Nanoparticle Delivers DNA (IMAGE) Case Western Reserve University Caption Modified ECO nanoparticles bind to interphotoreceptor retinoid-binding protein (IRBP), which transports them to the target cells in the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE.) The ECO is taken up by the cell through endocytosis but the nanoparticles escape endosomes and release the RPE 65 DNA into the nucleus. The RPE65 gene is then expressed by the RPE call, protecting the photoreceptor cells and preserving vision. Credit Zheng-Rong Lu Usage Restrictions Please give proper credit License Licensed content Disclaimer: AAAS and EurekAlert! are not responsible for the accuracy of news releases posted to EurekAlert! by contributing institutions or for the use of any information through the EurekAlert system.