Public Release: 16-Nov-2016 Brookhaven Lab to lead and partner on DOE exascale computing projects
Scientists at the US Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory are leading one of the 35 software development projects and partnering on one of the four co-design centers recently funded by DOE's Exascale Computing Project. SOLLVE will focus on OpenMP functionality for exascale computing; CODAR will concentrate on online data analysis and reduction at the exascale.
DOE/Office of Science, National Nuclear Security Administration
Public Release: 11-Nov-2016 Exascale Computing Project announces $48 million to establish Exascale co-design centers
The Department of Energy's Exascale Computing Project today announced that it has selected four co-design centers as part of a four-year, $48 million funding award. The first year is funded at $12 million, and is to be allocated evenly among the four award recipients.
US Department of Energy Office of Science, US Department of Energy NNSA
Public Release: 10-Nov-2016 World-leading HPC centers partner to form accelerated computing institute
Leaders in hybrid accelerated high-performance computing in the United States, Japan, and Switzerland have signed a memorandum of understanding establishing an international institute dedicated to common goals, the sharing of HPC expertise, and forward-thinking evaluation of computing architecture.
Public Release: 10-Nov-2016 Two ORNL researchers elected fellows of American Nuclear Society
Two researchers from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have been elected fellows of the American Nuclear Society. Alan S. Icenhour and Jess C. Gehin were recognized for their outstanding scientific and technical leadership in nuclear energy research and development.
Public Release: 9-Nov-2016 Accelerating cancer research with deep learning
Using the Titan supercomputer at the Oak Ridge Leadership Computing Facility, a DOE Office of Science User Facility located at ORNL, Tourassi's team applied deep learning to extract useful information from cancer pathology reports, a foundational element of cancer surveillance. Working with modest datasets, the team obtained preliminary findings that demonstrate deep learning's potential for cancer surveillance.
Public Release: 3-Nov-2016 2017 DOE Joint Genome Institute Community Science Program allocations announced
The organisms and ecosystems highlighted in the 37 projects selected for the 2017 Community Science Program (CSP) of the US Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute (DOE JGI), a DOE Office of Science User Facility, 'exploit DOE JGI's experimental and analytical 'omics' capabilities and build our portfolio in key focus areas' and reflect the breadth and depth of interests researchers are exploring to find solutions to energy and environmental challenges.
DOE/Office of Science
Public Release: 3-Nov-2016
Science Mutational signatures mark cancer's smoking gun
A broad computational study of cancer genome sequences identifies telltale mutational signatures associated with smoking tobacco and demonstrates, for the first time, that smoking increases cancer risk by causing somatic mutations in tissues directly and indirectly exposed to tobacco smoke.
Public Release: 1-Nov-2016 State's 3 largest public research institutions to increase collaboration
The state's three largest public research institutions have signed a Memorandum of Understanding, which expresses the intent of the parties to increase research collaborations on complex challenges and provide additional research and training opportunities for students in the state. The memorandum was signed recently by leaders at the University of Washington, Washington State University and Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
Public Release: 26-Oct-2016
Physical Review Letters Nickel-78 is a 'doubly magic' isotope, supercomputing calculations confirm
'Doubly magic' atomic nuclei have greater stability than their neighbors thanks to having shells that are fully occupied by both protons and neutrons. Theoretical physicists at Oak Ridge National Laboratory recently used Titan, America's most powerful supercomputer, to compute the nuclear structure of nickel-78 and found that this neutron-rich nucleus is indeed doubly magic. The results may improve understanding of the origin, organization and interactions of stable matter.
DOE/Office of Science
Public Release: 18-Oct-2016
Journal of the American Chemical Society Unraveling the science behind biomass breakdown
Using the Titan supercomputer, an ORNL team created models of up to 330,000 atoms that led to the discovery of a THF-water cosolvent phase separation on the faces of crystalline cellulose fiber.
US Department of Energy
Public Release: 12-Oct-2016
Geophysical Review Letters How this Martian moon became the 'Death Star'
For the first time, physicists at LLNL have demonstrated how an asteroid or comet impact could have created Stickney crater without destroying Phobos completely. The research, which also debunks a theory regarding the moon's mysterious grooved terrain, was published in Geophysical Review Letters.
Public Release: 11-Oct-2016 NREL to lead one exascale computing project, support three others
Scientists at the Energy Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory will lead an effort to model the complex and turbulent flow of wind through large wind plants as part of DOE's Exascale Computing Project, which is gearing up US computational capabilities to prepare for the next generation of supercomputers. NREL will also provide support to three projects related to combustion science, urban systems, and power grid dynamics.
US Department of Energy
Public Release: 11-Oct-2016 NREL supercomputing model provides insights from higher wind and solar generation in the eastern power grid
A new study from the United States Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory used high-performance computing capabilities and innovative visualization tools to model, in unprecedented detail, how the power grid of the eastern United States could operationally accommodate higher levels of wind and solar photovoltaic generation. The analysis considered scenarios of up to 30 percent annual penetration of wind and solar.
Public Release: 10-Oct-2016
IEEE/ACM Transactions on Computational Biology and Bioinformatics Brain modulyzer provides interactive window into the brain
A new tool developed at Berkeley Lab allows researchers to interactively explore the hierarchical processes that happen in the brain when it is resting or performing tasks. Scientists also hope that the tool can shed some light on how neurological diseases like Alzheimer's spread throughout the brain.
Public Release: 6-Oct-2016
Science Smallest. Transistor. Ever.
A research team led by Berkeley Lab material scientists has created a transistor with a working 1-nanometer gate, breaking a size barrier that had been set by the laws of physics. The achievement could be a key to extending the life of Moore's Law.
Department of Energy
Public Release: 5-Oct-2016
IEEE Computer Graphics and Applications The incredible shrinking particle accelerator
A new data analysis/visualization toolkit developed at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory is designed to help speed particle accelerator research and design by enabling in situ visualization and analysis of accelerator simulations at scale.
Public Release: 5-Oct-2016
Physical Review A Sensors -- quantum leap
By exploiting some exotic quantum states, researchers have conceptually designed a sensor that features unparalleled sensitivity. In a paper published in Physical Review A, Ali Passian of Oak Ridge National Laboratory and George Siopsis of the University of Tennessee describe a photon-sensing scheme for a detector that would behave much like a miniature trampoline.
Public Release: 4-Oct-2016 ORNL licenses rare earth magnet recycling process to Momentum Technologies
The Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory and Momentum Technologies have signed a non-exclusive licensing agreement for an ORNL process designed to recover rare earth magnets from used computer hard drives.
The patent-pending process developed as part of DOE's Critical Materials Institute is designed to economically recover large amounts of magnets made using neodymium--a rare earth element that is mined outside the United States.
Public Release: 4-Oct-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences A cooperative way to make ammonia
A better understanding of how bacteria fix nitrogen gas into nitrogen-carrying ammonia could lead to energy savings in industrial processes. Researchers are studying the bacterial enzyme that does this, a complicated enzyme called nitrogenase. In new work, researchers discovered that the two sides of nitrogenase cooperate in producing ammonia, alternating through different steps in a way that makes efficient use of the complex enzyme.
Department of Energy, National Institutes of Health
Public Release: 4-Oct-2016
Nanoscale Electron beam microscope directly writes nanoscale features in liquid with metal ink
Scientists at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory are the first to harness a scanning transmission electron microscope to directly write tiny patterns in metallic 'ink,' forming features in liquid that are finer than half the width of a human hair. The automated process is controlled by weaving a STEM instrument's electron beam through a liquid-filled cell to spur deposition of metal onto a silicon microchip. The patterns created are nanoscale.
US Department of Energy Office of Science, DOE/Oak Ridge National Laboratory
The Department of Energy's Office of Science is the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States and is working to address some of the most pressing challenges of our time.