Public Release: 7-Jun-2017 'Charliecloud' simplifies Big Data supercomputing
At Los Alamos National Laboratory, home to more than 100 supercomputers since the dawn of the computing era, elegance and simplicity of programming are highly valued but not always achieved. In the case of a new product, dubbed 'Charliecloud,' a crisp 800-line code helps supercomputer users operate in the high-performance world of Big Data without burdening computer center staff with the peculiarities of their particular software needs.
Public Release: 1-Jun-2017
Science Rover findings indicate stratified lake on ancient Mars
A long-lasting lake on ancient Mars provided stable environmental conditions that differed significantly from one part of the lake to another, according to a comprehensive look at findings from the first three-and-a-half years of NASA's Curiosity rover mission.
Public Release: 30-May-2017
Geophysical Research Letters 'Halos' discovered on Mars widen time frame for potential life
Lighter-toned bedrock that surrounds fractures and comprises high concentrations of silica -- called 'halos' -- has been found in Gale crater on Mars, indicating that the planet had liquid water much longer than previously believed.
Public Release: 18-May-2017
Biochemistry Insight into enzyme's 3-D structure could cut biofuel costs
Using neutron crystallography, a Los Alamos research team has mapped the three-dimensional structure of a protein that breaks down polysaccharides, such as the fibrous cellulose of grasses and woody plants, a finding that could help bring down the cost of creating biofuels.
Public Release: 25-Apr-2017
Scientific Reports Managing disease spread through accessible modeling
A new computer modeling study from Los Alamos National Laboratory is aimed at making epidemiological models more accessible and useful for public-health collaborators and improving disease-related decision making.
Defense Threat Reduction Agency
Public Release: 12-Apr-2017
Analytical Sciences On-the-range detection technology could corral bovine TB
A research breakthrough allowing the first direct, empirical, blood-based, cow-side test for diagnosing bovine tuberculosis (TB) could spare ranchers and the agriculture industry from costly quarantines and the mass slaughter of animals infected with this easily spread disease.
New Mexico Small Business Assistance, US Department of Agriculture, Los Alamos Research and Development Directed Research Program
Public Release: 22-Mar-2017
Nature Physics Ultrafast measurements explain quantum dot voltage drop
Solar cells and photodetectors could soon be made from new types of materials based on semiconductor quantum dots, thanks to new insights based on ultrafast measurements capturing real-time photoconversion processes.
Public Release: 21-Mar-2017 Breaking the supermassive black hole speed limit
A new computer simulation helps explain the existence of puzzling supermassive black holes observed in the early universe. The simulation is based on a computer code used to understand the coupling of radiation and certain materials.
Public Release: 20-Mar-2017
Journal of Geophysical Research Less radiation in inner Van Allen belt than previously believed
The inner Van Allen belt has less radiation than previously believed, according to a recent study in the Journal of Geophysical Research. Observations from NASA's Van Allen probes show the fastest, most energetic electrons in the inner radiation belt are actually much rarer and harder to find than scientists expected. This is good news for spacecraft that are orbiting in the region and can be damaged by high levels of radiation.
Public Release: 20-Mar-2017
Nature 'Flying saucer' colloidal quantum dots produce brighter, better lasers
A multi-institutional team of researchers from Canada and the US has demonstrated steady state lasing with solution-processed nanoparticles called 'colloidal quantum dots,' an important step on the path to improving laser tools for fiber optics, video projectors and more accurate medical testing technology. The work is reported today in a paper for the journal Nature.
DOE/Office of Basic Energy Sciences, DOE/Office of Science, United States Department of Energy
Public Release: 9-Mar-2017
Science Perovskite edges can be tuned for optoelectronic performance
In the eternal search for next generation high-efficiency solar cells and LEDs, scientists at Los Alamos National Laboratory and their partners are creating innovative 2-D layered hybrid perovskites that allow greater freedom in designing and fabricating efficient optoelectronic devices. Industrial and consumer applications could include low cost solar cells, LEDs, laser diodes, detectors, and other nano-optoelectronic devices.
Public Release: 9-Mar-2017
Journal of American Chemical Society Unexpected oxidation state for molecular plutonium discovered
Researchers at Los Alamos National Laboratory in collaboration with the University of California - Irvine (UCI) have uncovered a significant new chemical attribute of plutonium, the identification and structural verification of the +2 oxidation state in a molecular system.
Public Release: 22-Feb-2017
PLOS ONE Science versus the 'Horatio Alger myth'
In a new study published today in the journal PLOS ONE, Los Alamos National Laboratory scientists have taken a condensed matter physics concept usually applied to the way substances such as ice freeze, called 'frustration,' and applied it to a simple social network model of frustrated components. They show that inequality of wealth can emerge spontaneously and more equality can be gained by pure initiative.
Public Release: 9-Feb-2017 Los Alamos research on cancer's origins key part of huge grant
Los Alamos National Laboratory researcher Ludmil Alexandrov has been announced as a member of one of the first four global research teams funded under Cancer Research UK's 'Grand Challenge,' which seeks to revolutionize the understanding of cancer and its prevention, diagnosis and treatment.
Cancer Research UK
Public Release: 30-Jan-2017
Space Weather First-ever GPS data release to boost space-weather science
Today, more than 16 years of space-weather data is publicly available for the first time in history. The data comes from space-weather sensors developed by Los Alamos National Laboratory on board the nation's Global Positioning System (GPS) satellites.
Public Release: 19-Dec-2016
Applied and Environmental Microbiology DNA markers distinguish between harmless, deadly bacteria
Through a new study of the coccobacillus Francisella, Los Alamos National Laboratory researchers are working to use DNA markers to discern related but relatively harmless species as they are identified and to provide a means to distinguish them from the harmful F. tularensis.
US Department of Homeland Security, Science and Technology Directorate
Public Release: 13-Dec-2016
2016 AGU Fall Meeting First detection of boron on the surface of Mars
Boron has been identified for the first time on the surface of Mars, indicating the potential for long-term habitable groundwater in the ancient past.
Public Release: 29-Nov-2016
Nucleic Acids Research EDGE bioinformatics brings genomics to everyone
A new bioinformatics platform called Empowering the Development of Genomics Expertise (EDGE) will help democratize the genomics revolution by allowing users with limited bioinformatics expertise to quickly analyze and interpret genomic sequence data.
Public Release: 3-Nov-2016
Science Mutational signatures mark cancer's smoking gun
A broad computational study of cancer genome sequences identifies telltale mutational signatures associated with smoking tobacco and demonstrates, for the first time, that smoking increases cancer risk by causing somatic mutations in tissues directly and indirectly exposed to tobacco smoke.
Public Release: 23-Aug-2016
Nature Energy New class of fuel cells offer increased flexibility, lower cost
A new class of fuel cells based on a newly discovered polymer-based material could bridge the gap between the operating temperature ranges of two existing types of polymer fuel cells, a breakthrough with the potential to accelerate the commercialization of low-cost fuel cells for automotive and stationary applications.
Public Release: 17-Aug-2016
Nature Communications Isotope research opens new possibilities for cancer treatment
A new study at Los Alamos National Laboratory and in collaboration with Stanford Synchrotron Radiation Lightsource greatly improves scientists' understanding of the element actinium. The insights could support innovation in creating new classes of anticancer drugs.
Public Release: 21-Jul-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Tide-triggered tremors give clues for earthquake prediction
The triggering of small, deep earthquakes along California's San Andreas Fault reveals depth-dependent frictional behavior that may provide insight into patterns signaling when a major quake could be on the horizon, according to a paper released this week by the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
Public Release: 21-Jul-2016 Mars rover's laser can now target rocks all by itself
New software is enabling ChemCam, the laser spectrometer on NASA's Curiosity Mars rover, to select rock targets autonomously -- the first time autonomous target selection is available for an instrument of this kind on any robotic planetary mission.
The Department of Energy's Office of Science is the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States and is working to address some of the most pressing challenges of our time.