U.S.Department of Energy Research News
Text-Only | Privacy Policy | Site Map  
Search Releases and Features  

Multimedia Resources
News Releases
Feature Stories
RSS Feed

US Department of Energy National Science Bowl



Key: Meeting M      Journal J      Funder F

Showing releases 101-125 out of 159.

<< < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 > >>

Public Release: 13-Jun-2016
Nature Climate Change
Drying Arctic soils could accelerate greenhouse gas emissions
A new study published in Nature Climate Change indicates soil moisture levels will determine how much carbon is released to the atmosphere as rising temperatures thaw Arctic lands.

Contact: Morgan McCorkle
DOE/Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Public Release: 10-Jun-2016
Science Advances
X-rays reveal the photonic crystals in butterfly wings that create color
Scientists used X-rays to discover what creates one butterfly effect: how the microscopic structures on the insect's wings reflect light to appear as brilliant colors to the eye.
US Department of Energy

Contact: Richard Fenner
DOE/Argonne National Laboratory

Public Release: 6-Jun-2016
Nature Chemical Biology
Copper is key in burning fat
A new study led by a Berkeley Lab scientist and UC Berkeley professor establishes for the first time copper's role in fat metabolism, further burnishing the metal's reputation as an essential nutrient for human physiology.
National Institutes of Health

Contact: Sarah Yang
DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Public Release: 1-Jun-2016
Team identifies gene involved with fracture healing
New identification of a gene involved in the fracture healing process could lead to the development of new therapeutic treatments for difficult-to-heal injuries.

Contact: Anne Stark
DOE/Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

Public Release: 31-May-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
RNA simulations boost understanding of retroviral diseases
New molecular dynamics research into how RNA folds into hairpin-shaped structures called tetraloops could provide important insights into new treatments for retroviral diseases.

Contact: Nancy Ambrosiano
DOE/Los Alamos National Laboratory

Public Release: 31-May-2016
Better combustion for power generation
As US utility companies replace coal-fired power plants with natural gas, a collaboration between GE and Oak Ridge National Laboratory is contributing to efficiency gains in GE's H-class gas turbines. GE researchers produced the first simulation involving multiple gas turbine combustors to study combustion interactions that are impractical to test physically. Advanced simulation is projected to results in a full percentage-point gain in turbine efficiency.

Contact: Jonathan Hines
DOE/Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Public Release: 27-May-2016
Nature Microbiology
PNNL helps lead national microbiome initiative
Scientists Janet Jansson and Ljiljana Paša-Toli are part of a core group of scientists leading a national effort to understand communities of microorganisms and their role in climate science, food production and human health.

Contact: Tom Rickey
DOE/Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

Public Release: 26-May-2016
Current Biology
Cuing environmental responses in fungi
Sensory perception lies at the heart of adaptation to changing conditions, and helps fungi to improve growth and recycle organic waste, and to know when and how to infect a plant or animal host. New results from a team led by DOE Joint Genome Institute researchers based on characterizing and then conducting a comparative analysis of two genome sequences published in Current Biology shed new light on the evolution of sensory perception in fungi.
DOE/Office of Science

Contact: Massie Ballon
DOE/Joint Genome Institute

Public Release: 23-May-2016
Trends in Microbiology
A rallying call for microbiome science national data management
In a paper published online May 16, 2016, in Trends in Microbiology, researchers from the US Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute call for the formation of a National Microbiome Data Center to efficiently manage the datasets accumulated globally. By integrating and harnessing all available microbiome data and metadata, researchers could conduct larger-scale comparative analyses in order to address global challenges related to energy, environment, health and agriculture.
US Department of Energy

Contact: Massie S. Ballon
DOE/Joint Genome Institute

Public Release: 20-May-2016
Angewandte Chemie
Neutrons probe structure of enzyme critical to development of next-generation HIV drugs
A team led by the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory used neutron analysis to better understand a protein implicated in the replication of HIV, the retrovirus that causes AIDS. The enzyme, known as HIV-1 protease, is a key drug target for HIV and AIDS therapies. The multi-institutional team used neutron crystallography to uncover detailed interactions of hydrogen bonds at the enzyme's active site, revealing a pH-induced proton 'hopping' mechanism that guides its activity.
DOE/Office of Science

Contact: Jeremy Rumsey
DOE/Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Public Release: 20-May-2016
Chemists settle longstanding debate on how methane is made biologically
Like the poet, microbes that make methane are taking chemists on a road less traveled: Of two competing ideas for how microbes make the main component of natural gas, the winning chemical reaction involves a molecule less favored by previous research, something called a methyl radical. Reported today in the journal Science, the work is important for understanding not only how methane is made, but also how to make things from it.
Department of Energy

Contact: Mary Beckman
DOE/Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

Public Release: 19-May-2016
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
ORNL demonstrates large-scale technique to produce quantum dots
ORNL demonstrates a method to produce significant amounts of semiconducting nanoparticles for light-emitting displays, sensors, solar panels and biomedical applications.

Contact: Ron Walli
DOE/Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Public Release: 19-May-2016
Journal of Orthopaedic Research
New research could personalize medicine for arthritis patients
Recently, a team of scientists from Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, University of California, Davis, University of California, Merced and Regeneron Pharmaceuticals examined the whole-joint gene expression by RNA sequencing at one day, one, six and 12 weeks after injury. The team used a new, non-invasive tibial compression mouse model of PTOA, that mimics ACL rupture in humans from a single high-impact injury.

Contact: Anne Stark
DOE/Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

Public Release: 18-May-2016
New Berkeley Lab study tallies environmental and public health benefits of solar power
Solar power could deliver $400 billion in environmental and public health benefits throughout the United States by 2050, according to a study from the US Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and National Renewable Energy Laboratory.
US Department of Energy SunShot Initiative

Contact: Jon Weiner
DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Public Release: 11-May-2016
Physics Review Letters
Scientists take a major leap toward a 'perfect' quantum metamaterial
Scientists have devised a way to build a 'quantum metamaterial' -- an engineered material with exotic properties not found in nature -- using ultracold atoms trapped in an artificial crystal composed of light. The theoretical work represents a step toward manipulating atoms to transmit information, perform complex simulations or function as powerful sensors.

Contact: Glenn Roberts Jr.
DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Public Release: 10-May-2016
Green Chemistry
Berkeley Lab scientists brew jet fuel in 1-pot recipe
Berkeley Lab researchers at the Joint BioEnergy Institute have engineered a strain of bacteria that enables a 'one-pot' method for producing advanced biofuels from a slurry of pre-treated plant material. The achievement is a critical step in making biofuels a viable competitor to fossil fuels by streamlining the production process.
US Department of Energy

Contact: Sarah Yang
DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Public Release: 9-May-2016
Sandia Labs tapped again to lead national solar evaluation centers
Sandia National Laboratories won a three-year renewal of a Department of Energy contract to manage the US Regional Test Centers (RTCs), a network of five sites across the country where industry can assess the performance, reliability and economic viability of solar photovoltaic (PV) technologies.

Contact: Nancy Salem
DOE/Sandia National Laboratories

Public Release: 5-May-2016
Marine Corps teams with Sandia on microgrids and renewable energy planning
The US Marine Corps are the first boots on the ground in a crisis. On the front lines, they must be able to power up securely without plugging into utilities. They require nothing less than completely reliable and cost-effective energy independence.

Contact: Rebecca Brock
DOE/Sandia National Laboratories

Public Release: 5-May-2016
Scientists watch bacterial sensor respond to light in real time
Researchers have made a giant leap forward in taking snapshots of ultrafast reactions in a bacterial light sensor. Using the world's most powerful X-ray laser at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, they were able to see atomic motions as fast as 100 quadrillionths of a second -- 1,000 times faster than ever before.
National Science Foundation, National Institutes of Health, Helmholtz Association, German Federal Ministry of Education and Research, Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council, Academy of Finland, European Union

Contact: Andrew Gordon
DOE/SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory

Public Release: 4-May-2016
Three PNNL scientists receive DOE Early Career Research awards
Three scientists at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory have been selected to receive 2016 Early Career Research Program research grants from the US Department of Energy. Scientists Yingge Du, Kirsten Hofmockel and James Moran will receive funding to further their studies in climate science, energy storage, and other areas important to the nation.
US Department of Energy

Contact: Tom Rickey
DOE/Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

Public Release: 3-May-2016
DOE Office of Science selects 49 scientists to receive early career research funding
The Department of Energy's (DOE's) Office of Science has selected 49 scientists from across the nation -- including 22 from DOE's national laboratories and 27 from US universities -- to receive significant funding for research as part of DOE's Early Career Research Program.
DOE Office of Science

Contact: Office of Science Communications
DOE/US Department of Energy

Public Release: 2-May-2016
Nature Geoscience
A cleansing rain falls; a soil-filled mist arises
Scientists have found that rain triggers the release of a mist of particles from wet soils into the air, a finding with consequences for how scientists model our planet's climate and future. The evidence comes in the form of tiny glassy spheres, less than one-hundredth the width of a human hair, discovered in the Great Plains.
US Department of Energy

Contact: Tom Rickey
DOE/Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

Public Release: 26-Apr-2016
NREL demonstrates light-driven process for enzymatic ammonia production
A new process using light to reduce dinitrogen into ammonia, the main ingredient in chemical fertilizers could inspire development of new, more sustainable processes that eliminate the energy-intensive, lengthier processes now commonly in use.

Contact: David Glickson
DOE/National Renewable Energy Laboratory

Public Release: 21-Apr-2016
Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research
Advances in extracting uranium from seawater announced in special issue
The oceans hold more than four billion tons of uranium--enough to meet global energy needs for the next 10,000 years if only we could capture the element from seawater to fuel nuclear power plants. Major advances in this area have been published by the American Chemical Society's journal Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research. Oak Ridge National Laboratory and Pacific Northwest National Laboratory led more than half of the 30 papers in the special issue.
DOE/Office of Nuclear Energy

Contact: Dawn Levy
DOE/Oak Ridge National Laboratory, DOE/Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

Public Release: 19-Apr-2016
Chemistry consortium uses Titan supercomputer to understand actinides
A multi-institution team led by the University of Alabama's David Dixon is using Titan to understand actinide chemistry at the molecular level in hopes of designing methods to clean up contamination and safely store spent nuclear fuel.
US Department of Energy

Contact: Eric Gedenk
DOE/Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Showing releases 101-125 out of 159.

<< < 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 > >>



Text-Only | Privacy Policy | Site Map