Public Release: 19-Jan-2017
Science Seeking structure with metagenome sequences
In the Jan. 20, 2017 issue of Science, a team led by University of Washington's David Baker in collaboration with DOE Joint Genome Institute researchers reports that structural models have been generated for 12 percent of the protein families that had previously had no structural information available. The Baker lab's protein structure prediction server Rosetta analyzed the metagenomic sequences publicly available on the Integrated Microbial Genomes (IMG) system run by the DOE JGI.
DOE Office of Science
Public Release: 17-Jan-2017
The Plant and Animal Genome XXV Conference (PAG) Largest Populus SNP dataset holds promise for biofuels, materials, metabolites
Researchers at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have released the largest-ever single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) dataset of genetic variations in poplar trees, information useful to plant scientists as well as researchers in the fields of biofuels, materials science, and secondary plant metabolism.
US Department of Energy Office of Science
Public Release: 16-Jan-2017
Nature Tracking Antarctic adaptations in diatoms
In the Antarctic Ocean, large populations of the diatom Fragillariopsis cylindrus dominate the phytoplankton communities. To learn more about how F. cylindrus adapted to its extremely cold environment, a team including DOE Joint Genome Institute researchers conducted a comparative genomic analysis involving three diatoms. The results, reported online January 16, 2017 in Nature, provided insights into the genome structure and evolution of F. cylindrus, as well as this diatom's role in the Southern Ocean.
DOE/Office of Science
Public Release: 10-Jan-2017 Science DMZ is focus of latest library of network training videos aimed at global audience
For the second time in a year, ESnet and the NSRC have produced and released a library of short explanatory videos to help network engineers around the world gain basic knowledge, set up basic systems and drill down into areas of specific interest. In December, 15 videos detailing the Science DMZ network architecture were posted, covering the background and structure, specific designs, and techniques and technology.
Public Release: 4-Jan-2017
Nature Communications Increasing rainfall in a warmer world will likely intensify typhoons in western Pacific
An analysis of the strongest tropical storms over the last half-century reveals that higher global temperatures have intensified the storms via enhanced rainfall. Rain that falls on the ocean reduces salinity and allows typhoons to grow stronger.
US Department of Energy, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
Public Release: 19-Dec-2016
Nature Plants New leaf study sheds light on 'shady' past
A new study led by a Berkeley Lab research scientist highlights a literally shady practice in plant science that has in some cases underestimated plants' rate of growth and photosynthesis, among other traits.
Public Release: 15-Dec-2016
American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting Supercomputer simulations confirm observations of 2015 India/Pakistan heat waves
A paper released Dec.15 during the American Geophysical Union fall meeting in San Francisco points to new evidence of human influence on extreme weather events. After examining observational and simulated temperature and heat indexes, the research team -- which included three scientists from Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory--concluded that two separate deadly heat waves that occurred in India and Pakistan in the summer of 2015 'were exacerbated by anthropogenic climate change.'
Public Release: 6-Dec-2016 NREL 2016 Standard Scenarios outlook shows continued growth in renewables and gas
The Energy Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) has released the 2016 Standard Scenarios: A US Electricity Sector Outlook. The outlook shows significant projected growth in natural gas and renewables through 2050 driven by abundant, low-cost natural gas and renewable energy cost declines and performance improvements. The Standard Scenarios are designed to capture a range of possible futures across a variety of factors that could impact power sector evolution.
Public Release: 6-Dec-2016 High renewable electricity growth continued in 2015
The 2015 Renewable Energy Data Book shows that US renewable electricity grew to 16.7 percent of total installed capacity and 13.8 percent of total electricity generation during the past year.
US Department of Energy
Public Release: 1-Dec-2016
Nature Communications Where the rains come from
Intense storms have become more frequent and longer-lasting in the Great Plains and Midwest in the last 35 years. What has fueled these storms? The temperature difference between the Southern Great Plains and the Atlantic Ocean produces winds that carry moisture from the Gulf of Mexico to the Great Plains, according to a new study in Nature Communications.
US Department of Energy
Public Release: 29-Nov-2016
Nucleic Acids Research EDGE bioinformatics brings genomics to everyone
A new bioinformatics platform called Empowering the Development of Genomics Expertise (EDGE) will help democratize the genomics revolution by allowing users with limited bioinformatics expertise to quickly analyze and interpret genomic sequence data.
Public Release: 22-Nov-2016
Neuron Global brain initiatives generate tsunami of neuroscience data
New technologies are giving researchers unprecedented opportunities to explore how the brain processes, utilizes, stores and retrieves information. But, without a coherent strategy to analyze, manage and understand the data generated by these new tools, advancements in the field will be limited. Berkeley Lab researchers and their collaborators offer a plan to overcome these big data challenges.
Public Release: 17-Nov-2016
ecancer Oncology Congress -- Colombia 2016 Jefferson Lab's newest cluster makes Top500 list of fastest supercomputers
For the third time in its history, Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility is home to one of the world's 500 fastest supercomputers. The SciPhi-XVI supercomputer was just listed as a TOP500 Supercomputer Site on Nov. 14, placing 397th on the 48th edition of the list of the world's top supercomputers.
DOE/Office of Science
Public Release: 17-Nov-2016
Science Engineering a more efficient system for harnessing carbon dioxide
A team from the Max-Planck-Institute (MPI) for Terrestrial Microbiology in Marburg, Germany, by tapping the DNA synthesis expertise of the US Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute (DOE JGI), has reverse engineered a biosynthetic pathway for more effective carbon fixation. This novel pathway is based on a new CO2-fixing enzyme that is nearly 20 times faster than the most prevalent enzyme in nature responsible for capturing CO2 in plants by using sunlight as energy.
European Research Council, Swiss National Science Foundation, ETH Zurich, Max-Planck-Society, DOE/Office of Science
Public Release: 16-Nov-2016 Brookhaven Lab to lead and partner on DOE exascale computing projects
Scientists at the US Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory are leading one of the 35 software development projects and partnering on one of the four co-design centers recently funded by DOE's Exascale Computing Project. SOLLVE will focus on OpenMP functionality for exascale computing; CODAR will concentrate on online data analysis and reduction at the exascale.
DOE/Office of Science, National Nuclear Security Administration
Public Release: 11-Nov-2016 Exascale Computing Project announces $48 million to establish Exascale co-design centers
The Department of Energy's Exascale Computing Project today announced that it has selected four co-design centers as part of a four-year, $48 million funding award. The first year is funded at $12 million, and is to be allocated evenly among the four award recipients.
US Department of Energy Office of Science, US Department of Energy NNSA
Public Release: 10-Nov-2016 World-leading HPC centers partner to form accelerated computing institute
Leaders in hybrid accelerated high-performance computing in the United States, Japan, and Switzerland have signed a memorandum of understanding establishing an international institute dedicated to common goals, the sharing of HPC expertise, and forward-thinking evaluation of computing architecture.
Public Release: 10-Nov-2016 Two ORNL researchers elected fellows of American Nuclear Society
Two researchers from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have been elected fellows of the American Nuclear Society. Alan S. Icenhour and Jess C. Gehin were recognized for their outstanding scientific and technical leadership in nuclear energy research and development.
Public Release: 9-Nov-2016 Accelerating cancer research with deep learning
Using the Titan supercomputer at the Oak Ridge Leadership Computing Facility, a DOE Office of Science User Facility located at ORNL, Tourassi's team applied deep learning to extract useful information from cancer pathology reports, a foundational element of cancer surveillance. Working with modest datasets, the team obtained preliminary findings that demonstrate deep learning's potential for cancer surveillance.
Public Release: 3-Nov-2016 2017 DOE Joint Genome Institute Community Science Program allocations announced
The organisms and ecosystems highlighted in the 37 projects selected for the 2017 Community Science Program (CSP) of the US Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute (DOE JGI), a DOE Office of Science User Facility, 'exploit DOE JGI's experimental and analytical 'omics' capabilities and build our portfolio in key focus areas' and reflect the breadth and depth of interests researchers are exploring to find solutions to energy and environmental challenges.
DOE/Office of Science
Public Release: 3-Nov-2016
Science Mutational signatures mark cancer's smoking gun
A broad computational study of cancer genome sequences identifies telltale mutational signatures associated with smoking tobacco and demonstrates, for the first time, that smoking increases cancer risk by causing somatic mutations in tissues directly and indirectly exposed to tobacco smoke.
Public Release: 1-Nov-2016 State's 3 largest public research institutions to increase collaboration
The state's three largest public research institutions have signed a Memorandum of Understanding, which expresses the intent of the parties to increase research collaborations on complex challenges and provide additional research and training opportunities for students in the state. The memorandum was signed recently by leaders at the University of Washington, Washington State University and Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.
The Department of Energy's Office of Science is the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States and is working to address some of the most pressing challenges of our time.