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Showing releases 1-25 out of 33.

1 | 2 > >>

Public Release: 1-Dec-2016
DOE project to evaluate safety of transporting used nuclear fuel
With more than 74,000 metric tons of used nuclear fuel stored at locations around the United States, ensuring the safety of moving it to more secure disposal sites is a top federal priority. A University of Houston engineer will lead a $3 million, multi-institution effort to develop monitoring techniques to ensure the nuclear materials remain stable during transit.
US Department of Energy

Contact: Jeannie Kever
jekever@uh.edu
713-743-0778
University of Houston

Public Release: 1-Dec-2016
Science
For the first time, scientists catch water molecules passing the proton baton
Water conducts electricity, but the process by which this familiar fluid passes along positive charges has puzzled scientists for decades. But in a paper published in the Dec. 2 in issue of the journal Science, an international team of researchers has finally caught water in the act -- showing how water molecules pass along excess charges and, in the process, conduct electricity.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation, German Research Foundation

Contact: James Urton
jurton@uw.edu
206-543-2580
University of Washington

Public Release: 1-Dec-2016
Nature Communications
Where the rains come from
Intense storms have become more frequent and longer-lasting in the Great Plains and Midwest in the last 35 years. What has fueled these storms? The temperature difference between the Southern Great Plains and the Atlantic Ocean produces winds that carry moisture from the Gulf of Mexico to the Great Plains, according to a new study in Nature Communications.
US Department of Energy

Contact: Mary Beckman
mary.beckman@pnnl.gov
509-375-3688
DOE/Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

Public Release: 1-Dec-2016
Northern Ohio institutions become laboratories for future energy usage
Case Western Reserve University, NASA Glenn Research Center and the University of Toledo will serve as 'living laboratories' that demonstrate the value of integrating distributed energy sources with the assortment of devices, equipment and other power consumers within buildings and across the grid.
US Department of Energy

Contact: Bill Lubinger
william.lubinger@case.edu
216-368-4443
Case Western Reserve University

Public Release: 1-Dec-2016
Journal of the American Chemical Society
New findings boost promise of molybdenum sulfide for hydrogen catalysis
Researchers from North Carolina State University, Duke University and Brookhaven National Laboratory have found that molybdenum sulfide (MoS2) holds more promise than previously thought as a catalyst for producing hydrogen to use as a clean energy source. Specifically, the researchers found that the entire surface of MoS2 can be used as a catalyst, not just the edges of the material.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation

Contact: Matt Shipman
matt_shipman@ncsu.edu
919-515-6386
North Carolina State University

Public Release: 1-Dec-2016
Science
A watershed moment in understanding how H2O conducts electricity
Scientists have taken spectroscopic snapshots of nature's most mysterious relay race: the passage of extra protons from one water molecule to another during conductivity.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation, Ohio Supercomputing Center, Collaborative Research Center of the German Research Foundation DFG

Contact: Jim Shelton
james.shelton@yale.edu
203-432-3881
Yale University

Public Release: 30-Nov-2016
Nature
Loss of soil carbon due to climate change will be 'huge'
55 trillion kilograms: that's how much carbon could be released into the atmosphere from the soil by mid-century if climate change isn't stopped. And all in the form of greenhouse gases such as CO2 and methane. Tom Crowther (NIOO-KNAW) and his team are publishing the results of a worldwide study into the effects of climate change on the soil in the issue of Nature that comes out on Dec. 1.
Marie Sklodowska Curie, British Ecological Society, Yale Climate and Energy Institute, National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy, Linus Pauling Distinguished Postdoctoral Fellowship

Contact: Froukje Rienks
f.rienks@nioo.knaw.nl
31-610-487-481
Netherlands Institute of Ecology (NIOO-KNAW)

Public Release: 30-Nov-2016
Nano Letters
Physics, photosynthesis and solar cells
A University of California, Riverside assistant professor has combined photosynthesis and physics to make a key discovery that could help make solar cells more efficient. The findings were recently published in the journal Nano Letters.
Air Force Office of Scientific Research, US Department of Energy, NASA

Contact: Sean Nealon
sean.nealon@ucr.edu
951-827-1287
University of California - Riverside

Public Release: 30-Nov-2016
'Tennessine' acknowledges state institutions' roles in element's discovery
The recently discovered element 117 has been officially named 'tennessine' in recognition of Tennessee's contributions to its discovery, including the efforts of the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory and its Tennessee collaborators at Vanderbilt University and the University of Tennessee.

Contact: Bill Cabage
cabagewh@ornl.gov
865-574-4399
DOE/Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Public Release: 30-Nov-2016
Raju Venugopalan awarded prestigious Humboldt Research Award
Raju Venugopalan, a senior physicist at the US Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory and an adjunct professor at Stony Brook University, has been awarded a Humboldt Research Award for his remarkable achievements in theoretical nuclear physics.
DOE/Office of Science

Contact: Karen McNulty Walsh
kmcnulty@bnl.gov
631-344-8350
DOE/Brookhaven National Laboratory

Public Release: 30-Nov-2016
Nature
Losses of soil carbon under global warming might equal US emissions
A new global assessment led by Yale researchers finds that warming will drive the loss of at least 55 trillion kilograms of carbon from the soil by mid-century, or about 17% more than the projected emissions due to human-related activities during that period. Carbon losses will be greatest in places that had largely been missing from previous research.
Marie Sklodowska Curie, British Ecological Society, Yale Climate and Energy Institute, National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy, Linus Pauling Distinguished PostdoctoralFellowship programme

Contact: Kevin Dennehy
kevin.dennehy@yale.edu
203-436-4842
Yale School of Forestry & Environmental Studies

Public Release: 29-Nov-2016
Applied Materials and Interfaces
Glowing crystals can detect, cleanse contaminated drinking water
Motivated by public hazards associated with contaminated sources of drinking water, a team of scientists has successfully developed and tested tiny, glowing crystals that can detect and trap heavy-metal toxins like mercury and lead.

Contact: Glenn Roberts Jr.
geroberts@lbl.gov
510-486-5582
DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Public Release: 29-Nov-2016
Research planned for unique spinning nuclei nets prize
Elena Long, a postdoctoral research associate at the University of New Hampshire, has been awarded the 2016 Jefferson Science Associates Postdoctoral Research Prize for plans to build and test a new kind of target that will allow scientists to explore the physics of spinning nuclei at the Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility.
Jefferson Science Associates, LLC

Contact: Kandice Carter
kcarter@jlab.org
757-269-7263
DOE/Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility

Public Release: 29-Nov-2016
Nucleic Acids Research
EDGE bioinformatics brings genomics to everyone
A new bioinformatics platform called Empowering the Development of Genomics Expertise (EDGE) will help democratize the genomics revolution by allowing users with limited bioinformatics expertise to quickly analyze and interpret genomic sequence data.

Contact: Nick Njegomir
njegomir@lanl.gov
505-665-9394
DOE/Los Alamos National Laboratory

Public Release: 29-Nov-2016
npj Quantum Materials
Ultrafast imaging reveals existence of 'polarons'
Scientists find definitive evidence that the movement of electrons has a direct effect on atomic arrangements, driving deformations in a material's 3-D crystalline lattice in ways that can drastically alter the flow of current.
DOE/Office of Science, Brookhaven Laboratory

Contact: Karen McNulty Walsh
kmcnulty@bnl.gov
631-344-8350
DOE/Brookhaven National Laboratory

Public Release: 29-Nov-2016
Nature Biotechnology
Digital microbes for munching yourself healthy
A research team at the Luxembourg Centre for Systems Biomedicine (LCSB) of the University of Luxembourg has taken an important step in modelling the complexity of the human gut's bacterial communities -- the microbiome -- on the computer. The researchers gathered all known data on the metabolism of 773 bacterial strains -- more than ever before. Working from this data, they developed a computer model for each bacterial strain.
Luxembourg National Research Fund, US Department of Energy

Contact: Thomas Klein
thomas.klein@uni.lu
352-466-644-5148
University of Luxembourg

Public Release: 28-Nov-2016
mSystems
Komodo dragons help researchers understand microbial health in captive animals
Researchers at the University of California San Diego, the University of Colorado-Boulder, the University of Chicago and Argonne are the first to identify similarities in the way in which Komodo dragons and humans and their pets share microbes within closed environments.
US Department of Energy's Laboratory Directed Research and Development, John S. Templeton Foundation, Alfred P. Sloan Foundation

Contact: Brian Grabowski
bgrabowski@anl.gov
630-252-1232
DOE/Argonne National Laboratory

Public Release: 28-Nov-2016
Aircraft inspectors have new Sandia course to help detect composite material damage
In the midst of holiday travel season, airline customers want to feel safe in the new aircraft made of composite materials. Sandia National Laboratories has developed a new course being offered to the airline and aircraft manufacturing industries on how to inspect solid-laminate composites in aircraft.

Contact: Heather Clark
hclark@sandia.gov
505-844-3511
DOE/Sandia National Laboratories

Public Release: 28-Nov-2016
DOE funds advanced manufacturing of superconductor wire for next generation machines
The US Department of Energy Monday announced a $4.5 million grant to Venkat Selvamanickam, MD Anderson Chair Professor of Mechanical Engineering at the University of Houston, to boost the advanced manufacturing of high-performance superconductor wires for next generation electric machines.
US Department of Energy

Contact: Jeannie Kever
jekever@uh.edu
713-743-0778
University of Houston

Public Release: 28-Nov-2016
Nature Microbiology
Genes, early environment sculpt the gut microbiome
Genetics and birthplace have a big effect on the make-up of the microbial community in the gut, according to research published Nov. 28. in the journal Nature Microbiology. The findings by a team of scientists from two Department of Energy laboratories represent an attempt to untangle the forces that shape the gut microbiome, which plays an important role in keeping us healthy.
Office of Naval Research, DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Contact: Tom Rickey
tom.rickey@pnnl.gov
509-375-3732
DOE/Pacific Northwest National Laboratory

Public Release: 25-Nov-2016
Science Advances
New method developed for analyzing photonic crystal structure
A new technique developed by MIT researchers reveals the inner details of photonic crystals, synthetic materials whose exotic optical properties are the subject of widespread research.
Army Research Office, Institute for Soldier Nanotechnologies at MIT, US Department of Energy, Solid State Solar Thermal Energy Conversion

Contact: Karl-Lydie Jean-Baptiste
kjeanbap@mit.edu
617-253-1682
Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Public Release: 24-Nov-2016
Science
For platinum catalysts, tiny squeeze gives big boost in performance, Stanford study says
Squeezing a platinum catalyst a fraction of a nanometer nearly doubles its catalytic activity, a finding that could lead to better fuel cells and other clean energy technologies, say Stanford scientists. The findings are published in the Nov. 25 issue of Science.
US Department of Energy, Stanford Global Climate and Energy Project, Stanford Interdisciplinary Graduate Fellowship Program, National Science Foundation Graduate Research Fellowship Program

Contact: Mark Shwartz
mshwartz@stanford.edu
650-723-9296
Stanford University

Public Release: 23-Nov-2016
Nature
Thinning and retreat of West Antarctic glacier began in 1940s
New research by an international team shows that the present thinning and retreat of Pine Island Glacier in West Antarctica is part of a climatically forced trend that was triggered in the 1940s.

Contact: Anne Stark
stark8@llnl.gov
925-422-9799
DOE/Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

Public Release: 23-Nov-2016
Angewandte Chemie International Edition
Ames Laboratory scientists create first intermetallic double salt with platinum
Scientists at the US Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory are being credited with creating the first intermetallic double salt with platinum.

Contact: Laura Millsaps
millsaps@ameslab.gov
DOE/Ames Laboratory

Public Release: 23-Nov-2016
Scientific Reports
Scientists trace 'poisoning' in chemical reactions to the atomic scale
A combination of experiments, including X-ray studies at Berkeley Lab, revealed new details about pesky deposits that can stop chemical reactions vital to fuel production and other processes.

Contact: Glenn Roberts Jr.
geroberts@lbl.gov
510-486-5582
DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Showing releases 1-25 out of 33.

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