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DOE NEWS RELEASES

Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 1-25 out of 117.

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Public Release: 11-Jan-2018
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
All in the family: Focused genomic comparisons
Aspergillus fungi are pathogens, decomposers, and important sources of biotechnologically-important enzymes. In the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, a team led by researchers at the Technical University of Denmark, the DOE Joint Genome Institute and the Joint BioEnergy Institute report the first outcome from the large-scale sequencing of 300+ Aspergillus species. These findings are a proof of concept of novel methods to functionally annotate genomes to more quickly identify genes of interest.
US Department of Energy Office of Science

Contact: David Gilbert
mlballon@lbl.gov
DOE/Joint Genome Institute

Public Release: 9-Jan-2018
Multi-model effort highlights progress, future needs in renewable energy modeling
Models of the US electricity sector are relied upon by sector stakeholders and decision makers, but the recent surge in variable renewable energy (VRE), such as wind and solar, led a team of modeling experts to examine how these models would represent scenarios with high penetrations of VRE.

Contact: David Glickson
david.glickson@nrel.gov
303-275-4097
DOE/National Renewable Energy Laboratory

Public Release: 9-Jan-2018
NREL launches electrification futures study series
The US Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) is spearheading the Electrification Futures Study, a research collaboration to explore the impacts of widespread electrification in all US economic sectors -- commercial and residential buildings, transportation, and industry.

Contact: David Glickson
david.glickson@nrel.gov
303-275-4097
DOE/National Renewable Energy Laboratory

Public Release: 4-Jan-2018
Nature Communications
Real world native biocrusts: Microbial metabolism
Specific compounds are transformed by and strongly associated with specific bacteria in native biological soil crust (biocrust) using a suite of tools called 'exometabolomics.' Understanding how microbial communities in biocrusts adapt to harsh environments could shed light on the roles of soil microbes in the global carbon cycle.

Contact: Dan Krotz
dakrotz@lbl.gov
DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Public Release: 3-Jan-2018
Macromolecules
Story tips from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, January 2018
ORNL story tips, Jan. 2018: study identifies microbes to diagnose endometriosis without surgery; brain-inspired device can quickly classify data; neutrons 'see' how water flows through fractured rock; new method could help with demand for electric vehicle charging stations; bio-based, shape-memory material could replace today's conductors; novel approach for studying material's magnetic behavior could boost quantum computing.
US Department of Energy Office of Science, Bioenergy Technologies Office, DOE/Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Contact: Sara Shoemaker
shoemakerms@ornl.gov
865-576-9219
DOE/Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Public Release: 21-Dec-2017
Royal Society Interface
Ames Lab-led team maps magnetic fields of nano-objects in liquid
A research team led by a scientist from the US Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory has demonstrated for the first time that the magnetic fields of bacterial cells and magnetic nano-objects in liquid can be studied at high resolution using electron microscopy.

Contact: Laura Millsaps
millsaps@ameslab.gov
DOE/Ames Laboratory

Public Release: 20-Dec-2017
Nature Communications
When one reference genome is not enough
Having plant pan-genomes for crops that are important for fuel and food applications would enable breeders to harness natural diversity to improve traits such as yield, disease resistance, and tolerance of marginal growing conditions. In Nature Communications, an international team led by researchers at the Joint Genome Institute gauged the size of a plant pan-genome using Brachypodium distachyon, a wild grass widely used as a model for grain and biomass crops.
US Department of Energy Office of Science

Contact: David Gilbert
degilbert@lbl.gov
DOE/Joint Genome Institute

Public Release: 19-Dec-2017
Nature Genetics
A functional genomics database for plant microbiome studies
Most of the interaction between microbes and plants occurs at the interface between the roots and soil. In Nature Genetics, a team led by JGI researchers isolated novel bacteria from plant root environments and combined the new genomes with thousands of publicly available genomes representing the major groups of plant-associated bacteria, and bacteria from plant and non-plant environments. Through the resulting database, researchers identified genes enriched in the genomes of plant-associated and root-associated organisms.
US Department of Energy Office of Science

Contact: David Gilbert
degilbert@lbl.gov
DOE/Joint Genome Institute

Public Release: 14-Dec-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
Clearing the air
A greater understanding of the dynamics of chemical reactions is leading to better models of atmospheric chemistry. Through this work, scientists are gaining insight into a key chemical able to break down some major air pollutants.

Contact: Jared Sagoff
jsagoff@anl.gov
630-252-5549
DOE/Argonne National Laboratory

Public Release: 12-Dec-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
NREL research finds a sweet spot for engineering better cellulose-degrading enzymes
Researchers from the US Department of Energy's (DOE) National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) have gained new insights into how glycosylation--the natural attachment of sugars to proteins--affects a key cellulase enzyme. This work could be used to improve enzyme performance to better break down biomass and convert waste plant matter to renewable fuels and products. Namely, the more effective the enzyme, the more efficient and economical the process will be.

Contact: David Glickson
david.glickson@nrel.gov
303-275-4097
DOE/National Renewable Energy Laboratory

Public Release: 12-Dec-2017
Science
NREL develops novel method to produce renewable acrylonitrile
A new study from the Energy Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) establishes a novel catalytic method to produce renewable acrylonitrile using 3-hydroxypropionic acid (3-HP), which can be biologically produced from sugars. This hybrid biological-catalytic process offers an alternative to the conventional petrochemical production method and achieves unprecedented acrylonitrile yields.

Contact: David Glickson
david.glickson@nrel.gov
303-275-4097
DOE/National Renewable Energy Laboratory

Public Release: 4-Dec-2017
Nature Chemical Biology
Story tips from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Dec. 2017
Story tips from ORNL, Dec. 2017: US cities could save billions with Oak Ridge National Laboratory's precise approach to de-icing wintry roads; discovery of overlooked function of certain microbes could boost environmental clean-up strategies; novel tools can 'see' atomic structures of aluminum-cerium alloys for automotive and aerospace applications.
US Department of Energy, Critical Materials Institute, Oak Ridge National Laboratory's Laboratory Directed Research and Development program, National Institutes of Health, US Department of Defense

Contact: Sara Shoemaker
shoemakerms@ornl.gov
865-576-9219
DOE/Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Public Release: 4-Dec-2017
Scientific Reports
Computer simulations reveal roots of drug resistance
New supercomputer simulations have revealed the role of transport proteins called efflux pumps in creating drug-resistance in bacteria, research that could lead to improving the drugs' effectiveness against life-threatening diseases and restoring the efficacy of defunct antibiotics.

Contact: Nancy Ambrosiano
nwa@lanl.gov
505-667-0471
DOE/Los Alamos National Laboratory

Public Release: 1-Dec-2017
Nature Communications
Drought-resistant plant genes could accelerate evolution of water-use efficient crops
Scientists at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have identified a common set of genes that enable different drought-resistant plants to survive in semi-arid conditions, which could play a significant role in bioengineering and creating energy crops that are tolerant to water deficits.
US Department of Energy, Biological and Environmental Research, Genomic Science Program, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Laboratory Directed Research and Development Program

Contact: Sara Shoemaker
shoemakerms@ornl.gov
865-576-9219
DOE/Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Public Release: 28-Nov-2017
Nature Communications
NREL develops switchable solar window
Thermochromic windows capable of converting sunlight into electricity at a high efficiency have been developed by scientists at the US Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL).

Contact: David Glickson
david.glickson@nrel.gov
303-275-4097
DOE/National Renewable Energy Laboratory

Public Release: 21-Nov-2017
Two Los Alamos scientists honored by AAAS
Prominent researchers Angel E. Garcia and Laura Smilowitz of Los Alamos National Laboratory have been named Fellows of the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS). Election as a Fellow of AAAS is an honor bestowed upon Association members by their peers.

Contact: Nancy Ambrosiano
nwa@lanl.gov
505-667-0471
DOE/Los Alamos National Laboratory

Public Release: 21-Nov-2017
Infectious diseases: CTRL + ALT + delete
Gene editing holds great promise for 'deleting' diseases from human bodies. Sandia National Laboratories is working to make this technology safer and to ensure that one day it can be delivered into humans without triggering adverse immune system reactions or causing other undesirable side effects.

Contact: Jules Bernstein
jberns@sandia.gov
929-337-3229
DOE/Sandia National Laboratories

Public Release: 16-Nov-2017
Science
Detailed view of immune proteins could lead to new pathogen-defense strategies
Biologists at Berkeley Lab and UC Berkeley used cryo-EM to resolve the structure of a ring of proteins used by the immune system to summon support when under attack, providing new insight into potential strategies for protection from pathogens. The researchers captured the high-resolution image of a protein ring, called an inflammasome, as it was bound to flagellin, a protein from the whiplike tail used by bacteria to propel themselves forward.
National Institutes of Health, Howard Hughes Medical Institute

Contact: Sarah Yang
scyang@lbl.gov
510-486-4575
DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Public Release: 16-Nov-2017
Cell Host & Microbe
Unlocking the secrets of Ebola
Scientists have identified a set of biomarkers that indicate which patients infected with the Ebola virus are most at risk of dying from the disease. The results come from one of the most in-depth studies ever of blood samples from patients with Ebola. Researchers found 11 biomarkers that distinguish fatal infections from non-fatal ones and two that, when screened for early upon symptom onset, accurately predict which patients are likely to die.
Japanese Health and Labor Sciences Research Grant, Ministry of Education, Cultures, Sports, Science and Technology of Japan, Emerging/Re-emerging Infectious Diseases Project of Japan, NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, and others

Contact: Tom Rickey
tom.rickey@pnnl.gov
DOE/Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

Public Release: 15-Nov-2017
ACS Nano
X-rays reveal the biting truth about parrotfish teeth
A new study has revealed a chain mail-like woven microstructure that gives parrotfish teeth their remarkable ability to chomp on coral all day long - the structure could serve as a blueprint for designing ultra-durable synthetic materials.

Contact: Glenn Roberts Jr.
geroberts@lbl.gov
510-486-5582
DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Public Release: 14-Nov-2017
Nature Microbiology
To find new biofuel enzymes, it can take a microbial village
In search of new plant enzymes? Try looking in compost. Researchers at JBEI have demonstrated the importance of microbial communities as a source of stable enzymes that could be used to convert plants to biofuels. This approach yields robust enzymes that researchers can't easily obtain from isolates.
US Department of Energy

Contact: Sarah Yang
scyang@lbl.gov
510-486-4575
DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Public Release: 13-Nov-2017
ACS Catalysis
Neutrons probe oxygen-generating enzyme for a greener approach to clean water
A new study sheds light on a unique enzyme that could provide an eco-friendly treatment for chlorite-contaminated water supplies and improve water quality worldwide. An international team of researchers used neutron analysis at Oak Ridge National Laboratory, X-ray crystallography and other techniques to study chlorite dismutase, an enzyme that breaks down the environmental pollutant chlorite into harmless byproducts. Their results advance understanding of the catalytic process involved to support future applications in bioremediation and biotechnology.

Contact: Ashley Huff
huffac@ornl.gov
865-241-6451
DOE/Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Public Release: 13-Nov-2017
INCITE grants of 5.95 billion hours awarded to 55 computational research projects
The US Department of Energy's Office of Science announced 55 projects with high potential for accelerating discovery through its Innovative and Novel Computational Impact on Theory and Experiment (INCITE) program. The projects will share 5.95 billion core-hours on three of America's most powerful supercomputers dedicated to capability-limited open science and support a broad range of large-scale research campaigns from infectious disease treatment to next-generation materials development.
US Department of Energy, Advanced Scientific Computing

Contact: Katie Bethea
betheakl@ornl.gov
DOE/Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Public Release: 9-Nov-2017
Scientific Reports
New routes to renewables: Sandia speeds transformation of biofuel waste into wealth
A Sandia National Laboratories-led team has demonstrated faster, more efficient ways to turn discarded plant matter into chemicals worth billions.

Contact: Jules Bernstein
jberns@sandia.gov
925-294-2612
DOE/Sandia National Laboratories

Public Release: 31-Oct-2017
NREL, University of Washington scientists elevate quantum dot solar cell world record
Researchers at the US Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory established a new world efficiency record for quantum dot solar cells, at 13.4 percent.

Contact: David Glickson
david.glickson@nrel.gov
303-275-4097
DOE/National Renewable Energy Laboratory

Showing releases 1-25 out of 117.

1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 > >>

 

 

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