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Showing releases 1-25 out of 38.

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Public Release: 21-Oct-2016
Unusual quantum liquid on crystal surface could inspire future electronics
Researchers at Princeton University and the University of Texas-Austin found that electrons, when kept at very low temperatures where their quantum behaviors emerge, can spontaneously begin to travel in elliptical paths on the surface of a crystal of bismuth. The strange elliptical orbits correspond to the electrons being in different "valleys" of possible states created by the crystal. The findings could inform further research on a forward-looking strategy for electronics called "valleytronics."
Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation, US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation through the Princeton Center for Complex Materials, US Army Research Office, Eric and Wendy Schmidt Transformative Technology Fund

Contact: Catherine Zandonella
Princeton University

Public Release: 21-Oct-2016
New study to characterize methane emissions from natural gas compressor stations
Colorado State University, home to some of the world's top researchers on methane emissions, will lead a Department of Energy-supported project to analyze emissions from a specific part of the natural gas supply chain: compressor stations. The new project will help scientists develop a more complete picture of overall emissions.
US Department of Energy

Contact: Anne Manning
Colorado State University

Public Release: 20-Oct-2016
Scientific Reports
Argonne researchers posit way to locally circumvent Second Law of Thermodynamics
For more than a century and a half of physics, the Second Law of Thermodynamics, which states that entropy always increases, has been as close to inviolable as any law we know. In this universe, chaos reigns supreme. But researchers with Argonne announced recently that they may have discovered a little loophole in this famous maxim. Their research, published in Scientific Reports, lays out a possible avenue to a situation where the Second Law is violated on the microscopic level.
US Department of Energy, Swiss National Foundation, Pauli Center for Theoretical Studies at Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, Russian Foundation for Basic Research

Contact: Jared Sagoff
DOE/Argonne National Laboratory

Public Release: 20-Oct-2016
Rice-led team shows it can improve quality of supercomputing answers by 1,000 times
Computer scientists from Rice University, Argonne National Laboratory and the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign have used one of Isaac Newton's numerical methods to demonstrate how 'inexact computing' can dramatically improve the quality of simulations run on supercomputers.
US Department of Energy, Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, Guggenheim Foundation

Contact: David Ruth
Rice University

Public Release: 20-Oct-2016
Turning biofuel waste into wealth in a single step
Lignin is a bulky chain of molecules found in wood and is usually discarded during biofuel production. But in a new method by EPFL chemists, the simple addition of formaldehyde could turn it into the main focus.
Swiss Competence Center for Energy Research (Biomass for a Swiss Energy Future), Swiss National Science Foundation, EPFL, US Department of Energy

Contact: Nik Papageorgiou
Ecole Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne

Public Release: 18-Oct-2016
Science Advances
Ames Laboratory scientists gain insight on mechanism of unconventional superconductivity
Researchers at the US Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory and partner institutions conducted a systematic investigation into the properties of the newest family of unconventional superconducting materials, iron-based compounds. The study may help the scientific community discover new superconducting materials with unique properties.

Contact: Laura Millsaps
DOE/Ames Laboratory

Public Release: 18-Oct-2016
AIP Advances
Working under pressure: Diamond micro-anvils with huge pressures will create new materials
University of Alabama at Birmingham researchers will use pressures greater than those found at the center of the Earth to potentially create as yet unknown new materials. In the natural world, such immense forces deep underground can turn carbon into diamonds, or volcanic ash into slate. The ability to produce these pressures depends on tiny nanocrystalline-diamond anvils built in a UAB clean room manufacturing facility.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy, Carnagie DOE Alliance Center

Contact: Jeff Hansen
University of Alabama at Birmingham

Public Release: 18-Oct-2016
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
UM researchers study vast carbon residue of ocean life
The oceans hold a vast reservoir -- 700 billion tons -- of carbon, dissolved in seawater as organic matter, often surviving for thousands of years after being produced by ocean life. Yet, little is known about how it is produced, or how it's being impacted by the many changes happening in the ocean.
National Science Foundation, US Department of Energy's Scientific Discovery through Advanced Computing program

Contact: Diana Udel
University of Miami Rosenstiel School of Marine & Atmospheric Science

Public Release: 18-Oct-2016
Journal of the American Chemical Society
Unraveling the science behind biomass breakdown
Using the Titan supercomputer, an ORNL team created models of up to 330,000 atoms that led to the discovery of a THF-water cosolvent phase separation on the faces of crystalline cellulose fiber.
US Department of Energy

Contact: Eric Gedenk
DOE/Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Public Release: 18-Oct-2016
Applied Radiation and Isotopes
Recycling cancer-fighting tools; MU researchers working to produce radioisotopes cheaper
Molybdenum-99, the parent isotope of technetium-99m, is the most widely used radioisotope for the diagnosis and treatment of cancer. Now, nuclear researchers at the University of Missouri are exploring alternate materials that could be used to help recycle the metals used to produce radioisotopes more efficiently and with less waste. Scientists believe this cheaper method could result in a cost savings for healthcare providers who could pass those savings on to patients.
US Department of Energy, National Science Foundation

Contact: Jeff Sossamon
University of Missouri-Columbia

Public Release: 17-Oct-2016
OU researchers develop novel, non-invasive cancer therapy
A staggering 1.7 million persons in the United States will be diagnosed with cancer in 2016, with 600,000 cases ending in death. University of Oklahoma researchers have collaborated to design a novel, non-invasive cancer therapy that could eliminate tumors without affecting the healthy cells in the body.
US Department of Energy

Contact: Jana Smith
University of Oklahoma

Public Release: 17-Oct-2016
Ames Laboratory to receive $3 million to develop instrumentation to study plant cell walls
A team of scientists at the US Department of Energy's Ames Laboratory will be developing new instrumentation aimed at determining the chemical and structural makeup of plant cell walls. The group is receiving $1 million a year for three years from the DOE's Office of Science to develop a subdiffraction Raman imaging platform that will provide an unprecedented look at the specific chemical structures of plant cell walls and then determine how best to deconstruct plant material as a source of biofuels.
DOE/Office of Science

Contact: Kerry Gibson
DOE/Ames Laboratory

Public Release: 17-Oct-2016
Science Advances
Finding ideal materials for carbon capture
Genetic algorithm can rapidly pinpoint top candidates for pre-combustion carbon capture, information that could lead to greener designs for newly commissioned power plants.
US Department of Energy

Contact: Megan Fellman
Northwestern University

Public Release: 14-Oct-2016
Diamonds aren't forever: Sandia, Harvard team create first quantum computer bridge
Sandia researchers have demonstrated for the first time on a single chip all the components needed to create a quantum bridge to link quantum computers together.
Sandia National Laboratories

Contact: Neal Singer
DOE/Sandia National Laboratories

Public Release: 14-Oct-2016
DOE grant focuses on next generation anion exchange membranes
Low cost, durable, commercially viable polymer-based anion exchange membranes are the focus of a $2,300,000 grant from the US Department of Energy to an industry, government, university collaboration including Penn State.
US Department of Energy

Contact: A'ndrea Elyse Messer
Penn State

Public Release: 14-Oct-2016
Physical Review Letters
Scientists find static 'stripes' of electrical charge in copper-oxide superconductor
Understanding the electronic ordering in copper-oxide superconductors could help scientists find the 'recipe' for raising the temperature at which current can flow through these materials without energy loss.
DOE/Office of Science

Contact: Ariana Tantillo
DOE/Brookhaven National Laboratory

Public Release: 14-Oct-2016
Science Advances
Crystal clear imaging: Infrared brings to light nanoscale molecular arrangement
A team of researchers working at Berkeley Lab has demonstrated infrared imaging of an organic semiconductor known for its electronics capabilities, revealing key nanoscale details about the nature of its crystal features and defects that affect its performance.

Contact: Glenn Roberts Jr.
DOE/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

Public Release: 13-Oct-2016
Ames Laboratory senior scientist Paul C. Canfield receives James C. McGroddy Prize
Professor Paul C. Canfield, a senior scientist at the US Department of Energy's (DOE) Ames Laboratory has been awarded the James C. McGroddy Prize for New Materials by the American Physical Society (APS).

Contact: Steve
DOE/Ames Laboratory

Public Release: 13-Oct-2016
ORNL offers new partnership opportunities for small businesses
Small businesses in the clean-energy sector have another opportunity to request technical assistance from the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory through the DOE Small Business Vouchers Pilot.

Contact: Sara Shoemaker
DOE/Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Public Release: 13-Oct-2016
Wave energy researchers dive deep to advance clean energy source
One of the biggest untapped clean energy sources on the planet -- wave energy -- could one day power millions of homes across the US. But more than a century after the first tests of the power of ocean waves, it is still one of the hardest energy sources to capture. Now, engineers at Sandia National Laboratories are conducting the largest model-scale wave energy testing of its kind to improve the performance of wave-energy converters.

Contact: Rebecca Brock
DOE/US Department of Energy

Public Release: 13-Oct-2016
Investigating soil microbes' role in carbon cycle
Kristen DeAngelis at UMass Amherst recently received nearly $2.5 million from the US Department of Energy to advance understanding of the role of soil microbes in feeding carbon into the atmosphere and contributing to global warming. Soils are the largest repository of organic carbon in the terrestrial biosphere and represent an important source of CO2. Results could lead to new ideas for curbing the effects of climate change and remediating soil to improve its ability to store carbon.
US Department of Energy

Contact: Janet Lathrop
University of Massachusetts at Amherst

Public Release: 13-Oct-2016
Tomoyasu Mani wins 2016 Blavatnik Regional Award for Young Scientists
Mani is being recognized for his work at Brookhaven Lab to understand the physical processes occurring in organic materials used to harness solar energy.

Contact: Ariana Tantillo
DOE/Brookhaven National Laboratory

Public Release: 12-Oct-2016
Nano-spike catalysts convert carbon dioxide directly into ethanol
In a new twist to waste-to-fuel technology, scientists have developed an electrochemical process that uses tiny spikes of carbon and copper to turn carbon dioxide, a greenhouse gas, into ethanol.

Contact: Morgan McCorkle
DOE/Oak Ridge National Laboratory

Public Release: 12-Oct-2016
Next-generation thermoelectrics
With Department of Energy funding, UCSB engineers explore and expand the thermoelectric power of polymers.
US Department of Energy

Contact: Sonia Fernandez
University of California - Santa Barbara

Public Release: 12-Oct-2016
Critical Materials Institute announces partnership with Rio Tinto
The Critical Materials Institute (CMI) -- a US Department of Energy Innovation Hub led by the Ames Laboratory 0- announced today an important new research initiative in partnership with Rio Tinto, a mining and metals company. The new initiative aims to ensure that the United States fully leverages domestic mineral and metal resources necessary for global leadership in clean energy manufacturing.

Contact: Laura Millsaps
DOE/Ames Laboratory

Showing releases 1-25 out of 38.

1 | 2 > >>

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Underground science: Berkeley Lab digs deep for clean energy solutions

Underground science: Berkeley Lab digs deep for clean energy solutions

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Scientists gather for Annual SLAC Users' Conference

Scientists gather for Annual SLAC Users' Conference

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