Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) is a U.S. Department
of Energy national laboratory operated by the University of California.
LLNL was founded in September 1952 as a second nuclear weapons
design laboratory to promote innovation in the design of our nation's
nuclear stockpile through creative science and engineering. Livermore
has also become one of the world's premier scientific centers,
where cutting-edge science and engineering in the interest of
national security is used to break new ground in other areas of
national importance, including energy, biomedicine, and environmental
In an advance that may someday provide health benefits for soldiers and athletes, a team of researchers has discovered a mechanism that could be the cause of traumatic brain injuries in blast-exposed soldiers.
During a science experiment, Frances Foy helped a fifth grade student dip a blown-up balloon into a container of liquid nitrogen. As the balloon shriveled amid a cloud of white vapor while classmates 'oohed' and 'aahed' in amazement, Foy asked, "What is happening? Something is changing."
For two decades, Foy has been demonstrating the wonders of science like this one that explains the states of matter.
The Department of Energy's Office of Science is the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States and is working to address some of the most pressing challenges of our time.