Ernest Orlando Lawrence founded LBNL, the oldest of the national
laboratories, in 1931. Lawrence invented the cyclotron, which
led to a Golden Age of particle physics and revolutionary discoveries
about the nature of the universe.
NASA and Berkeley Lab researchers have teamed up to explore next-generation spacecraft materials at the microscale using an X-ray technique that produces 3-D images. This work could help ensure future spacecraft survive the rigors of otherworldly atmospheres.
To better understand the physical conditions that create superluminious supernova, astrophysicists are running 2-D simulations of these events using supercomputers at the Department of Energy's National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center and the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) developed CASTRO code.
The Department of Energy's Office of Science is the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States and is working to address some of the most pressing challenges of our time.