Diagnosing concussions is difficult because symptoms like forgetfulness, wobbly gait, disorientation or unconsciousness are subjective. A new study of college athletes investigates objective indicators using Doppler ultrasound to measure brain blood flow and blood vessel function. That could reveal a marker in the mechanism that maintains constant blood flow to the brain, says researcher Sushmita Purkayastha, Southern Methodist University, Dallas. She and colleagues at U.T. Southwestern Medical Center use ultrasound probes to examine cerebral autoregulation.
A discovery made at RUDN University allows to substantially increase the production of high-quality planting material of horticultural crops.
An image-processing and analysis software developed at Sandia National Laboratories has swept the ranks of the country's bomb squads. Called XTK, it has spread through the military and emergency response communities so rapidly that it's now in the hands of more than 20,000 users across the globe.
In response to a newly published OECD Test Guideline, IIVS announces the addition of the Human Cell Line Activation Test (h-CLAT, OECD TG 442E) to its suite of non-animal assays to determine skin sensitization.
The SIB Swiss Institute of Bioinformatics is part of a European consortium project -- coined RHAPSODY -- which reunites researchers and experts from 26 partner institutions in both the public and private sectors. The project focuses on improving the process involved in the diagnosis and fight against diabetes; more specifically, it concentrates on developing biomarkers related to type 2 diabetes, which is the disease's most frequent form. Within this project, SIB is offering its expertise to coordinate the integration of existing clinical data.
Healthcare knowledge provider BMJ has added a new title to its expanding portfolio of 60 specialist journals, with the launch of BMJ Open Ophthalmology later this month.
BRICS (Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa) nations and Latin American countries are generally the main sources of reactive nitrogen emissions in the form of ammonia and nitrous oxide, among others, due to fossil fuel burning, the use of nitrogen fertilizer, and untreated sewage. The impact of these emissions on the environment, climate and health has not been monitored, however.
The Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory and Momentum Technologies have signed a non-exclusive licensing agreement for an ORNL process designed to recover rare earth magnets from used computer hard drives.
Today, BioPontis Alliance for Rare Diseases, a unique international nonprofit organization, and VIB, an excellence-based Life Science Research Institute in Belgium, announced a strategic partnership in rare diseases. The first program is aimed at developing a treatment for one type of Charcot Marie Tooth disease (CMT), a rare, progressive and invalidating neuropathy. There are no therapies available for CMT patients today, although it affects 1/2,500 worldwide.
Sailors, pilots, military service men and women deployed around the world, and government officials who make national security decisions all rely on the National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGA) to provide them with timely geospatial information. The University of Missouri College of Engineering was awarded a five-year, $12 million contract to deliver a comprehensive data science education program to train the NGA workforce and potentially other members of the US Intelligence Community.