schematic of lignin sidechain pathway (IMAGE) DOE/Brookhaven National Laboratory Caption Brookhaven Lab scientists identified an enzyme (PHBMT1) that transfers p-hydoxybenzoate (green) to lignin building blocks in poplar. The resulting conjugate is then incorporated into the nascent lignin polymer, leading to p-hydoxybenzoate-decorated lignin. The discovery may enable scientists to engineer plants to accumulate more of this important industrial chemical building block. Credit Brookhaven National Laboratory Usage Restrictions OK for use with stories about this research. License Original content Disclaimer: AAAS and EurekAlert! are not responsible for the accuracy of news releases posted to EurekAlert! by contributing institutions or for the use of any information through the EurekAlert system.