Figure 1 (IMAGE) Kobe University Caption A: Illustration of the experiment. Green fluorescent proteins were introduced so that the target gene and the entire neuron could be observed. B: Each target gene was separately introduced into the cerebral cortex and dendritic spine dynamics were tracked for a period of 2 days (on the 21st and 22nd days after birth). Yellow arrows indicate newly formed spines and red arrowheads indicate spine elimination. C: The quantified results of B in graph form. D: Spine morphology classification data on the spines that formed when Ndn was introduced. Filopedia, a type of immature spine formation, significantly increased upon Ndn introduction. Credit Takumi et al., Nature Communications, 2021 Usage Restrictions Please credit License Licensed content Disclaimer: AAAS and EurekAlert! are not responsible for the accuracy of news releases posted to EurekAlert! by contributing institutions or for the use of any information through the EurekAlert system.