Public Release: 24-Feb-2017
Advanced Material Interfaces Nano-sized hydrogen storage system increases efficiency
Lawrence Livermore scientists have collaborated with an interdisciplinary team of researchers including colleagues from Sandia National Laboratories to develop an efficient hydrogen storage system that could be a boon for hydrogen powered vehicles.
Public Release: 13-Feb-2017
Nature Microbiology Microbiomes more in flux in patients with inflammatory bowel disease
Patients with inflammatory bowel disease are more likely to see dramatic shifts in the make-up of the community of microbes in their gut than healthy people, according to the results of a study published in Nature Microbiology. The results help physicians and scientists understand the disease more fully and potentially offer new ways to track the disease and monitor patients.
National Institutes of Health, Crohn's and Colitis Foundation of America, Örebro University Hospital Research Foundation, Swedish Research Council
Public Release: 1-Feb-2017
Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters Researchers flip script for Li-Ion electrolytes to simulate better batteries
A team led by the California Institute of Technology's Thomas Miller used the Cray XK7 Titan supercomputer at Oak Ridge National Laboratory to identify new electrolyte materials with promising properties for lithium-ion conduction in batteries.
Public Release: 30-Jan-2017
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Vitamin B12: Power broker to the microbes
In the microbial world, vitamin B12 is a hot commodity. It turns out that vitamin B12, a substance produced by only a few organisms but needed by nearly all of them, wields great power in microbial communities -- ubiquitous structures that affect energy and food production, the environment, and human health.
DOE/Office of Science, Russian Foundation for Basic Research, Russian Academy of Sciences
Public Release: 23-Jan-2017
Physics of Plasmas PPPL physicist uncovers clues to mechanism behind magnetic reconnection
Physicist Fatima Ebrahimi has published a paper showing that magnetic reconnection -- the process in which magnetic field lines snap together and release energy -- can be triggered by motion in nearby magnetic fields.
US Department of Energy
Public Release: 19-Jan-2017
Science Seeking structure with metagenome sequences
In the Jan. 20, 2017 issue of Science, a team led by University of Washington's David Baker in collaboration with DOE Joint Genome Institute researchers reports that structural models have been generated for 12 percent of the protein families that had previously had no structural information available. The Baker lab's protein structure prediction server Rosetta analyzed the metagenomic sequences publicly available on the Integrated Microbial Genomes (IMG) system run by the DOE JGI.
DOE Office of Science
Public Release: 18-Jan-2017 $5 million foundation gift to help support US-China energy center at Berkeley Lab
In 2015, Berkeley Lab, UC Berkeley, and Tsinghua University in Beijing formed the Berkeley Tsinghua Joint Research Center on Energy and Climate Change to develop scientifically based clean energy solutions and the next generation of leaders to champion those solutions. Now, that effort has received welcome support from Jim and Marilyn Simons in the amount of a $5 million donation.
Jim and Marilyn Simons
Public Release: 17-Jan-2017
Nature Energy NREL pioneers better way to make renewable hydrogen
Scientists at the US Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) developed a method which boosts the longevity of high-efficiency photocathodes in photoelectrochemical water-splitting devices.
Public Release: 16-Jan-2017
Nature Tracking Antarctic adaptations in diatoms
In the Antarctic Ocean, large populations of the diatom Fragillariopsis cylindrus dominate the phytoplankton communities. To learn more about how F. cylindrus adapted to its extremely cold environment, a team including DOE Joint Genome Institute researchers conducted a comparative genomic analysis involving three diatoms. The results, reported online January 16, 2017 in Nature, provided insights into the genome structure and evolution of F. cylindrus, as well as this diatom's role in the Southern Ocean.
DOE/Office of Science
Public Release: 9-Jan-2017
Angewandte Chemie International Edition Crystallization method offers new option for carbon capture from ambient air
Scientists at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have found a simple, reliable process to capture carbon dioxide directly from ambient air, offering a new option for carbon capture and storage strategies to combat global warming.
US Department of Energy Office of Science
Public Release: 4-Jan-2017 Story tips from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, January 2017
Researchers identify patterns that could be valuable resource for superconductivity research; ORNL researchers developing approaches to preserve forests, wildlife; ORNL supercomputer helping scientists push boundaries; New measurement technique opens pathway to new graphene-based energy, electronic applications; and ORNL cryogenic memory cell circuit could advance pathway to quantum computing.
Public Release: 3-Jan-2017 Sandia forms Spray Combustion Consortium to improve engine design
Sandia National Laboratories has formed an industry-funded Spray Combustion Consortium to better understand fuel injection by developing modeling tools. Control of fuel sprays is key to the development of clean, affordable fuel-efficient engines.
DOE/Sandia National Laboratory, DOE/Argonne National Laboratory, University of Massachusetts at Amherst, Toyota Motor Corp., Renault, Convergent Science, Cummins, Hino Motors, Isuzu and Ford Motor Co.
Public Release: 16-Dec-2016
2016 AGU Fall Meeting Many muons: Imaging the underground with help from the cosmos
Alain Bonneville, a geophysicist at Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, will present details on the muon detector for 'seeing' sequestered carbon dioxide and the comparative field tests at the American Geophysical Union Fall Meeting in San Francisco. His talk is Thursday, Dec.15, 2016 at 5:40 p.m. in Moscone South, Room 307.
Public Release: 16-Dec-2016
Science Scientists boost catalytic activity for key chemical reaction in fuel cells
New catalysts containing platinum and lead could improve the efficiency of fuel cells -- a promising technology for producing clean energy.
DOE/Office of Science, California State University-Northridge, Shanghai Synchrotron Radiation Facility, National Basic Research Program of China, National Natural Science Foundation of China, Ministry of Science and Technology
Public Release: 12-Dec-2016 Sawdust reinvented into super sponge for oil spills
Oil spills could be cleaned up in the icy, rough waters of the Arctic with a chemically modified sawdust material that absorbs up to five times its weight in oil and stays afloat for at least four months.
Bureau of Safety of Environmental Enforcement
Public Release: 8-Dec-2016
Proceedings of the Royal Society A Perspectives on magnetic reconnection
Article describes latest research on magnetic reconnection.
Vilas Trust,University of Wisconsin-Madison for Ellen Zweibel, US Department of Energy, Masaaki Yamada
Public Release: 7-Dec-2016 Sandia Labs, Singapore join forces to develop energy storage
Sandia National Laboratories has signed a Cooperative Research and Development Agreement (CRADA) with the government of Singapore's Energy Market Authority (EMA) that will tap into the labs' expertise in energy storage.
The Department of Energy's Office of Science is the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States and is working to address some of the most pressing challenges of our time.