formations that can help predict how much oil and gas a well might produce and how best to extract it.
Rice University Consortium, National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center, DOE/Office of Science

Contact: David Ruth
Rice University

Public Release: 3-Feb-2017
Atomic-scale view of bacterial proteins offers path to new tuberculosis drugs
In studying a cousin of the bacterium that causes tuberculosis, scientists have drawn a molecular map of the target for rifampicin, a common antibiotic. They are now using it in an effort to combat multi-resistant tuberculosis, for which existing treatments don't work.
National Institutes of Health, US Department of Energy

Contact: Katherine Fenz
Rockefeller University

Public Release: 2-Feb-2017
Advanced Energy Materials
Toward all-solid lithium batteries
A study by MIT researchers unravels the properties of a promising new material for all-solid-state lithium-ion batteries, which could be safer and longer-lasting than traditional batteries.
US Department of Energy Office of Basic Energy Science for the Chemomechanics of Far-From-Equilibrium Interfaces (COFFEI)

Contact: Karl-Lydie Jean-Baptiste
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 26-Jan-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Globe-trotting pollutants raise some cancer risks 4 times higher than predicted
A new way of looking at how pollutants ride through the atmosphere has quadrupled the estimate of global lung cancer risk from a pollutant caused by combustion, to a level that is now double the allowable limit recommended by the World Health Organization.
DOE/Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

Contact: Staci Simonich
Oregon State University

Public Release: 26-Jan-2017
European Journal of Inorganic Chemistry
New technique could lead to safer, more efficient uranium extraction
The separation of uranium, a key part of the nuclear fuel cycle, could potentially be done more safely and efficiently through a new technique developed by chemistry researchers at Oregon State University.
US Department of Energy

Contact: May Nyman
Oregon State University

Public Release: 26-Jan-2017
CU Boulder team to track methane leaks using lasers
A team of researchers led by the University of Colorado Boulder has secured a $1.3 million grant from the Department of Energy's Office of Fossil Energy to take a closer look at emissions from natural gas storage facilities across the US. The ground-based laser system will be able to measure changes in methane concentrations in the air down to one part-per-billion, the equivalent of a single drop of water in an Olympic-size swimming pool.
US Department of Energy, DOE/Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy

Contact: Greg Rieker
University of Colorado at Boulder

Public Release: 23-Jan-2017
Journal of Clinical Investigation
Novel radiotracer measures olfactory neurons in animal models
Olfactory health - how well we are able to smell -- is a reliable marker of the health of the brain, but current 'smell identification tests' do not offer a complete picture of the situation. Using a novel PET radiotracer, a team of Massachusetts General Hospital researchers has found a way to quantify olfactory sensory neurons and thus improve measurements of olfactory health.
US Department of Energy, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Terri Ogan
Massachusetts General Hospital

Public Release: 23-Jan-2017
Nature Communications
Melting solid below the freezing point
Researchers at the Carnegie Institution for Science have discovered a new phenomenon of so-called metastability in a liquid phase. This state is common in supercooled liquids, which are liquids that cool below the freezing point without turning into a solid or a crystal. These scientists report the first experimental evidence of creating a metastable liquid directly by melting a high-pressure solid crystal of the metal bismuth via a decompression process below its melting point.
US Department of Energy, DOE/Office of Science, DOE/Argonne National Laboratory

Contact: Guoyin Shen
Carnegie Institution for Science

Public Release: 23-Jan-2017
Journal of Clinical Investigation
New PET imaging technique may help monitor neurological disease progression
In Alzheimer's disease and Parkinson's disease, loss of the sense of smell often precedes classical symptoms of cognitive or motor dysfunction. In work published this week in the JCI, a team led by Jacob Hooker at Harvard Medical School assessed a radiotracer that specifically binds to mature olfactory neurons as an approach for quantifying these neuronal populations with PET imaging.
US Department of Energy, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Elyse Dankoski
JCI Journals

Public Release: 20-Jan-2017
Nature Communications
New design strategy for longer lasting batteries
Christopher Wolverton, professor of materials science and engineering in Northwestern's McCormick School of Engineering, has developed a new computational design strategy that can pinpoint optimal materials with which to coat the cathode in lithium-ion batteries, protecting it from degradation and ultimately extending the battery's -- and device's -- life.
The Dow Chemical Company, US Department of Energy

Contact: Megan Fellman
Northwestern University

Public Release: 20-Jan-2017
Electrocatalysis can advance green transition
Renewable energy is providing an increasing share of the energy supply, but to ensure the green transition continues, it must also be able to furnish us with the fuels and chemicals that combined account for 25 percent of the world's energy consumption. Electrocatalysis is a technology that can do just that, but is facing major challenges, as shown in a recent article in the Science journal.
DOE/Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Villum Foundation, Institute of Materials Research and Engineering, Agency for Science Technology and Research, NSF Graduate Research Fellowship

Contact: Jakob Kibsgaard
Technical University of Denmark

Public Release: 19-Jan-2017
Physical Review X
Theorists propose new class of topological metals with exotic electronic properties
Researchers at Princeton, Yale, and the University of Zurich have proposed a theory-based approach to characterize a class of metals that possess exotic electronic properties that could help scientists find other, similarly-endowed materials.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation, Packard Foundation, Keck Grant, Schmidt Fund

Contact: Tien Nguyen
Princeton University

Public Release: 18-Jan-2017
A quark like no other
A University of Iowa physicist is at the forefront of the search to confirm the existence of a particle believed to give mass to all matter. Her group helped build and operates a sub-detector to search for bottom quarks, which are thought to appear when a Higgs boson decays. Her research his funded by a grant from the US Department of Energy's Office of Science.
High Energy Physics Program, DOE/Office of Science

Contact: Richard Lewis
University of Iowa

Public Release: 18-Jan-2017
New research on shallow warm clouds will advance climate models, weather forecasts
David Mechem is leading a new $525,000, three-year grant from the US Department of Energy to better understand the fundamental processes governing the behavior of shallow clouds.
US Department of Energy

Contact: Brendan M. Lynch
University of Kansas

Public Release: 16-Jan-2017
Nature Communications
Nanoscale view of energy storage
Through long shifts at the helm of a highly sophisticated microscope, researchers at Stanford recorded reactions at near-atomic-scale resolution. Their success is another step toward building a better battery.
Air Force Office of Scientific Research, National Science Foundation, DOE/SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, Foundation for Fundamental Research on Matter

Contact: Taylor Kubota
Stanford University

Public Release: 13-Jan-2017
Environmental Research Letters
Giant Middle East dust storm caused by a changing climate, not human conflict
Researchers have concluded that the most likely cause of a giant dust storm that struck the Middle East in 2015 was climate and unusual weather rather than conflict.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation, US Department of Agriculture

Contact: John Sullivan
Princeton University, Engineering School

Public Release: 11-Jan-2017
Science Advances
Recreating conditions inside stars with compact lasers
Extreme conditions inside stars can only be recreated in the laboratory through fusion experiments with the world's largest lasers, which are the size of stadiums. Now, scientists have conducted an experiment that offers a new path to creating such extreme conditions, with much smaller, compact lasers that use ultra-short laser pulses irradiating arrays of aligned nanowires.
US Department of Energy

Contact: Anne Manning
Colorado State University

Public Release: 9-Jan-2017
Nature Chemistry
Study: Some catalysts contribute their own oxygen for reactions
New MIT research shows that metal-oxide catalysts can sometimes release oxygen from within their structure, enhancing chemical activity.
Skoltech Center for Electrochemical Energy, Singapore-MIT Alliance for Research and Technology, US Department of Energy, and National Energy Technology Laboratory

Contact: Ms. Karl-Lydie Jean-Baptiste
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 9-Jan-2017
Nature Communications
WSU researchers discover unique microbial photosynthesis
Researchers at Washington State University have discovered a new type of cooperative photosynthesis that could be used in engineering microbial communities for waste treatment and bioenergy production.
US Department of Energy

Contact: Haluk Beyenal
Washington State University

Showing releases 1-25 out of 261.

1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 > >>



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