Public Release: 16-Nov-2017
Cell Host & Microbe Unlocking the secrets of Ebola
Scientists have identified a set of biomarkers that indicate which patients infected with the Ebola virus are most at risk of dying from the disease. The results come from one of the most in-depth studies ever of blood samples from patients with Ebola. Researchers found 11 biomarkers that distinguish fatal infections from non-fatal ones and two that, when screened for early upon symptom onset, accurately predict which patients are likely to die.
Japanese Health and Labor Sciences Research Grant, Ministry of Education, Cultures, Sports, Science and Technology of Japan, Emerging/Re-emerging Infectious Diseases Project of Japan, NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, and others
Public Release: 14-Sep-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences New insights into nanocrystal growth in liquid
PNNL researchers have measured the forces that cause certain crystals to assemble, revealing competing factors that researchers might be able to control. The work has a variety of implications in both discovery and applied science. In addition to providing insights into the formation of minerals and semiconductor nanomaterials, it might also help scientists understand soil as it expands and contracts through wetting and drying cycles.
Department of Energy, National Science Foundation, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, China's Xi'an Jiaotong University
Public Release: 23-Aug-2017
American Chemical Society 254th National Meeting & Exposition Radiological crimes investigation
The results of the fifth and latest Collaborative Materials Exercise of the Nuclear Forensics International Technical Working Group, a global network of nuclear forensics experts, will be discussed at the American Chemical Society's national meeting in Washington DC on August. 24.
National Nuclear Security Administration
Public Release: 22-Aug-2017
Materials Science and Engineering A ShAPEing the future of magnesium car parts
A new process developed at the Department of Energy's Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, should make it more feasible for the auto industry to incorporate very lightweight magnesium alloys into structural components. The method has the potential to reduce cost by eliminating the need for rare-earth elements, while simultaneously improving the material's structural properties.
DOE/Vehicle Technologies Office
Public Release: 14-Aug-2017 PNNL scientist Jiwen Fan receives DOE Early Career Research award
Jiwen Fan of the Department of Energy's Pacific Northwest National Laboratory has been selected to receive a 2017 Early Career Research Program award from the U.S. Department of Energy. Fan will use the award to study severe thunderstorms in the central United States - storms that produce large hail, damaging winds, tornadoes, and torrential rainfall.
U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science
Public Release: 14-Aug-2017
EPJ Data Science Are your tweets feeling well?
A study finds opinion and emotion in tweets change when you get sick, a method that public health workers could use to monitor health trends.
Defense Threat Reduction Agency
Public Release: 11-Aug-2017
Ecological Informatics Night vision for bird- & bat-friendly offshore wind power
The ThermalTracker software analyzes video with night vision, the same technology that helps soldiers see in the dark, to help birds and bats near offshore wind turbines.
Department of Energy
Public Release: 8-Aug-2017 Distributed wind power keeps spinning, growing
America's use of distributed wind -- which is wind power generated near where it will be used -- continues to grow, according to the 2016 Distributed Wind Market Report.
US Department of Energy
Public Release: 19-Jul-2017 PNNL scientist Ruby Leung appointed a Battelle Fellow
Ruby Leung of the Department of Energy's Pacific Northwest National Laboratory has been named a Battelle Fellow -- the highest recognition from Battelle for leadership and accomplishment in science.
Public Release: 28-Jun-2017 Protein data takes significant step forward in medicine
Scientists at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory and Oregon Health & Science University are part of a nationwide effort to learn more about the role of proteins in cancer biology and to use that information to benefit cancer patients.
NIH/National Cancer Institute
Public Release: 1-Jun-2017 'Expert in a suitcase' cuts power bills 10 percent in small commercial buildings
The knowledge of a seasoned energy efficiency professional has been packed into a high-tech suitcase dubbed the Sensor Suitcase, which contains easy-to-to use sensors and other equipment that make it possible for nearly anyone to identify energy-saving opportunities in small commercial buildings.
US Department of Energy's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy
Public Release: 11-May-2017
Nature Communications More natural dust in the air improves air quality in eastern China
Man-made pollution in eastern China's cities worsens when less dust blows in from the Gobi Desert, according to a study published May 11 in Nature Communications. That's because dust plays an important role in determining the air temperatures and thereby promoting winds to blow away man-made pollution. Less dust means the air stagnates, with man-made pollution becoming more concentrated and sticking around longer.
National Science Foundation, Department of Energy
Public Release: 27-Apr-2017
Science For first time, researchers measure forces that align crystals and help them snap together
For the first time, researchers have measured the force that draws tiny crystals together and visualized how they swivel and align. Called van der Waals forces, the attraction provides insights into how crystals self-assemble, an activity that occurs in a wide range of cases in nature, from rocks to shells to bones.
US Department of Energy
Public Release: 26-Apr-2017
Nature Nanotechnology Video captures bubble-blowing battery in action
PNNL researchers have created a unique video that shows oxygen bubbles inflating and later deflating inside a tiny lithium-air battery. The knowledge gained from the video could help make lithium-air batteries that are more compact, stable and can hold onto a charge longer.
US Department of Energy
Public Release: 24-Apr-2017 3 small energy firms to collaborate with PNNL
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory is collaborating with three small businesses to address technical challenges concerning hydrogen for fuel cell cars, bio-coal and nanomaterial manufacturing.
US Department of Energy
Public Release: 20-Apr-2017
2017 IEEE Symposium on High Performance Computer Architecture Changing the game
High performance computing researcher Shuaiwen Leon Song asked if hardware called 3-D stacked memory could do something it was never designed to do -- help render 3-D graphics.
Department of Energy/Office of Science
Public Release: 17-Apr-2017
Nature Materials Tweaking a molecule's structure can send it down a different path to crystallization
Silky chocolate, a better medical drug, or solar panels all require the same thing: just the right crystals making up the material. Now, scientists trying to understand the paths crystals take as they form have been able to influence that path by modifying the starting ingredient.
US Department of Energy
Public Release: 13-Apr-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Advantage: Water
When water comes in for a landing on the common catalyst titanium oxide, it splits into hydroxyls just under half the time. Water's oxygen and hydrogen atoms shift back and forth between existing as water or hydroxyls, and water has the slightest advantage, like the score in a highly competitive tennis game.
Department of Energy, American Recovery and Reinvestment Act
Public Release: 1-Mar-2017
Nature Energy Tweaking electrolyte makes better lithium-metal batteries
New research shows adding a pinch of chemical additive to a lithium-metal battery's electrolyte helps make rechargeable batteries that are stable, charge quickly, and go longer in between charges than lithium-ion batteries.
DOE/Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy
Public Release: 13-Feb-2017
Nature Microbiology Microbiomes more in flux in patients with inflammatory bowel disease
Patients with inflammatory bowel disease are more likely to see dramatic shifts in the make-up of the community of microbes in their gut than healthy people, according to the results of a study published in Nature Microbiology. The results help physicians and scientists understand the disease more fully and potentially offer new ways to track the disease and monitor patients.
National Institutes of Health, Crohn's and Colitis Foundation of America, Örebro University Hospital Research Foundation, Swedish Research Council
Public Release: 30-Jan-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Vitamin B12: Power broker to the microbes
In the microbial world, vitamin B12 is a hot commodity. It turns out that vitamin B12, a substance produced by only a few organisms but needed by nearly all of them, wields great power in microbial communities -- ubiquitous structures that affect energy and food production, the environment, and human health.
DOE/Office of Science, Russian Foundation for Basic Research, Russian Academy of Sciences
Public Release: 4-Jan-2017
Nature Communications Increasing rainfall in a warmer world will likely intensify typhoons in western Pacific
An analysis of the strongest tropical storms over the last half-century reveals that higher global temperatures have intensified the storms via enhanced rainfall. Rain that falls on the ocean reduces salinity and allows typhoons to grow stronger.
US Department of Energy, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
The Department of Energy's Office of Science is the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States and is working to address some of the most pressing challenges of our time.