Public Release: 4-Oct-2016
Nanoscale Electron beam microscope directly writes nanoscale features in liquid with metal ink
Scientists at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory are the first to harness a scanning transmission electron microscope to directly write tiny patterns in metallic 'ink,' forming features in liquid that are finer than half the width of a human hair. The automated process is controlled by weaving a STEM instrument's electron beam through a liquid-filled cell to spur deposition of metal onto a silicon microchip. The patterns created are nanoscale.
US Department of Energy Office of Science, DOE/Oak Ridge National Laboratory
Public Release: 3-Oct-2016
IEEE International Conference on Rebooting Computing Turning to the brain to reboot computing
Computation is stuck in a rut. The integrated circuits that powered the past 50 years of technological revolution are reaching their physical limits. This predicament has computer scientists scrambling for new ideas. Researchers from Sandia National Laboratories will present three papers at the IEEE International Conference on Rebooting Computing held Oct. 17-19, highlighting the breadth of potential non-traditional neural computing applications.
Public Release: 3-Oct-2016 Story tips from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oct. 2016
Using the Titan supercomputer, an ORNL-led team is making progress towards automated data tools for cancer research to glean unprecedented view of the US cancer population; ORNL researchers have produced the next generation of the National Hydropower Map that provides updated statistics on overall capacity and performance on the nation's hydropower fleet; ORNL-developed Autotune building energy model calibration software beat the industry's energy efficiency standards while automating the equivalent of about 45 man-hours of calibration.
Public Release: 3-Oct-2016
Nature Materials Water vapor sets some oxides aflutter
A team of scientists has discovered a phenomenon that could have practical applications in solar cells, rechargeable battery electrodes, and water-splitting devices.
National Science Foundation, Skoltech-MIT Center for Electrochemical Energy Storage, DOE/Office of Science
Public Release: 3-Oct-2016 Transformational X-ray project takes a step forward
A proposed upgrade to the Advanced Light Source -- which would provide new views of materials and chemistry at the nanoscale with X-ray beams up to 1,000 times brighter than possible now -- has cleared the first step in a Department of Energy approval process. The upgrade would enable new explorations of chemical reactions, battery performance, and biological processes.
Public Release: 3-Oct-2016
Science Advances Study yields new knowledge about materials for ultrasound and other applications
Scientists at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory and their research partners have used neutron scattering to discover the key to piezoelectric excellence in the newer materials, which are called relaxor-based ferroelectrics. (A ferroelectric material has electrical polarization that is reversed by application of an electric field.) Their findings, published online in the journal Science Advances, may provide knowledge needed to accelerate the design of functional materials for diverse applications.
US Department of Energy Office of Science
Public Release: 7-Sep-2016 The Exascale Computing Project announces $39.8 million in first-round development awards
The Department of Energy's Exascale Computing Project (ECP) today announced its first round of funding with the selection of 15 application development proposals for full funding and seven proposals for seed funding, representing teams from 45 research and academic organizations.
DOE/Office of Science, DOE/National Nuclear Security Administration
Public Release: 7-Sep-2016
Nature Energy Fuel cell membrane patented by Sandia outperforms market
Industrial interest is expected in a vehicular fuel cell membrane able to excrete protons at the most effective temperature ranges, allowing electrons to form an unimpeded electric current.
Fuel Cell Technology Office, US Department of Energy
Public Release: 7-Sep-2016
Chemistry of Materials New perovskite research discoveries may lead to solar cell, LED advances
'Promising' and 'remarkable' are two words US Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory scientist Javier Vela uses to describe recent research results on organolead mixed-halide perovskites.
US Department of Energy, Office of Science, Basic Energy Sciences
Public Release: 6-Sep-2016 NREL supercomputing provides insights from higher wind & solar generation in eastern grid
A new study from the United States Department of Energy's (DOE) National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) used high-performance computing capabilities and innovative visualization tools to model, in unprecedented detail, how the power grid of the eastern United States could operationally accommodate higher levels of wind and solar photovoltaic generation. The analysis considered scenarios of up to 30 percent annual penetration of wind and solar.
Public Release: 6-Sep-2016 X-ray vision: Bomb techs strengthen their hand with Sandia's XTK software
An image-processing and analysis software developed at Sandia National Laboratories has swept the ranks of the country's bomb squads. Called XTK, it has spread through the military and emergency response communities so rapidly that it's now in the hands of more than 20,000 users across the globe.
Public Release: 31-Aug-2016
Physical Review Letters SLAC's high-speed 'electron camera' films atomic nuclei in vibrating molecules
An ultrafast 'electron camera' at the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory has made the first direct snapshots of atomic nuclei in molecules that are vibrating within millionths of a billionth of a second after being hit by a laser pulse. The method, called ultrafast electron diffraction, could help scientists better understand the role of nuclear motions in light-driven processes that naturally occur on extremely fast timescales.
Public Release: 30-Aug-2016 Five Brookhaven Lab projects selected as R&D 100 award finalists
Five projects from the US Department of Energy's (DOE) Brookhaven National Laboratory have been selected as finalists for the 2016 R&D 100 awards, which honor the top 100 proven technological advances of the past year as determined by a panel selected by R&D Magazine.
DOE/Office of Science, National Institutes of Health, National Science Foundation, Brookhaven's Technology Maturation Program
Public Release: 29-Aug-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences Super cement's secret
Mayenite is one smart cement -- it can be turned from an insulator to a transparent conductor and back. It is also suitable for use as semiconductors in flat panel displays. The secret behind mayenite's magic is a tiny change in its chemical composition. In new work in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, researchers show how components called electron anions help to transform crystalline mayenite, also called C12A7, into semiconducting glass.
Japan Science and Technology Agency, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory
Public Release: 23-Aug-2016
SC16: The International Conference for High Performance Computing, Networking, Storage and Analysis Streamlining accelerated computing for industry
In an effort to modernize CFD, a group of Imperial College researchers has developed new open-source software called PyFR, a Python-based application that combines highly accurate numerical methods with a highly flexible, portable, and scalable code implementation that makes efficient use of accelerators. Industry adoption of the code could allow companies to better exploit petascale computing to understand long-standing fluid flow problems, unsteady turbulence in particular.
The Department of Energy's Office of Science is the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States and is working to address some of the most pressing challenges of our time.