Public Release: 15-Feb-2017
Geophysical Research Letters Researchers catch extreme waves with higher-resolution modeling
A new Berkeley Lab study shows that high-resolution models captured hurricanes and big waves that low-resolution ones missed. Better extreme wave forecasts are important for coastal cities, the military, the shipping industry, and surfers.
US Department of Energy
Public Release: 13-Feb-2017 Next-gen dark matter detector in a race to finish line
The race is on to build the most sensitive US-based experiment designed to directly detect dark matter particles. Department of Energy officials have formally approved a key construction milestone that will propel the project toward its April 2020 goal for completion.
Public Release: 10-Feb-2017
Nature Scientific Reports New study of ferroelectrics offers roadmap to multivalued logic for neuromorphic computing
Research published Wednesday in Nature Scientific Reports lays out a theoretical map to use ferroelectric material to process information using multivalued logic -- a leap beyond the simple ones and zeroes that make up our current computing systems that could let us process information much more efficiently.
DOE/Office of Science, Materials Science and Engineering Division, European Commission
Public Release: 6-Feb-2017 Sandia adds augmented reality to training toolbox
Sandia National Laboratories computer scientists have recently adapted augmented reality to enhance training of nuclear power reactor security personnel around the world.
Public Release: 3-Feb-2017
npj Computational Materials Machine learning method accurately predicts metallic defects
For the first time, Berkeley Lab researchers have built and trained machine learning algorithms to predict defect behavior in certain intermetallic compounds with high accuracy. This method will accelerate research of new advanced alloys and lightweight new materials for applications spanning automotive to aerospace and much more.
Public Release: 2-Feb-2017
Nature Supercomputing, experiment combine for first look at magnetism of real nanoparticle
A multi-institution team simulated, for the first time, atomic-level magnetic properties in regions of a real nanoparticle based on experimental data. UCLA and Berkeley Lab's cutting-edge imaging and 3-D reconstruction techniques combined with the 27-petaflop Titan supercomputer at OLCF and the award-winning LSMS magnetic structure code, developed at ORNL, enabled researchers to model the magnetic properties of over a thousand atoms of an iron-platinum nanoparticle -- a material that has applications for next-generation magnetic storage devices.
DOE/Advanced Scientific Computing Research
Public Release: 1-Feb-2017
Physical Review Letters ORNL researchers break data transfer efficiency record
Researchers have set a new record in the transfer of information via superdense coding, a process by which the properties of particles like photons, protons and electrons are used to store as much information as possible.
Public Release: 1-Feb-2017 The shape of melting in two dimensions
As part of her team's research into matter's tendency to self-organize, Sharon Glotzer of the University of Michigan ran a series of hard particle simulations to study melting in two-dimensional (2-D) systems. Specifically, the team explored how particle shape affects the physics of a 2-D solid-to-fluid melting transition.
Public Release: 1-Feb-2017
Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters Researchers flip script for Li-Ion electrolytes to simulate better batteries
A team led by the California Institute of Technology's Thomas Miller used the Cray XK7 Titan supercomputer at Oak Ridge National Laboratory to identify new electrolyte materials with promising properties for lithium-ion conduction in batteries.
Public Release: 27-Jan-2017
Physics of Plasmas PPPL scientist uncovers physics behind plasma-etching process
PPPL physicist Igor Kaganovich and collaborators have uncovered some of the physics that make possible the etching of silicon computer chips, which power cell phones, computers, and a huge range of electronic devices.
DOE/Fusion Energy Sciences
Public Release: 26-Jan-2017
Science For this metal, electricity flows, but not the heat
Berkeley scientists have discovered that electrons in vanadium dioxide can conduct electricity without conducting heat, an exotic property in an unconventional material. The characteristic could lead to applications in thermoelectrics and window coatings.
Department of Energy
Public Release: 23-Jan-2017
Physics of Plasmas PPPL physicist uncovers clues to mechanism behind magnetic reconnection
Physicist Fatima Ebrahimi has published a paper showing that magnetic reconnection -- the process in which magnetic field lines snap together and release energy -- can be triggered by motion in nearby magnetic fields.
US Department of Energy
Public Release: 18-Jan-2017 Grand Canyon rim-to-rim hikers provide data for Sandia study of health, performance
Sandia and the University of New Mexico researchers are collecting and study biometric data to determine if declines in physical or cognitive functions can predict a medical emergency for Grand Canyon hikers.
Called R2R WATCH, for Rim-to-Rim Wearables at the Canyon for Health, the study draws on the research team's expertise in biology and cognitive science.
Defense Threat Reduction Agency
Public Release: 17-Jan-2017
Nature Energy NREL pioneers better way to make renewable hydrogen
Scientists at the US Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) developed a method which boosts the longevity of high-efficiency photocathodes in photoelectrochemical water-splitting devices.
Public Release: 11-Jan-2017
Nature Chemistry on the edge
Defects and jagged surfaces at the edges of nanosized platinum and gold particles are key hot spots for chemical reactivity, researchers confirmed using a unique infrared probe at Berkeley Lab.
The Department of Energy's Office of Science is the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States and is working to address some of the most pressing challenges of our time.