ORNL is a multiprogram science and technology laboratory managed
for the U.S. Department of Energy by UT-Battelle, LLC. Scientists
and engineers at ORNL conduct basic and applied research and development
to create scientific knowledge solutions that strengthen the nation's
leadership in key areas of science; increase the availability
of clean, abundant energy; restore and protect the environment;
and contribute to national security.
ORNL also performs other work for the Department of Energy, including
isotope production, information management, and technical program
management, and provides research and technical assistance to
"Electrical" bacteria are the key ingredient in a new process developed by the Oak Ridge National Laboratory that recycles wastewater from biofuel production to generate hydrogen. The hydrogen can then be used to convert bio-oil into higher grade liquid fuels such as gasoline or diesel.
Researchers have long sought electrically conductive materials for economical energy-storage devices. Two-dimensional (2D) ceramics called MXenes are contenders. ORNL scientists using state-of-the-art scanning transmission electron microscopy provided the first direct evidence of the atomic-defect configurations in a titanium-carbide MXene synthesized at Drexel University. Published in ACS Nano, a journal of the American Chemical Society, the study coupled atomic-scale characterization and electrical property measurements with theory-based simulation.
The Department of Energy's Office of Science is the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States and is working to address some of the most pressing challenges of our time.