With the 21st Century dawns what many have called the
"biological century," in which advances in biologyspurred by achievements in
genomic research, including the sequencing of the human genomewill bring
revolutionary and unconventional solutions to some of mankindís most pressing
and expensive challenges in health, energy, the environment, and national
Bolstered by their success in the Human Genome Project (www.ornl.gov/hgmis), DOE has further
catalyzed the genome industry through its Genomes to Life (doegenomestolife.org) and
Microbial Genome Programs. Investigators in these programs are working to
understand how living organisms interact with and respond to their environments.
Results will provide insights into numerous DOE mission challenges including how
biological processes can be used to produce clean energy, remove excess carbon
dioxide from the atmosphere, and assist in environmental cleanup.
To accomplish these goals, DOE supports leading-edge research by scientists from
academia, the national laboratories, and the private sector in science areas
including: structural biology, genome sequencing, functional genomics, climate
science, the global carbon cycle, environmental molecular science, computational
biology, and medical imaging.
Related Topics: climate prediction, environmental cleanup, Genomes to
Life (molecular machines), global climate change, Human Genome Program, Joint
Genome Institute, Microbial Genome Program, radiation biology, synchrotron
structural biology facilities at Argonne Light Source, Advanced Photon Source,
and the National Synchrotron Light Source.
The Department of Energy's Office of Science is the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States and is working to address some of the most pressing challenges of our time.