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NEWS FROM UNIVERSITIES AND OTHER DOE RESEARCH PARTNERS

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 1-25 out of 234.

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Public Release: 22-May-2017
Science
Two simple building blocks produce complex 3-D material
Northwestern University scientists have built a structurally complex material from two simple building blocks that is the lowest-density metal-organic framework ever made. Directed by design rules developed by the scientists, uranium atoms and organic linkers self-assemble into a beautiful crystal -- a large, airy 3-D net of very roomy and useful pores. The pores are so roomy, in fact, that the scientists have nestled a large enzyme inside a pore -- no small feat.
US Department of Energy, Office of Science, Basic Energy Sciences Program

Contact: Megan Fellman
fellman@northwestern.edu
847-491-3115
Northwestern University

Public Release: 22-May-2017
Journal of Geophysical Research - Planets
Scientists propose synestia, a new type of planetary object
There's something new to look for in the heavens, and it's called a 'synestia,' according to planetary scientists Simon Lock at Harvard University and Sarah Stewart at UC Davis. A synestia, they propose, would be a huge, spinning, donut-shaped mass of hot, vaporized rock, formed as planet-sized objects smash into each other.
NASA, US Department of Energy

Contact: Andy Fell
ahfell@ucdavis.edu
530-752-4533
University of California - Davis

Public Release: 19-May-2017
Science Advances
Triple play boosting value of renewable fuel could tip market in favor of biomass
A new process triples the fraction of biomass converted to high-value products to nearly 80 percent, also tripling the expected rate of return for an investment in the technology from roughly 10 percent (for one end product) to 30 percent.
National Science Foundation Small Business Innovation Research Program, US Department of Energy

Contact: James Dumesic
jdumesic@wisc.edu
608-262-1095
University of Wisconsin-Madison

Public Release: 17-May-2017
Nature Communications
Microbial fuel cell converts methane to electricity
Transporting methane from gas wellheads to market provides multiple opportunities for this greenhouse gas to leak into the atmosphere. Now, an international team of researchers has taken the first step in converting methane directly to electricity using bacteria, in a way that could be done near the drilling sites.
US Department of Energy, Advanced Research Projects Agency

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
aem1@psu.edu
814-865-9481
Penn State

Public Release: 16-May-2017
Nature Communications
Refining the ocean's thermometer
The chemistry of shells of plankton called foraminifera are a record of past climate. Recent experiments led by UC Davis scientists show magnesium levels vary in foram shells due to different growth rates during daily light/dark cycles.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy

Contact: Andy Fell
ahfell@ucdavis.edu
530-752-4533
University of California - Davis

Public Release: 15-May-2017
Advanced Energy Materials
Self-healing tech charges up performance for silicon-containing battery anodes
Researchers at the University of Illinois have found a way to apply self-healing technology to lithium-ion batteries to make them more reliable and last longer.
The Center for Electrochemical Energy Science, US Department of Energy, Office of Science, Basic Energy Sciences

Contact: Lois Yoksoulian
leyok@illinois.edu
217-244-2788
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign

Public Release: 11-May-2017
Physical Review X
Liquid-crystal and bacterial living materials self-organize and move in their own way
Smart glass, transitional lenses and mood rings are not the only things made of liquid crystals; mucus, slug slime and cell membranes also contain them. Now, a team of researchers is trying to better understand how liquid crystals, combined with bacteria, form living materials and how the two interact to organize and move.
US Department of Energy

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
aem1@psu.edu
814-865-9481
Penn State

Public Release: 9-May-2017
Nature Materials
Materials bend as they 'breathe' under high temperatures
Researchers develop high-temperature systems based on metal oxides that 'breathe' oxygen in and out, that could be used to control devices inside nuclear reactors or jet engines.
DOE/Office of Basic Energy Science, National Science Foundation MRSEC Program

Contact: Ms. Karl-Lydie Jean-Baptiste
kjeanbap@mit.edu
617-253-1682
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 9-May-2017
Scientific Reports
Elusive atomic motion captured by electron microscopy
The movement of atoms through a material can cause problems under certain circumstances. Atomic-resolution electron microscopy has enabled researchers at Linköping University in Sweden to observe for the first time a phenomenon that has eluded materials scientists for many decades. The study is published in Scientific Reports.
Swedish Research Council, Swedish government's Strategic Research Area initiative into advanced functional materials (AFM), Knut and Alice Wallenberg Foundation, National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy

Contact: Karin Söderlund Leifler
karin.soderlund.leifler@liu.se
46-132-81395
Linköping University

Public Release: 8-May-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Low oxygen reverses mitochondrial disease in mice
Hypoxia reverses brain damage caused by mitochondrial dysfunction, HHMI team finds. The approach might one day point to new therapies for people with Leigh syndrome and other mitochondrial disorders.
Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Marriott Mitochondrial Disorders Research Fund, US Department of Energy

Contact: Meghan Rosen
rosenm2@hhmi.org
301-215-8859
Howard Hughes Medical Institute

Public Release: 5-May-2017
Nature Communications
Discovery of new transparent thin film material could improve electronics and solar cells
A team of researchers, led by the University of Minnesota, have discovered a new nano-scale thin film material with the highest-ever conductivity in its class. The new material could lead to smaller, faster, and more powerful electronics, as well as more efficient solar cells.
National Science Foundation, Air Force Office of Scientific Research, US Department of Energy

Contact: Rhonda Zurn
rzurn@umn.edu
612-626-7959
University of Minnesota

Public Release: 4-May-2017
Journal of Biomedical Optics
Optical spectroscopy improves predictive assessment of kidney function
A new optical spectroscopy technique developed by researchers at Lawrence Livermore National Lab promises to improve accuracy and lower costs of real-time assessment of kidney function, reports an article published this week in the Journal of Biomedical Optics. The journal is published by SPIE, the international society for optics and photonics.
DOE/Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Center for Biophotonics, National Science Foundation Science and Technology Center, University of California Davis

Contact: Amy Nelson
amy@spie.org
360-685-5478
SPIE--International Society for Optics and Photonics

Public Release: 4-May-2017
Journal of Physical Chemistry C
High temperature step-by-step process makes graphene from ethene
An international team of scientists has developed a new way to produce single-layer graphene from a simple precursor: ethene -- also known as ethylene -- the smallest alkene molecule, which contains just two atoms of carbon.
US Air Force Office of Scientific Research, US Department of Energy

Contact: John Toon
jtoon@gatech.edu
404-894-6986
Georgia Institute of Technology

Public Release: 4-May-2017
Cell
Discovery of a Zika antibody offers hope for a vaccine
Searching for a way to thwart Zika, scientists have discovered an antibody with a potent ability to neutralize the virus.
National Institutes of Health, Rockefeller University Development Office, Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, US Department of Energy, Robertson Therapeutic Development Fund

Contact: Katherine Fenz
kfenz@rockefeller.edu
212-327-7913
Rockefeller University

Public Release: 4-May-2017
Algal Research
First EPA-approved outdoor field trial for genetically engineered algae
Scientists have successfully completed the first outdoor field trial sanctioned by the US Environmental Protection Agency for genetically engineered algae. The researchers tested a genetically engineered strain of algae in outdoor ponds under real-world conditions. The researchers conclude that genetically engineered algae can be successfully cultivated outdoors while maintaining engineered traits, and, most importantly, without adversely impacting native algae populations.
US Department of Energy

Contact: Mario Aguilera
maguilera@ucsd.edu
858-822-5148
University of California - San Diego

Public Release: 2-May-2017
Research aims to protect eagles from wind turbines
New research will aim to make eagles less likely to collide with wind-turbine blades.
US Department of Energy, DOE/Wind Technology Office

Contact: Roberto Albertani
Roberto.Albertani@oregonstate.edu
541-737-7024
Oregon State University

Public Release: 1-May-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
New porous solids may lead to better drugs
Researchers have succeeded in a decades-long quest to make a new type of molecular sieve that may open new ways to produce chiral molecules.
Chevron Energy Technology Company, US Department of Energy

Contact: Whitney Clavin
wclavin@caltech.edu
626-395-1856
California Institute of Technology

Public Release: 1-May-2017
Nature Plants
Plant cell walls' stretch-but-don't-break growth more complex than once thought
Plant cell wall growth is typically described as a simple process, but researchers using a microscope that can resolve images on the nanoscale level have observed something more complex.
US Department of Energy, Center for LignoCellulose Structure and Formation, Huck Institutes of the Life Sciences

Contact: Matt Swayne
mls29@psu.edu
814-865-9481
Penn State

Public Release: 24-Apr-2017
Nano Letters
Graphene withstands high pressure, may aid in desalination
Used in filtration membranes, ultrathin material could help make desalination more productive.
MIT Energy Initiative, US Department of Energy

Contact: Abby Abazorius
abbya@mit.edu
617-253-2709
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 17-Apr-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Science fiction horror wriggles into reality with discovery of giant sulfur-powered shipworm
Our world seems to grow smaller by the day as biodiversity rapidly dwindles, but an international team of researchers discovered a never before studied giant, black, mud dwelling, worm-like animal.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, DOE/Joint Genome Institute

Contact: Stacy W. Kish
801-587-2596
University of Utah Health

Public Release: 12-Apr-2017
Nano Letters
How some battery materials expand without cracking
New findings from MIT and elsewhere show some phosphate-based battery materials can change from crystalline to glassy while in use, possibly opening new avenues for design of batteries.
US Department of Energy

Contact: Karl-Lydie Jean-Baptiste
kjeanbap@mit.edu
617-253-1682
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 11-Apr-2017
Did you catch that? Robot's speed of light communication could protect you from danger
If you were monitoring a security camera and saw someone set down a backpack and walk away, you might pay special attention -- especially if you had been alerted to watch that particular person. According to Cornell University researchers, this might be a job robots could do better than humans, by communicating at the speed of light and sharing images.
Office of Naval Research, National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy

Contact: Daryl Lovell
dal296@cornell.edu
607-592-3925
Cornell University

Public Release: 10-Apr-2017
Nature Ecology & Evolution
Forget sponges: The earliest animals were marine jellies
One of the longest-running controversies in evolutionary biology has been, 'What was the oldest branch of the animal family tree?' Was it the sponges, as had long been thought, or was it the delicate marine predators called comb jellies? A powerful new method has been devised to settle contentious phylogenetic tree-of-life issues like this and it comes down squarely on the side of comb jellies.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy, DOE/Office of Science, USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture, National Institutes of Health

Contact: David F Salisbury
david.salisbury@vanderbilt.edu
615-343-6803
Vanderbilt University

Public Release: 7-Apr-2017
Current Biology
400 million years of a stable relationship
Researchers from the Harrison lab at BTI have identified a transcriptional program that drives arbuscule degeneration during AM symbiosis. This regulation of arbuscule lifespan has likely contributed to the 400MY stability of the symbiosis by preventing the persistence of fungal cheaters.
US National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy

Contact: Keith Hannon
kch95@cornell.edu
607-254-4253
Boyce Thompson Institute

Public Release: 5-Apr-2017
Science Advances
Artificial topological matter opens new research directions
An international team of researchers have created a new structure that allows the tuning of topological properties in such a way as to turn on or off these unique behaviors. The structure could open up possibilities for new explorations into the properties of topological states of matter.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation

Contact: Catherine Zandonella
czandone@princeton.edu
609-258-0541
Princeton University

Showing releases 1-25 out of 234.

1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 > >>

 

 

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