Public Release: 20-Oct-2016
Scientific Reports Argonne researchers posit way to locally circumvent Second Law of Thermodynamics
For more than a century and a half of physics, the Second Law of Thermodynamics, which states that entropy always increases, has been as close to inviolable as any law we know. In this universe, chaos reigns supreme. But researchers with Argonne announced recently that they may have discovered a little loophole in this famous maxim. Their research, published in Scientific Reports, lays out a possible avenue to a situation where the Second Law is violated on the microscopic level.
US Department of Energy, Swiss National Foundation, Pauli Center for Theoretical Studies at Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Russian Foundation for Basic Research
Public Release: 3-Oct-2016
Nature Communications Diamond proves useful material for growing graphene
A team has developed a method to grow graphene that contains relatively few impurities, and costs less to make, in a shorter time and at lower temperatures compared to the processes widely used to make graphene today.
DOE/Office of Science
Public Release: 3-Oct-2016
Nature Physics Argonne ahead of the 'curve' in magnetic study
In a new study by researchers at the US Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory, scientists noticed that magnetic skyrmions -- small electrically uncharged circular structures with a spiraling magnetic pattern -- do get deflected by an applied current, much like a curveball gets deflected by airflow.
US Department of Energy Office of Science, National Science Foundation
Public Release: 8-Sep-2016
Journal of the American Chemical Society Seeing energized light-active molecules proves quick work for Argonne scientists
To understand how molecules undergo light-driven chemical transformations, scientists need to be able to follow the atoms and electrons within the energized molecule as it gains and loses energy. In a recent study, a team of researchers at Argonne, Northwestern University and the Technical University of Denmark used the ultrafast high-intensity pulsed X-rays produced by the Linac Coherent Light Source to take molecular snapshots of these molecules.
DOE/ Office of Science, Basic Energy Sciences, National Institute of Health
Public Release: 30-Aug-2016
Journal of Chemical Physics Argonne theorists solve a long-standing fundamental problem
Trying to understand a system of atoms is like herding gnats -- the individual atoms are never at rest and are constantly moving and interacting. When it comes to trying to model the properties and behavior of these kinds of systems, scientists use two fundamentally different pictures of reality, one of which is called 'statistical' and the other 'dynamical.'
US Department of Energy, DOE/Office of Science, Alexander von Humboldt Foundation
Public Release: 5-Aug-2016
Nature Argonne discovery yields self-healing diamond-like carbon
A group of tribologists -- scientists who study the effect of friction in machines -- and computational materials scientists at Argonne recently discovered a revolutionary diamond-like film that is generated by the heat and pressure of an automotive engine.
United States Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy
Public Release: 1-Aug-2016
Nature Materials New silicon structures could make better biointerfaces
A team of researchers have engineered silicon particles one-fiftieth the width of a human hair, which could lead to 'biointerface' systems designed to make nerve cells fire and heart cells beat.
Public Release: 1-Aug-2016
Science A new leaf: Scientists turn carbon dioxide back into fuel
In a new study from Argonne and the University of Illinois at Chicago, researchers have found a way to convert carbon dioxide into a usable energy source.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation
Public Release: 29-Jul-2016
Science Advances Diamonds help generate new record for static pressures for study
An international team working at the Advanced Photon Source at Argonne National Laboratory has devised a method for achieving 1 terapascal of static pressure -- vastly higher than any previously reached.
BES, National Science Foundation, Department of Energy, DOE/Chemical Sciences, Geosciences, & Biosciences
Public Release: 15-Jun-2016
Nature Communications New X-ray method allows scientists to probe molecular explosions
A team led by researchers from the US Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory used the high-intensity, quick-burst X-rays provided by the Linac Coherent Light Source at SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory to look at how the atoms in a molecule change when the molecule is bombarded with X-rays.
Public Release: 10-Jun-2016
Nature Communications A new way to control oxygen for electronic properties
Researchers at Argonne found they could use a small electric current to introduce oxygen voids, or vacancies, that dramatically change the conductivity of thin oxide films.
Public Release: 26-May-2016 Argonne technology wins 2016 TechConnect National Innovation Award
A Graphene-nanodiamond solution for achieving superlubricity that was developed at the US Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory has won a 2016 TechConnect National Innovation Award. TechConnect is a global innovation prospecting company, delivering the most promising technologies to the world's leading corporate, investment and government clients.
DOE/Office of Science, Basic Energy Sciences, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Advanced Scientific Computing Research
Public Release: 25-May-2016
Science Scientists create 'magnetic charge ice'
A team of scientists working at the US Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory and led by Northern Illinois University physicist and Argonne materials scientist Zhili Xiao has created a new material, called 'rewritable magnetic charge ice,' that permits an unprecedented degree of control over local magnetic fields and could pave the way for new computing technologies.
Public Release: 24-May-2016 Argonne National Laboratory program to provide opportunity to launch ventures
To meet this challenge, the US Department of Energy's Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy and Argonne National Laboratory announced today a new innovation accelerator program for science and energy entrepreneurs called Chain Reaction Innovations.
US Department of Energy
Public Release: 20-May-2016
Environmental Science & Technology Temporary oilfield workers are major factor in increased water use in N. Dakota Bakken region
Increased water use in the rapidly growing oil industry in North Dakota's Bakken oil shale region, or play, is surprisingly due not only to oil well development but also to people, according to a recent study. Increased oil development in that region has attracted thousands of oilfield employees.
DOE/National Energy Technology Laboratory, Natural Resources Defense Council, Stanford University
Public Release: 17-May-2016
Tribology International Gone with the wind: Argonne coating shows surprising potential to improve reliability in wind power
A group of researchers from the Argonne National Laboratory and the University of Akron discovered that a particular form of carbon coating not necessarily designed for wind turbines may indeed prove a boon to the wind industry -- a serendipitous finding that was recently highlighted in the journal Tribology International.
US Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency & Renewable Energy
Public Release: 21-Apr-2016 Bakery switches to propane vans
A switch to propane from diesel by a major Midwest bakery fleet showed promising results, including a significant displacement of petroleum, a drop in greenhouse gases and a fuel cost savings of 7 cents per mile, according to a study recently completed by the US Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory.
DOE/Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy
Public Release: 8-Apr-2016
Nature Physics New magnetism research brings high-temp superconductivity applications closer
A research team by the US Department of Energy's (DOE) Argonne National Laboratory have discovered that only half the atoms in some iron-based superconductors are magnetic, providing the first conclusive demonstration of the wave-like properties of metallic magnetism.
Public Release: 31-Mar-2016
Journal of The Electrochemical Society Argonne continues to pave way for improved battery performance testing
Scientists at the US Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory have demonstrated that the placement and type of a tiny measurement device called a reference electrode enhances the quantity and quality of information that can be extracted from lithium-ion battery cells during cycling.
United States Department of Energy Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Vehicle Technologies Office
Public Release: 24-Mar-2016
Nature Communications Moving microswimmers with tiny swirling flows
Scientists at Argonne National Laboratory have discovered a way to use a microscopic, swirling flow to rapidly clear a circle of tiny bacteria or swimming robots.
DOE/Office of Science, National Institutes of Health
Public Release: 3-Mar-2016
Climate Dynamics (Rain)cloud computing: Researchers work to improve how we predict climate change
At Argonne National Laboratory, two scientists work on simulations that project what the climate will look like 100 years from now. Last year, they completed the highest-resolution climate forecast ever done for North America, dividing the continent into squares just over seven miles on a side -- far more detailed than the standard 30 to 60 miles.
US Department of Defense's Strategic Environmental Research and Development Program
Public Release: 23-Feb-2016
Global Change Biology: Bioenergy A new recipe for biofuel: Genetic diversity can lead to more productive growth
A team of national laboratory and university researchers led by the Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory is growing large test plots of switchgrass crops with the farmer in mind. For the first time, researchers have mixed different genetic varieties of switchgrass on production-size plots, hypothesizing this could increase yield by extending the growing season, varying the size of the switchgrass plants to produce a fuller crop and potentially reducing the crop's vulnerability to weather fluctuations.
The Department of Energy's Office of Science is the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States and is working to address some of the most pressing challenges of our time.