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NEWS FROM UNIVERSITIES AND OTHER DOE RESEARCH PARTNERS

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 1-25 out of 234.

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Public Release: 17-Apr-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Science fiction horror wriggles into reality with discovery of giant sulfur-powered shipworm
Our world seems to grow smaller by the day as biodiversity rapidly dwindles, but an international team of researchers discovered a never before studied giant, black, mud dwelling, worm-like animal.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, DOE/Joint Genome Institute

Contact: Stacy W. Kish
801-587-2596
University of Utah Health

Public Release: 12-Apr-2017
Nano Letters
How some battery materials expand without cracking
New findings from MIT and elsewhere show some phosphate-based battery materials can change from crystalline to glassy while in use, possibly opening new avenues for design of batteries.
US Department of Energy

Contact: Karl-Lydie Jean-Baptiste
kjeanbap@mit.edu
617-253-1682
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 11-Apr-2017
Did you catch that? Robot's speed of light communication could protect you from danger
If you were monitoring a security camera and saw someone set down a backpack and walk away, you might pay special attention -- especially if you had been alerted to watch that particular person. According to Cornell University researchers, this might be a job robots could do better than humans, by communicating at the speed of light and sharing images.
Office of Naval Research, National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy

Contact: Daryl Lovell
dal296@cornell.edu
607-592-3925
Cornell University

Public Release: 10-Apr-2017
Nature Ecology & Evolution
Forget sponges: The earliest animals were marine jellies
One of the longest-running controversies in evolutionary biology has been, 'What was the oldest branch of the animal family tree?' Was it the sponges, as had long been thought, or was it the delicate marine predators called comb jellies? A powerful new method has been devised to settle contentious phylogenetic tree-of-life issues like this and it comes down squarely on the side of comb jellies.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy, DOE/Office of Science, USDA National Institute of Food and Agriculture, National Institutes of Health

Contact: David F Salisbury
david.salisbury@vanderbilt.edu
615-343-6803
Vanderbilt University

Public Release: 7-Apr-2017
Current Biology
400 million years of a stable relationship
Researchers from the Harrison lab at BTI have identified a transcriptional program that drives arbuscule degeneration during AM symbiosis. This regulation of arbuscule lifespan has likely contributed to the 400MY stability of the symbiosis by preventing the persistence of fungal cheaters.
US National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy

Contact: Keith Hannon
kch95@cornell.edu
607-254-4253
Boyce Thompson Institute

Public Release: 5-Apr-2017
Science Advances
Artificial topological matter opens new research directions
An international team of researchers have created a new structure that allows the tuning of topological properties in such a way as to turn on or off these unique behaviors. The structure could open up possibilities for new explorations into the properties of topological states of matter.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation

Contact: Catherine Zandonella
czandone@princeton.edu
609-258-0541
Princeton University

Public Release: 5-Apr-2017
Geophysical Research Letters
Research links decline in hemlock forests to changes in water resources
An insect infestation that is killing hemlock trees in New England forests is having a significant impact on the water resources of forested ecosystems that provide essential water supplies to one of the nation's most populous regions.
NASA, US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation

Contact: Steve Hinnefeld
slhinnef@iu.edu
812-856-3488
Indiana University

Public Release: 5-Apr-2017
Nature
Research shows global photosynthesis on the rise
Researchers found a global historic record by analyzing gases trapped in Antarctic snow to see the rapid rise in photosynthesis over the past 200 years.
US Department of Energy, NOAA, Academy of Finland, H2020, European Research Council

Contact: Elliott Campbell
ecampbell3@ucmerced.edu
209-259-0296
University of California - Merced

Public Release: 4-Apr-2017
Physical Review Letters
Gray tin exhibits novel topological electronic properties in 3-D
In a surprising new discovery, alpha-tin, commonly called gray tin, exhibits a novel electronic phase when its crystal structure is strained, putting it in a rare new class of 3-D materials called topological Dirac semimetals (TDSs). Only two other TDS materials are known to exist, discovered as recently as 2013. Alpha-tin now joins this class as its only simple-element member. This discovery holds promise for novel physics and many potential applications in technology.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation

Contact: Siv Schwink
sschwink@illinois.edu
217-300-2201
University of Illinois College of Engineering

Public Release: 4-Apr-2017
Cell Reports
Study reveals the multitasking secrets of an RNA-binding protein
Researchers from Princeton University and the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences have discovered how a fruit fly protein binds and regulates two different types of RNA target sequence. The study, which will be published April 4 in the journal Cell Reports, may help explain how various RNA-binding proteins, many of which are implicated in cancer and neurodegenerative disease, perform so many different functions in the cell.
National Science Foundation, Japan Society for the Promotion of Science, National Institutes of Health, NIH/National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, US Department of Energy

Contact: Catherine Zandonella
czandone@princeton.edu
609-258-0541
Princeton University

Public Release: 3-Apr-2017
American Association for Cancer Research Annual Meeting 2017
Penn researchers use new imaging to show key enzyme in ovarian cancer
A new imaging test may provide the ability to identify ovarian cancer patients who are candidates for an emerging treatment that targets a key enzyme cancer cells need to survive.
US Department of Energy, Basser Center for BRCA, Marsha Rivkin Center for Ovarian Cancer, and Kaleidoscope of Hope Foundation

Contact: John Infanti
john.infanti@uphs.upenn.edu
215-301-5221
University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine

Public Release: 27-Mar-2017
Nature Communications
Zika virus protein mapped to speed search for cure
A study published today reports that a team led by Indiana University scientists has mapped a key protein that causes the Zika virus to reproduce and spread.
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, US Department of Energy

Contact: Kevin Fryling
kfryling@iu.edu
812-856-2988
Indiana University

Public Release: 21-Mar-2017
Nature Photonics
Controlling fast X-ray pulses with laser light
When hit by light, electrons are excited and begin to move. Ultrafast X-ray pulses may make it possible to watch the motion of these electrons as they move inside and between atoms in a material. Although scientists have gotten much better at making ultrafast X-rays in recent years, controlling them is still notoriously difficult. Researchers at Louisiana State University and Lund University in Sweden have demonstrated a new method to direct short bursts of X-ray light that uses strong laser pulses.
DOE/Office of Science

Contact: Alison Satake
asatake@lsu.edu
225-578-3870
Louisiana State University

Public Release: 16-Mar-2017
Optica
Electro-optical switch transmits data at record-low temperatures
A silicon optical switch newly developed at Sandia National Laboratories is the first to transmit up to 10 gigabits per second of data at temperatures just a few degrees above absolute zero. The device could enable data transmission for next-generation superconducting computers that store and process data at cryogenic temperatures.
US Department of Energy

Contact: Joshua Miller
jmiller@osa.rog
202-416-1435
The Optical Society

Public Release: 15-Mar-2017
Nature
Researchers develop groundbreaking process for creating ultra-selective separation membranes
A team of researchers, led by the University of Minnesota, has developed a groundbreaking one-step, crystal growth process for making ultra-thin layers of material with molecular-sized pores. Researchers demonstrated the use of the material, called zeolite nanosheets, by making ultra-selective membranes for chemical separations.
DOE/Advanced Research Projects Agency, DOE's Center for Gas Separations Relevant to Clean Energy Technologies Energy Frontier Research Center, DOE's Nanoporous Materials Genome Center

Contact: Rhonda Zurn
rzurn@umn.edu
612-626-7959
University of Minnesota

Public Release: 15-Mar-2017
Nature
UNC researchers make discovery that could increase plant yield in wake of looming phosphate shortage
Scientists at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill have pinpointed a key genetic switch that helps soil bacteria living on and inside a plant's roots harvest a vital nutrient with limited global supply. The nutrient, phosphate, makes it to the plant's roots, helping the plant increase its yield.
National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy, US Department of Agriculture, Howard Hughes Medical Institute, Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation

Contact: Thania Benios
thania_benios@unc.edu
919-962-8596
University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill

Public Release: 15-Mar-2017
Biophysical Journal
When proteins court each other, the dance moves matter
Proteins shake their bodies and wave their limbs -- essentially dancing -- all with the goal of optimizing their interaction with other molecules, including other proteins. A new study shows that, in biological courtship, dance moves matter. The findings help to lay a foundation for the development of drugs targeting molecular vibrations. Such pharmaceuticals would block proteins from carrying out tasks that contribute to disease.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy

Contact: Cory Nealon
cmnealon@buffalo.edu
716-645-4614
University at Buffalo

Public Release: 15-Mar-2017
Nano Letters
Mapping the effects of crystal defects
MIT research offers insights into how crystal dislocations -- a common type of defect in materials -- can affect electrical and heat transport through crystals, at a microscopic, quantum mechanical level. A new mathematical approach to analyzing these dislocations uses a new quasiparticle called a dislon.
S3TEC, US Department of Energy, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency

Contact: Karl-Lydie Jean-Baptiste
kjeanbap@mit.edu
617-253-1682
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 14-Mar-2017
Nature Communications
Louisiana wetlands struggling with sea-level rise 4 times the global average
Without major efforts to rebuild Louisiana's wetlands, particularly in the westernmost part of the state, there is little chance that the coast will be able to withstand the accelerating rate of sea-level rise, a new Tulane University study concludes.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy, National Institute for Climatic Change Research Coastal Center, The Water Institute of the Gulf

Contact: Barri Bronston
bbronst@tulane.edu
504-314-7444
Tulane University

Public Release: 13-Mar-2017
Science Advances
A new study provides a solid evidence for global warming
The new study allows a more accurate assessment of how much heat has accumulated in the ocean (and Earth) system. It will be a valuable resource for future studies of oceanic variability and its climatic impacts on both regional and global scales.
Chinese Academy of Sciences, National Natural Science Foundation of China, US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation, NASA

Contact: Zheng Lin
jennylin@mail.iap.ac.cn
86-108-299-5053
Institute of Atmospheric Physics, Chinese Academy of Sciences

Public Release: 13-Mar-2017
Nature Chemistry
NYU chemists color world of 3-D crystals with advances in self-assembly
A team of New York University chemists has created self-assembled, three-dimensional DNA crystals that can bind a separate, dye-bearing strand -- a breakthrough that enhances the functionality of these tiny building blocks.
NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, National Science Foundation, US Army Research Office, Office of Naval Research, US Department of Energy, Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation

Contact: James Devitt
james.devitt@nyu.edu
212-998-6808
New York University

Public Release: 9-Mar-2017
Science
New way to tune electronic energy levels may lead to valleytronic devices
Faster, more efficient data storage and computer logic systems could be on the horizon thanks to a new way of tuning electronic energy levels in two-dimensional films of crystal, discovered by researchers at MIT. The discovery could ultimately pave the way for the development of so-called "valleytronic" devices, which harness the way electrons gather around two equal energy states, known as valleys.
US Department of Energy, Gordon Betty Moore Foundation, National Science Foundation, Ministry of Science and Technology of Taiwan

Contact: Abby Abazorius
abbya@mit.edu
617-253-2709
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 9-Mar-2017
Cell
Molecules form gels to help cells sense and respond to stress
A specific protein inside cells senses threatening changes in its environment, such as heat or starvation, and triggers an adaptive response to help the cell continue to function and grow under stressful conditions, according to a new study by scientists from the University of Chicago.
Pew Charitable Trusts, National Institutes of Health, Protein Translation Research Network, National Science Foundation, US Army Research Office, US Department of Energy

Contact: Matt Wood
matthew.wood@uchospitals.edu
University of Chicago Medical Center

Public Release: 9-Mar-2017
Science
First fully artificial yeast genome has been designed
Working as part of an international research consortium, a multidisciplinary team at The Johns Hopkins University has completed the design phase for a fully synthetic yeast genome.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy, Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada Postdoctoral Fellowship and Microsoft Research

Contact: Shawna Williams
shawna@jhmi.edu
410-955-8236
Johns Hopkins Medicine

Public Release: 8-Mar-2017
Analytical Chemistry
How CSU chemists are helping us not get food poisoning
Borrowing concepts from medical diagnostic devices, Colorado State University chemists have created a simple, cheap set of handheld tests that can detect the presence of many water or food-borne pathogens. If applied in the field, such tests could greatly reduce the number of expensive follow-up tests needed to keep the food supply safe from fecal contamination.
US Department of Energy, National Institutes of Health

Contact: Anne Manning
anne.manning@colostate.edu
970-491-7099
Colorado State University

Showing releases 1-25 out of 234.

1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 > >>

 

 

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