Public Release: 20-Sep-2017 Sandia Labs wins 5 regional technology transfer awards
Sandia National Laboratories won five awards from the 2017 Federal Laboratory Consortium for its work to develop and commercialize innovative technologies.
The annual FLC awards program recognizes federal laboratories and their industry partners for outstanding technology transfer achievements.
Public Release: 18-Sep-2017
Scientific Reports Enzyme's worth to biofuels shown in latest NREL research
An enzyme discovered at the U.S. Department of Energy's (DOE) National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) proves adept at breaking down cellulose fibers regardless of whether their crystalline structure is simple or highly complex. No other enzyme has shown that ability.
Public Release: 18-Sep-2017
Nature Materials NREL investigates coatings needed for concentrating solar power
Next-generation concentrating solar power (CSP) plants require high-temperature fluids, like molten salts, in the range of 550-750 degrees Celsius to store heat and generate electricity. At those high temperatures, however, the molten salts eat away at common alloys used in the heat exchangers, piping, and storage vessels of CSP systems. New research at the U.S. Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) is aimed at mitigating corrosion levels in CSP plants with nickel-based coatings.
Public Release: 18-Sep-2017 Cleaning up subways: Sandia's 20-year mission to stop anthrax in its tracks
Sandia National Laboratories engineer Mark Tucker has spent much of the past 20 years thinking about incidents involving chemical or biological warfare agents, and the best ways to clean them up. Tucker's current project focuses on cleaning up a subway system after the release of a biological warfare agent such as anthrax.
Department of Homeland Security Science and Technology Directorate's Homeland Security Advanced Research Projects Agency
Public Release: 13-Sep-2017
Nature Berkeley Lab scientists map key DNA protein complex at near-atomic resolution
Using cryo-electron microscopy (cryo-EM), Berkeley Lab researchers have obtained 3-D models of a human transcription factor at near-atomic resolutions. The protein complex is critical to gene expression and DNA repair, and could aid research in targeted drug development.
US Department of Energy, NIH/National Institute of General Medical Sciences, Swiss National Science Foundation
Public Release: 31-Aug-2017
Journal of the American Chemical Society X-ray footprinting solves mystery of metal-breathing protein
Berkeley Lab scientists have discovered the details of an unconventional coupling between a bacterial protein and a mineral that allows the bacterium to breathe when oxygen is not available.
Public Release: 29-Aug-2017 NREL updates baseline cost and performance data for electricity generation technologies
The Energy Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory has released the 2017 Annual Technology Baseline (ATB), updating a key source of reliable electricity generation technology cost and performance data used to support and inform electric sector analysis in the United States. Now in its third year, the ATB documents technology-specific information on a broad spectrum of electricity generation technologies, including wind, solar, geothermal, hydropower, biomass, coal, natural gas, and nuclear.
Public Release: 29-Aug-2017
Nature Energy NREL, Swiss scientists power past solar efficiency records
Collaboration between researchers at the US Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory, the Swiss Center for Electronics and Microtechnology, and the École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne shows the high potential of silicon-based multijunction solar cells.
Public Release: 28-Aug-2017
Nature Microbiology The outsized role of soil microbes
Three scientists have proposed a new approach to better understand the role of soil organic matter in long-term carbon storage and its response to changes in global climate and atmospheric chemistry.
US Department of Energy's Office Science, Office of Biological and Environmental Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, National Natural Science Foundation of China, National Key Research and Development Program of China, and others
Public Release: 24-Aug-2017
PLOS ONE DNA detectives crack the case on biothreat look-alikes
Biological "detectives" are tracking down biothreats such as the bacteria that causes tularemia ("rabbit fever"), but they constantly face the challenge of avoiding false positives.
Public Release: 23-Aug-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences High-resolution modeling assesses impact of cities on river ecosystems
New mapping methods developed by researchers at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory can help urban planners minimize the environmental impacts of cities' water and energy demands on surrounding stream ecologies.
Public Release: 14-Aug-2017 Balloons and drones and clouds; oh, my!
Last week, researchers at Sandia National Laboratories flew a tethered balloon and an unmanned aerial system, colloquially known as a drone, together for the first time to get Arctic atmospheric temperatures with better location control than ever before.
Public Release: 14-Aug-2017 PNNL scientist Jiwen Fan receives DOE Early Career Research award
Jiwen Fan of the Department of Energy's Pacific Northwest National Laboratory has been selected to receive a 2017 Early Career Research Program award from the U.S. Department of Energy. Fan will use the award to study severe thunderstorms in the central United States - storms that produce large hail, damaging winds, tornadoes, and torrential rainfall.
U.S. Department of Energy Office of Science
Public Release: 11-Aug-2017
Ecological Informatics Night vision for bird- & bat-friendly offshore wind power
The ThermalTracker software analyzes video with night vision, the same technology that helps soldiers see in the dark, to help birds and bats near offshore wind turbines.
Department of Energy
Public Release: 10-Aug-2017 Four ORNL researchers receive DOE early career funding awards
Four Oak Ridge National Laboratory researchers specializing in nuclear physics, fusion energy, advanced materials and environmental science are among 59 recipients of Department of Energy's Office of Science Early Career Research Program awards.
Department of Energy's Office of Science
Public Release: 9-Aug-2017
Nature Biotechnology Defining standards for genomes from uncultivated microorganisms
As genomic data production has ramped up over the past two decades and is being generated on various platforms around the world, scientists have worked together to establish definitions for terms and data collection standards that apply across the board. In Nature Biotechnology, an international team led by DOE JGI researchers has developed standards for the minimum metadata to be supplied with single amplified genomes and metagenome-assembled genomes submitted to public databases.
DOE/Office of Science
Public Release: 7-Aug-2017 The good, the bad and the algae
Sandia National Laboratories is testing whether one of California's largest and most polluted lakes can transform into one of its most productive and profitable. Southern California's 350-square-mile Salton Sea has well-documented problems related to elevated levels of nitrogen and phosphorus from agricultural runoff. Sandia intends to harness algae's penchant for prolific growth to clean up these pollutants and stop harmful algae blooms while creating a renewable, domestic source of fuel.
Public Release: 24-Jul-2017
Weather and Climate Extremes 'Hindcasting' study investigates the extreme 2013 Colorado flood
Using a publicly available climate model, Berkeley Lab researchers 'hindcast' the conditions that led to the Sept. 9-16, 2013 flooding around Boulder, Colo. and found that climate change attributed to human activity made the storm much more severe than would otherwise have occurred.
Public Release: 19-Jul-2017 PNNL scientist Ruby Leung appointed a Battelle Fellow
Ruby Leung of the Department of Energy's Pacific Northwest National Laboratory has been named a Battelle Fellow -- the highest recognition from Battelle for leadership and accomplishment in science.
Public Release: 18-Jul-2017 3-D models help scientists gauge flood impact
Using one of the world's most powerful supercomputers, a University of Iowa team performed one of the first highly resolved, 3-D, volume-of-fluid Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) simulations of a dam break in a natural environment. The simulation allowed the team to map precise water levels for actual flood events over time.
Public Release: 18-Jul-2017
Nature Climate Change Titan simulations show importance of close 2-way coupling between human and Earth systems
By using supercomputers such as the Oak Ridge Leadership Computing Facility's Titan, a large multidisciplinary team of scientists developed a new integrated climate model designed to reduce uncertainties in future climate predictions as it bridges Earth systems with energy and economic models and large-scale human impact data.
The Department of Energy's Office of Science is the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States and is working to address some of the most pressing challenges of our time.