Public Release: 9-Jan-2017
Angewandte Chemie International Edition Crystallization method offers new option for carbon capture from ambient air
Scientists at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have found a simple, reliable process to capture carbon dioxide directly from ambient air, offering a new option for carbon capture and storage strategies to combat global warming.
US Department of Energy Office of Science
Public Release: 4-Jan-2017 Story tips from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, January 2017
Researchers identify patterns that could be valuable resource for superconductivity research; ORNL researchers developing approaches to preserve forests, wildlife; ORNL supercomputer helping scientists push boundaries; New measurement technique opens pathway to new graphene-based energy, electronic applications; and ORNL cryogenic memory cell circuit could advance pathway to quantum computing.
Public Release: 3-Jan-2017 Sandia forms Spray Combustion Consortium to improve engine design
Sandia National Laboratories has formed an industry-funded Spray Combustion Consortium to better understand fuel injection by developing modeling tools. Control of fuel sprays is key to the development of clean, affordable fuel-efficient engines.
DOE/Sandia National Laboratory, DOE/Argonne National Laboratory, University of Massachusetts at Amherst, Toyota Motor Corp., Renault, Convergent Science, Cummins, Hino Motors, Isuzu and Ford Motor Co.
Public Release: 26-Dec-2016
Nature Materials Researchers use world's smallest diamonds to make wires 3 atoms wide
Scientists at Stanford University and the Department of Energy's SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory have discovered a way to use diamondoids -- the smallest possible bits of diamond -- to assemble atoms into the thinnest possible electrical wires, just three atoms wide.
Public Release: 22-Dec-2016
Nature Communications Nanoscale 'conversations' create complex, multi-layered structures
Scientists have developed a way to efficiently create scalable, multilayer, multi-patterned nanoscale structures with unprecedented complexity. The method introduces a significant leap in material intelligence, because each self-assembled layer guides the configuration of additional layers.
DOE/Office of Science
Public Release: 20-Dec-2016
Nature Communications Laser pulses help scientists tease apart complex electron interactions
Using a new laser-driven 'stop-action' technique for studying complex electron interactions under dynamic conditions, scientists have identified an unusual form of energy loss in a material related to superconductors.
DOE/Office of Science, National Science Foundation, Aspen Center for Physics, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory/Laboratory Directed Research and Development Program, Georgetown University/McDevitt Bequest
Public Release: 16-Dec-2016
Science Scientists boost catalytic activity for key chemical reaction in fuel cells
New catalysts containing platinum and lead could improve the efficiency of fuel cells -- a promising technology for producing clean energy.
DOE/Office of Science, California State University-Northridge, Shanghai Synchrotron Radiation Facility, National Basic Research Program of China, National Natural Science Foundation of China, Ministry of Science and Technology
Public Release: 13-Dec-2016 Laser R&D focuses on next-gen particle collider
A set of new laser systems and proposed upgrades at Berkeley Lab's BELLA Center will propel long-term plans for a more compact and affordable ultrahigh-energy particle collider.
Public Release: 12-Dec-2016
Scientific Reports Energy cascades in quasicrystals trigger an avalanche of discovery
In a new study from Argonne National Laboratory, scientists looked at networks of magnetic material patterned into the unique and quite beautiful geometries of quasicrystals to see how the nature of the non-repeating patterns lead to the emergence of unusual energetic effects.
US Department of Energy, Basic Energy Sciences
Public Release: 12-Dec-2016 Sawdust reinvented into super sponge for oil spills
Oil spills could be cleaned up in the icy, rough waters of the Arctic with a chemically modified sawdust material that absorbs up to five times its weight in oil and stays afloat for at least four months.
Bureau of Safety of Environmental Enforcement
Public Release: 9-Dec-2016
Nature Physics Neutrons identify key ingredients of the quantum spin liquid recipe
Researchers from the Georgia Institute of Technology, the University of Tennessee and the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory used neutrons to examine the origins of unusual magnetic behavior in a rare earth-based metal oxide, ytterbium-magnesium-gallium-tetraoxide (YbMgGaO4). The material, discovered in 2015, is known to have strange magnetic properties, putting it in a unique category of materials classified as quantum spin liquids.
The Georgia Institute of Technology, National Science Foundation, DOE/Office of Science
Public Release: 8-Dec-2016
22nd International Conference on Computing in High-Energy and Nuclear Physics What to do with the data?
Rapid advances in computing constantly translate into new technologies in our everyday lives. The same is true for high-energy physics. The field has always been an early adopter of new technologies, applying them in ever more complex experiments that study fine details of nature's most fundamental processes.
Public Release: 7-Dec-2016
Nature Communications Story tips from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory, December 2016
Almeria Analytics adds a capability with ORNL technology; wireless sensor network provides insight into population density, movement; new ORNL technology quickly detects cracks in walls, roofs; ORNL motor boasts 75 percent power gain over competing designs; new microscopy technique features unprecedented resolution; and livestock feed gets a bioenergy boost.
US Department of Energy
Public Release: 6-Dec-2016 NREL 2016 Standard Scenarios outlook shows continued growth in renewables and gas
The Energy Department's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) has released the 2016 Standard Scenarios: A US Electricity Sector Outlook. The outlook shows significant projected growth in natural gas and renewables through 2050 driven by abundant, low-cost natural gas and renewable energy cost declines and performance improvements. The Standard Scenarios are designed to capture a range of possible futures across a variety of factors that could impact power sector evolution.
Public Release: 6-Dec-2016 High renewable electricity growth continued in 2015
The 2015 Renewable Energy Data Book shows that US renewable electricity grew to 16.7 percent of total installed capacity and 13.8 percent of total electricity generation during the past year.
US Department of Energy
Public Release: 5-Dec-2016
Nature Communications Confirmation of Wendelstein 7-X magnetic field
Physicist Sam Lazerson of the US Department of Energy's Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory has teamed with German scientists to confirm that the Wendelstein 7-X fusion energy device called a stellarator in Greifswald, Germany, produces high-quality magnetic fields that are consistent with their complex design.
Euratom, US Department of Energy Office of Science
Public Release: 29-Nov-2016
Applied Materials and Interfaces Glowing crystals can detect, cleanse contaminated drinking water
Motivated by public hazards associated with contaminated sources of drinking water, a team of scientists has successfully developed and tested tiny, glowing crystals that can detect and trap heavy-metal toxins like mercury and lead.
Public Release: 29-Nov-2016
npj Quantum Materials Ultrafast imaging reveals existence of 'polarons'
Scientists find definitive evidence that the movement of electrons has a direct effect on atomic arrangements, driving deformations in a material's 3-D crystalline lattice in ways that can drastically alter the flow of current.
DOE/Office of Science, Brookhaven Laboratory
Public Release: 28-Nov-2016 Aircraft inspectors have new Sandia course to help detect composite material damage
In the midst of holiday travel season, airline customers want to feel safe in the new aircraft made of composite materials. Sandia National Laboratories has developed a new course being offered to the airline and aircraft manufacturing industries on how to inspect solid-laminate composites in aircraft.
Public Release: 22-Nov-2016 Seven ORNL researchers elected AAAS fellows
Seven researchers at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have been elected fellows of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.
The Department of Energy's Office of Science is the single largest supporter of basic research in the physical sciences in the United States and is working to address some of the most pressing challenges of our time.