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Showing releases 1-25 out of 266.

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Public Release: 21-Oct-2016
Unusual quantum liquid on crystal surface could inspire future electronics
Researchers at Princeton University and the University of Texas-Austin found that electrons, when kept at very low temperatures where their quantum behaviors emerge, can spontaneously begin to travel in elliptical paths on the surface of a crystal of bismuth. The strange elliptical orbits correspond to the electrons being in different "valleys" of possible states created by the crystal. The findings could inform further research on a forward-looking strategy for electronics called "valleytronics."
Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation through the Princeton Center for Complex Materials, US Army Research Office, Eric and Wendy Schmidt Transformative Technology Fund

Contact: Catherine Zandonella
Princeton University

Public Release: 21-Oct-2016
New study to characterize methane emissions from natural gas compressor stations
Colorado State University, home to some of the world's top researchers on methane emissions, will lead a Department of Energy-supported project to analyze emissions from a specific part of the natural gas supply chain: compressor stations. The new project will help scientists develop a more complete picture of overall emissions.
US Department of Energy

Contact: Anne Manning
Colorado State University

Public Release: 20-Oct-2016
Rice-led team shows it can improve quality of supercomputing answers by 1,000 times
Computer scientists from Rice University, Argonne National Laboratory and the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have used one of Isaac Newton's numerical methods to demonstrate how 'inexact computing' can dramatically improve the quality of simulations run on supercomputers.
US Department of Energy, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, Guggenheim Foundation

Contact: David Ruth
Rice University

Public Release: 20-Oct-2016
Turning biofuel waste into wealth in a single step
Lignin is a bulky chain of molecules found in wood and is usually discarded during biofuel production. But in a new method by EPFL chemists, the simple addition of formaldehyde could turn it into the main focus.
Swiss Competence Center for Energy Research (Biomass for a Swiss Energy Future), Swiss National Science Foundation, EPFL, US Department of Energy

Contact: Nik Papageorgiou
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne

Public Release: 18-Oct-2016
AIP Advances
Working under pressure: Diamond micro-anvils with huge pressures will create new materials
University of Alabama at Birmingham researchers will use pressures greater than those found at the center of the Earth to potentially create as yet unknown new materials. In the natural world, such immense forces deep underground can turn carbon into diamonds, or volcanic ash into slate. The ability to produce these pressures depends on tiny nanocrystalline-diamond anvils built in a UAB clean room manufacturing facility.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy, Carnagie DOE Alliance Center

Contact: Jeff Hansen
University of Alabama at Birmingham

Public Release: 18-Oct-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
UM researchers study vast carbon residue of ocean life
The oceans hold a vast reservoir -- 700 billion tons -- of carbon, dissolved in seawater as organic matter, often surviving for thousands of years after being produced by ocean life. Yet, little is known about how it is produced, or how it's being impacted by the many changes happening in the ocean.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy's Scientific Discovery through Advanced Computing program

Contact: Diana Udel
University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine & Atmospheric Science

Public Release: 18-Oct-2016
Applied Radiation and Isotopes
Recycling cancer-fighting tools; MU researchers working to produce radioisotopes cheaper
Molybdenum-99, the parent isotope of technetium-99m, is the most widely used radioisotope for the diagnosis and treatment of cancer. Now, nuclear researchers at the University of Missouri are exploring alternate materials that could be used to help recycle the metals used to produce radioisotopes more efficiently and with less waste. Scientists believe this cheaper method could result in a cost savings for healthcare providers who could pass those savings on to patients.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation

Contact: Jeff Sossamon
University of Missouri-Columbia

Public Release: 17-Oct-2016
OU researchers develop novel, non-invasive cancer therapy
A staggering 1.7 million persons in the United States will be diagnosed with cancer in 2016, with 600,000 cases ending in death. University of Oklahoma researchers have collaborated to design a novel, non-invasive cancer therapy that could eliminate tumors without affecting the healthy cells in the body.
US Department of Energy

Contact: Jana Smith
University of Oklahoma

Public Release: 17-Oct-2016
Science Advances
Finding ideal materials for carbon capture
Genetic algorithm can rapidly pinpoint top candidates for pre-combustion carbon capture, information that could lead to greener designs for newly commissioned power plants.
US Department of Energy

Contact: Megan Fellman
Northwestern University

Public Release: 14-Oct-2016
DOE grant focuses on next generation anion exchange membranes
Low cost, durable, commercially viable polymer-based anion exchange membranes are the focus of a $2,300,000 grant from the US Department of Energy to an industry, government, university collaboration including Penn State.
US Department of Energy

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
Penn State

Public Release: 13-Oct-2016
Investigating soil microbes' role in carbon cycle
Kristen DeAngelis at UMass Amherst recently received nearly $2.5 million from the US Department of Energy to advance understanding of the role of soil microbes in feeding carbon into the atmosphere and contributing to global warming. Soils are the largest repository of organic carbon in the terrestrial biosphere and represent an important source of CO2. Results could lead to new ideas for curbing the effects of climate change and remediating soil to improve its ability to store carbon.
US Department of Energy

Contact: Janet Lathrop
University of Massachusetts at Amherst

Public Release: 12-Oct-2016
Next-generation thermoelectrics
With Department of Energy funding, UCSB engineers explore and expand the thermoelectric power of polymers.
US Department of Energy

Contact: Sonia Fernandez
University of California - Santa Barbara

Public Release: 11-Oct-2016
ACS Nano
Simulations show how to turn graphene's defects into assets
Researchers at Penn State, the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory and Lockheed Martin Space Systems Company have developed methods to control defects in two-dimensional materials, such as graphene, that may lead to improved membranes for water desalination, energy storage, sensing or advanced protective coatings.
Fluid Interface Reactions, Structures and Transport Center, Energy Frontier Research Center funded by the Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, US Department of Energy

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
Penn State

Public Release: 11-Oct-2016
Noncoding mutations disrupt cooperative function of 'gene families' in rare genetic disorder
Scientists at Johns Hopkins say they are one step closer to understanding the genetic mechanism of a rare, complex, multiple-gene disorder called Hirschsprung's disease. The results of their latest study suggest that many patients develop the disease when multiple mutations in gene regulatory sequences of a specific gene combine to destroy the normal cooperative function of a whole network of genes.
National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Institute of Dental and Craniofacial Research, NIH/National Human Genome Research Institute, US Department of Energy

Contact: Catherine Gara
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 10-Oct-2016
Nature Materials
New kind of supercapacitor made without carbon
A new material for supercapacitors developed at MIT could make these battery-like devices outperform any existing versions for energy storage applications.
US Department of Energy through the Center for Excitonics, Sloan Foundation, Research Corporation for Science Advancement, 3M, National Science Foundation

Contact: Karl-Lydie Jean-Baptiste
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 3-Oct-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Dynamic duo: Biochemists describe cooperative halves of life-critical enzyme
A multi-institution team reconstructed the motion of nitrogenase and found each half worked in tandem to regulate electron movements.
DOE/Office of Science Energy Frontier Research Center

Contact: Lance Seefeldt
Utah State University

Public Release: 3-Oct-2016
Nature Materials
Water vapor sets some oxides aflutter
A new oscillating crystalline perovskite material could provide a novel approach to generating fuel from sunlight, among other applications. The material was developed by researchers at MIT, Brookhaven National Lab, and EPFL in Switzerland.
National Science Foundation, Skoltech-MIT Center for Electrochemical Energy Storage, DOE/Office of Science

Contact: Karl-Lydie Jean-Baptiste
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 12-Sep-2016
Nature Microbiology
Revving the microbial engine: Horsepower vs. fuel efficiency in bacterial genomes
Microbes that can reproduce rapidly in times of plenty have an evolutionary stockpile of extra genes that allows them to quickly respond to changing conditions such as oil spills or outbreaks of intestinal diseases.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Jim Erickson
University of Michigan

Public Release: 7-Sep-2016
International Union of Crystallography Journal
Neutron crystallography aids in drug design
Knowledge of H-bonding networks, water molecule orientations and protonation states, along with details of hydrophobic and electrostatic interactions, can prove vital towards a better understanding of many biological processes, such as enzyme mechanisms and can help guide structure-based drug design.
Shull Fellowship, DOE/Office of Basic Energy Sciences, National Science Foundation

Contact: Dr. Jonathan Agbenyega
International Union of Crystallography

Public Release: 5-Sep-2016
Nature Microbiology
New genus of bacteria found living inside hydraulic fracturing wells
Researchers analyzing the genomes of microorganisms living in shale oil and gas wells have found evidence of sustainable ecosystems taking hold there -- populated in part by a never-before-seen genus of bacteria they have dubbed 'Frackibacter.'
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy, Deep Carbon Observatory

Contact: Pam Frost Gorder
Ohio State University

Public Release: 5-Sep-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Warmer, wetter climate would impair California grasslands
Scientists from Rice University, Stanford University and the Carnegie Institution for Science said data from one of the world's longest-running climate-change experiments show that California grasslands will become less productive if the temperature or precipitation increases substantially above average conditions from the past 40 years.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy, Packard Foundation, Morgan Family Foundation, Alexander von Humboldt Foundation, Stanford University, Carnegie Institution for Science

Contact: Jade Boyd
Rice University

Public Release: 5-Sep-2016
Nature Plants
Study: Future drought will offset benefits of higher CO2 on soybean yields
An eight-year study of soybeans grown outdoors in a carbon dioxide-rich atmosphere like that expected by 2050 has yielded a new and worrisome finding: Higher atmospheric CO2 concentrations will boost plant growth under ideal growing conditions, but drought -- expected to worsen as the climate warms and rainfall patterns change -- will outweigh those benefits and cause yield losses much sooner than anticipated.
National Institute of Food and Agriculture, US Department of Energy, US Department of Agricuture, Agricultural Research Service

Contact: Diana Yates
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 5-Sep-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Grassland tuned to present suffers in a warmer future
One of the longest-running, most comprehensive climate change experiments produced some surprises. Researchers subjected grassland ecosystems to sixteen possible future climates and measured ecosystem performance and sustainability. The study covered 17 years of plant growth, an important bellwether of ecosystem health. Plant growth varied tremendously from year to year; it peaked under conditions near the average over the last several decades. As conditions moved away from the averages, as happens with climate change, plant growth fell.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy, Packard Foundation, Morgan Family Foundation, Alexander von Humboldt Foundation, Stanford University and Carnegie Institution for Science

Contact: Chris Field
Carnegie Institution for Science

Public Release: 1-Sep-2016
Findings about protein could open door to new class of antibiotics
Researchers have made the first-ever detailed, atomic-level images of a peroxiredoxin, which has revealed a peculiar characteristic of this protein that might form the foundation for an entirely new class of antibiotics.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, US Department of Energy

Contact: Arden Perkins
Oregon State University

Public Release: 1-Sep-2016
Nature Communications
Making the switch, this time with an insulator
Colorado State University physicists have demonstrated a new approach to low-power computer memory. Publishing in Nature Communications, they've demonstrated a new way to switch magnetic moments -- or direction of magnetization -- of electrons in a thin film of a barium ferrite, which is a magnetic insulator. Until this point, scientists have only demonstrated this switching behavior in metal thin films.
US Department of Energy, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, US Army Research Office, National Science Foundation

Contact: Anne Ju Manning
Colorado State University

Showing releases 1-25 out of 266.

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