Public Release: 9-Nov-2016 Accelerating cancer research with deep learning
Using the Titan supercomputer at the Oak Ridge Leadership Computing Facility, a DOE Office of Science User Facility located at ORNL, Tourassi's team applied deep learning to extract useful information from cancer pathology reports, a foundational element of cancer surveillance. Working with modest datasets, the team obtained preliminary findings that demonstrate deep learning's potential for cancer surveillance.
Public Release: 8-Nov-2016 Brookhaven's Robert McGraw receives AS&T's Outstanding Publication Award from AAAR
Robert McGraw's AS&T Outstanding Publication Award from the American Association for Aerosol Research recognizes the novel method he developed nearly 20 years ago to mathematically characterize how the distribution of tiny atmospheric particles called aerosols evolves over time.
U.S. Department of Energy
Public Release: 8-Nov-2016 Brookhaven Lab wins 3 2016 R&D 100 Awards
Innovations in microscopy, catalysis, and nanomaterials are among the 100 technologies and services of the past year selected by R&D Magazine to receive awards.
US Department of Energy
Public Release: 8-Nov-2016
Nature Communications Study: Carbon-hungry plants impede growth rate of atmospheric CO2
New findings suggest the rate at which CO2 is accumulating in the atmosphere has plateaued in recent years because Earth's vegetation is grabbing more carbon from the air than in previous decades. The findings are based on extensive ground and atmospheric observations of CO2, satellite measurements of vegetation, and computer modeling.
Public Release: 7-Nov-2016
Nature Photonics We gather here today to join lasers and anti-lasers
Berkeley Lab scientists have, for the first time, achieved both lasing and anti-lasing in a single device. Their findings lay the groundwork for developing a new type of integrated device with the flexibility to operate as a laser, an amplifier, a modulator, and a detector.
US Department of Energy
Public Release: 4-Nov-2016 ORNL wins 7 R&D 100 Awards
Researchers at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have received seven R&D 100 Awards in recognition of their significant advancements in science and technology.
Public Release: 3-Nov-2016 2017 DOE Joint Genome Institute Community Science Program allocations announced
The organisms and ecosystems highlighted in the 37 projects selected for the 2017 Community Science Program (CSP) of the US Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute (DOE JGI), a DOE Office of Science User Facility, 'exploit DOE JGI's experimental and analytical 'omics' capabilities and build our portfolio in key focus areas' and reflect the breadth and depth of interests researchers are exploring to find solutions to energy and environmental challenges.
DOE/Office of Science
Public Release: 3-Nov-2016
Science Mutational signatures mark cancer's smoking gun
A broad computational study of cancer genome sequences identifies telltale mutational signatures associated with smoking tobacco and demonstrates, for the first time, that smoking increases cancer risk by causing somatic mutations in tissues directly and indirectly exposed to tobacco smoke.
Public Release: 2-Nov-2016
Scientific Reports Gatekeeping proteins to aberrant RNA: You shall not pass
Berkeley Lab researchers found that aberrant strands of genetic code have telltale signs that enable gateway proteins to recognize and block them from exiting the nucleus. Their findings shed light on a complex system of cell regulation that acts as a form of quality control for the transport of genetic information. A more complete picture of how genetic information gets expressed in cells is important in disease research.
National Science Foundation
Public Release: 1-Nov-2016 State's 3 largest public research institutions to increase collaboration
The state's three largest public research institutions have signed a Memorandum of Understanding, which expresses the intent of the parties to increase research collaborations on complex challenges and provide additional research and training opportunities for students in the state. The memorandum was signed recently by leaders at the University of Washington, Washington State University and Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
Public Release: 1-Nov-2016
Scientific Reports 3-D-printed permanent magnets outperform conventional versions, conserve rare materials
Researchers at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have demonstrated that permanent magnets produced by additive manufacturing can outperform bonded magnets made using traditional techniques while conserving critical materials.
Scientists fabricated isotropic, near-net-shape, neodymium-iron-boron (NdFeB) bonded magnets at DOE's Manufacturing Demonstration Facility at ORNL using the Big Area Additive Manufacturing (BAAM) machine.
DOE/Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy's Advanced Manufacturing Office
Public Release: 31-Oct-2016
Nature Geoscience Clouds are impeding global warming... for now
Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory researchers have identified a mechanism that causes low clouds -- and their influence on Earth's energy balance -- to respond differently to global warming depending on their spatial pattern.
Public Release: 26-Oct-2016
Physical Review Letters Nickel-78 is a 'doubly magic' isotope, supercomputing calculations confirm
'Doubly magic' atomic nuclei have greater stability than their neighbors thanks to having shells that are fully occupied by both protons and neutrons. Theoretical physicists at Oak Ridge National Laboratory recently used Titan, America's most powerful supercomputer, to compute the nuclear structure of nickel-78 and found that this neutron-rich nucleus is indeed doubly magic. The results may improve understanding of the origin, organization and interactions of stable matter.
DOE/Office of Science
The Department of Energy's Office of Science is the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States and is working to address some of the most pressing challenges of our time.