Public Release: 21-Nov-2017 ORNL wins nine R&D 100 Awards
Researchers at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have received nine R&D 100 Awards in recognition of their significant advancements in science and technology.
Public Release: 13-Nov-2017
ACS Catalysis Neutrons probe oxygen-generating enzyme for a greener approach to clean water
A new study sheds light on a unique enzyme that could provide an eco-friendly treatment for chlorite-contaminated water supplies and improve water quality worldwide. An international team of researchers used neutron analysis at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, X-ray crystallography and other techniques to study chlorite dismutase, an enzyme that breaks down the environmental pollutant chlorite into harmless byproducts. Their results advance understanding of the catalytic process involved to support future applications in bioremediation and biotechnology.
Public Release: 13-Nov-2017 INCITE grants of 5.95 billion hours awarded to 55 computational research projects
The US Department of Energy's Office of Science announced 55 projects with high potential for accelerating discovery through its Innovative and Novel Computational Impact on Theory and Experiment (INCITE) program. The projects will share 5.95 billion core-hours on three of America's most powerful supercomputers dedicated to capability-limited open science and support a broad range of large-scale research campaigns from infectious disease treatment to next-generation materials development.
US Department of Energy, Advanced Scientific Computing
Public Release: 2-Nov-2017
Journal of Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics Story tips from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, November 2017
Story tips from ORNL, November 2017: Fast-learning computing technique supports hurricane damage assessments; neutrons unlock liquid flow mystery; 'puckering' 2D material creates tunable energy gap; window air conditioning prototype allows safe use of propane refrigerant; graphene nanoribbons become semiconductors through precise electrical contacts.
Department of Energy, Office of Science
Public Release: 31-Oct-2017 ORNL's DelCul, Wirth named American Nuclear Society fellows
Two researchers from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have been elected fellows of the American Nuclear Society, a professional society that promotes the advancement and awareness of nuclear science and technology.
Public Release: 30-Oct-2017 Tourassi named top scientist at ORNL's annual Awards night
Georgia Tourassi of Oak Ridge National Laboratory's Computing and Computational Sciences Directorate has received the ORNL Director's Award for Outstanding Individual Accomplishment in Science and Technology.
Public Release: 30-Oct-2017 ORNL, City of Oak Ridge partner on sensor project to capture trends in cities
Researchers at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory are partnering with the city of Oak Ridge, Tennessee, to develop UrbanSense, a comprehensive sensor network and real-time visualization platform that helps cities evaluate trends in urban activity. The platform collects open-source population, traffic and environmental data in cities and delivers real-time dynamics to users via an online dashboard.
Public Release: 20-Oct-2017 Two ORNL-led research teams receive $10.5 million to advance quantum computing for science
DOE's Office of Science has awarded two research teams, each headed by a member of ORNL's Quantum Information Science Group, more than $10 million over 5 years to both assess the feasibility of quantum architectures in addressing big science problems and to develop algorithms capable of harnessing the massive power predicted of quantum computing systems. The two projects are intended to work in concert to ensure synergy across DOE's quantum computing research spectrum and maximize mutual benefits.
US Department of Energy
Public Release: 18-Oct-2017
Angewandte Chemie International Edition Researchers customize catalysts to boost product yields, decrease separation costs
For some crystalline catalysts, what you see on the surface is not always what you get in the bulk, according to two studies led by the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory. The investigators discovered that treating a complex oxide crystal with either heat or chemicals caused different atoms to segregate on the surface, i.e., surface reconstruction. Those differences created catalysts with dissimilar behaviors, which encouraged different reaction pathways and ultimately yielded distinct products.
US Department of Energy
Public Release: 16-Oct-2017 SimPath licenses novel ORNL system for enhanced synthetic biology
SimPath has licensed a novel cloning system developed by the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory that generates and assembles the biological building blocks necessary to synthetically bioengineer new medicines and fuels.
US Department of Energy, Biological and Environmental Research, Genomic Science Program; ORNL's Technology Innovation Program
Public Release: 16-Oct-2017
Nature Communications Neutrons observe vitamin B6-dependent enzyme activity useful for drug development
Scientists at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have performed neutron structural analysis of a vitamin B6-dependent protein, potentially opening avenues for new antibiotics and drugs to battle diseases such as drug-resistant tuberculosis, malaria and diabetes.
Specifically, the team used neutron crystallography to study the location of hydrogen atoms in aspartate aminotransferase, or AAT, an enzyme vital to the metabolism of certain amino acids.
Department of Energy's Office of Science, ORNL's Center for Structural Molecular Biology
Public Release: 13-Oct-2017
Physical Review Letters Spin current detection in quantum materials unlocks potential for alternative electronics
A new method that precisely measures the mysterious behavior and magnetic properties of electrons flowing across the surface of quantum materials could open a path to next-generation electronics. A team of scientists has developed an innovative microscopy technique to detect the spin of electrons in topological insulators, a new kind of quantum material that could be used in applications such as spintronics and quantum computing.
Oak Ridge National Laboratory's Laboratory Directed Research and Development program
Public Release: 5-Sep-2017
Advanced Functional Materials Story tips from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, September 2017
ORNL story tips: 3-D printing process repairs and strengthens Cummins engine without recasting parts. Unoccupied research house serves as test bed for connected neighborhood project. Atomic force microscopy shows adding chloride to photovoltaic materials enhances ionic conduction. Researchers design innovative home energy router prototype. ORNL hosts molten salt reactor workshop.
US Department of Energy
Public Release: 23-Aug-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences High-resolution modeling assesses impact of cities on river ecosystems
New mapping methods developed by researchers at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory can help urban planners minimize the environmental impacts of cities' water and energy demands on surrounding stream ecologies.
Public Release: 14-Aug-2017 DC Hot Stick developed for first responder, worker safety
With more volts than ever before in electric vehicles (EVs) and on solar-paneled rooftops, first responder and electrical worker safety is a growing concern. Researchers at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) are addressing the challenge with the development of a probe to accurately detect direct-current (DC) energy.
US Fire Administration
Public Release: 10-Aug-2017
Astrophysical Journal Galactic winds push researchers to probe galaxies at unprecedented scale
After using the Titan supercomputer at Oak Ridge National Laboratory to rule out a potential mechanism for galactic wind, UC Santa Cruz astrophysicist Brant Robertson and University of Arizona graduate student Evan Schneider, now a Hubble Fellow at Princeton University, are aiming to generate nearly a trillion-cell simulation of an entire galaxy, which would be the largest simulation of a galaxy ever.
Public Release: 10-Aug-2017 Four ORNL researchers receive DOE early career funding awards
Four Oak Ridge National Laboratory researchers specializing in nuclear physics, fusion energy, advanced materials and environmental science are among 59 recipients of Department of Energy's Office of Science Early Career Research Program awards.
Department of Energy's Office of Science
Public Release: 3-Aug-2017
Science World's smallest neutrino detector finds big physics fingerprint
After more than a year of operation at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), the COHERENT experiment, using the world's smallest neutrino detector, has found a big fingerprint of the elusive, electrically neutral particles that interact only weakly with matter. The research, performed at ORNL's Spallation Neutron Source and published in the journal Science, provides compelling evidence for a neutrino interaction process predicted by theorists 43 years ago, but never seen.
Oak Ridge National Laboratory's Laboratory Directed Research and Development Program, US National Science Foundation, Kavli Institute for Cosmological Physics at the University of Chicago, Kavli Foundation
Public Release: 1-Aug-2017
ChemistrySelect Story tips from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Aug. 2017
New method turns used cooking oil into biofuel with carbon derived from recycled tires; novel technique protects innermost fusion reactor wall from energy created when hydrogen isotopes reach sun-like temps; new catalyst production process doubles output of high-value renewable BTX used in plastics and tires; crystalline thin film vanadium dioxide makes outstanding electrode for lithium-ion batteries.
Department of Energy
Public Release: 25-Jul-2017 Qubitekk licenses ORNL single-photon source approach for quantum encryption
Qubitekk has non-exclusively licensed an Oak Ridge National Laboratory-developed method to produce quantum light particles, known as photons, in a controlled, deterministic manner that promises improved speed and security when sharing encrypted data.
DOE/Office of Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability's Cybersecurity for Energy Delivery Systems, ORNL's Laboratory Directed Research and Development program
Public Release: 18-Jul-2017 3-D models help scientists gauge flood impact
Using one of the world's most powerful supercomputers, a University of Iowa team performed one of the first highly resolved, 3-D, volume-of-fluid Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) simulations of a dam break in a natural environment. The simulation allowed the team to map precise water levels for actual flood events over time.
The Department of Energy's Office of Science is the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States and is working to address some of the most pressing challenges of our time.