Public Release: 17-Nov-2016
Science Engineering a more efficient system for harnessing carbon dioxide
A team from the Max-Planck-Institute (MPI) for Terrestrial Microbiology in Marburg, Germany, by tapping the DNA synthesis expertise of the US Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute (DOE JGI), has reverse engineered a biosynthetic pathway for more effective carbon fixation. This novel pathway is based on a new CO2-fixing enzyme that is nearly 20 times faster than the most prevalent enzyme in nature responsible for capturing CO2 in plants by using sunlight as energy.
European Research Council, Swiss National Science Foundation, ETH Zurich, Max-Planck-Society, DOE/Office of Science
Public Release: 10-Nov-2016 Two ORNL researchers elected fellows of American Nuclear Society
Two researchers from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have been elected fellows of the American Nuclear Society. Alan S. Icenhour and Jess C. Gehin were recognized for their outstanding scientific and technical leadership in nuclear energy research and development.
Public Release: 8-Nov-2016 Brookhaven Lab wins 3 2016 R&D 100 Awards
Innovations in microscopy, catalysis, and nanomaterials are among the 100 technologies and services of the past year selected by R&D Magazine to receive awards.
US Department of Energy
Public Release: 4-Nov-2016 ORNL wins 7 R&D 100 Awards
Researchers at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have received seven R&D 100 Awards in recognition of their significant advancements in science and technology.
Public Release: 3-Nov-2016 2017 DOE Joint Genome Institute Community Science Program allocations announced
The organisms and ecosystems highlighted in the 37 projects selected for the 2017 Community Science Program (CSP) of the US Department of Energy Joint Genome Institute (DOE JGI), a DOE Office of Science User Facility, 'exploit DOE JGI's experimental and analytical 'omics' capabilities and build our portfolio in key focus areas' and reflect the breadth and depth of interests researchers are exploring to find solutions to energy and environmental challenges.
DOE/Office of Science
Public Release: 26-Oct-2016
Physical Review Letters Nickel-78 is a 'doubly magic' isotope, supercomputing calculations confirm
'Doubly magic' atomic nuclei have greater stability than their neighbors thanks to having shells that are fully occupied by both protons and neutrons. Theoretical physicists at Oak Ridge National Laboratory recently used Titan, America's most powerful supercomputer, to compute the nuclear structure of nickel-78 and found that this neutron-rich nucleus is indeed doubly magic. The results may improve understanding of the origin, organization and interactions of stable matter.
DOE/Office of Science
Public Release: 25-Oct-2016
Nature Microbiology Deep down fracking wells, microbial communities thrive
Microbes have a remarkable ability to adapt to the extreme conditions in fracking wells. New finding help scientists understand what is happening inside fracking wells and could offer insight into processes such as corrosion and methane production.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy, Alfred P. Sloan Foundation
Public Release: 18-Oct-2016
Journal of the American Chemical Society Unraveling the science behind biomass breakdown
Using the Titan supercomputer, an ORNL team created models of up to 330,000 atoms that led to the discovery of a THF-water cosolvent phase separation on the faces of crystalline cellulose fiber.
US Department of Energy
Public Release: 17-Oct-2016 Ames Laboratory to receive $3 million to develop instrumentation to study plant cell walls
A team of scientists at the US Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory will be developing new instrumentation aimed at determining the chemical and structural makeup of plant cell walls. The group is receiving $1 million a year for three years from the DOE's Office of Science to develop a subdiffraction Raman imaging platform that will provide an unprecedented look at the specific chemical structures of plant cell walls and then determine how best to deconstruct plant material as a source of biofuels.
DOE/Office of Science
Public Release: 13-Oct-2016 Wave energy researchers dive deep to advance clean energy source
One of the biggest untapped clean energy sources on the planet -- wave energy -- could one day power millions of homes across the US. But more than a century after the first tests of the power of ocean waves, it is still one of the hardest energy sources to capture. Now, engineers at Sandia National Laboratories are conducting the largest model-scale wave energy testing of its kind to improve the performance of wave-energy converters.
Public Release: 12-Oct-2016
Geophysical Review Letters How this Martian moon became the 'Death Star'
For the first time, physicists at LLNL have demonstrated how an asteroid or comet impact could have created Stickney crater without destroying Phobos completely. The research, which also debunks a theory regarding the moon's mysterious grooved terrain, was published in Geophysical Review Letters.
Public Release: 11-Oct-2016 NREL report shows US solar photovoltaic costs continuing to fall in 2016
The modeled costs to install solar photovoltaic systems continued to decline in the first quarter of 2016 in the US residential, commercial, and utility-scale sectors, according to updated benchmarks from the Energy Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory. Driving the cost reductions were lower module and inverter prices, increased competition, lower installer and developer overheads, improved labor productivity, and optimized system configurations.
Public Release: 11-Oct-2016 Three NREL technologies named as finalists for R&D 100 Awards
Two technologies developed by researchers at the Energy Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory and a third developed through a collaboration between Wolfspeed, NREL, Toyota, and the University of Arkansas' National Center for Reliable Electric Power Transmission, have been named finalists by R&D Magazine for the coveted 2016 R&D 100 Awards.
Public Release: 11-Oct-2016 NREL to lead new consortium to improve reliability and performance of solar modules
The Energy Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory, in partnership with Sandia National Laboratories, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, and SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, will form a new consortium intended to accelerate the development of module materials for photovoltaics and lower the cost of electricity generated by solar power.
The Department of Energy's Office of Science is the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States and is working to address some of the most pressing challenges of our time.