Public Release: 19-Apr-2018 Largest ever database of US wind turbines released
Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab), in collaboration with public and private partners, has released the most comprehensive publicly available database yet of US wind turbine locations and characteristics. The United States Wind Turbine Database (USWTDB) will allow unparalleled ability for government agencies and others to make planning decisions.
Public Release: 17-Apr-2018
Nature Catalysis Battery's hidden layer revealed
An international team led by Argonne National Laboratory makes breakthrough in understanding the chemistry of the microscopically thin layer that forms between the liquid electrolyte and solid electrode in lithium-ion batteries. The results are being used in improving the layer and better predicting battery lifetime.
United States Department of Energy's Office of Science, BMW Technology Corporation
Public Release: 16-Apr-2018
Water Resources Research Effects of climate change on communally managed water systems softened by shared effort
Shared fates and experiences in a community can help it withstand changes to water availability due to climate change, a recent study by Sandia National Laboratories researchers found. The work, recently published in a special socio-hydrology issue of Water Resources Research, paired a dynamic systems model of an acequia community and its water system with a hydrology model of an upland water source to study how the community responds to changes in water availability and flow.
National Science Foundation
Public Release: 13-Apr-2018
Scripta Materialia A heavyweight solution for lighter-weight combat vehicles
Researchers at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory have developed and successfully tested a novel process -- called Friction Stir Dovetailing -- that joins thick plates of aluminum to steel. The new process will be used to make lighter-weight military vehicles that are more agile and fuel efficient.
US Army Tank Automotive Research Development and Engineering Center
Public Release: 13-Apr-2018
Science Advances Scientists use machine learning to speed discovery of metallic glass
Blend two or three metals together and you get an alloy that usually looks and acts like a metal, with its atoms arranged in rigid geometric patterns. But once in a while, under just the right conditions, you get something entirely new: a futuristic alloy called metallic glass. Now new research reports a shortcut for discovering and improving metallic glass -- and, by extension, other elusive materials -- at a fraction of the time and cost.
DOE/Office of Science, DOE/Advanced Manufacturing Office, NIH/National Institute of Standards and Technology
Public Release: 12-Apr-2018
Nature Communications Understanding a cell's 'doorbell'
A multi-institutional project to understand one of the major targets of human drug design has produced new insights into how structural communication works in a cell component called a G protein-coupled receptor (GPCRs), basically a 'doorbell' structure that alerts the cell of important molecules nearby.
Public Release: 11-Apr-2018 CMI expands research in tech metals as demand for electric vehicles grows
As increasing consumer interest in electric vehicles drives the demand for supplies of lithium and cobalt (ingredients in lithium-ion batteries), the Critical Materials Institute will begin new efforts this July to maximize the efficient processing, use, and recycling of those elements.
Public Release: 11-Apr-2018
Nature Communications Biologically inspired membrane purges coal-fired smoke of greenhouse gases
A series of nanoscopic membranes made of water saturated by an enzyme naturally developed over millions of years to clear CO2 empties coal smoke of the greenhouse gas more cheaply and efficiently than any known.
DOE/Sandia National Laboratories Laboratory-Directed Research and Development, DOE/Office of Science, Air Force Office of Scientific Research
Public Release: 10-Apr-2018
Nature Astronomy Tiny distortions in universe's oldest light reveal strands in cosmic web
Scientists have decoded faint distortions in the patterns of the universe's earliest light to map huge tubelike structures invisible to our eyes -- known as filaments -- that serve as superhighways for delivering matter to dense hubs such as galaxy clusters.
Public Release: 10-Apr-2018
Scientific Data NREL opens large database of inorganic thin-film materials
An extensive experimental database of inorganic thin-film materials that organizes a decade's worth of research at the Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) is now publicly available.
Public Release: 9-Apr-2018
Plant Physiology Removing the brakes on plant oil production
Scientists studying plant biochemistry at Brookhaven Lab have discovered new details about biomolecules that put the brakes on oil production. The findings suggest that disabling these biomolecular brakes could push oil production into high gear -- a possible pathway toward generating abundant biofuels and plant-derived bioproducts.
DOE/Office of Science, National Science Foundation
Public Release: 9-Apr-2018 Using biomimicry to detect outbreaks faster
Sandia National Laboratories computer scientists Pat Finley and Drew Levin have been working to improve the US biosurveillance system that alerts authorities to disease outbreaks by mimicking the human immune system.
Public Release: 6-Apr-2018
Scientific Reports Mirror, mirror
The mirror-like physics of the superconductor-insulator transition operates exactly as expected. Scientists know this to be true following the observation of a remarkable phenomenon, the existence of which was predicted three decades ago but that had eluded experimental detection until now. The observation confirms that two fundamental quantum states, superconductivity and superinsulation, both arise in mirror-like images of each other.
DOE/Office of Science, Materials Sciences and Engineering Division, National Science Foundation, Ministry of Education and Science of the Russian Federation, Alexander von Humboldt Foundation, Ministry of Education, Culture
Public Release: 4-Apr-2018 Freedom and flexibility: Thinking outside the cell for functional genomics
Along with advances in sequencing technologies and capacities, JGI has developed capabilities such as single-cell genomics, synthetic biology, and metabolomics to move beyond generating a DNA sequence to understanding gene functions for a myriad of applications. The latest proposal approved through the JGI's Emerging Technologies Opportunity Program (ETOP) aims to develop an optimized cell-free platform that will enable researchers to speed up the 'build' and 'test' portion of the design-build-test-analyze cycle in synthetic biology.
US Department of Energy
The Department of Energy's Office of Science is the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States and is working to address some of the most pressing challenges of our time.