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NEWS FROM UNIVERSITIES AND OTHER DOE RESEARCH PARTNERS

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 1-25 out of 249.

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Public Release: 21-Mar-2017
Nature Photonics
Controlling fast X-ray pulses with laser light
When hit by light, electrons are excited and begin to move. Ultrafast X-ray pulses may make it possible to watch the motion of these electrons as they move inside and between atoms in a material. Although scientists have gotten much better at making ultrafast X-rays in recent years, controlling them is still notoriously difficult. Researchers at Louisiana State University and Lund University in Sweden have demonstrated a new method to direct short bursts of X-ray light that uses strong laser pulses.
DOE/Office of Science

Contact: Alison Satake
asatake@lsu.edu
225-578-3870
Louisiana State University

Public Release: 16-Mar-2017
Optica
Electro-optical switch transmits data at record-low temperatures
A silicon optical switch newly developed at Sandia National Laboratories is the first to transmit up to 10 gigabits per second of data at temperatures just a few degrees above absolute zero. The device could enable data transmission for next-generation superconducting computers that store and process data at cryogenic temperatures.
US Department of Energy

Contact: Joshua Miller
jmiller@osa.rog
202-416-1435
The Optical Society

Public Release: 15-Mar-2017
Nature
Researchers develop groundbreaking process for creating ultra-selective separation membranes
A team of researchers, led by the University of Minnesota, has developed a groundbreaking one-step, crystal growth process for making ultra-thin layers of material with molecular-sized pores. Researchers demonstrated the use of the material, called zeolite nanosheets, by making ultra-selective membranes for chemical separations.
DOE/Advanced Research Projects Agency, DOE's Center for Gas Separations Relevant to Clean Energy Technologies Energy Frontier Research Center, DOE's Nanoporous Materials Genome Center

Contact: Rhonda Zurn
rzurn@umn.edu
612-626-7959
University of Minnesota

Public Release: 15-Mar-2017
Nature
UNC researchers make discovery that could increase plant yield in wake of looming phosph
Scientists at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill have pinpointed a key genetic switch that helps soil bacteria living on and inside a plant's roots harvest a vital nutrient with limited global supply. The nutrient, phosphate, makes it to the plant's roots, helping the plant increase its yield.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy, US Department of Agriculture, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation

Contact: Thania Benios
thania_benios@unc.edu
919-962-8596
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Public Release: 15-Mar-2017
Biophysical Journal
When proteins court each other, the dance moves matter
Proteins shake their bodies and wave their limbs -- essentially dancing -- all with the goal of optimizing their interaction with other molecules, including other proteins. A new study shows that, in biological courtship, dance moves matter. The findings help to lay a foundation for the development of drugs targeting molecular vibrations. Such pharmaceuticals would block proteins from carrying out tasks that contribute to disease.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy

Contact: Cory Nealon
cmnealon@buffalo.edu
716-645-4614
University at Buffalo

Public Release: 15-Mar-2017
Nano Letters
Mapping the effects of crystal defects
MIT research offers insights into how crystal dislocations -- a common type of defect in materials -- can affect electrical and heat transport through crystals, at a microscopic, quantum mechanical level. A new mathematical approach to analyzing these dislocations uses a new quasiparticle called a dislon.
S3TEC, US Department of Energy, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency

Contact: Karl-Lydie Jean-Baptiste
kjeanbap@mit.edu
617-253-1682
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 14-Mar-2017
Nature Communications
Louisiana wetlands struggling with sea-level rise 4 times the global average
Without major efforts to rebuild Louisiana's wetlands, particularly in the westernmost part of the state, there is little chance that the coast will be able to withstand the accelerating rate of sea-level rise, a new Tulane University study concludes.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy, National Institute for Climatic Change Research Coastal Center, The Water Institute of the Gulf

Contact: Barri Bronston
bbronst@tulane.edu
504-314-7444
Tulane University

Public Release: 13-Mar-2017
Science Advances
A new study provides a solid evidence for global warming
The new study allows a more accurate assessment of how much heat has accumulated in the ocean (and Earth) system. It will be a valuable resource for future studies of oceanic variability and its climatic impacts on both regional and global scales.
Chinese Academy of Sciences, National Natural Science Foundation of China, US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation, NASA

Contact: Zheng Lin
jennylin@mail.iap.ac.cn
86-108-299-5053
Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences

Public Release: 13-Mar-2017
Nature Chemistry
NYU chemists color world of 3-D crystals with advances in self-assembly
A team of New York University chemists has created self-assembled, three-dimensional DNA crystals that can bind a separate, dye-bearing strand -- a breakthrough that enhances the functionality of these tiny building blocks.
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Science Foundation, US Army Research Office, Office of Naval Research, US Department of Energy, Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation

Contact: James Devitt
james.devitt@nyu.edu
212-998-6808
New York University

Public Release: 9-Mar-2017
Science
New way to tune electronic energy levels may lead to valleytronic devices
Faster, more efficient data storage and computer logic systems could be on the horizon thanks to a new way of tuning electronic energy levels in two-dimensional films of crystal, discovered by researchers at MIT. The discovery could ultimately pave the way for the development of so-called "valleytronic" devices, which harness the way electrons gather around two equal energy states, known as valleys.
US Department of Energy, Gordon Betty Moore Foundation, National Science Foundation, Ministry of Science and Technology of Taiwan

Contact: Abby Abazorius
abbya@mit.edu
617-253-2709
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 9-Mar-2017
Cell
Molecules form gels to help cells sense and respond to stress
A specific protein inside cells senses threatening changes in its environment, such as heat or starvation, and triggers an adaptive response to help the cell continue to function and grow under stressful conditions, according to a new study by scientists from the University of Chicago.
Pew Charitable Trusts, National Institutes of Health, Protein Translation Research Network, National Science Foundation, US Army Research Office, US Department of Energy

Contact: Matt Wood
matthew.wood@uchospitals.edu
University of Chicago Medical Center

Public Release: 9-Mar-2017
Science
First fully artificial yeast genome has been designed
Working as part of an international research consortium, a multidisciplinary team at The Johns Hopkins University has completed the design phase for a fully synthetic yeast genome.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy, Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada Postdoctoral Fellowship and Microsoft Research

Contact: Shawna Williams
shawna@jhmi.edu
410-955-8236
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 8-Mar-2017
Analytical Chemistry
How CSU chemists are helping us not get food poisoning
Borrowing concepts from medical diagnostic devices, Colorado State University chemists have created a simple, cheap set of handheld tests that can detect the presence of many water or food-borne pathogens. If applied in the field, such tests could greatly reduce the number of expensive follow-up tests needed to keep the food supply safe from fecal contamination.
US Department of Energy, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Anne Manning
anne.manning@colostate.edu
970-491-7099
Colorado State University

Public Release: 1-Mar-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Concurrent heat waves, air pollution exacerbate negative health effects of each
The combination of prolonged hot spells with poor air quality greatly compounds the negative effects of each and can pose a major risk to human health, according to new research from the University of California, Irvine.
NASA, US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation

Contact: Brian Bell
bpbell@uci.edu
949-824-8249
University of California - Irvine

Public Release: 1-Mar-2017
Queen's-led experiment makes substantial leap forward in quest for dark matter
New research by the PICO Collaboration, co-led by Queen's University physicist Anthony Noble, represents a significant improvement on previous detection constraints, and a substantial step forward in the search for dark matter.
DOE/Office of Science, National Science Foundation, Kavli Institute for Cosmological Physics at the University of Chicago, Kavli Foundation, National Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada

Contact: Chris Armes
chris.armes@queensu.ca
613-533-6000 x77513
Queen's University

Public Release: 27-Feb-2017
U.S. Secretary of Energy Advisory Board
Transforming the carbon economy
A task force commissioned in 2016 by former US Secretary of Energy Ernest Moniz has proposed a framework for evaluating R&D on recycling carbon dioxide and removing large amounts of CO2 from the atmosphere. The goal is to produce a global emissions reduction of at least 1 billion tons of CO2 per year.
US Department of Energy

Contact: Mark Golden
mark.golden@stanford.edu
650-724-1629
Stanford University

Public Release: 27-Feb-2017
Nature Chemistry
How protein misfolding may kickstart chemical evolution
Researchers at Emory University and Georgia Tech demonstrated a connection between abnormal protein folding and the potential to kickstart chemical evolution in two new papers published by Nature Chemistry.
McDonnell Foundation, National Science Foundation, Emory University, US Department of Energy

Contact: Carol Clark
carol.clark@emory.edu
404-727-0501
Emory Health Sciences

Public Release: 27-Feb-2017
Nature Nanotechnology
Triboelectric nanogenerators boost mass spectrometry performance
Triboelectric nanogenerators (TENG) convert mechanical energy harvested from the environment to electricity for powering small devices such as sensors or for recharging consumer electronics. Now, researchers have harnessed these devices to improve the charging of molecules in a way that dramatically boosts the sensitivity of a widely-used chemical analysis technique.
National Science Foundation, NASA Astrobiology Program, DOE/Office of Energy Sciences

Contact: John Toon
jtoon@gatech.edu
404-894-6986
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 23-Feb-2017
Agricultural robot may be 'game changer' for crop growers, breeders
A robot under development at the University of Illinois automates the labor-intensive process of crop phenotyping, enabling scientists to scan crops and match genetic data with the highest-yielding plants. The TERRA-Mobile Energy-crop Phenotyping Platform robot is funded by the US Department of Energy.
Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy's Transportation Energy Resources Renewable Agriculture Program, US Department of Energy

Contact: Sharita Forrest
slforres@illinois.edu
217-244-1072
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 21-Feb-2017
Nature Materials
Artificial synapse for neural networks
A new organic artificial synapse made by Stanford researchers could support computers that better recreate the way the human brain processes information. It could also lead to improvements in brain-machine technologies.
National Science Foundation, Keck Faculty Scholar Funds, Neurofab at Stanford, Stanford Graduate Fellowship, Sandia's Laboratory-Directed Research and Development Program, US Department of Energy, and others

Contact: Taylor Kubota
tkubota@stanford.edu
650-724-7707
Stanford University

Public Release: 17-Feb-2017
Nature Communications
Designing new materials from 'small' data
A Northwestern and Los Alamos team developed a novel workflow combining machine learning and density functional theory calculations to create design guidelines for new materials that exhibit useful electronic properties, such as ferroelectricity and piezoelectricity.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy

Contact: Megan Fellman
fellman@northwestern.edu
847-491-3115
Northwestern University

Public Release: 17-Feb-2017
Nature Communications
NIST quest for climate-friendly refrigerants finds complicated choices
Researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have just completed a multiyear study to identify the 'best' candidates for future use as air conditioning refrigerants that will have the lowest impact on the climate.
US Department of Energy

Contact: Laura Ost
laura.ost@nist.gov
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)

Public Release: 16-Feb-2017
Science Advances
Breakthrough in 'wonder' materials paves way for flexible tech
Gadgets are set to become flexible, highly efficient and much smaller, following a breakthrough in measuring two-dimensional 'wonder' materials by the University of Warwick.
The Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council, DOE/Basic Energy Sciences, Materials Science and Engineering Division

Contact: Luke Walton
L.Walton.1@warwick.ac.uk
44-782-454-0863
University of Warwick

Public Release: 14-Feb-2017
New delta Scuti: Rare pulsating star 7,000 light years away is 1 of only 7 in Milky Way
The newest delta Scuti (SKOO-tee) star in our night sky is so rare it's only one of seven identified by astronomers in the Milky Way. Discovered at Southern Methodist University in Dallas, the star -- like our sun -- is in the throes of stellar evolution, to conclude as a dying ember in millions of years. Until then, the exceptional star pulsates brightly, expanding and contracting from heating and cooling of hydrogen burning at its core.
Texas Space Grant Consortium, NASA, SMU Dedman College, DOE/National Science Foundation QuarkNet

Contact: Margaret Allen
mallen@smu.edu
214-768-7664
Southern Methodist University

Public Release: 12-Feb-2017
Nuclear Fusion
UMD physicist improves method for designing fusion experiments
University of Maryland physicist Matt Landreman has made an important revision to a software tool used to design fusion experiments known as stellarators. The new method results in designs that create a magnetic field suitable for confining blazing-hot plasma, while allowing better access for repairs and more places to install sensors. Landreman's new method is described in a paper published Feb. 13, 2017 in the journal Nuclear Fusion.
US Department of Energy

Contact: Matthew Wright
mewright@umd.edu
301-405-9267
University of Maryland

Showing releases 1-25 out of 249.

1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 > >>

 

 

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