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Showing releases 1-25 out of 274.

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Public Release: 1-Dec-2016
DOE project to evaluate safety of transporting used nuclear fuel
With more than 74,000 metric tons of used nuclear fuel stored at locations around the United States, ensuring the safety of moving it to more secure disposal sites is a top federal priority. A University of Houston engineer will lead a $3 million, multi-institution effort to develop monitoring techniques to ensure the nuclear materials remain stable during transit.
US Department of Energy

Contact: Jeannie Kever
University of Houston

Public Release: 1-Dec-2016
For the first time, scientists catch water molecules passing the proton baton
Water conducts electricity, but the process by which this familiar fluid passes along positive charges has puzzled scientists for decades. But in a paper published in the Dec. 2 in issue of the journal Science, an international team of researchers has finally caught water in the act -- showing how water molecules pass along excess charges and, in the process, conduct electricity.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation, German Research Foundation

Contact: James Urton
University of Washington

Public Release: 1-Dec-2016
Northern Ohio institutions become laboratories for future energy usage
Case Western Reserve University, NASA Glenn Research Center and the University of Toledo will serve as 'living laboratories' that demonstrate the value of integrating distributed energy sources with the assortment of devices, equipment and other power consumers within buildings and across the grid.
US Department of Energy

Contact: Bill Lubinger
Case Western Reserve University

Public Release: 1-Dec-2016
Journal of the American Chemical Society
New findings boost promise of molybdenum sulfide for hydrogen catalysis
Researchers from North Carolina State University, Duke University and Brookhaven National Laboratory have found that molybdenum sulfide (MoS2) holds more promise than previously thought as a catalyst for producing hydrogen to use as a clean energy source. Specifically, the researchers found that the entire surface of MoS2 can be used as a catalyst, not just the edges of the material.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Shipman
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 1-Dec-2016
A watershed moment in understanding how H2O conducts electricity
Scientists have taken spectroscopic snapshots of nature's most mysterious relay race: the passage of extra protons from one water molecule to another during conductivity.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation, Ohio Supercomputing Center, Collaborative Research Center of the German Research Foundation DFG

Contact: Jim Shelton
Yale University

Public Release: 30-Nov-2016
Loss of soil carbon due to climate change will be 'huge'
55 trillion kilograms: that's how much carbon could be released into the atmosphere from the soil by mid-century if climate change isn't stopped. And all in the form of greenhouse gases such as CO2 and methane. Tom Crowther (NIOO-KNAW) and his team are publishing the results of a worldwide study into the effects of climate change on the soil in the issue of Nature that comes out on Dec. 1.
Marie Sklodowska Curie, British Ecological Society, Yale Climate and Energy Institute, National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy, Linus Pauling Distinguished Postdoctoral Fellowship

Contact: Froukje Rienks
Netherlands Institute of Ecology (NIOO-KNAW)

Public Release: 30-Nov-2016
Nano Letters
Physics, photosynthesis and solar cells
A University of California, Riverside assistant professor has combined photosynthesis and physics to make a key discovery that could help make solar cells more efficient. The findings were recently published in the journal Nano Letters.
Air Force Office of Scientific Research, US Department of Energy, NASA

Contact: Sean Nealon
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 30-Nov-2016
Losses of soil carbon under global warming might equal US emissions
A new global assessment led by Yale researchers finds that warming will drive the loss of at least 55 trillion kilograms of carbon from the soil by mid-century, or about 17% more than the projected emissions due to human-related activities during that period. Carbon losses will be greatest in places that had largely been missing from previous research.
Marie Sklodowska Curie, British Ecological Society, Yale Climate and Energy Institute, National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy, Linus Pauling Distinguished PostdoctoralFellowship programme

Contact: Kevin Dennehy
Yale School of Forestry & Environmental Studies

Public Release: 29-Nov-2016
Nature Biotechnology
Digital microbes for munching yourself healthy
A research team at the Luxembourg Centre for Systems Biomedicine (LCSB) of the University of Luxembourg has taken an important step in modelling the complexity of the human gut's bacterial communities -- the microbiome -- on the computer. The researchers gathered all known data on the metabolism of 773 bacterial strains -- more than ever before. Working from this data, they developed a computer model for each bacterial strain.
Luxembourg National Research Fund, US Department of Energy

Contact: Thomas Klein
University of Luxembourg

Public Release: 28-Nov-2016
Nature Communications
Researchers propose low-mass supernova triggered formation of solar system
A research team led by University of Minnesota School of Physics and Astronomy Professor Yong-Zhong Qian uses new models and evidence from meteorites to show that a low-mass supernova triggered the formation of our solar system.
DOE/Office of Nuclear Physics

Contact: Rhonda Zurn
University of Minnesota

Public Release: 28-Nov-2016
DOE funds advanced manufacturing of superconductor wire for next generation machines
The US Department of Energy Monday announced a $4.5 million grant to Venkat Selvamanickam, MD Anderson Chair Professor of Mechanical Engineering at the University of Houston, to boost the advanced manufacturing of high-performance superconductor wires for next generation electric machines.
US Department of Energy

Contact: Jeannie Kever
University of Houston

Public Release: 25-Nov-2016
Science Advances
New method developed for analyzing photonic crystal structure
A new technique developed by MIT researchers reveals the inner details of photonic crystals, synthetic materials whose exotic optical properties are the subject of widespread research.
Army Research Office, Institute for Soldier Nanotechnologies at MIT, US Department of Energy, Solid State Solar Thermal Energy Conversion

Contact: Karl-Lydie Jean-Baptiste
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 24-Nov-2016
For platinum catalysts, tiny squeeze gives big boost in performance, Stanford study says
Squeezing a platinum catalyst a fraction of a nanometer nearly doubles its catalytic activity, a finding that could lead to better fuel cells and other clean energy technologies, say Stanford scientists. The findings are published in the Nov. 25 issue of Science.
US Department of Energy, Stanford Global Climate and Energy Project, Stanford Interdisciplinary Graduate Fellowship Program, National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship Program

Contact: Mark Shwartz
Stanford University

Public Release: 21-Nov-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
US record high temps could outpace record lows 15 to 1 before
If society continues to pump greenhouse gases into the atmosphere at the current rate, Americans later this century will have to endure, on average, about 15 daily maximum temperature records for every time that the mercury notches a record low, new research indicates.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy

Contact: David Hosansky
National Center for Atmospheric Research/University Corporation for Atmospheric Research

Public Release: 17-Nov-2016
Current Biology
Discovering what keeps cellular cargo on track
Michigan State University researchers, for the first time, have identified how plants' largest cell factory moves to maintain vital functions, which could lead to advances in improving plant cells' critical functions and growing better crops.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy

Contact: Layne Cameron
Michigan State University

Public Release: 16-Nov-2016
UTSW reports highest-resolution model to date of brain receptor behind marijuana's high
Researchers at UT Southwestern Medical Center report the most detailed 3-D structure to date of the brain receptor that binds and responds to the chemical at the root of marijuana's high.
Welch Foundation, Packard Foundation, Advanced Photon Source, DOE/Argonne National Laboratory

Contact: Deborah Wormser
UT Southwestern Medical Center

Public Release: 16-Nov-2016
Large forest die-offs can have effects that ricochet to distant ecosystems
Wiping out an entire forest can have significant effects on global climate patterns, altering vegetation on the other side of the planet.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy

Contact: Hannah Hickey
University of Washington

Public Release: 14-Nov-2016
Advanced Materials
2-D material a brittle surprise
Rice scientists discovered that molybdenum diselenide, a two-dimensional material being eyed for flexible electronics and next-generation optical devices, is more brittle than expected.
Air Force Office of Scientific Research, Welch Foundation, US Department of Energy Office of Basic Energy Sciences, National Science Foundation, National Science Foundation of China

Contact: David Ruth
Rice University

Public Release: 10-Nov-2016
Nature Chemical Biology
Johns Hopkins researcher advance treatment of tuberculosis by targeting new enzyme
Researchers at Johns Hopkins report they have laid the foundation to develop novel antibiotics that work against incurable, antibiotic-resistant bacteria like tuberculosis by targeting an enzyme essential to the production and integrity of bacterial cell walls.
National Institutes of Health, DOE/Office of Biological and Environmental Research

Contact: Rachel Butch
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 7-Nov-2016
Nature Materials
Major advance in solar cells made from cheap, easy-to-use perovskite
With its ease of manufacture, perovskite has the potential to replace silicon for inexpensive solar cells. But boosting its efficiency to 25 percent -- that of the best, but expensive, silicon cells -- has not been easy. UC Berkeley physicists have now mated two types of perovskite, separated by a single-layer of hexagonal boron nitride, to produce a solar cell that absorbs across the full solar spectrum and achieves a high efficiency of 21.7 percent.
National Science Foundation, Office of Naval Research, US Department of Energy

Contact: Robert Sanders
University of California - Berkeley

Public Release: 7-Nov-2016
Applications in Plant Sciences
Getting to the root of it: Predicting root biomass with electrical capacitance
Researchers in North America's largest breeding program for shrub willow -- an important biofuel crop -- have developed a method to measure belowground root biomass using electrical capacitance (an object's ability to store an electrical charge). The simple and inexpensive method is demonstrated in a recent issue of Applications in Plant Sciences. The new method enables selection of cultivars with traits including increased drought tolerance and can be applied in agricultural species and assessments of environmental responses.
DOE/Office of Science, Office of Biological and Environmental Research

Contact: Beth Parada
Botanical Society of America

Public Release: 3-Nov-2016
Applied Physics Letters
Trace metal recombination centers kill LED efficiency
UCSB researchers warn that trace amounts of transition metal impurities act as recombination centers in gallium nitride semiconductors.
US Department of Energy, DOE/Office of Science, EU/Marie Sklodowska-Curie Action

Contact: Sonia Fernandez
University of California - Santa Barbara

Public Release: 3-Nov-2016
Scientific Reports
Lehigh scientists fabricate a new class of crystalline solid
Scientists at Lehigh University, in collaboration with Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, have demonstrated the fabrication of what they call a new class of crystalline solid by using a laser heating technique that induces atoms to organize into a rotating lattice without affecting the macroscopic shape of the solid. The group reported its findings today (Nov. 3) in Scientific Reports, a Nature journal, in an article titled 'Rotating lattice single crystal architecture on the surface of glass.'
Basic Energy Sciences Division Department of Energy, US Department of Energy

Contact: Lori Friedman
Lehigh University

Public Release: 2-Nov-2016
Science Advances
'Nanoparticle taxicab' materials can identify, collect and transport debris on surfaces
Inspired by proteins that can recognize dangerous microbes and debris, then engulf such material to get rid of it, polymer scientists led by Todd Emrick at the University of Massachusetts Amherst have developed new polymer-stabilized droplet carriers that can identify and encapsulate nanoparticles for transport in a cell, a kind of 'pick up and drop off' service that represents the first successful translation of this biological process in a materials context.
DOE/Office of Basic Energy Sciences

Contact: Janet Lathrop
University of Massachusetts at Amherst

Public Release: 27-Oct-2016
58th Annual Meeting of the APS Division of Plasma Physics
Alcator C-mod bows out with a new world record
Since it began operation in 1993, experiments on the C-Mod tokamak produced many new and important results.
DOE/Office of Science

Contact: James R Riordon
American Physical Society

Showing releases 1-25 out of 274.

1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 > >>



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