Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (Jefferson Lab)
is funded by the U.S. Department of Energy (DoE) with strong support
from the City of Newport News, the Commonwealth of Virginia, and
the United States Congress. As a user facility for scientists
worldwide, its primary mission is to conduct basic research of
the atom's nucleus at the quark level.
Much like two friendly neighbors getting together to chat over a cup of coffee, the minuscule particles in our sub-atomic world also come together to engage in a kind of conversation. Now, nuclear scientists are developing tools to allow them to listen in on the particles' gab fests and learn more about how they stick together to build our visible universe. The first complex calculations of a particle called the sigma have been carried out and published in Physical Review Letters.
The Department of Energy's Office of Science is the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States and is working to address some of the most pressing challenges of our time.